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Metropolitan Housing Alliance Quadel Consulting/TCG

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1 Metropolitan Housing Alliance Quadel Consulting/TCG
LITTLE ROCK CHOICE NEIGHBORHOOD A Community / Partner Conversation ALL-HANDS WORKSHOP Metropolitan Housing Alliance Quadel Consulting/TCG Fennell Purifoy Urban Collage December 6, 2012 Thursday, 6:30 pm – 8:30 pm

2 Introduction Metropolitan Housing Alliance City Manager

3 “All Hands” Goals INFORM the community and the stakeholders about CN process SHARE the summary of existing condition assessment and community needs based on data analysis SEEK feedback on current issues and vision for the community

4 Evening Agenda The “Choice Neighborhood GPS” Where we’ve been
Why we’re doing this Who is involved Where we are Existing conditions analysis Survey highlights Where we’re going Your insights and help to transform a distressed neighborhood to one that is strong, healthy, viable and safe

5 Where We’ve Been Latonya Wilson, MHA

6 CN Overview What is Choice Neighborhood? Grants
“Choice Neighborhoods grants transform distressed neighborhoods and public and assisted projects into viable and sustainable mixed-income neighborhoods by linking housing improvements with appropriate services, schools, public assets, transportation, and access to jobs.” Grants Planning Grants: comprehensive neighborhood revitalization strategy or Transformation Plan Implementation Grants: gather and leverage resources from public and private agencies to support the financial sustainability and implementation of the Transformation Plan

7 The Study Area: Why? Things are happening: But, there are issues:
Promise Neighborhood Neighborhood Stabilization Sustainable Communities Pulaski Empowerment Zone But, there are issues: Affected by high crime Physical distressed Some areas are isolated Vacancy rate 3.6 times higher than county Promise Neighborhood Pulaski Empowerment Zone 12th Street Corridor Central Business District Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP) 2

8 Promise vs. Choice Central Little Rock Promise Neighborhood
Little Rock Choice Neighborhood U.S. Department of Education Grantee: University of Arkansas at Little Rock (UALR) Program: Improve the educational and developmental outcomes of children and youth Goals: Education – Cradle through College to Career Outcomes: Community Needs Assessment & Asset Mapping Report U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Grantee: Metropolitan Housing Alliance Program: Transform distressed neighborhoods through housing improvements with appropriate services, schools, public assets, transportation, and access to jobs Goals: People, Housing, Neighborhoods Outcomes: Neighborhood Transformation Plan

9 Project Organization Choice Community Council (CCC) Resources
Quadel / TCG (Planning Coordinator) Fennel Purifoy Urban Collage Evaluation Hunter Bacot, Institute of Government, UALR MHA Executive Director MHA CN Coordinator Working Group Chairs Choice Community Council (CCC) People - CSS Residents AR Dept. of Health AR Children’s Hospital Central AR Library System HIPPY LR Community Mental Health Stevens Community Center LR Workforce Investment Board People - Education Residents LR School District Promise Neighborhood Team UALR New Futures for Youth Neighborhood Residents City of Little Rock CATA MetroPlan Chamber of Commerce LR Police Department ACHANGE Downtown Partnerships Pulaski County EZ Audubon Housing Residents City of Little Rock Volunteers of America LR Landbank LR Community and Housing Advisory Board

10 Stakeholder Engagement
CCC Meeting (March, 2012): Kick-off / organizational meeting in advance of HUD visit Resident Meeting (April, 2012): Included in HUD site visit agenda CCC Meeting (August, 2012): Update on CN progress, challenges and future steps Quotes from the meetings Neighborhood Association Meetings: Pine to Woodrow Forest Hills Love Neighborhood Stephens Area Faith Elm Street Sunset Terrace Wright Avenue

11 Resident Responses Concerns Suggested Solutions
Safety for children- bus routes, bullying Crime (drugs, robbery) Lack of parental involvement Transportation Quality of education/ pace of learning Need more tutoring Church/ community support Too many liquor stores Increase of home owner’s insurance rates Abandon Housing Violence Prostitution Alcohol & Liquor Store Ordinances Police Presence (slow response time) Information sharing process/ Discriminated info/ Res. Jobs Strengthen youth programs/ trade programs Internal community centers/offices/open space for teaching Put gym back in school (P.E.) Community Enrichment classes More after school programs More accountability for organizations in places Sidewalk, street improvement, paved alleys, street lights Noise ordinance signs Designated trash drives

12 Our Dialogue: Education
Issues Quality of education / Pace of learning Truancy Lack of kindergarten readiness Low 3rd grade reading scores High drop out rates Challenges Staff limitations Lack of tutoring Lack of (affordable) after school programs Increasing parental involvement in child(ren)’s education

13 Our Dialogue: Safety Issues Challenges
Robbery, drug activity, prostitution Increase in domestic violence Illegal dumping, loitering / squatting Code Enforcement Issue Challenges Number of liquor stores Food Desert Medical Desert Underperforming schools

