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Singapore and Hong Kong In Housing Aspect Group 3 Leader: Leung Kok Hei (21) Member: Hui Kim Hung (15) Lo Ching On (25) Luo Wei Hao (26) Yu Ho Yat (40)

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Presentation on theme: "Singapore and Hong Kong In Housing Aspect Group 3 Leader: Leung Kok Hei (21) Member: Hui Kim Hung (15) Lo Ching On (25) Luo Wei Hao (26) Yu Ho Yat (40)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Singapore and Hong Kong In Housing Aspect Group 3 Leader: Leung Kok Hei (21) Member: Hui Kim Hung (15) Lo Ching On (25) Luo Wei Hao (26) Yu Ho Yat (40)

2 Contents Background Information P Housing (Hong Kong and Singapore) Introduction of Housing Department P. 5 – 9 Policies P.10 – 27 Housing Environment P Rent and Price P Illegal Structures P Conclusion P

3 Background Information For Hong Kong: Population: Around 7 million Area: Around 1100 km 2 Population Density : 6349 / km 2 (4 th )

4 Background Information For Singapore : Population: Around 5 million Area: Around 710 km 2 ( more land is being created for development by land reclamation) Population Density : 6745 / km 2 (3 th ) An island country made up of 63 islands Highly urbanized but almost half of the country is covered by greenery

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6 Housing Department (Hong Kong) Housing Department : Managing public housing estates which were built by Hong Kong Housing Authority Buildings Department : Improve and Ensure quality of buildings Ensure the built environment safe and healthy Ensure that repair works can be carried out under specified standards and the supervision of qualified professionals.

7 Housing Department (Hong Kong) Hong Kong Housing Authority - Main provider of public housing in Hong Kong - Established in Responsible for managing and repairing the public housing

8 Housing Department (Hong Kong) Hong Kong Housing Society - A non-government and non-profit organization - Founded in Act as a bridge between government housing and private market

9 Housing Department (Singapore) Housing and Development Board - Established in Responsible for public housing in Singapore - the statutory board of the Ministry of National Development Over 80% citizens lived in the public housing imposed by the HDB

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11 Public Housing(Hong Kong) Public Housing Scheme in Hong Kong can be divided into four major part - Public Rental Housing - Home Ownership Scheme - Tenants Purchase Scheme - Sandwich Class Housing Scheme

12 Public Rental Housing(Hong Kong) - The earliest housing programme launched by government of Hong Kong. - Aim to provide inexpensive housing for low-income citizens (Over 80% of them are < 430 sq.ft) - The major component of Hong Kong Housing

13 Examples of Public Rental Housing Ho Man Tin Estate Choi Wan Estate

14 Home Ownership Scheme - A subsidize-sale programme - Government sells at a prize far below the overall market with subsidies - Restrict on the second-hand market - Once stop in 2002, but restart in 2010

15 Examples of Home Ownership Scheme Shun Chi Court Sui Wo Court

16 Sandwich Class Housing Scheme - For solving the housing problems of middle-class - Imposed by the Hong Kong Housing Society - Demand for this apartment was generally high in Hong Kong

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18 A. Public Housing > 80% of Singaporeans Live in located in housing estates Well developed neighbourhoods Good facilities nearby singapore.htm

19 Public Housing in Singapore Bukit Batok West Avenue 5, Built in 1998 Left: Right: ttp://encounteringurbanization.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/sg_hdb.jpg

20 Why does HDB build Public Housing? Started in 1964, the government introduced the Home Ownership for the People Scheme - Give citizens an immovable asset in the country - Against Inflation - Help in overall economic, social and political stability of the country. ment

21 Types / Size of a Public House 2-Room HDB Flat - about 485 sq ft. 3-Room HDB Flat - about 754 sq ft. 4-Room HDB Flat - about 969 sq ft. 5-Room HDB Flat - area of about or 1,184 sq ft. Jumbo HDB Flat - 6 bedrooms joint by two 3-Room flats. Executive Apartment (HDB EA) - 3 bedrooms with built-in area of about 1,615 sq ft. Executive Mansionette (HDB EM) - Same as Executive apartment, except it has 2 levels. Average size of the Public House are about 960 sq ft.

