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SCIENCE OLYMPIAD Mission Possible – Div. C 2009-2010 CeAnn Chalker 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SCIENCE OLYMPIAD Mission Possible – Div. C 2009-2010 CeAnn Chalker 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCIENCE OLYMPIAD Mission Possible – Div. C 2009-2010 CeAnn Chalker ceann@chalker.org 1

2 What is Mission Possible? Students design, build, test & document a Rube Goldberg-like device Device made of sequence/series of consecutive tasks Device must run autonomously Specific Start and End task 2

3 Safety Requirements/Inspection Students must wear safety spectacles with side shields Items not allowed Computers or digital circuitry Remote controls or timing Liquids (except water) 3

4 Other Potential Hazards not Allowed Rat traps Model rocket engines Fireworks, explosives, lighters Flammable substances, matches, candles Uncontrolled projectiles Any other hazardous materials 4

5 Allowed Items Simple electric DC motors Factory sealed batteries No more than 10.0 volts per any single electrical circuit (no lead-acid batteries) Energy devices may be set/activated prior to starting the device (flashlights & mousetraps, not motors) 5

6 Requirements Maximum Size of Machine (50 cm x 50 cm x 80 cm) Task Sequence List Ten tasks required to earn maximum points must contribute to the completion of the final task No parallel sequence of tasks allowed 6

7 Requirements – Start Task – Task A Device must be started by: dropping a golf ball from above the device that will trigger a mousetrap that will begin the chain of events leading to the final task 7

8 Requirements – Final Task – Task J Raise a flagpole: With rectangular school flag (fixed or mobile) that is at least 5 cm x 10 cm The bottom of the flag must be at least 30 cm higher than all original parts of the device. 8

9 Other Details Tasks between the Start Task and Final Task may be in any order. Additional non-listed devices, tasks, and energy sources may be built into the device between the listed tasks but will not earn points. Additional non-listed tasks must contribute to the completion of the final task. 9

10 8 Other Required Tasks (May be in any order) Activate a photocell providing power to operate a motor. Using a motor, turn a shaft that continuously moves a mass for at least 10 seconds, mass must trigger next action. (extra 10 points for each full sec. over 10 secs., up to 40 secs.)(300 pts. possible) 10

11 Other Required Tasks contd Block a light source, so that it stops powering a photocell which is operating an electromagnet which releases a mass that activates the next step. Use heat generated by the resistance in an electrical wire to melt a mono- filament line in two, so that a mass falls and activates the next step. 11

12 Other Required Tasks contd Use either pneumatics or hydraulics in an enclosed system to operate the next action in the chain. Use any part of the device to raise a golf ball vertically by at least 30 cm. Pop a balloon. Use a motor with a propeller that generates a wind that activates the next step. 12

13 Task Sequence List Format What is listed? (All tasks in operation sequence) Numbering and Letter Labeling Tasks Accuracy Sequential vs. dead ends and parallel paths When to turn in TSL How many copies? 13

14 Tournament Day Set up Only 30 mins. Before you plan or are scheduled to run device Be able to explain device to judges Go through TSL Run Device Remove from testing location 14

15 Device Operation - Timing Timing begins when Event Supervisor says, Go Student drops golf ball into device to start Clock does not stop until maximum time limit of 3 minutes Tasks completed after 3 minutes will not be scored Timing stops when: Device fails to operate Or device completes final task Or 3 minutes have elapsed 15

16 Device Operation – Ideal Operation Time The Ideal operation times will be announced after impound Regional – 60 seconds State – from 60 – 90 seconds Nationals – 90 – 120 seconds 16

17 Device Operation – Penalties Each touch or crossing of the imaginary box is a penalty Students may adjust device but will receive penalty points Stalling will lead to DQ Points will not be awarded for task completion when touches or adjustments lead to the task completion 17

18 Scoring 2 pts - for each full second of operation up to the ideal time. (max 120 at Regional) 100 pts - final task completed in 3 mins. 75 pts - Sequence Task List (STL) submitted on time and correct format 25 pts - STL 100% accurate documentation of device operations 50 pts – no more that 30 min. setup 25 pts – each successful required task (max 250) Max. at Regionals – 620 pts. 18

19 Penalties 1 point for each second the device operates over ideal time (Max 120 pts) 100 pts for each motor running at start 100 pts not starting with required 1 st Task 50 pts, one time, for any object that leaves the boundary of the device (except flag & pole) 15 points for each time the device is touched, adjusted, or restarted Tier 2 for construction violations, parallel designs or dead end paths 19

20 Things to Consider Avoid questionable components that are too complex, too small, or not clearly visible Device may not be timed or controlled by any remote method. 20

21 More Things to Consider Final Task – the team may not complete the task themselves or make adjustments that lead directly to task completion of the next action. Obvious stalling during adjustments to gain time advantage can result in a DQ 21

22 Costs & Time Commitment Inexpensive available materials Avoid the Black Hole theory Where does the money go? Long term project approach In your Classroom vs. in a students garage or basement Parent involvement 22

23 Examples Start Task A & Task B Golf ball Mousetrap String Light blocker Preset light source Photocell Start Task – Golf ball dropped onto Mousetrap Task B – -String attached to mousetrap pulls light blocker -Preset light source activates photocell -Photocell powers a motor 23

24 Examples Tasks E & F Task E – - Inside jar monofilament wire heats up and breaks - Container inside jar falls - empties contents into bottom of jar - Contents mixes with water Task F – -Chemical reaction increases air pressure -Balloon inflates - Inflated balloon displaces lever - Mass moves 24

25 Examples Tasks G & H Task H – - Inflated balloon is popped. - Weight drops Task G – - String attached to weight goes through series of pulleys. - String lifts golf ball - Rising golf ball - activates micro switch for next task. 25

26 Example Final Task Lengths are important, if done by this method, the fulcrum must be higher (not at the base of device) By this method the arm is too long! 5 cm (flag size) + 30 cm (above device) + 50 cm (one of max dimensions)= 85 cm (5 cm longer than max device dimension) Hint – have string attached to highest point on the pole, you get more lifting power. Weights or motors can be used to pull flag up. 26


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