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Presentation on theme: "An Annotated Version Press Now to Continue. All you have to do is download the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint. Press Now to Continue."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Annotated Version Press Now to Continue

2 All you have to do is download the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint. Press Now to Continue

3 All you have to do is download the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint. Then just keep pressing to go through the presentation. Press Now to Continue

4 All you have to do is download the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint. Then just keep pressing to go through the presentation. You can go at your own pace and stop and restart anytime you want to. Press Now to Continue

5 All you have to do is download the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint. Then just keep pressing to go through the presentation. You can go at your own pace and stop and restart anytime you want to. The following slides give more details. Press Now to Continue

6 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue Your Computer Screen One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. When you have downloaded the slide show and run it in MS Powerpoint, and gotten through the How the Show Works part, it will look like this: Press Now to Continue

7 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue The text from the story will appear here, in this paper-colored block, in black text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue

8 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue The text from the story will appear here, in this paper-colored block, in black text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. The notes for the displayed text will appear here, in the green-colored block, in white text. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue

9 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue The text from the story will appear here, in this paper-colored block, in black text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. The notes for the displayed text will appear here, in the green-colored block, in white text. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. The notes are like chalk on a chalkboard. Press Now to Continue

10 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue Sometimes, there is more than one page of notes for a particular page of text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue Notes Press Now to Continue

11 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue Sometimes, there is more than one page of notes for a particular page of text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. When that happens, youll see this to let you know that there are more notes to read. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue Notes Press Now to Continue

12 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue Sometimes, there is more than one page of notes for a particular page of text. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. When that happens, youll see this to let you know that there are more notes to read. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue Notes Just press when youre ready to read the next page of notes. Press Now to Continue

13 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. When the notes are all done, this will appear to tell you that you are ready to go to the next page of text. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press Now to Continue

14 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. When the notes are all done, this will appear to tell you that you are ready to go to the next page of text. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. As always, just press to keep going. Press Now to Continue

15 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Periodically, there are questions to answer in the notes section. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. Question 1: Why do you think Della is in need of money? Press Now to Continue

16 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Periodically, there are questions to answer in the notes section. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. Question 1: Why do you think Della is in need of money? The questions are easy to recognize because they are in reverse text. Press Now to Continue

17 Annotated by O. Henry Annotated The Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Periodically, there are questions to answer in the notes section. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. Question 1: Why do you think Della is in need of money? Students should answer the questions on a separate sheet for turn-in. The questions are easy to recognize because they are in reverse text. Press Now to Continue

18 An Annotated Version Press Now to Continue And now, lets begin our look at

19 One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Theres no introduction; the story just starts right in the middle of things. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. This technique is called in media res, which is Latin for in the middle of things. Press to Continue Notes

20 One dollar and eighty- seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Were told that someone has only $1.87. Thats not very much. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. And a lot of it is in pennies, as if someone worked hard to scrape it together, a penny at a time. Press Now to Continue

21 Pennies saved one and two at a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher until one's cheeks burned with the silent imputation of parsimony that such close dealing implied. This part tells us that the person who saved the $1.87 did it by arguing with merchants about prices and getting them to come down a penny or two at a time. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

22 Pennies saved one and two at a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher until one's cheeks burned with the silent imputation of parsimony that such close dealing implied. That means that the merchants probably thought the shopper was a cheapskate! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Being thought of as cheap is what silent imputation of parsimony means. Press Now to Continue

23 Three times Della counted it. One dollar and eighty- seven cents. And the next day would be Christmas. The author now tells us the name of the person who is trying to get some money together: Della. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. And we find out here that the story takes place on the day before Christmas. Press Now to Continue

24 There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating. Della doesnt have enough money, and shes upset about it. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 1: Why do you think she might need money? Press to Continue Notes

25 There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating. The author says that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. This is his way of saying that life is happy sometimes, sad sometimes, but mostly in between. Press to Continue Notes

26 There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating. Notice that sobs, sniffles, and smiles all begin with the same sound. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Thats not an accident. Repeating the same sound like that is called alliteration. Press Now to Continue

27 While the mistress of the home is gradually subsiding from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. The narrator now moves the focus from Della, who is on the couch crying, to the place where she is living. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

28 A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad. A furnished flat is an apartment that has furniture already in it, which is rented. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The rent on the apartment is $8 a week, which means its probably not very nice or new. Press to Continue Notes

29 A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad. To beggar description means something that is so nice that its hard to describe in words. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

30 A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad. When the narrator says that the apartment did not exactly beggar description, he means that it is probably a little old, shabby, and run-down. It is not new and nice. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

31 A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad. Mendicancy means being poor and having to beg for money or food. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue The part it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad means that its a place where poor people might live.