14 Our Dialogue: Housing Issues Challenges Abandoned / deteriorated homes
Escalating need for maintenance Lack of energy efficiency Need for weatherization Hard to obtain home owner’s insurance Challenges Limited household budgets for home improvements Lack of federal monies for home improvement

15 Key Concerns Education Safety Housing Makes schools more secure
Reduce / eliminate truancy Improve educational quality Safety Many types of crime common More officers / quicker response times Housing Addressing abandoned housing Providing maintenance support

16 Recent Progress New Children’s Library 12th Street Police Substation
Spring 2013 One of few in the nation 12th Street Police Substation Increased Safety Presence Mixed Use BCD Empowerment Center Increased capacity to serve community Residential Treatment Center UAMS Clinic Free medical service Specializes in treating prevalent illnesses within community

17 Where We Are Melodee Melin, Quadel Consulting
John Skach, Urban Collage Tom Fennell, Fennell Purifoy Architects

18 CN Overview What Are The Components?
People – health and public safety; employment and training; youth and senior services; education and training – cradle to career; high performing schools Housing – Energy efficient, sustainable, accessible, with internet connectivity; mixed income; physically and financially viable Neighborhoods – High quality parks and recreational facilities; effective public transit, walking and biking options to connect to work and/or local services; access to economic development and employment opportunities; shopping and neighborhood services; healthy foods.

19 Typical Process we are here

20 CN Outcomes Create a Neighborhood Transformation Plan
MHA will work collaboratively with its partners, CCC members and stakeholders to construct a Neighborhood Transformation Plan which will include Sunset Terrace, Elm Street Apartments, Central High and Stephens Neighborhoods. This plan is needed to apply for the Choice Neighborhoods Implementation Grant. Apply for implementation funds MHA will apply for a HUD CN Implementation Grant to transform and revitalize the CN community. Submission date: March 2013. Competition for these grants is intense

21 Target Sites Sunset Terrace - Public housing
Building deficiencies – water leaks, cracked foundation, poor grading Design deficiencies – unit size below avg. for new construction, inefficient use of space, units lack modern amenities Elm Street - Section 8 Building deficiencies – roof deck damage, outdated electrical system Design deficiencies – single point entry to the building, lack of amenities Sunset Terrace Elm Street

22 Survey Highlights: Elm Street
29 of 42 households responded 18 have resided 5 years or less 28 are employed Transportation Mode: Walking (13), Biking (10), and Bus (8) - are the primary means 15 reported no trouble using public transportation but 15 cited transportation as a barrier for persons with disabilities 12 reported transportation as a job barrier

23 Survey Highlights: Elm Street
Job related Training Needs: Small Business Start-up, Computer, Vocational & Job Readiness Neighborhood needs: Indoor & Outdoor Recreation & Parks 21 Listed the need for Sidewalk, Paving and Curb repair Doctor’s office, Library, and Laundromat Public Safety: 14 feel unsafe walking through the area Top Health needs: Dental & Eye Care Services Outdoor facilities Needs: Basketball Court, Passive Park, Landscaping, Community garden A Gym was the top need followed by Parks, Restaurants, Shopping, Computer Center, Banks

24 Survey Highlights: Sunset Terrace
29 of 73 households responded 20 have resided 0-5 years Health Care is the primary field of employment Bus is the primary mode of transportation Barriers to employment: Transportation, Lack of Training or Education Training Desired: GED Adult Education, Computer, Job Readiness, Vocational Training, Small Business Neighborhood Needs: Laundromat, Grocery Store, Doctor’s Offices, Library, Drug Store, Restaurants

25 Survey Highlights: Sunset Terrace
Barriers for Persons with Disabilities: Transportation, Living Independently, Cost of Health Care and Prescription Drugs; Special Needs Assistance 25 were Somewhat Happy, Happy or Very Happy with the schools; 18 expressed school safety concerns 15-21 endorsed the need for youth programs including: Safe sex, job training, weekend programs, jobs programs and others Health Care: provided by Emergency Room and Primary Doctor Dental service, Nutrition, Exercise and Weight Loss were the top needs Neighborhood Needs: Sidewalk & Curb Repairs and Street Lighting. Computer Center, Gym, Grocery Stores, Child Care Centers 23 want to return to New Development replacing Sunset Terrace

26 Housing Market Background
CN area is a very low-income submarket with high demand for rent-subsidized housing units 58% of all renters and more than 53% of age 65+ renters in the CN area are cost burdened Family Rental General occupancy multifamily rental communities currently exhibit high vacancies High demand for rent-subsidized housing Senior Rental Age-restricted rental housing is very limited and fully occupied Senior rental housing may be the best opportunity for new development

27 Housing Market: For Sale
Findings The for-sale market is characterized by low home values and low-sales volume No homebuilders are currently building in new single or multi-family subdivisions The CN area’s low-density development pattern complicates designing a project that can have wider positive impacts Opportunities Any new for-sale development should be single-family detached in keeping with the CN area Vacant lots and homes in need of rehabilitation or demolition present the best targets for developing new for-sale housing

