Presentation on theme: "AMS 2008 Public-Private Partnership Forum"— Presentation transcript:
1AMS 2008 Public-Private Partnership Forum DHS Science & Technology Directorate Brief22 April 2008 • Washington D.C.Dr. Starnes WalkerMaking the Nation Safer: Challenges and Opportunities in Science and TechnologyDepartment of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate
2Homeland Security Mission Lead unified national effort to secure AmericaPrevent terrorist attacks within the U.S.Respond to threats and hazards to the nationEnsure safe and secure bordersWelcome lawful immigrants and visitorsPromote free flow of commerceGood afternoon. I’d like to share with you some of the things the Department of Homeland Security and the Science & Technology Directorate are doing to invest in research and development to better enable technologies for detecting and protecting against terrorist acts and other high-consequence events.DHS MissionOur mission at the Department of Homeland Security is to:- lead the unified national effort to secure America- prevent and deter terrorist attacks- protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation, and- ensure safe and secure borders.To welcome lawful immigrants and visitors and promote the free flow of commerce is also part of our mission.Emphasize that the U.S. wants security in a form that still permits the flow of people and facilitates trade
3S&T Goals Consistent with the Homeland Security Act of 2002 Accelerate delivery of enhanced technological capabilities to meet requirements and fill capability gaps to support DHS Agencies in accomplishing their missionEstablish a lean and agile GS-manned, world-class S&T management team to deliver the technological advantage necessary to ensure DHS Agency mission success and prevent technology surpriseProvide leadership, research and educational opportunities and resources to develop the necessary intellectual basis to enable a national S&T workforce to secure the homelandWhen Under Secretary Cohen came on board with the S&T Directorate in August of 2006, he identified these three goals to guide the realignment of the Directorate so it would be better prepared to enable scientific and technical capabilities in support of the DHS mission to detect, protect against and respond to catastrophic events. Briefly re-cap each goal listed above.
4Customer Focused, Output Oriented DHS S&T Investment Portfolio Balance of Risk, Cost, Impact, and Time to DeliveryProduct Transition (0-3 yrs)Focused on delivering near-term products/enhancements to acquisitionCustomer IPT controlledCost, schedule, capability metricsInnovative Capabilities (1-5 yrs)High-risk/High payoff“Game changer/Leap ahead”Prototype, Test and DeployHSARPABasic Research (>8 yrs)Enables future paradigm changesUniversity fundamental researchGovernment lab discovery and inventionOther (0-8+ yrs)Test & Evaluation and StandardsLaboratory Operations & ConstructionRequired by Administration (HSPDs)Congressional direction/lawThe S&T Directorate develops and manages an integrated program of science and technology, from basic research through technology transition to customers that are the operating components of DHS, State and local governments, first responders and private sector entities.Scientists and engineers in the many disciplines relevant to Homeland Security manage the program.They are guided by a multi-tiered investment strategy and review process based on higher guidance, the stated needs of our customers, and technology opportunitiesS&T’s investment portfolio, balanced around risk, cost, impact and time to delivery, produces capabilities of high technical quality responsive to homeland security requirements.Customer Focused, Output Oriented
5O U S T FFICE OF THE NDER ECRETARY FOR CIENCE AND ECHNOLOGY UNDER SECRETARYBUSINESSOPERATIONS,SERVICES&HUMANCAPITALCHEMICAL/BIOLOGICALDivision HeadSPECIAL PROGRAMSINTERAGENCYPROGRAMSHUMAN FACTORSCOMMANDCONTROLINTEROPERABILITYTESTEVALUATIONAND STANDARDSBORDERSMARITIMESECURITYINTERNATIONALCORPORATECOMMUNICATIONSOFFICEOFTHEUNDERSECRETARYFORCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGYChief of StaffASSOCIATE GENERALCOUNSELSTRATEGYPOLICYBUDGETOPERATIONS ANALYSISApproved: April 18, 2008EXPLOSIVESTRANSITIONDirectorINNOVATIONHOMELANDSECURITY ADVANCEDRESEARCH PROJECTSAGENCYINFRASTRUCTUREPROTECTIONGEOPHYSICALINSTITUTETechClearinghouseProgram ExecutiveOffice (C-IED)Safety Act OfficeUniversityProgramsSmall BusinessInnovationResearchHomeworksOffice of NationalLabsRESEARCH