32 In the vestibule below was a letter-box into which no letter would go, and an electric button from which no mortal finger could coax a ring. A vestibule is an entryway that leads to several apartments. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The letter-box is the mailbox, and its broken, and so is the doorbellmore evidence that the apartments are shabby and rundown. Press Now to Continue

33 Also appertaining thereunto was a card bearing the name "Mr. James Dillingham Young." On the mailbox for one of the apartments is a card to identify who lives there: Mr. James Dillingham Young. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

34 The "Dillingham" had been flung to the breeze during a former period of prosperity when its possessor was being paid $30 per week. Almost everyone has a middle name, but using it on the mailbox that way would have been something that rich people would do. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

35 The "Dillingham" had been flung to the breeze during a former period of prosperity when its possessor was being paid $30 per week. Flung to the breeze here means using the middle name in public. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Were told that the person used his middle name that way when he was being paid $30 a week. Press to Continue Notes

36 The "Dillingham" had been flung to the breeze during a former period of prosperity when its possessor was being paid $30 per week. That was a lot of money then, and so the person might have thought he would soon be rich, making that kind of money. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue But were told hes not making that much anymore.

37 Now, when the income was shrunk to $20, though, they were thinking seriously of contracting to a modest and unassuming D. Now hes only making $20 a week, so maybe the Dillingham part should be changed to D. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

38 Now, when the income was shrunk to $20, though, they were thinking seriously of contracting to a modest and unassuming D. What the narrator is doing here is telling the reader that the person isnt doing well financially right now. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

39 But whenever Mr. James Dillingham Young came home and reached his flat above he was called "Jim" and greatly hugged by Mrs. James Dillingham Young, already introduced to you as Della. The narrator tells us here that even though Mr. Young isnt making as much money as he used too, his wife isnt angry about it. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. And we find out that Della and Jim are the husband and wife in the story. Press Now to Continue

40 Which is all very good. Della finished her cry and attended to her cheeks with the powder rag. Now we turn the focus back to Della, who is done crying. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. A powder rag is a cloth that a woman uses to put on and take off her makeup. Press Now to Continue

41 She stood by the window and looked out dully at a gray cat walking a gray fence in a gray backyard. Della is worried about not having much money, and so everything looks gray to her as she wonders what to do. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 2: Describe a situation when you were worried about something. Press Now to Continue

42 Tomorrow would be Christmas Day, and she had only $1.87 with which to buy Jim a present. Now the author comes right out and tells us what the problem isnot enough money to buy a nice present for her husband for Christmas. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

43 She had been saving every penny she could for months, with this result. Twenty dollars a week doesn't go far. Expenses had been greater than she had calculated. They always are. The narrator gives us more information about how hard it has been for Della to scrape together money. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The twenty dollars a week is her husbands salary, as weve already been told. Press to Continue Notes

44 She had been saving every penny she could for months, with this result. Twenty dollars a week doesn't go far. Expenses had been greater than she had calculated. They always are. Isnt it true that expenses are always more than you think they will be? Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

45 Only $1.87 to buy a present for Jim. Her Jim. Many a happy hour she had spent planning for something nice for him. The narrator gives us the impression that it has made Della happy to think about giving Jim something nice for Christmas. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But what can you get thats nice for just $1.87? Press Now to Continue

46 Something fine and rare and sterling--something just a little bit near to being worthy of the honor of being owned by Jim. Sterling in this sense means genuine, as in the phrase sterling silver. That means real silver, not plated or painted, but real all the way through. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

47 There was a pier-glass between the windows of the room. Perhaps you have seen a pier-glass in an $8 flat. Pier-glass is a kind of cheap mirror, made in long, narrow strips. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. It would have been used in cheap apartments instead of expensive plate- glass mirror. Press Now to Continue

48 A very thin and very agile person may, by observing his reflection in a rapid sequence of longitudinal strips, obtain a fairly accurate conception of his looks. By placing the strips of mirror together, you can make kind of an uneven mirror. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

49 Della, being slender, had mastered the art. The narrator tells us here that Della can see herself pretty well in the cheap pier-glass mirror. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Thats important for what is to come in the story. Press Now to Continue

