THE WHAT DEFINE POETRY! Poetry (from the Greek "ποίησις", poiesis, a "making") is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning. Poetry may be written independently, as discrete poems, or may occur in conjunction with other arts, as in poetic drama, hymns or lyrics. WHAT DOES ALL THAT MEAN??!!
UP TO YOU! TAKE A MOMENT TO WRITE YOUR OWN DEFINITION OF POETRY AND LETS DISCUSS IT…
THE WHY WHY IS POETRY IMPORTANT? Poetry takes a simple concept and makes it more powerful and beautiful Which one of these poems is better? Why? The Turtle breaks from the blue-black skin of the water, dragging her shell with its mossy scutes across the shallows and through the rushes and over the mudflats, to the uprise, to the yellow sand, to dig her ungainly feet a nest, and hunker there spewing her white eggs down into the darkness… By: Mary Oliver The Turtle comes out of the water walks across the sand digs a nest and lays some eggs By: Mr. Brooks
WHAT IS FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE? Figurative language presents ordinary things in fresh ways, communicating ideas that go beyond words ordinary meanings. HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES…
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: ITS LIKE A SIMILE – a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as. Examples of simile: Life is like a box of chocolates. The girl is as beautiful as a rose. The willow is like an etching…
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IT IS A METAPHOR – a comparison of two unlike things without using the words like or as. Examples of metaphor: My father is a tall, sturdy oak. The hotel is a diamond in the sky. who knows if the moons a balloon…
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: PERSONIFICATION – the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea. Examples of personification: Hunger sat shivering on the road. The flowers danced on the lawn. SpongeBob SquarePants and Smokey the Bear are personified characters.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: HYPERBOLE - an exaggerated statement used to make a point. Examples of hyperbole: An apple a day keeps the doctor away. I could sleep for a year. This book weighs a ton.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IMAGINE THE IMAGERY -figures of speech or vivid descriptions used to produce mental images (appeal to the five senses). Examples of imagery: Her clammy back felt like bark of the tree after a summers rain. …the small pond behind my house was lapping at its banks… The willows music is like a soprano…
WHAT IS A SOUND DEVICE? The effect of a poem can depend on the sound of its words. HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES…
SOUND DEVICE: SOUNDS LIKE ONOMATOPOEIA - the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings. Examples of onomatopoeia: The bang of a gun. The hiss of a snake. The buzz of a bee. The pop of a firecracker.
SOUND DEVICE: REPETITION - the repeating of sound, words, phrases or lines in a poem used to emphasize an idea or convey a certain feeling. Examples of repetition: Sing a song full of faith that the dark past has taught us, Sing a song of the hope that the present has brought us… I think I can, I think I can, I think I can, I think I can… The isolation during my vacation created a situation of relaxation.
SOUND DEVICE: I RHYME ALL THE TIME AND I GUESS IT SOUNDS FINE… - repetition of sound at the ends of words. (Rhyme occurring within a line is called internal rhyme. Rhyme occurring at the end of a line is called end rhyme) Rhyme Scheme – the pattern of end rhyme in a poem. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter. Example of internal rhyme, end rhyme, and rhyme scheme: I looked at the shell in the oceana I looked at the bell in the sea,b I noticed the smell and the motiona Were very peculiar to me.b
SOUND DEVICE: DO YOU HAVE RHYTHM? LETS CLAP! – the pattern of sound created by stressed (more emphasis, `) and unstressed (less emphasis, υ) syllables. Many poems are given diacritical markings (` and υ) depending on the rhythm. Example of rhythm: I looked at the shell in the ocean I looked at the bell in the sea, I noticed the smell and the motion Were very peculiar to me.
SOUND DEVICE: ASSONANCE - repetition of VOWEL SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry. Examples of Assonance Repeating the eh sound in the words: crescent, flesh, extending, medicine and death
SOUND DEVICE: CONSONANCE - repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry. Examples of Consonance Repeating the sh sound in the words: shush, wish, sharp, cushion and quash
SOUND DEVICE: ALLITERATION - repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING of at least two words in a line of poetry. Example of alliteration: Examples of Alliteration the frog frolicked frivolously on the forest floor. …Little skinny shoulder blades Sticking through your clothes… …struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet…
WHAT IS FORM? The form of a poem involves the physical arrangement of the words on the page, sometimes involving rhyme and rhythm. LINE: a sentence or fragment of sentence. STANZA: a group of more than one line. HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF FORM…
FORM: COUPLET -a pair of lines that rhyme. A couplet may be a poem in itself or part of a larger poem. What is an example of a COUPLET? The artist stirred some blue and green To paint an underwater scene.
FORM: HAIKU -an unrhymed poem consisting of three lines and seventeen (17) syllables. These poems are normally about nature. The first line is five (5) syllables. The second line is seven (7) syllables. The third line is five (5) syllables. What is an example of a HAIKU? The autumn wind blows, (5 syllables) Calling the leaves on the ground (7 syllables) To join him in dance. (5 syllables)
FORM: LIMERICK -a humorous five-line poem made up of thirteen (13) beats with an AABBA rhyme scheme. The poem is named after the city of Limerick in Ireland. What is an example of a LIMERICK? There was a young boy from Caboo, (3 beats) Who had trouble tying his shoe. (3 beats) He said to his ox, (2 beats) Ill just walk in my socks. (2 beats) Now all of his friends do that, too! (3 beats)
FORM: QUATRAIN -a four-line poem of any kind. They are often combined to form a larger poem. Its rhyme scheme may be AABB, ABAB, ABCB, or ABBA. What is an example of a QUATRAIN? A robin sitting in a tree (A) Turned her head and winked at me, (A) She sang a song as if to say, (B) Im glad to see you here today. (B) There is nothing quite so peaceful(A) As the sound of gentle rain, (B) Pitter-pitter-patting (C) Against my window pane. (B)
FORM: CINQUAIN -an unrhymed, five-line poem. The first line is one (1) word that names the subject. The second line is two (2) words that describe the subject. The third line is three (3) action verbs that describe the subject. The fourth line is four (4) words that describe a feeling about the subject. The fifth line is one (1) word that is a synonym or a summary of the subject. What is an example of a CINQUAIN? Butterflies Gentle creatures Fluttering, searching, landing Lovely flashes of light Miracles
FORM: ENJAMBMENT The running over of a line or thought into the next line without a strong break or pause Example: Im feeling rather sleepy, but I really dont know why. I guess it is the way the day has spun out of control.
FORM: FREE VERSE Poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm. The lines flow more naturally and have everyday speech rhythm. Poets who write in free verse often use the sound devices we have already discussed. Heres an example from May Swensons Southbound on the Freeway: They all hiss as they glide, like inches, down the marked tapes. Those soft shapes, shadowy inside the hard bodies – are they their guts or their brains Label the assonance, consonance and alliteration. What is the effect of the enjambment?
ARE THERE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT TODAYS LESSON: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE SOUND DEVICES FORM