Presentation on theme: "By Angela Kim, Karoline Szlapa, and Zeshen Hu. Massive and disastrous fire Blazed London, specifically Shakespeares London Lasted 3 full days and full."— Presentation transcript:
By Angela Kim, Karoline Szlapa, and Zeshen Hu
Massive and disastrous fire Blazed London, specifically Shakespeares London Lasted 3 full days and full nights London was in flames again on 4 th day surprisingly, but stopped by the next day.
This fire occurred during the year of 1666 Devils luck/number 50 years after Shakespeares death April 23, 1616 Few casualties as low as 6 – 16 people Devils luck/number
Flames consumed about of London, 430 acres Buildings include: 13, 000 churches 52 people lost their homes and were financially ruined houses 80% 82 guildhalls 100,000
September 1 st at 10 PM Baker of King Charles II, Thomas Farynor had a fire in his bakery located in Pudding Lane but he claimed to have put it out Next day, September 2 nd at 1AM A maid wakes Farynor that the fire spread and the house was in flames Farynor, his wife, daughter and manservant escaped, but his maid burned into ashes (FIRST CASUALTY)
Farynor believed that the fire was intentional Common groups were blamed such as: French Dutch Papal/Catholic
Farynors bakery in Pudding Lane spread to Fish Hill until it reached Thames River in a duration of 2 hours It is here that many vessels would deposit goods in warehouses, holding many combustible items like hemp, oil, hay, timber, coal, spirits, and tallow (a commonly used household fat) 8AM, London Bridge was in flames
Technology was very basic There were no such things as fire fighters nor fire trucks during this era Most people used axes and buckets of water to put out the fire
The fire squirt A primitive hose that consisted of a brass squirting device, attached to portable containers of water, that were jutted out onto the flames. The fire hook A metal grapple attached to a pole feet long with a rope, that was thrown at buildings to latch onto the timber, them pulled down with men and horses to create impassable fire-stopping rubble known as fire breaks.
The buildings burned very easily since there were all wooden, and the summer had been dry The costliness of tearing down buildings for a firebreak, mayor Thomas Bludworth was reluctant to do this, wanting permission of the owners of the homes that would be destroyed in the process first. A key person in persuading the mayor to create a firebreak was Samuel Pepys, leader of the royal command, who explained to the navy commander that a firebreak was necessary. By the time that the firebreak was made, however, the flames were too strong to stop, and went right over the rubble.
This is Samuel Pepys. He was the leader of the royal command. He would later write diary entries that also documented the Great Fire of London.
Most of Medieval London was destroyed Most of London as Shakespeare knew it was gone When buildings were rebuilt, the King had them made out of brick, and he widened the roads between the houses This allowed London to move out of Medieval times The upside was that a lot of Plague-carrying rats were also killed in the flames
Pudding Lane is now called Monument Street. There is a monument standing where the bakery used to stand to remember this tragic event
Now well move onto a small reenactment of the events of the Great Fire....