50 Suddenly she whirled from the window and stood before the glass. her eyes were shining brilliantly, but her face had lost its color within twenty seconds. Rapidly she pulled down her hair and let it fall to its full length. Della sudden brightens upmaybe she has an idea? Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

51 Now, there were two possessions of the James Dillingham Youngs in which they both took a mighty pride. The narrator will now spend some time describing two things that Della and Jim have that are important to them. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

52 One was Jim's gold watch that had been his father's and his grandfather's. Jim has a nice watch, that belonged to his family and that is now his. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

53 The other was Della's hair. And Della has long, beautiful hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

54 Had the queen of Sheba lived in the flat across the airshaft, Della would have let her hair hang out the window some day to dry just to depreciate Her Majesty's jewels and gifts. The queen of Sheba was a legendary beauty from the Bible. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The author is saying here that Dellas hair is so nice that it would have made the queens jewels and gifts look shabby. Press Now to Continue

55 Had King Solomon been the janitor, with all his treasures piled up in the basement, Jim would have pulled out his watch every time he passed, just to see him pluck at his beard from envy. King Solomon was a famous wise man from the Bible. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The narrator is saying here that Jim watch is so nice that it would have made the king jealous. Press Now to Continue

56 So now Della's beautiful hair fell about her rippling and shining like a cascade of brown waters. It reached below her knee and made itself almost a garment for her. Dellas hair, besides just being beautiful, is really longit stretches all the way past her knees. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

57 And then she did it up again nervously and quickly. Once she faltered for a minute and stood still while a tear or two splashed on the worn red carpet. Della puts her hair back up, and cries just a little bit while she does so. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 3: Why do you think Della is crying here? Press Now to Continue

58 On went her old brown jacket; on went her old brown hat. With a whirl of skirts and with the brilliant sparkle still in her eyes, she fluttered out the door and down the stairs to the street. Della gets dressed quickly and hurries out of the apartment. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

59 Where she stopped the sign read: "Mne. Sofronie. Hair Goods of All Kinds." One flight up Della ran, and collected herself, panting. Mne. is an abbreviation for Madame. It is a word that comes from French that is used with the persons last name to address a married woman, like we might use the term Mrs. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

60 Where she stopped the sign read: "Mne. Sofronie. Hair Goods of All Kinds." One flight up Della ran, and collected herself, panting. Mne. Sonfronie. Hair Goods of All Kinds. is a shop that buys and sells hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. This was common in the days before there was a manmade substitute for human hair to make wigs for people. Press to Continue Notes

61 Where she stopped the sign read: "Mne. Sofronie. Hair Goods of All Kinds." One flight up Della ran, and collected herself, panting. Sofronie is a French name. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue Many times, sellers of hair and clothes would pretend they were French, because the French were the leaders in ladies fashions.

62 Madame, large, too white, chilly, hardly looked the "Sofronie." The narrator tells us here that the woman who is calling herself Madame Sofronie doesnt look much like we would expect a French woman to look. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

63 "Will you buy my hair?" asked Della. Now we understand Dellas planshes going to sell her hair to get money to buy Jim a gift. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

64 "I buy hair," said Madame. "Take yer hat off and let's have a sight at the looks of it." The narrator shows us here that Madame Sofronie doesnt speak the way a French woman would. Shes probably not French at allbut no one really expects her to be anyway. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

65 Down rippled the brown cascade. "Twenty dollars," said Madame, lifting the mass with a practised hand. The word practised looks funny to us, as if it might be misspelled, but it isnt. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. That way of spelling it was acceptable when this story was written. Press Now to Continue

66 "Give it to me quick," said Della. Della asks for the money quickly, before she has a chance to change her mind. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

67 Oh, and the next two hours tripped by on rosy wings. Forget the hashed metaphor. She was ransacking the stores for Jim's present. The narrator means that the time went by quickly, as if it were flying by. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But he doesnt say flew by on rosy wings, instead, he says tripped by on rosy wings. Press to Continue Notes

68 Oh, and the next two hours tripped by on rosy wings. Forget the hashed metaphor. He uses the word tripped instead of the more natural word, flew. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Thats why he calls it a hashed metaphor. Press Now to Continue Hashed in this sense means a metaphor thats not a very good one.

