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Sustainable Strategies to Build Support for Aging-in-Place and Community Projects November 13, 2008 AARP of New York State and Intergenerational Strategies.

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Strategies to Build Support for Aging-in-Place and Community Projects November 13, 2008 AARP of New York State and Intergenerational Strategies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sustainable Strategies to Build Support for Aging-in-Place and Community Projects November 13, 2008 AARP of New York State and Intergenerational Strategies

2 Housing Overview According to a 2006 Brookings Institution Report - One-Fifth of America: A Comprehensive Guide to Americas First Suburbs: The aging of the population will require a continuum of housing responses ranging from helping seniors age in place to the production of new single-family home communities, service-enriched apartments, and continuing care retirement communities. All but the most fortunate seniors will confront an array of constraints on their household budgets even as they continue to seek an active community life.

3 Housing Overview 9 of 10 seniors prefer to remain in their homes.9 of 10 seniors prefer to remain in their homes. Only 10% of seniors live in age-restricted communities.Only 10% of seniors live in age-restricted communities. Existing housing stock isnt designed for older adults.Existing housing stock isnt designed for older adults. Wealth and income disparities limit housing choices especially for people of color.Wealth and income disparities limit housing choices especially for people of color. Joint Center for Housing Studies, 2000.

4 Housing Overview, cont. 50% of seniors are married while 45% are widowed, divorced, or separated.50% of seniors are married while 45% are widowed, divorced, or separated. The lack of children living nearby will boost demand for assisted and unassisted housing.The lack of children living nearby will boost demand for assisted and unassisted housing. Elderly renters will face onerous housing cost burdens.Elderly renters will face onerous housing cost burdens. The market for in-home services is set for a boom.The market for in-home services is set for a boom.

5 Aging in Ones Own Home and Community There are many reasons for encouraging older persons to remain in their own homes. The strongest argument is that older adults overwhelmingly (90%) report that they want to grow old in their homes and communities.The strongest argument is that older adults overwhelmingly (90%) report that they want to grow old in their homes and communities. Additionally, providing home and community services that enable older adults to age in place is the most cost-effective model for aging.Additionally, providing home and community services that enable older adults to age in place is the most cost-effective model for aging.

6 Aging in Ones Own Home and Community Communities must be able to help those who need help while at the same time ensure that the community remains attractive.Communities must be able to help those who need help while at the same time ensure that the community remains attractive. Vibrant communities attract and retain people of all ages, who want to grow older in that community.Vibrant communities attract and retain people of all ages, who want to grow older in that community.

7 We Need Older Adults to Remain in their Homes and Communities To maintain contact with younger generational groups.To maintain contact with younger generational groups. To fill positions in the workforce.To fill positions in the workforce. To pay property taxes.To pay property taxes. For their buying power.For their buying power.

8 Non-Institutional Housing Model Development Through the Civic Engagement of Older Adults

9 Models for Consideration Beacon Hill Village Community-Without-Walls Model Partners in Care Village HomeShare Long Island Shared Housing The Golden Girls Model Home Modification Programs Home and Community Services

10 Natural Occurring Retirement Communities (NORC) A NORC community is defined as a community in which 40-50% of heads of households are at least 60 years old.A NORC community is defined as a community in which 40-50% of heads of households are at least 60 years old. NORC services include health care, social services, and related services and are based in the community thus enabling residents to reside in their homes as long as possible.NORC services include health care, social services, and related services and are based in the community thus enabling residents to reside in their homes as long as possible. Older adults are seen as resources and partners in the planning and implementation of the NORC and in its governance.Older adults are seen as resources and partners in the planning and implementation of the NORC and in its governance.