6DHS RESEARCH AFFILIATES Homeland Enabling Research OrganizationsDHS RESEARCH AFFILIATESHSIDHS LabsCenters ofExcellenceNational LabsDoTDHS S&TDirectorateDoDOTHERPARTNERSDoJNSFFEDERAL PARTNERSNISTInternationalNIHAssociationsHHSIndustryNOAANASAUARCs
7Product Transition Portfolio Enabling Capabilities, Supporting Mission Critical Needs of DHSIntegrated Product Teams (IPTs)11 Capstone IPTs form the centerpiece of the S&T’s customer-driven approach to product transitionEngage DHS customers, acquisition partners, S&T technical division heads, and end users in product research, development, transition and acquisition activitiesIdentify our customers’ needs and enable and transition near-term capabilities for addressing themThe transition portfolio provides mission-capability relevant technology to support the Department’s acquisition programs.Product transition refers to S&T’s process of identifying our customers’ needs and enabling and transitioning capabilities in the near-term for addressing customer requirements.S&T’s transition process is driven by customer-led Integrated Product Team process that bring stakeholders in the process to the table.Increasingly, our DHS customers are recognizing the substantial value that S&T’s technical expertise brings to their operations.We have engaged them, eliciting participation at the highest levels, to join us to work constructively on solutions for countering the formidable threats this nation faces. [Kip Hawley, TSA; Robert Aguilar, Customs and Border Protection, and others]
8IPT Initial Outcome High Priority Technology Needs 11 Capstone IPTs have identified 77 High Priority Technology Needs for DHS components and their customersIdentified in new brochure and posted atBaseline established for conducting an iterative, dynamic IPT process on an annual cycle aligned with DHS funding and acquisition processesIPT Next Steps:Focus on delivering product to customersDetail proposed technology solutionsClarify deliverable and transition plansDevelop Technology Transition Agreements to establish customer requirements and technical specificationsThe centerpiece of S&T’s Product Transition portfolio are 11Capstone Integrated Product Teams (IPTs) that engage DHS customers, acquisition partners, S&T technical division heads, and end users in our product research, development, transition and acquisition activities.The IPT process enables our customers to identify and prioritize their operational capability gaps and requirements and make informed decisions about technology investments.S&T gathers the information it needs to respond with applicable technology solutions for closing these capability gaps. Known as Enabling Homeland Capabilities, these solutions draw upon technologies that can be developed, matured, and delivered to our customer acquisition programs within three years.S&T’s Capstone IPTs address Information Sharing/Management; Cyber Security; People Screening; Border Security; Chem/Bio; Maritime Security; Explosive Prevention; Incident Management; Cargo Security; and Infrastructure Protection.Results to Date: Identification of High Priority Technology Needs for our customers (refer to slide)11 IPTs have identified 77 High Priority Technology Needs within the 11 areas.Our efforts have provided a valuable baseline for coordinating the IPT process on an annual cycle in alignment with the Department’s funding and acquisition processes.IPT priorities – the capabilities DHS customers have identified -- are also posted on the Web atCustomer Focused…Output Oriented
9S&T Integrated Product Teams (IPTs) CAPSTONE IPTSInformation Sharing/MgmtBorder SecurityChem/Bio DefenseMaritime SecurityCyber SecurityExplosive PreventionCargo SecurityS&TTask Force IPTSPeople ScreeningInfrastructure ProtectionC-IED Special ProjectThe Capstone IPT Process is maturing.Bob Hooks, our Director of Transition, and our Transition team have formed S&T Task Force IPTs to move this effort to the next level.The five Task Force IPTs shown here in orange represent the next iteration of the Capstone IPT process. Each Task Force IPT has links to one or more Capstone IPTs and represents a focused effort to address technology solutions in response to customer-identified gaps in capabilities.Note: C-IED is “Counter-IED”COP is “Common Operating Picture”InteroperabilityPrep/ResponseSituational Awareness ToolsLawEnforcementTransportationSecurityCOP
