Geography (1) Area: 432,162 sq km Land boundaries: 3,650 km –Border countries: Iran 1,458 km, Jordan 181 km, Kuwait 240 km, Saudi Arabia 814 km, Syria 605 km, Turkey 352 km Coastline: 58 km Natural resources: Oil, natural gas Land use: arable land: 13.15% Irrigated land: 35,250 sq km (1998 est.) 18 provinces
Geography (2) People: –Population: approx. 29 million –Ethnic groups: Arab 75%- 80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5% –Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
Geography (3) Constitutional amendment for creation of autonomous regions. Is Iraq going to break up?
Economy Main source of income: natural resources export –Oil production: 2.3M barrels per day (Spring 2007 estimate) –Oil revenues increasing gradually, July 04 – June 05: $20B. 2007: approximately $31B expected. –Oil export: trucks, tankers, pipelines Communications: –Satellite TV, cellular phones, internet, newspapers Agriculture is an untapped resource –Irrigation system –Southern marshlands –Date palm growing
Politics A federal parliamentary representative democratic republic Foreign politics –The Arab League –Relations with neighbours Domestic politics –Executive Branch President, 2 Vice Presidents, Prime Minister Cabinet: 36 ministers –Legislative Branch: Council of Representatives (275) Elected nation-wide for four years –Judicial Branch: Supreme Court