69 She was ransacking the stores for Jim's present. She found it at last. It surely had been made for Jim and no one else. There was no other like it in any of the stores, and she had turned all of them inside out. Della has a lot of fun shoppingespecially now that she has some money to spendand finds a nice gift for Jim. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

70 It was a platinum fob chain simple and chaste in design, properly proclaiming its value by substance alone and not by meretricious ornamentation--as all good things should do. A fob chain is a chain thats meant to attach to a pocket watch. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The other end of the chain attaches to the mans belt. Press to Continue Notes

71 It was a platinum fob chain simple and chaste in design, properly proclaiming its value by substance alone and not by meretricious ornamentation--as all good things should do. The point of the chain is so that if the watch slips out of the persons hand, it wont drop to the ground and maybe break. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

72 It was a platinum fob chain simple and chaste in design, properly proclaiming its value by substance alone and not by meretricious ornamentation--as all good things should do. Meretricious here means something thats flashy. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue What the narrator is saying is that the chain was plain, but still very expensive- looking.

73 It was even worthy of The Watch. As soon as she saw it she knew that it must be Jim's. It was like him. Quietness and value--the description applied to both. The narrator calls it not just the watch but the Watch. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Capitalizing the word watch tells us that its a very special watchmaybe the only one of its kind. Press to Continue Notes

74 It was even worthy of The Watch. As soon as she saw it she knew that it must be Jim's. It was like him. Quietness and value--the description applied to both. Della thinks that the fob chain is perfect for Jim because, like her husband, it is quiet (meaning its just a plain chain) and it has value. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

75 Twenty-one dollars they took from her for it, and she hurried home with the 87 cents. The fob chain cost $21. Della had $1.87 saved, and earned $20 from the sale of her hair, so she has only 87 cents left. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But thats okay, because she got a nice gift for Jim. Press Now to Continue

76 With that chain on his watch Jim might be properly anxious about the time in any company. Della thinks that Jim might be eager to pull out his watch to check the time a lot, now that he will have a nice chain to show off. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

77 Grand as the watch was, he sometimes looked at it on the sly on account of the old leather strap that he used in place of a chain. The narrator tells us that since Jim has only a leather strap to tie up his watch, he sometimes is shy or embarrassed about pulling it out to check the time. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

78 When Della reached home her intoxication gave way a little to prudence and reason. Dellas been intoxicated from the pleasure of finding and buying Jims gift. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But now she must face the reality of having lost her beautiful long hair. Press Now to Continue

79 She got out her curling irons and lighted the gas and went to work repairing the ravages made by generosity added to love. Which is always a tremendous task, dear friends--a mammoth task. In the days before electricity, curling irons for hair were heated up by gas burners, used, then placed back on the burner to heat up again. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

80 She got out her curling irons and lighted the gas and went to work repairing the ravages made by generosity added to love. Which is always a tremendous task, dear friends--a mammoth task. Della is trying to do what can be done with the short hair she has left. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

81 She got out her curling irons and lighted the gas and went to work repairing the ravages made by generosity added to love. Which is always a tremendous task, dear friends--a mammoth task. The author uses the words ravages made by generosity added to love to describe whats left of Dellas hair after shes cut it off to sell it. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

82 She got out her curling irons and lighted the gas and went to work repairing the ravages made by generosity added to love. Which is always a tremendous task, dear friends--a mammoth task. What the author means is that when we love someone and want to be generous to themas Della loves Jimwe often do things that are a sacrifice to ourselves. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

83 She got out her curling irons and lighted the gas and went to work repairing the ravages made by generosity added to love. Which is always a tremendous task, dear friends--a mammoth task. To repair these ravages, the author says, is very hard to doand thats very often true. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

84 Within forty minutes her head was covered with tiny, close-lying curls that made her look wonderfully like a truant schoolboy. Della uses the curling iron to curl what hair she has left. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. This sort of curls made in short hair is the hairstyle that schoolboys of the period might have. Press Now to Continue

85 She looked at her reflection in the mirror long, carefully, and critically. Question 4: Why do you think Della is now so concerned with the way she looks? Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

86 "If Jim doesn't kill me," she said to herself, "before he takes a second look at me, he'll say I look like a Coney Island chorus girl. Now Dellas starting to get worried about what effect the loss of her hair will have on Jim. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Coney Island was an amusement park in New York City. Press to Continue Notes

87 "If Jim doesn't kill me," she said to herself, "before he takes a second look at me, he'll say I look like a Coney Island chorus girl. Young women who worked as singers in a chorus at Coney Island might have worn short curly hairstyles. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