11 Natural Occurring Retirement Communities (NORC) Services provided include home maintenance, minor repairs, transportation services, recreation programs, entitlement counseling, case management, community nursing, care assistance, meal preparation, and nutrition assistance

12 For Further Information

13 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts How are services paid for? Members pay an annual fee like they would for an insurance policy premium. The membership fee includes several services and programs and discounts on programs and services that are not included in the annual membership fee.Members pay an annual fee like they would for an insurance policy premium. The membership fee includes several services and programs and discounts on programs and services that are not included in the annual membership fee. Fees are paid to a not-for-profit organization that the residents establish and control, or, to a not-for-profit service organization selected by the residents. The not-for-profit organization recruits, screens, employs, and oversees the workers who provide services to its members.Fees are paid to a not-for-profit organization that the residents establish and control, or, to a not-for-profit service organization selected by the residents. The not-for-profit organization recruits, screens, employs, and oversees the workers who provide services to its members.

14 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts What services does a member get for the annual fee? The common services that are included in the annual fee depend on what the residents decide are needed in the community.The common services that are included in the annual fee depend on what the residents decide are needed in the community. The common services are: grocery shopping, doctor- prescribed transportation to medical appointments, information and referral about public and private services, geriatric care management, exercise classes, and a number of educational and cultural programs. In addition, members are entitled to 10% to 50% discounts for services offered by providers selected by the Village.

15 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts Optional Services (discounted, fee-based) Errands, cleaning, cooking, home delivered meals, computer assistance, geriatric care management, bill paying, pet and plant care, electricians, plumbers, home inspections, handyman services, rides, personal trainers, massage therapists, house checks, and home health care services.

16 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts Annual Membership Fees Beacon Hill Village, Boston MA: 440+ Members Four full-time staff members offering a comprehensive array of services $580 for an individual$580 for an individual $780 for a couple$780 for a couple $100/$150 low income$100/$150 low income

17 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts The Village negotiates with local merchants for goods and services for its members. Participating merchants must agree to provide 10% to 50% discounts to its members.The Village negotiates with local merchants for goods and services for its members. Participating merchants must agree to provide 10% to 50% discounts to its members.

18 The Beacon Hill Village Model Boston, Massachusetts The Village saves its members money through volume purchasing.The Village saves its members money through volume purchasing. The Village provides peace of mind to its members because it conducts extensive background checks of all participating vendors and suppliers.The Village provides peace of mind to its members because it conducts extensive background checks of all participating vendors and suppliers. The Village represents its members if theres a problem with a vendor or supplier.The Village represents its members if theres a problem with a vendor or supplier.

19 For Further Information For more information about Beacon Hill Village go to:www.beaconhillvillage.org A comprehensive founders manual is available and can be purchased on the Beacon Hill Village website.

20 Community Without Walls (CWW) Model Princeton, New Jersey The Community Without Walls (CWW) is an association of individuals and couples who desire, and actively seek, ways to remain in their communities as they age. The mission of CWW is to enhance the ability of its members to age well, and to age "in place."The Community Without Walls (CWW) is an association of individuals and couples who desire, and actively seek, ways to remain in their communities as they age. The mission of CWW is to enhance the ability of its members to age well, and to age "in place." A primary goal of CWW is to assist its members in acquiring the knowledge that will enable them to make the choices they will need to make as they age. To further this goal, CWW engages in activities such as social support, information, education, and advocacy.A primary goal of CWW is to assist its members in acquiring the knowledge that will enable them to make the choices they will need to make as they age. To further this goal, CWW engages in activities such as social support, information, education, and advocacy.

21 Community Without Walls (CWW) Princeton, New Jersey Services are provided by volunteer assistance of shopping, chores, and medical transportation.Services are provided by volunteer assistance of shopping, chores, and medical transportation. There are many social and educational activities conducted.There are many social and educational activities conducted.

22 Community Without Walls, Princeton NJ 450+ Members An all-volunteer program offering an array of services For a $15-$30 annual membership fee.

23 For Further Information

24 The Partners in Care Village Model Pasadena, California Community volunteers help other residents with the non-medical tasks and chores of daily living that enable people to remain in their homes.Community volunteers help other residents with the non-medical tasks and chores of daily living that enable people to remain in their homes. Volunteers earns credit hours that may be banked for use at a later time, donated to another person, or to the general bank.Volunteers earns credit hours that may be banked for use at a later time, donated to another person, or to the general bank.