22 Requirements to buy a HDB flats must be a Singapore Citizen > 21 years old Restrictions on average monthly income, <$15000 Can at most buy flats twice

23 B. Other 20% of Singaporeans Live in houses called Private Housing generally – Apartments – Condominiums – Landed properties Usually low density The Pier at Robertson area 1km to MRT Station Left: Bottom Right: Upper Right:

24 Public Housing programme (Singapore) The Home Ownership for the People Scheme - Introduced in 1964 (After WWII) - Give citizen an immovable asset - In order to solve the housing problems at that time ( Singapore faced a serious problem of housing shortages in 1960s)

25 Public Housing programme (Singapore) CPF for Use of Public Housing (1968) - Allow citizens to use their CPF savings to finance the purchase of their homes - Restricted for using (Housing) before 1968 Home Protection Scheme (1981) - Implemented by the CPF Board - Ensure that owner would not lose their home due to the death or permanent incapacity

26 Public Housing programme (Singapore) Launch of Home Office (HO) Scheme - Programme allows the homeowner conduct small- businesses at home - Save time and expenses due to reduction of operation fee - Businesses must not affect the neighbour

27 Public Housing programme (Singapore) Lease Buyback Scheme (LBS) (2009) - To help the lower-income elderly to unlock their housing equity - Meet their retirement needs

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29 Housing Environment(HK) United Christian Hospital Post Office

30 Shopping mall in public housing(HK) Housing Environment(HK)

31 KMB MTR Transportation in HK

32 Housing Environment(Singapore) Car park Highway

33 Khoo Teck Puat Hospital Housing Environment(Singapore) HDB Playground

34 Transportation in Singapore Mass Rapid Transit SBS Transit

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36 Rent price Hong KongSingapore Average rents of public flats (3 Rooms) $1,500$3,000 Average rents of public flats (4 Rooms) $2,000$3,500

37 Rent price Hong KongSingapore Condo (1000 sq ft.) $46,000$35,000 Town house (2800 sq ft.) $130,000$66,000 Penthouse (5200 sq ft.) $390,000$150,000

38 Buying price Hong KongSingapore Condo$27,000, 000$16,000,000 Low Rise (1500 sq ft.) $19,000,000$9,600,000 Low Rise (2000 sq ft.) $40,000,000$17,400,000 Townhouse (3300 sq ft.) $88,000,000$25,000,000

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40 Illegal structure - Also called Unauthorized Building Works(UBW) - Definition Any additions to buildings without the approval of the Buildings Department (Building and Construction Authority in Singapore) - Problems Cause danger to the whole building

41 Illegal structure in Hong Kong Can be found easily Loose restriction Long-term issue Government attitude Due with the problem depends on how serious it is Less control in the problem passive

42 Law of illegal structure in Hong Kong - Not complying Order for Removal of UBW Criminal offense -Maximum penalty -1 year's imprisonment - Fine of HK$200,000 For continuing offenses, there is a further daily fine of HK$20,000

43 Law of illegal structure in Hong Kong -Carrying out building works without approval - Maximum penalty - 2 years' imprisonment -Fine of HK$400,000. For continuing offenses, there is a further daily fine of HK$20,000.

44 Accident caused by illegal structure (Hong Kong) Building collapse in To Kwa Wan (29 Jan 2010) Reason:Removing illegal structure 4 people died in the accident Following works taken by the government Check all the old building and illegal structure in Hong Kong

45 Illegal structure in Singapore Rare to find in Singapore Government attitude Citizens awareness Additions is allowed with the permission of Building and Construction Authority Fewer accident cause by illegal structure

46 Law of illegal structure in Singapore - Not complying Order for Removal of UBW -Maximum penalty -< 6 months imprisonment - Fine of $20,000 (= HKD$120,000) For continuing offenses, there is a further daily fine of $500(=HKD$3000)

47 Law of illegal structure in Singapore - Carrying out building works without approval - Maximum penalty - < 2 years' imprisonment -Fine of $200,000 (=HKD $ 1,200,000) For continuing offenses, there is a further daily fine of $1,000 (=HKD $6,000)

48 Safety of Buildings In Singapore, there are no massive Building Collapse Accidents since 1986 (Hotel New World) Issued BCA quality Mark Scheme in 2002 ensure good quality of buildings

49 Singapore V.S Hong Kong (Housing Environment) Hong KongSingapore Living EnvironmentOvercrowding Comfortable Green area LessMore FacilitiesLessWell-developed Transportation Network Same

50 Singapore V.S Hong Kong (Illegal structure) Hong KongSingapore Number of illegal structure MoreFewer LawsStricterLooser Government rolePassiveActive Citizens awarenessPoorerBetter

51 Hong KongSingapore Development of Housing Estate High Density with Tall Buildings Good facilities nearby lower density Rules of applying Public Housing Less restriction long waiting time More restriction Safety of Building Voluntary Safety Inspection Scheme Too much kinds of building, fail to manage Quality Check on New Buildings Most Likely managed by Government Singapore V.S Hong Kong (Housing)

52 Conclusion Our group think that a favourable place for living should include the following criteria… Complete and Well-developed facilities Less illegal structures Safer living environment More green area for relaxation Reasonable price of residential places Therefore, we think that is a better place to live! Singapore

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