88 At 7 o'clock the coffee was made and the frying- pan was on the back of the stove hot and ready to cook the chops. Della has gotten things ready for Jim to come home. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

89 Jim was never late. Della doubled the fob chain in her hand and sat on the corner of the table near the door that he always entered. Della continues to worry about what Jim is going to think about her missing hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

90 Then she heard his step on the stair away down on the first flight, and she turned white for just a moment. And here comes Jim. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

91 The door opened and Jim stepped in and closed it. He looked thin and very serious. Poor fellow, he was only twenty-two--and to be burdened with a family! He needed a new overcoat and he was without gloves. The narrator says that Jim was burdened with a family. That doesnt mean that he and Della have children. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

92 The door opened and Jim stepped in and closed it. He looked thin and very serious. Poor fellow, he was only twenty-two--and to be burdened with a family! He needed a new overcoat and he was without gloves. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. It just means that Della doesnt have a job, as was the tradition in those days. Press to Continue Notes

93 The door opened and Jim stepped in and closed it. He looked thin and very serious. Poor fellow, he was only twenty-two--and to be burdened with a family! He needed a new overcoat and he was without gloves. Since Della doesnt have any income, Jim has to be the bread- winner for both of them. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Again, the narrator tells us that Jims clothing is old and worn, suggesting that he doesnt have much money. Press Now to Continue

94 Jim stopped inside the door, as immovable as a setter at the scent of quail. The phrase setter at the scent of quail refers to a breed of dog that hunters went hunting with. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The dog was trained to stop and point when he noticed a bird in the grass ahead. Press to Continue Notes

95 Jim stopped inside the door, as immovable as a setter at the scent of quail. The dog would continue to stand completely still, even when the hunter would fire his gun over the dogs head at the bird. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. A quail is a kind of bird that the hunter might be after. Press Now to Continue

96 His eyes were fixed upon Della, and there was an expression in them that she could not read, and it terrified her. Della sees that her husband notices, but shes not sure what his expression means. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 5: Do you think that Jim is going to be angry about her missing hair? Press Now to Continue

97 It was not anger, nor surprise, nor disapproval, nor horror, nor any of the sentiments that she had been prepared for. Della knows what her husbands expression is when hes angry, surprised, when he disapproves of something, or is horrified. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. She can tell that this expression is none of those things. Press Now to Continue

98 He simply stared at her fixedly with that peculiar expression on his face. Jim has a peculiar expression on his face because he knows something that Della does not know. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Were about to find out what it is. Press Now to Continue

99 Della wriggled off the table and went for him. Della is nervous about what Jims expression means, so she finally went for him and is going to explain. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Went for him means she runs right up to him. Press Now to Continue

100 "Jim, darling," she cried, "don't look at me that way. I had my hair cut off and sold because I couldn't have lived through Christmas without giving you a present. Della wants to quickly explain about why she is missing her hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

101 It'll grow out again--you won't mind, will you? I just had to do it. My hair grows awfully fast. Say `Merry Christmas!' Jim, and let's be happy. You don't know what a nice-- what a beautiful, nice gift I've got for you." The reader can imagine her saying all this hurriedly, trying to smooth over the problem by explaining that she got Jim a nice gift. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

102 "You've cut off your hair?" asked Jim, laboriously, as if he had not arrived at that patent fact yet even after the hardest mental labor. Jim is in shock about the hair, but not for the reason that Della thinks! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Were about to find out why. Press Now to Continue

103 "Cut it off and sold it," said Della. "Don't you like me just as well, anyhow? I'm me without my hair, ain't I?" Yes, of course, shes the same person with or without her hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But having beautiful long hair and then suddenly not having it is a bit of a shock! Press Now to Continue

104 Jim looked about the room curiously. "You say your hair is gone?" he said, with an air almost of idiocy. Jim still cant quite believe what hes seeing, but not for the reason that Della thinks! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Were about to find out why. Press Now to Continue

105 "You needn't look for it," said Della. "It's sold, I tell you--sold and gone, too. Della picks up on Jims looking around the room, and she tries to make a jokeYou neednt look for it, she says. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

106 It's Christmas Eve, boy. Be good to me, for it went for you. Again, Della is trying to soothe what she imagines might be Jims anger at her missing hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But hes not angry. Its something else that were about to find out. Press Now to Continue