10The Capstone IPT and Counter-IED Special Project IPT Dynamic DOTCapstone IPTsInfrastructure ProtectionIPDHS Customer LedNear-Term FocusDORInfrastructure/ GeophysicalPeople ScreeningSCO/CISUSSS/OBPHuman FactorsS&T C-IED Task Force LeadExplosive PreventionAcquisitionTSA/USSSS&T is establishing a Counter IED Special Project IPT that will be aimed at longer-term solutions that will require an investment in basic research to more fully address the IED threat from a point “higher up” on the kill chain. The Office of Bombing Prevention and the Secret Service are the customers at the helm of this IPT.This chart shows how the new Counter-IED Special Project IPT shown in orange at right will contribute basic and applied research capability to three of our Capstone IPTs [people screening, explosive prevention, infrastructure protection].The emphasis of this effort will be aimed at predicting and deterring an IED attack before it can occur.This IPT will augment and lend balance to our current near-term approach for solutions to this formidable threat.ExplosivesAgents/RespondersC-IED Special Project IPTHSPD-19 FocusedCoordinating OSTP Direction Through Multiple DisciplinesAdditional Research Opportunities Earlier in the Prevention CycleLong-Term Focus
11Countering the IED Threat Deter & PredictObtainFundsDevelopOrganizationGather&ProvideMaterialImproviseCONOPS/Tactics/DevicesDetect &DefeatPlanAttacksCountering the IED threat is a top R&D priority of the S&T Directorate. This is an area that is receiving increasing attention from our Basic Research portfolio.S&T’s efforts to date have emphasized near-term solutions for addressing the threat – the detect and defeat portions of the threat spectrum – depicted in the middle of this chart. These near-term solutions often involve neutralizing and disposing of bombs.S&T is balancing this effort with an investment in long-term basic research to arrive at a fundamental and fuller understanding of the threat that would enable us to make more informed decisions about how best to allocate our research dollars. The idea is to devote some resources to the “deter and predict” area shown at the top of this chart -- and break the links early on in the IED delivery chain.These efforts are more focused on the bombers and their behaviors – the idea is to identify and stop the bombers before they have the opportunity to execute their deadly attack. If you get the bomber, you don’t have to worry about the bomb.An investment in long-term basic research in this area will help us get closer to the bomber and closer to succeeding in our efforts to predicting and heading off an IED attack before it can happen.PerformAttacksBOOMConsequenceManagementMitigateAttributionBreaking the links in the IED Delivery Chain
12Innovation PortfolioHigh Risk, High Gain, Game Changers for Leap-Ahead ResultsPromotes revolutionary changes in technologyFocus on prototyping and deploying critical technologiesIncludes:HSARPA – Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency“Homeworks” – 1% of budget highest risk, highest pay-offSmall Business Innovation Research programVisit andOur Innovation portfolio (includes the Small Business Innovation Research program) promotes revolutionary changes in technologies with a focus on prototyping and deploying technologies critical to homeland security.1% of our budget is allocated to Homeworks – projects that present the highest risk and, if successful, yield the potential for the greatest gains.
13Innovation/HSARPA HIPS and HITS Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions (HIPS) are designed to deliver prototype-level demonstrations of game-changing technologies in two to five years. Projects are moderate to high risk, with high payoff.High Impact Technology Solutions (HITS) are designed to provide proof-of-concept answers within one to three years that could result in high-payoff technology breakthroughs. While these projects are at considerable risk for failure, they offer the potential for significant gains in capability.This slide explains the dual focus of our Innovation Portfolio.All six divisions of S&T are involved HIPS projects, aimed at prototype development, and HITS projects, which focus on proof-of-concept solutions for pressing homeland security challenges.
