Presentation on theme: "Magnetic Fields Produced by Conductors And how to switch on and off the strangely attractiveness 13.3 and 13.4: The Right Hand Rule and Magnetic Fields."— Presentation transcript:
Magnetic Fields Produced by Conductors And how to switch on and off the strangely attractiveness 13.3 and 13.4: The Right Hand Rule and Magnetic Fields of Solenoids
Effects of Domain Theory Magnetic Induction Demagnetization Reverse Magnetization Breaking a Bar Magnet Magnetic Saturation Induced Magnetism by Earth Keepers for Bar Magnets
Oersteds Discovery In 1819, the Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted (1777-1851) discovered the connection between electricity and magnetism by accident while lecturing at the University of Copenhagen. He noticed that a compass needle placed closely to a current carrying wire would take up a position nearly perpendicular to the direction of the current.
Principle of Electromagnetism Whenever an electric current moves through a conductor, a magnetic field is created in the region around the conductor.
Magnetic Field of a Straight Conductor The magnetic field lines for a straight conductor are concentric circles around the conductor.
If a straight conductor is held in the right hand with the right thumb pointing in the direction of the electric current, the curled fingers will point in the direction of the magnetic field lines. The Right- Hand Rule
How is the scrap metal held up by the crane?
Electromagnets A device that exerts a magnetic force using electricity. The magnetic field around a straight conductor can be intensified by bending the wire into a loop.
Coil or Solenoid The magnetic field can be further intensified by combining the effects of a large number of loops would close together to form a coil, or solenoid.
If a coil is grasped in the right hand with the curled fingers representing the direction of electric current, the thumb points in the direction of the magnetic field inside the coil. The Right- Hand Rule
Factors Affecting the Magnetic Field of a Coil Current in the Coil The more current, the greater the concentration of magnetic field lines in the core. Number of Loops The more loops, the stronger the magnetic field since the magnetic field is the sum of the field of each loop. Type of Core Material The core of a coil can greatly affect the coils magnetic field strength. A core of iron will increase the strength compared to that of air.
Type of Core Material The core material becomes an induced magnet, as its atomic dipoles align with the magnetic field of the coil. The core itself becomes an induced magnet. The factor by which a core material increases the magnetic field strength is called the materials relative magnetic permeability (K).
Materials that become strong induced magnets when placed in a coil. Iron, nickel, cobalt, and their alloys. Ferromagnetism Materials that magnetize slightly when placed in a coil and increase the field strength by a barely measurable amount. Oxygen and aluminum. Paramagnetism Materials that cause a very slight decrease in the magnetic field of a coil. Copper, silver, and water. Diamagnetism