28 Housing Market: Conclusions
Projects with greatest likelihood of success over next 5 years: Rent subsidized senior community Replacement general occupancy public housing, either on a multifamily site or scattered detached homes or duplexes Scattered site for-sale project beginning with no more than a dozen units

29 Social Profile Significant population change Limited diversity
Loss of 3,000 residents from to 2010, current population 11,060 Limited diversity 90% African-American Fairly typical age profile Biggest age group: 31–45 35% population are children and seniors 26% under 18 (2,879) 11% over 65 (1,221) Aging population Depopulation of younger cohorts; seniors trending upward Population Density Brown – Higher density Beige – Lower density

30 Economic Profile Low household income High unemployment
Median HH income is less than $26k in the CN, compared to $47k in Pulaski 33% households live below poverty level (~$22K for a family of four) High unemployment Entire area has 768 jobs, 4,599 employees mostly in health care, service, education Only 57 employees live and work in the CN area Unemployment rate is between 15% to 22% Number of Jobs per Household Grey areas – less than 1 job per HH

31 Housing Condition Methodology Findings Areas of distress:
Windshield survey of residential buildings in four categories Analysis based on the number of distressed buildings on a typical street block Findings 8% area with serious issues (5-7 buildings) 15% area with major issues (3-4 buildings) 41% area with minor issues (1-2 buildings) 375 boarded up houses (5% total parcels); most in distressed condition Areas of distress: Blocks around Central High Stephens Neighborhood

32 Vacant Lots Methodology Findings Areas of high vacancy
Analysis based on the number of vacant lots on a typical street block Findings 6% area with serious vacancies (16-34 lots) 16% area with major vacancies (8-15 lots) 29% area with minor vacancies (4-7 lots) 41% area with few vacancies (0-3 lots) Current long-term vacancy rate is 17.6 Areas of high vacancy Stephens Neighborhood North of Central High

33 Patterns of Disinvestment
Areas of vacant lots and distressed buildings 7% area with serious issues 21% area with major issues 41% area with minor issues 22% area with no issues 375 boarded up houses (5% total parcels); most in distressed condition Low property values 63% properties valued at less than $50,00 Foreclosures 170 foreclosed properties ( ; blue stars) Crime 144 violent crime incidents per1,000 residents ( ; circles)

34 Neighborhood Assets General Retail (orange) Civic / Community (blue)
Limited to 12th Street and Asher Avenue corridors Civic / Community (blue) Scattered throughout School, university, hospital,, child care, senior care, health facility, etc. Food Stores (magenta) Very limited; underserved by restaurants, groceries, food markets, etc. Recreational Fourche Creek watershed Curran Conway Field / Park Blue stars indicate major assets

35 Residential development
Plan Opportunities Improve connectivity Better connections to Downtown, north of I-630 and west side Improve pedestrian connections within the CN area Economic Development 12th Street as a walkable, “Complete Street” with retail, mixed-use, health and cultural anchors Long-term industrial redevelopment along railroad, commercial redevelopment along Asher Avenue Housing Leverage MHA / partner sites Leverage NSP2 and land bank resources High-Density Low-Density Historic District Mid-Density Cultural Anchor Mixed-use node Commercial nodes Health Anchor Economic development Residential development

36 Housing Goals Replacement Housing 1 for 1 replacement Existing Units:
Sunset Terrace units Elm Street units Total units Possibly strategies Development of Land-Bank Units Additional NSP Development Equity Sharing Loan Program for Owner-Occupied Rehab Additional Multi-family development

37 Housing Goals Replacement Housing Possible Scenarios
Veterans Home site redevelopment possibilities Replacement Housing Possible Scenarios 40-50 multi-family units Target elderly and persons with disabilities Veterans Home or Stephens Elementary Site 56 SRO units Rehab existing Elm Street Apartments with 2nd story addition 34 in-fill family units Replace Sunset Family units using cluster approach, locate closer to 12th street amenities 72 new units 36 on vacant half of Elm St site 36 on half of Sunset site

38 Housing Goals Replacement Housing and Redevelopments Parks Playgrounds
Healthy, fresh produce Physically active lifestyle Less emphasis on vehicular transportation Community centers Closer access to everyday amenities Afterschool activities Job training and opportunities

39 Housing Goals Replacement Housing
Possible Scenario – Elm street SRO site Rehab existing SRO with additional second story Cluster and scattered approach with additional multi and single family housing 50 SRO units, 33 multi-family units, and 5 single

40 Niti Gajjar, Urban Collage
Where We’re Headed Niti Gajjar, Urban Collage

41 Building from the Assets

42 What is your “New Year’s Resolution?”
Participants will be given colorful ribbons to write their vision for the COMMUNITY / NEIGHBORHOOD Write at least 3 RESOLUTIONS that could make a positive difference 2013 FIX MY HOUSE??? LEARN A SKILL??? 2013

43 What are the challenges / issues?
Write the overall neighborhood challenges and specific needs related to – Education Health & Wellness Economy / Jobs Crime & Safety Housing Public Services / Transportation

44 Issues Mapping On a large map of the CN area, identify “hot spot” issues Things we want to keep (NO CHANGE) Things that need to go (CHANGE)

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