25 For Further Information

26 HomeShare Long Island Definition: Two or more unrelated people sharing a single family home. A review of the zoning codes of Nassau Countys three Townships and two cities and Suffolk Countys five western Townships defines a family as (paraphrased): One or more persons, whether or not related by blood occupying a single, one-family dwelling and living as the functional equivalent of a natural family. Thus, there is no need for a homeowner to obtain a permit to be a home sharer.

27 Benefits CompanionshipCompanionship Safety and SecuritySafety and Security Financial StabilityFinancial Stability ServicesServices

28 Qualifications: Homeowner 60 years of age and older (usually)60 years of age and older (usually) One private bedroomOne private bedroom Shared or private bathShared or private bath IndependentIndependent May charge rentMay charge rent

29 Qualifications: Home Sharer At least 18 years oldAt least 18 years old Stable IncomeStable Income Submit to criminal background checkSubmit to criminal background check IndependentIndependent

30 References EmployerEmployer Co-workerCo-worker Previous/present landlordPrevious/present landlord MinisterMinister NeighborNeighbor Personal FriendPersonal Friend

31 How to Match Personal CharacteristicsPersonal Characteristics Geographical ConsiderationsGeographical Considerations Furniture/Storage spaceFurniture/Storage space Rent AmountRent Amount Male/FemaleMale/Female

32 How to Match, continued Access to public transportationAccess to public transportation Smoking/non-SmokingSmoking/non-Smoking Pets/no petsPets/no pets Storage/No StorageStorage/No Storage CompatibilityCompatibility

33 - A 22-year old home sharing program HouseMate Match) with over 400 matches in the Atlanta suburbs reports the average length of a home sharing match is 2.5 years. - On Long Island, HomeShare Long Island has made 70 matches in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

34 Home Sharing vs. Renting Home Sharing assists the Homeowner by: conducting thorough background and reference checksconducting thorough background and reference checksand finding another Home Sharer in the event that the match doesnt work out.finding another Home Sharer in the event that the match doesnt work out. The homeowner may be too busy or feel uncomfortable completing these activities.

35 For Further Information: HomeShare Long Island Contact: Suffolk County Family Service League (631) ext Extension 228 Nassau County Family and Childrens Association (516) ext. 2250

36 Shared Housing Living residences which involve a number of people living cooperatively as an unrelated family in a large dwelling thus prolonging their desire for an independent lifestyle.

37 For Further Information National Shared Housing Association

38 The Golden Girls Model Two-to-three homeowners in the same community decide that one or more of them will move into one of their homes while the other(s) sell their homes, or, all sell their homes and use the proceeds to jointly purchase a home for group use.Two-to-three homeowners in the same community decide that one or more of them will move into one of their homes while the other(s) sell their homes, or, all sell their homes and use the proceeds to jointly purchase a home for group use. The homeowners share the costs of maintaining the home.The homeowners share the costs of maintaining the home. The homeowner secures any necessary permits to modify the home.The homeowner secures any necessary permits to modify the home. The costs of modifying the home for group use are shared by the two-three people involved.The costs of modifying the home for group use are shared by the two-three people involved.

39 Home Modification United Way of Long Islands Senior Access to Home provides accessibility modifications to homes of low-income seniors (65 and over) in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties. The initiative focuses on providing home retrofits, such as ramps, grab rails, wheelchair accessible bathrooms and kitchens, and any other necessary modifications that will enable senior citizens to stay in their own home rather than move into assisted care. United Way of Long Islands Senior Access to Home provides accessibility modifications to homes of low-income seniors (65 and over) in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties. The initiative focuses on providing home retrofits, such as ramps, grab rails, wheelchair accessible bathrooms and kitchens, and any other necessary modifications that will enable senior citizens to stay in their own home rather than move into assisted care.

