Presentation on theme: "Splash Screen. Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Section 1:Section 1:Challenges of a New Century Section 2:Section 2:New Global Communities Visual Summary."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Section 1:Section 1:Challenges of a New Century Section 2:Section 2:New Global Communities Visual Summary
Chapter Intro Who is affected by civil war? Conflicts throughout the world have forced millions of people from their homes. Violent conflicts over border disputes in places like Ethiopia and Eritrea have forced thousands of people into refugee camps like the one shown in this photo. Refugees depend upon assistance from the international community in order to survive. In this chapter you will learn about efforts to solve global problems. What is the United Nations doing to resolve and prevent conflicts around the world? Give an example of a problem in another nation and explain how it affects the United States.
Section 1-Main Idea The BIG Idea New Technologies Todays societies face many challenges, and they must balance the costs and benefits of the technological revolution.
Section 1-Key Terms Content Vocabulary bioterrorism ecology deforestation desertification greenhouse effect sustainable development global economy Academic Vocabulary function environment
Section 1-Key Terms People and Events Neil Armstrong Green Revolution Rachel Carson Kyoto Protocol Universal Declaration of Human Rights Patriot Act
A.A B.B Section 1-Polling Question Global warming is a real and viable threat to the world as we know it. A.Agree B.Disagree
Section 1 Technological Revolution The benefits of the technological revolution must be balanced against its costs.
Section 1 New technological advancements such as satellites, cable television, fax machines, cell phones, and computers all helped create a global world. Technology and computers: Technological Revolution (cont.) –1948: IBM created the first computer with stored memory. –1959: IBM marketed computers to businesses and industries.
Section 1 –1971: The microprocessor was created and the personal computer was born. –1972: The Internet and electronic mail were made available to the public. Technological Revolution (cont.)
Section 1 Technology and space exploration: –In 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon. –Satellites are used for weather information and communication signals. –In 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, giving detailed images of Earth, our solar system, and distant galaxies. –In 2004, NASA sent two rovers to Mars and plans to eventually land humans. Technological Revolution (cont.)
Section 1 Technology and weapons: –Nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons have been used in bioterrorism.bioterrorism –In 2001, the U.S. experienced threats from anthrax-filled letters. Technological Revolution (cont.)
Section 1 Technology and health care: –New medications enable doctors to treat both physical and mental illnesses. –Computer imaging allows doctors to perform difficult operations. –Organ transplants, valves, and pumps enable people to live longer. –Stem cell research, genetic engineering, and human cloning have sparked new ethical debates in the field of medical research. Technological Revolution (cont.)
Section 1 Technology and agriculture: –The Green Revolution has promised high-yielding crops. –Concern over the use of chemical-and pesticides increased the demand for organic farming. Technological Revolution (cont.) The Global AIDS Epidemic
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 What is the Green Revolution? A.The use of trees to combat global warming B.The development of new strains of high- yielding crops C.The use of holistic medicines D.The discovery of new plants for use in medicines
Section 1 In 1962, Rachel Carson warned of the dangers chemicals and pesticides have on the environment.environment Carsons argument alarmed many scientists and gave rise to the new science of ecology. ecology Environmental Crisis (cont.)
Section 1 Population growth has affected the environment in three ways. –Deforestation: the clearing of forests to provide more farmland or timberDeforestation –Desertification: the formation of degraded soil, turning semi-arid lands into nonproductive deserts.Desertification –Destruction of tropical rainforests: rainforests support 50 percent of the worlds plants and animals, remove carbon dioxide from the air, and return oxygen to the air Environmental Crisis (cont.)
Section 1 Chemical wastes are also damaging the environment. –Chlorofluorocarbons are gases that destroy the ozone layer. –Pollution from factories causes acid rain. –Global warming is the result of the greenhouse effect. greenhouse effect Environmental Crisis (cont.)
Section 1 In 2002, 150 nations signed the Kyoto Protocol to work toward reducing emissions. The European Union and Japan ratified the treaty; the United States did not. The United Nations has been encouraging sustainable development to help conserve all natural resources. sustainable development Environmental Crisis (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 What subject in Rachel Carsons warnings gave rise to the new science of ecology? A.Dangers of chemicals and pesticides B.Global warming C.Deforestation D.Destruction of tropical forests
Section 1 Poverty and Civil Strife Poverty, hunger, and civil strife continue to plague many developing nations.