107 Maybe the hairs of my head were numbered," she went on with sudden serious sweetness, "but nobody could ever count my love for you. Dellas comment about the hairs on her head being numbered refers to the Bible. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

108 Maybe the hairs of my head were numbered," she went on with sudden serious sweetness, "but nobody could ever count my love for you. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The Bible says that our days are numbered, just as are the hairs on hour head. Press to Continue Notes

109 Maybe the hairs of my head were numbered," she went on with sudden serious sweetness, "but nobody could ever count my love for you. What it means is that none of us are going to live forever. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Della here is saying, yes, the hairs of her head were numbered, but her love for Jim is not. Press Now to Continue

110 Shall I put the chops on, Jim?" This is Dellas way of asking if he would like her to start dinner. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Maybe Della thinks that doing something ordinary and routine will bring Jim back to reality a little bit. Press Now to Continue

111 Out of his trance Jim seemed quickly to wake. He enfolded his Della. Finally, Jim seems to snap out of it. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Enfolded his Della means that Jim gave her a great big hug. Press Now to Continue

112 For ten seconds let us regard with discreet scrutiny some inconsequential object in the other direction. Here, the narrators asks the reader to turn away and look somewhere else for a few seconds. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. It was impolite to stare at a husband and wife while they were huggingor maybe even kissing a little too. Press Now to Continue

113 Eight dollars a week or a million a year--what is the difference? A mathematician or a wit would give you the wrong answer. Remember that the apartment where they live cost $8 a week? Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

114 Eight dollars a week or a million a year--what is the difference? A mathematician or a wit would give you the wrong answer. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The author here says that although they live in a shabby little apartment, they are as happy as if they lived in a million dollar mansion. Press to Continue Notes

115 Eight dollars a week or a million a year--what is the difference? A mathematician or a wit would give you the wrong answer. That is to say that it makes them no difference. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But a mathematician would certainly say theres a difference between a million a year and $8 a week! Press to Continue Notes

116 Eight dollars a week or a million a year--what is the difference? A mathematician or a wit would give you the wrong answer. And to a wita person who is smart and can make theres a big difference between a million a year and $8 a week. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But they would be wrong, because to Jim and Della, theyre happy either way. Press Now to Continue

117 The magi brought valuable gifts, but that was not among them. This dark assertion will be illuminated later on. The Magi were the three wise men that brought gifts to the infant Jesus at Bethlehem. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The Magi brought gifts that were valuable at the time. Press to Continue Notes

118 The magi brought valuable gifts, but that was not among them. This dark assertion will be illuminated later on. The author is giving us a hint of what is to come later in the story. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The hint is that theres something about Dellas gift thats even better than the gifts that the Magi brought the baby Jesus. Press Now to Continue

119 Jim drew a package from his overcoat pocket and threw it upon the table. Well, it looks like Jim has a gift of his own. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Its a package small enough to fit in his pocketwhat could it be? Press Now to Continue And how could he have money to buy a gift?

120 "Don't make any mistake, Dell," he said, "about me. I don't think there's anything in the way of a haircut or a shave or a shampoo that could make me like my girl any less. Jim reassures Della that her hair being there or being gone is not something that would make him angry. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

121 But if you'll unwrap that package you may see why you had me going a while at first." But there is something that made him have that strange expression something that the package will explain. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. What could it be? Press Now to Continue

122 White fingers and nimble tore at the string and paper. Della opens the package in a rush. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

123 And then an ecstatic scream of joy; and then, alas! a quick feminine change to hysterical tears and wails, necessitating the immediate employment of all the comforting powers of the lord of the flat. She squeals with joy when she sees what it isand then suddenly starts crying all over again! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Crying so hard that Jimthe lord of the flathas to try to comfort her. Press to Continue Notes

124 And then an ecstatic scream of joy; and then, alas! a quick feminine change to hysterical tears and wails, necessitating the immediate employment of all the comforting powers of the lord of the flat. And its not happy crying, eitherDella is really sad all of a sudden. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. What could the small package possibly be? Press Now to Continue Question 6: What do you think the package might be?

125 For there lay The Combs--the set of combs, side and back, that Della had worshipped long in a Broadway window. Beautiful combs, pure tortoise shell, with jewelled rims--just the shade to wear in the beautiful vanished hair. The package turns out to be a set of combswe would call them barrettes that women use to hold their hair in place. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press to Continue Notes

126 For there lay The Combs--the set of combs, side and back, that Della had worshipped long in a Broadway window. Beautiful combs, pure tortoise shell, with jewelled rims--just the shade to wear in the beautiful vanished hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. These particular combs are some that Della has wanted badly for a long time. Press to Continue Notes Theyre just the right color and everything.