40 For Further Information

41 Home and Community-based Services Adult Day CareAdult Day Care Caregiver ProgramsCaregiver Programs Case ManagementCase Management Emergency Response SystemsEmergency Response Systems Home Health ServicesHome Health Services Home RepairHome Repair Home ModificationHome Modification Information and ReferralInformation and Referral Legal AssistanceLegal Assistance Home Delivered MealsHome Delivered Meals Personal CarePersonal Care Senior Center ProgramsSenior Center Programs Telephone ReassuranceTelephone Reassurance TransportationTransportation

42 For Information about Home and Community-Based Services New York State Office for the Aging

43 For Information about Senior Housing Covering New Construction, Resales, and Rentals Senior Resource Network Senior Housing Locator

44 Services to Offer conduct feasibility studiesconduct feasibility studies develop their common visiondevelop their common vision develop marketing strategiesdevelop marketing strategies develop financial plansdevelop financial plans Assist in program start-upsAssist in program start-ups

45 Issues for Consideration Outreach - houses of worship, libraries, civic associations, senior service organizations, Rotary, Lions, etc. Resistance and reluctance - time-consuming, financial commitment, lack of sufficient community interest Fee-setting - amount, term, timing Funding - membership fees, fund raising - Community Development Funds - United Way - Individuals and Foundations

46 Tools to Aid Aging in Place Efforts MOBILITY – –Mobility Forums – –Complete Streets Legislation and Transit Oriented Development – –Metropolitan Planning Organizations – –Ride Sharing (NuRide) HOUSING and ZONING – –Visitability legislation – –Universal design incentives – –Expedited Zoning approval – –Affordable Housing Efforts

47 Recommendations and Action Steps for Mobility Communities should facilitate driving by older individuals by improving the travel environment, supporting driver education, and promoting safe driving throughout the life span. Communities should take positive steps to enhance mobility options, including public transportation, walking and bicycling, and specialized transportation for individuals with varied functional capabilities and preferences.

48 MOBILITY FORUMS Convene Stakeholders Community, land use, and transportation planners, transportation providers, elected officials and legislators, town and municipal staff, senior care advocates and service providers, community leaders, and concerned citizens. Issues to Discuss and define Challenges, opportunities and actions for change Driving safely Transit and Land Use Pedestrian Safety

49 Complete Streets and Transit Oriented Development Support Complete Streets: – –A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit. – –Is fully accessible to all: kids, seniors and people with disabilities. Support Transit Oriented Development (TOD). > Explore improving the livability of metropolitan areas through TOD which provides for a mixed-use environment that is both walkable and connected to the broader region by virtue of transit connections.

50 Metropolitan Planning Organization Join efforts on Citizen Advisory Committees – –Where opportunities are available Attend meetings where public is allowed – –Make comments about transit, and pedestrian issues in your community.

51 NuRide- Ride Sharing efforts NuRide is the nations first incentive-based ridesharing network where individuals can schedule ridesharing trips online and earn points that can be redeemed for rewards from corporate sponsors. Partnership – –Pilot- Working to pair older adults with willing NuRide Volunteers to get around their community. Will go live in

52 Housing Options As part of expanding housing choices, AARP supports: Removal of zoning barriers to accessory apartments and shared housing. Assure that state and local development strategies address the housing needs of persons who are low- income, disabled or older; Acquire funding for affordable housing through Consolidated Planning Process.

53 Recommendations and Action Steps for Housing and UD Work to influence local town officials, builders, remodelers etc. to consider Universal Design features when they build new homes or remodel homes for people of all ages and abilities. Work to encourage all new affordable housing to have Universal Design features.

54 Affordable, Accessible, Appropriate Housing Access Long Island – –Zoning efforts YIMBY (Yes In My Back Yard) – –Affordable Suffolk County Senior Citizen Task Force – –Accessible

55 Housing and Zoning Efforts Access Long Island creating model efforts – –Town by Town Effort to Expedite Zoning for Ramps and Lifts. Southampton Huntington – –Town by Town Effort to pass Universal Design incentives. Southampton

56 YIMBY Coalition effort to influence communities and decision makers. – –2 Major Housing Projects Heartland Nassau Lighthouse Project – –Working for Affordable Component – –Accessory Dwelling Units

57 Suffolk County Senior Citizen Task Force County wide task force charged with making recommendations to make Suffolk a more Livable Community. – –Housing Recommendations Visitability legislation proposed

58 Contact Us Paul Arfin – President/CEO, Intergenerational Strategies, William Stoner - Associate State Director, Livable Communities, AARP


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