Presentation on theme: "Community Planning & Design Where would you rather shop, work and relax? Put it all together!"— Presentation transcript:
Community Planning & Design Where would you rather shop, work and relax? Put it all together!
Where would you rather shop? Before the late 1940s, practically all commercial services were located in downtown. Situated at the center of town, at a,major crossroads, near a train station,… Qs: Workings in the command economy How about in the market system? Evolving over time? Transformation? Trends?
Evolved into three basic styles Neighborhood center: offering goods and services such as grocery markets and drugstores, dry cleaning and shoes repair, hair salons and dentists offices. Community center : offering all the services that a neighborhood center does, as well as providing department store, supermarket and usually several more outparcels than a neighborhood center. Regional centre : a full complement of goods and services available (full line department stores as major anchor) how far people are willing to travel for an increasingly larger selection of goods and on the standing population in the immediate area. Predict which type of centre will eventually be built and where. For food, apparel & household items, and when are price and selection a primary consideration?
Common elements A unified architectural design treatment; Possess on-site parking for customers and accessed primarily by automobile; building square footage consumes approximately 25% of the site area; Pleasant surroundings, and safe in design; Structured tenant group to minimize product overlap; Single land use: rarely will one find related or supportive uses such as high density residential or office space on site.
Site Design: points to consider Proper location: probably the single most important element that is most closely associated with the success of failure of a center; easy, convenient, and quickly recognizable; Common parking and circulation patterns Distance Orderly, logical, easily understood, discernible; In the smallest increment, compartment possible, for regional centre 800 Parking lane, walkway should be oriented toward the building; Ring road
The Strip Center A: varied building locations create a look of chaos and clutter; Individual sites & signs compete for motorists attention; Access between sites is rare; Building orientation isolated areas at the rear of the commercial site. A strip line of building orientation; A typical commercial center
Variants of the strip center L, U, & T shaped centers A: typical for corner location; B: midblock location is typical of the U-shaped centre; C: full block location with two corner exposure usu results in a large strip or T-shaped center.
The cluster center A combination of the previous two types of center so that a purely pedestrian space results in the center; Interior spaces resemble a small village and the traditional downtowns of small communities; this form has been adapted well to specialty centers that cater to tourists, who expect shopping to be an exciting event. Smaller shops offering a wide variety of small goods do well in this situations. However, this form does not adapt well for large stores or anchors, which requires larger service areas for regular tractor-trailer deliveries. Seldom use. Reduce marketability of rear space Service to interior spaces is difficult;
The Mall Simply the cluster configuration expanded & enclosed for weather protection;
1) Individual site (1) A: multiple building location creates confusion & chaotic conditions; B: parking in front of building, reducing ability to connect street, weakening pedestrian envrnmnt; C: rear location requires extensive landscaping, eliminate potential pedestrian access; D: parked cars dominate view; E: flexible curb-cut location can result in confusion and aggravate traffic.
Individual site (2) Setback line, at street, increase visibility and foster pedestrian environment; Parking at or behind building line maintains street edge, draws attention to building; Views of parked cars reduced by building; D: neighborhood access encouraged by street-oriented buildings; E: parking access separated to maximum extent and combined with adjacent parcel when applicable; F: usable public space possible- artwork, fountain, bus stop;
2) Neighborhood center (1) Lack of street edge; Primary view is of parking area, half empty; Linear arrangement discourage multiple shopping stops; Limited connections with adjacent residential and office areas.
Neighborhood center (2) Defined edge creates desirable pedestrian envnmnt. B: Internal parking reduces negative impact from street; C: Inward-focused arrangement: village feeling, multiple shopping stops; E: service areas reduced; less screen F: encourage use by adjacent areas.
Neighborhood center (3) A: street extensions into commercial areas, encourages local access without impacting collector street. B: anchor store, maintains adequate parking in front; C: street edge reestablished; D: bulk of shopping center parking is screened from local street; E: streetscape image extends into site; F: additional access-ways distribute and dilute traffic impact.
3) Community center Multiple outparcels and free- standing shops compete for attention and create confusing traffic pattern; Parking betwn building and street eliminates viable pedestrian envrnmnt. outparcels reduce visibility of parking areas and storefront; Parking location weakens intersection visibility, miss opportunity for public space; Expanse of parking and size of center discourage pedestrian access across sites; Service area creates underutilized paved area that requires screen and security.
Community center (2)
5) The Mall (1) A: access to the interior mall thro anchor store; limited direct access to the interior; B few smaller shops possess exterior exposure; high, blank- wall architecture is the norm; C: small shops survive on the traffic generated by the anchor stores; D: a vast parking area separates the mall from all other elements of the community; E: exposed service areas are a by- product.
The Mall (3) Ring road Reduce the size & the scale of parking lots; Opportunities for infill development
Where would you rather work? A typical office park
Where would you rather work? No sense of connection betwn varied building placement; Varied and uncoordinated setback create a ragged edge quality to the streetscape; Little physical connection betwn parking areas; Distance betwn buildings and paved environment discourages pedestrian access and interaction; Typical view is pavement.
Where would you rather work? Mixed-use
Where would you rather relax? A range of parks, from tot lots and village greens to ballfields and community gardens, should be distributed within neighborhood. Conservation areas and open lands should be used to define and connect different neighborhoods and districts.
Where would you rather relax? Sports space versus people space;
Where would you rather relax?
Put it all together Make something whole or complete; Planning authorities dictate the market desires? Articulate development potentialities that place a higher value on human habitability than on ease of automobile access. That is not to say they cant coexist, for they certainly can; it just takes a lot more effort. Bring together in one place everything that we have discussed thus far. Can we change our approach to community planning to allow for sustained growth?
Put it all together Commercial development at major intersection and creeps into those areas betwn and in front of residential areas; All off-site traffic is directed into collector street. Individual residential sites developed at different times and usu. Possess identity entrance; Normally, only indirect ties betwn;
Course Work, 3,000 A , :00am, abstract in English
Command economyMarket economy Managing housing as an economic sector Economic transformation Housing reform 3-stages Urban land use reform Home mortgage Design language Bubble program workings ProvisionAdministrative forcesMarket forces DemandAdministrative forcesIncome distribution matchAdministrative arrangementMarket match Spatial structurecellularRing-shaped emphasisCollective lifestylesindividualism Design Physical planningDesign based on market analyses Building blocks of community House types Detached, semi-detached, townhouses, apartments Layout structure - - Neighborhood layout Street patternsGrids +axial4 basic patterns FacilitiesDeploy Edu., Commercial, health care; finance, postal office etc Regional, community and neighborhood centers Recreation layoutineffectivepragmatic Job places tools Axial design, hierarchy, gradation, dominant feature, sense of enclosure, spatial components; emphasis Individual site, neighborhood center, community center, major intersection, and mall; Put it all together! Case study