14This chart depicts several HIPS and HITS projects that S&T has plans to demonstrate in the coming months.
15Counter-MANPADS/Persistent Surveillance Office of Innovation - Homeland Innovative Prototypical SolutionsProject Chloe65K FeetCounter-MANPADS FunctionsMWS Detect & DeclareSlew & Hand-offTrackJamBorder & Critical Infrastructure SurveillanceEngagement Time: 3-10 SecondsMaritime Surveillance & InterdictionUnmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs)High-Altitude Stand-Off Counter-MANPADSHigh Altitude – Wide-Area CoverageLong Endurance – Persistent SurveillanceLarge Payload – Multi-SensorProject Chloe — Enhanced Situational AwarenessMajor thrust is to evaluate, develop and demonstrate with a prototype an alternative concept of providing persistent stand-off airborne protection from Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS) for all commercial aircraft within a designated geographic area. Effort will couple proven High Altitude Endurance Unmanned Aerial Systems with counter-MANPADS technology solutions that prove to be the most promising in defeating the MANPADS threat to commercial aviation. The solutions sought are based on existing systems and component technologies and will likely require significant modification of existing sensor technologies to meet performance goals.MANPADSOperational CharacteristicsReal-time sensor fusion/disseminationMulti-user / border surveillance requirementsCommercial Aircraft MANPADS protectionAutomatic target detection/recognitionPersistence (24/7, all-weather coverage)
17Homeland Innovative Prototype Solutions Future Attribute Screening Technology Mobile Module (FAST M2)The Future Attribute Screening Technologies Mobile Module (FAST M2) program will provide a mobile facility for developing, integrating and implementing human centered/behavioral screening technology. It will provide a new mobile means to explore methods for assessing access control in multiple traffic and infrastructure applications.While existing screening technologies – such as biometrics – offer the potential to identify known terrorists, FAST technologies focus strictly on real-time behavior patterns in an attempt to prevent the unknown terrorist from gaining access to their target location.SystemsQueue managementBehavioral profilingRapid risk assessmentScreening methodologiesOperational CharacteristicsDiscover screening methods for intentPrivacy protection for all participantsSimple to operate and useFunctionsIdentity verificationAttribute measurementRisk determinationBehavior focused screening
18Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions Levee Strengthening and Rapid Repair Pre-emptive mappingof weak leveesPre-Flood Deployment of ProtectiveAnd Rapid Repair Supplies toProblem LocationsDrop-in structureslofted by aircraftFloat-in structure guidedby cablesHIPS Example:Hindsight is always 20-20, but if we’d had a capability to strengthen and rapidly repair a levee breach two years ago when Hurricane Katrina struck, we would have stood a far better chance of gaining control of an escalating catastrophe.The Army’s Engineering Research and Development Center and S&T will pursue this HIPS project to do three things:identify problem areas along leveesdevelop temporary and cost effective permanent levee strengthening options, anduse rapid repair technology to close a breach in a levee within hours instead of days.The following video clip illustrates a potential solution we are exploring to address the challenge of rapidly repairing a levee breach..Explosively EmplacedSupport StructuresRoll-out protectivecoverings such asarticulated concrete mats
19Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions Levee Strengthening and Rapid Repair NOTE: This video clip is on “automatic” and will roll as soon as you bring the slide up.Do not click on image – if you do it will skip the video and advance to next slide.
20Basic Research Portfolio Discovery and Invention to Enable Future CapabilitiesBrings the capabilities, talent and resources of the Homeland Security Centers of Excellence, DOE National Laboratories and DHS Labs to bear to address the long-term R&D needs for DHS in sciences of enduring relevanceThis type of focused, protracted research investment has potential to lead to paradigm shifts in the nation’s homeland security capabilitiesS&T’s three R&D portfolios provide the foundation for much of the Directorate’s activities in support of the Secretary’s priorities and the missions of our customers-- the DHS components and their customers – the brave men and women on the front lines of homeland securityBasic research is an essential component of a balanced S&T investment portfolio and we are looking to build on our efforts in this area.The basic research portfolio addresses the long-term R&D needs for the Department in sciences of enduring relevance to homeland security.This type of focused, protracted research investment has the potential to lead to paradigm shifts in the nation’s homeland security capabilities.