Section 1 A global economy developed after World War II when the production, distribution, and sale of goods reached a worldwide scale.global economy The global economy gave rise to a widening gap between rich and poor countries. Poverty and Civil Strife (cont.)
Section 1 Rich/Developed Countries: –Well-organized industrial and agricultural systems –Advanced technology –Strong educational systems –Examples include the United States, Japan, Canada, and Germany Poverty and Civil Strife (cont.)
Section 1 Poor/Developing Countries: –Primarily agricultural nations –Little technology –Rapid population growth –Examples include nations in Africa, Latin America, and Asia Poverty and Civil Strife (cont.)
Section 1 World hunger is a global issue with an estimated 1 billion hungry people worldwide. Poor soil, growing populations, economic factors, and natural disasters contribute to world hunger. Civil wars often create food shortages by disrupting normal farming. Warring groups often try to limit access to food to destroy enemies. Poverty and Civil Strife (cont.)
Section 1 Ethnic conflicts have involved genocide in Darfur and ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims by Serbs. Poverty and Civil Strife (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 Which of the following is not a developed country? A.Canada B.Japan C.Laos D.Germany
Section 1 Political and Social Challenges Not all nations guarantee their people basic human rights and equality.
Section 1 In 1948, The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has helped to free political prisoners and bring economic and political change. Human rights violations still occur worldwide. People have been persecuted by repressive governments run by dictators or military regimes in Cuba, Chile, Myanmar, Iraq, Iran, and other countries. Political and Social Challenges (cont.)
Section 1 Ethnic, religious, and racial hatred have led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people in Bosnia and Rwanda. Military dictatorships or one-party governments still exist in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. South Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines hold free elections. Women in industrialized countries have steadily become equal to men, although men still hold more top positions in business and government. Political and Social Challenges (cont.)
Section 1 In developing countries, some women are not considered equal. They are forced to be subordinate to men and are bound to their homes and families. Political and Social Challenges (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 Which organization has fought to free political prisoners and affirm human rights? A.United Nations B.American Red Cross C.World Trade Organization D.Kyoto Council
Section 1 Challenge of Terrorism Acts of terrorism, now a part of modern society, have a worldwide effect.
Section 1 Terrorism became an increasing concern in the 1970s and 1980s when terrorist attacks gained worldwide media attention. Terrorism is sometimes the act of militant nationalists who want separate states, such as the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Terrorism can also be state-sponsored when governments such as Iraq, Syria, Cuba, and North Korea provide sanctuary and support to terrorist organizations. Challenge of Terrorism (cont.)
Section 1 On September 11, 2001, the United States witnessed one of the most destructive and horrific acts of terrorism when planes were flown into the World Trade Center towers and the Pentagon. As a result, President George W. Bush promised to wage war on terrorism. The Patriot Act was passed to help track down terrorists, but many U.S. citizens argue it is an invasion of privacy and constitutional rights. Challenge of Terrorism (cont.)
Section 1 As a result of terrorism, airports around the world have increased their security measures. Terrorism is complex and is rooted in various issues: Challenge of Terrorism (cont.) –Clash between Western and Islamic cultures –Poverty and ignorance –Christian and Muslim hostility dating back to the Crusades
Section 1 –Israeli-Palestinian conflict –U.S. support of the Middle East oil industry Challenge of Terrorism (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 Which government agency was created by Congress in 2002 to coordinate efforts against terrorism in the United States? A.Central Intelligence Agency B.Department of Homeland Security C.Federal Bureau of Investigation D.Bureau of Terrorism and Firearms
Section 2-Key Terms People and Events Franklin Delano Roosevelt World Bank International Monetary Fund (IMF) World Trade Organization (WTO) Hazel Henderson Elise Boulding
A.A B.B Section 2-Polling Question Problems in one part of the world can affect people in other parts of the world. A.Agree B.Disagree
Section 2 The United Nations The United Nations focuses on international problems.