127 For there lay The Combs--the set of combs, side and back, that Della had worshipped long in a Broadway window. Beautiful combs, pure tortoise shell, with jewelled rims--just the shade to wear in the beautiful vanished hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Do you see why she was very happy at first and then all of a sudden very upset? Press Now to Continue She forgot for a minute that her hair is gone!

128 They were expensive combs, she knew, and her heart had simply craved and yearned over them without the least hope of possession. They were expensive combs, were told. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But we already know that Jim and Della dont have much money. Press Now to Continue Question 7: How do you think Jim might have gotten the money to buy them?

129 And now, they were hers, but the tresses that should have adorned the coveted adornments were gone. She has the combs, but no hair to wear them in. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Now we see why Jim had that strange expression on his face when he saw Della and saw that her hair was gone. Press Now to Continue

130 But she hugged them to her bosom, and at length she was able to look up with dim eyes and a smile and say: "My hair grows so fast, Jim!" Yes, eventually, Dellas hair will grow long again, and shell be able to wear the combs in it. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. It will probably be a long time, though. Press Now to Continue

131 And them Della leaped up like a little singed cat and cried, "Oh, oh!" All of a sudden, Della remembers the nice gift she has for Jim! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. She wants him to have it right away because Jim was so nice to buy her the combs she wanted. Press Now to Continue

132 Jim had not yet seen his beautiful present. Della rushes to get the fob chain she bought with the money she got from selling her hair. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

133 She held it out to him eagerly upon her open palm. The dull precious metal seemed to flash with a reflection of her bright and ardent spirit. Ardent here means eager, and Della is eager to please her Jim with the nice gift. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 8: What do you think Jims reaction to the nice gift will be? Press Now to Continue

134 "Isn't it a dandy, Jim? I hunted all over town to find it. You'll have to look at the time a hundred times a day now. Give me your watch. I want to see how it looks on it." Della wants to see what the chain looks like with the watch attached to it, and she want to see it right away! Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

135 Instead of obeying, Jim tumbled down on the couch and put his hands under the back of his head and smiled. What is Jim smiling about? And why doesnt he give her the watch? Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Were about to find out. Press Now to Continue

136 "Dell," said he, "let's put our Christmas presents away and keep 'em a while. They're too nice to use just at present. Jim says a strange thing here. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. But he probably knows that Della wont let him get away with thatshes going to insist on seeing what the watch looks like with the new chain. Press Now to Continue

137 I sold the watch to get the money to buy your combs. And now we find out why Jim smiled when he saw that his gift was a watch fob chain. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. His gift is as useless to him now as Dellas gift is to her. Press Now to Continue

138 And now suppose you put the chops on." Jim suggests that Della start dinner, and thats the last that we hear in the story about Jim and Della. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

139 The magi, as you know, were wise men-- wonderfully wise men-- who brought gifts to the Babe in the manger. They invented the art of giving Christmas presents. The narrator wants us to know that the Magi were the first Christmas gift givers, and that they were wise enough to choose good gifts. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

140 Being wise, their gifts were no doubt wise ones, possibly bearing the privilege of exchange in case of duplication. Maybe the gifts they gave were gifts that could be returned, if need be. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Being able to be returned might be one quality of a good gift. Press Now to Continue

141 And here I have lamely related to you the uneventful chronicle of two foolish children in a flat who most unwisely sacrificed for each other the greatest treasures of their house. The narrator calls Jim and Della two foolish children, and says that they most unwisely sacrificed their greatest treasures. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Question 9: Do you think Jim and Dellas gifts were foolish? Press Now to Continue

142 But in a last word to the wise of these days let it be said that of all who give gifts these two were the wisest. But its hard to explain what makes a good gift, and the narrator wants to say that Jim and Dellas gifts to each other were the best gifts even better than the Magis gifts to baby Jesus. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. Press Now to Continue

143 To all who give and receive gifts, such as they are wisest. Everywhere they are wisest. They are the magi. The narrator again states that of all people who have given and do give gifts, Jim and Dellas gifts were the wisest. Annotated Gift of the Magi © All Rights Reserved. The narrator ends the story by saying theyJim and Dellaare the Magi. Press Now to Continue

144 An Annotated Version The End


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