21COE Alignment S&T DIVISIONS ExplosivesChemical/BiologicalCommand, Control & InteroperabilityBorders/MaritimeHuman FactorsInfrastructure/ GeophysicalNEW National Center for Explosives Detection & Counter- measuresIDS-UACsRVACsNEW National Center for Border Security & ImmigrationNEW National Center for Maritime Domain Awareness and Island & Remote/Extreme EnvironmentNEW National Center for Gulf Coast Natural Disaster & Port SecurityConsolidated CCI CenterConsolidated Chem/Bio CenterFour new university-based Homeland Security Centers of Excellence will be announced in October. Focus Areas of the four Centers align with S&T divisions and include:- explosives detection, mitigation, and response;- border security and immigration;- maritime, island, and extreme/remote environment security; and- natural disasters, coastal infrastructure and emergency management.–Chart depicts the future alignment of the Centers of Excellence with the activities of the six S&T divisions.Our DHS Centers of Excellence are an important vehicle for carrying out the S&T Directorate’s basic research program.Ten university-based research centers have been established to date (11 as of October), each focused on a specific homeland security challengeCOEs are linked to research efforts at more than 90 colleges and universities, including several Minority Serving Institutions [We have 12 MSIs including four Hispanic Serving Institutions – University of Texas, San Antonio; University of New Mexico; New Mexico State; and John Jay College (CUNY)Operations & Analysis Risk Sciences Branch & HSI Risk Determination
22DHS S&T LaboratoriesEnvironmental Measurements LaboratoryNational Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC)Transportation Security LaboratoryPlum Island Animal Disease CenterThe DHS laboratory network provides another essential cornerstone of our basic research program. Our labs provide the foundation that makes scientific invention and discovery possible.This slide depicts our four DHS labs (refer to slide). In addition, there are 10 DOE National Labs and S&T, through our enabling legislation, may access all 10. (We currently have work with most of the DOE Labs.)… DHS S&T has four labs and access to 10 DOE National Labs
23Command, Control & Interoperability Infrastructure/ Geophysical DHS / DOE Laboratory AlignmentS&T DIVISIONSExplosivesChemical/BiologicalCommand, Control & InteroperabilityBorders/MaritimeHuman FactorsInfrastructure/ GeophysicalLANLPNNLSNLNTSINLLLNLSNLANLLANLPNNLLBNLSRNLLANLLLNLPNNLORNLNTSINLLBNLLLNLSRNLBNLANLBNLORNLSNLORNLANLINLBNLLBNLDOEDHSPIADCNBACCMeeting Result: S&T has aligned the DOE National laboratories and DHS lab assets such as the Plum Island Animal Disease Center and the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center with the six S&T divisions to better focus and coordinate research efforts and achieve results that are aligned with the DHS mission.NASANASANASANASAStandardsTest and EvaluationTSL / EML
24Doing Business with DHS S&T Broad Agency Announcements (BAA) Examples of Current Solicitation TopicsLong Range BAA – addresses needs of 6 S&T divisionsExplosives DetectionCommunications and Maritime SafetyCELL ALL – Ubiquitous chem/bio sensingFirst Responder Reliable Link (First NET)Cyber Security R&DBiometric DetectorUnified Incident Command & Decision Support, Ph. 2For more about BAAs, visit andS&T issues open competitive solicitations seeking expertise from many corners, both domestically and globally, to find solutions for addressing some of the most pressing challenges in homeland security.We are looking to engage with industry and other partners to address capability gaps in several key areas. This slide gives you an idea of some of the DHS S&T solicitations that are currently open and posted on the Web at FedBizOpps.gov and hsarpabaa.comNOTE: The long-range BAA will be open for one year and will seek R&D solutions across the full spectrum of the S&T mission.
25Examples of Prototypes Scheduled for FY 08 Completion DHS S&T SBIR ProgramExamples of Prototypes Scheduled for FY 08 CompletionDHS S&T has an Active SBIR Program for Small High Tech BusinessesTwo Solicitations issued annually address multiple technical requirements that cut across six S&T divisionsFY 2008 SBIR Solicitation SchedulePre-Solicitation [FY08.1] Posted: Dec. 3, 2007Proposals Accepted: Dec. 19 to Feb. 4; contracts to be awarded May 2008 (est.)Pre-Solicitation [FY08.2] to be posted April 1Proposals Accepted April 16 to May 30; contracts to be awarded August 2008 (est)VisitSecure Carton Integrated Electronics Remote System for enhanced port and border securityTwice a year, S&T, through our Small Business Innovation Research program, posts a batch of solicitations covering a variety of technical topic areas on the Web atNOTE: These solicitations are directed at U.S. small businessesHandheld LIXID Inspection Device for Coast Guard and private sector
26TechSolutions Rapid Technology Development Mission: To rapidly address technology gaps identified by Federal, State, Local, and Tribal first respondersField prototypical solutions in 12 monthsCost should be commensurate with proposal but less than $1M per projectSolution should meet 80% of identified requirementsProvide a mechanism for Emergency Responders to relay their capability gapsCapability gaps are gathered using a web site (www.dhs.gov/techsolutions)Gaps are addressed using existing technology, spiral development, and rapid prototypingEmergency Responders partner with DHS from start to finishRapid Technology DevelopmentTarget: Solutions Fielded within 1 year, at ~<$1M
28S&T Outreach 2008 Schedule 2009 Plans 2007 Highlights S&T Stakeholders West Los Angeles, January 14-17Chemical and Biological R&D Technologies Conference, San Antonio, TX, January 28-February 1Second Annual DHS University Network Summit, Washington, DC, March 19-21Stakeholders East, Washington, DC, June 2-5PacAsia S&T Conference, Hawaii, Fall 20082009 PlansPacific Rim Conference, Early 2009, TBA2007 HighlightsFirst Annual DHS University Network Summit, Washington, DC, March 14Homeland Security Technology Solutions Demonstrations Event, Washington, DC, March 16Industry Day, Washington, DC, March 18S&T Stakeholders Conference, Washington, DC, May 21-24Technologies for Critical Incident Preparedness Conference, November 6-8SAFETY Act Workshop, November 16International Security National Resilience Conference, December 3-5, LondonFollowing this conference, S&T will continue its outreach to our various stakeholder groups. Refer to slide.Before closing, mention other highlights for Day One:Also this morning, the States followed by responder organizations will take center stage.This afternoon, you’ll hear about SAFE – Secure Against Fires & Embers which I mentioned earlierEVOC - Anaheim Enterprise Virtual Operations Center – enables a quick and informed response by putting real-time information at responders’ fingertipsNext up after the break: Erroll Southers will brief us on intelligence and counter terrorism efforts of the Los Angeles World Airports. LAWA is the airport oversight and operations department oversight and operations department for Los Angeles.Take questions as desired and close.
31Homeland Innovative Prototypical Solutions SAFECON – Safe Container Quickly Detect and Identify Dangerous CargoIntegrated Sensor Suite: explosives, chemical agents, biological agents human cargo, contrabandScan for WMD, contraband, and human cargo during normal crane transport operationsAddresses a major capability gap – the ability to quickly and effectively screen cargo. Much of the cargo entering the U.S. is either unscreened or “under” screened.SAFECON is designed to help fill this gap:– a screening device for containers that quickly detects and identifies dangerous cargofeatures integrated sensor suite to detect explosives, bio and chemical agents, human cargo and contrabandWill investigate various technologies including probe systems to be installed on cranes that load and off-load containers transported by ships.– focus on reducing time required for screening to 90 seconds to enable significantly more cargo to be cleared.- Demo of improved technologies to be underway in FY 09.Improved Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) capabilityImproved Sensors for explosives, Chem, and Bio agents