Section 2 The United Nations (UN) was founded in 1945 at the end of World War II in 1945. U.S. president Franklin Delano Roosevelt believed in an organization that would work for peace and human dignity. The UN consists of a General Assembly, Security Council, a secretary-general, and five permanent members U.S., Russia, Great Britain, China, and France. The United Nations (cont.)
Section 2 Special agencies work under the UN and focus on economic and social issues as well as population growth and the environment. The UN also provides peacekeeping forces from neutral member states that settle conflicts and aid in peace talks around the world.peacekeeping forces The UN created the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1957 to stop nuclear proliferation.nuclear proliferation The United Nations (cont.) Percentage of Population That Is Literate
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 Which of the following countries is not one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council? A.Russia B.Canada C.China D.France
Section 2 Population and Migration The ever-increasing world population affects the world economy.
Section 2 The UN estimates that the worlds population is expected to increase 37 percent over the next four decades. Soon, the most populous nations in the world will be developing countries. By 2050, India will have surpassed China in population. In 2000, European nations had the oldest median population of any region in the world. Life expectancies are expected to rise worldwide after 2050. Population and Migration (cont.)
Section 2 An older population requires the taxes of workers to cover the care of the elderly, placing a strain on the economy. People migrate for various reasons. Population and Migration (cont.) –political reasons –to seek refuge –civil wars –famine
Section 2 –job opportunities –improved living conditions Population and Migration (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 Which of the following is a reason an aging population can strain the economy? A.Raises the birthrate B.Workers taxes are increased C.Increase in credit card use D.Fewer people in the workforce
Section 2 Globalization International organizations and citizen groups work to solve global problems.
Section 2 Technology has led to globalization: the process by which people and nations have become more interdependent.globalization Globalization has led to cooperation between citizen groups and transnational organizations to work together to solve global problems. The World Bank was created to provide grants, loans, and advice for economic development in developing countries. Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was developed to oversee the global financial system. Both the World Bank and the IMF have been criticized for imposing Western practices on non-Western countries that only increase their poverty and debt. Multinational corporations have also been developed as a result of globalization.Multinational corporations Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Global trade is an important component of the global economy. Many countries signed the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) to make trade easier between countries and later created the World Trade Organization (WTO). Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Groups of nations have formed together to create trading blocs. –European Union (EU)the largest trade bloc worldwide –North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) –Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Globalization has encouraged social movements to focus on the problems that affect people worldwide. –peace –the environment –child labor –womens and mens liberation –technology Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Social movements function on various levels:function –Grassroots levelcommunity wideGrassroots level –Transnationaldraw membership from people in many countries –Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)usually represented at the UNNongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Religious, peace, and disarmament groups work together to limit the size of military forces.disarmament groups Hazel Henderson believes individuals can be powerful agents of change. Elise Boulding believes NGOs can educate people to consider problems globally. Globalization (cont.)
Section 2 Being an active citizen, learning from the past, and making good everyday choices will have a positive effect on the future of world civilization. Globalization (cont.)
A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 What is the largest single trade bloc in the world? A.NAFTA B.EU C.APEC D.OPEC
VS 1 THE TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION Advanced communication and transportation systems are linking the worlds people. New technologies for exploring space have increased our understanding of the universe. Weapons of mass destruction, or WMDs, are a grim result of the technological revolution. Breakthroughs in medicine and agriculture save lives, but some raise ethical questions.
VS 2 GLOBAL CHALLENGES Deforestation, chemical wastes, oil spills, and nuclear accidents threaten the environment. Nations must conserve natural resources to achieve sustainable development. Poverty, hunger, and civil unrest plague many developing countries. Human rights violations occur worldwide. Terrorism has become part of modern society.
VS 3 GLOBAL SOLUTIONS The United Nations works for world peace and human dignity. Nongovernmental organizations focus on issues such as disarmament, child welfare, and human rights. Economic interdependence has given rise to international organizations to address issues affecting the global economy.
Vocab15 nongovernmental organization an organization that has no government ties and works to address world problems
Vocab16 disarmament group a nongovernmental group that works to limit the size of military forces and weapons stocks
Vocab17 migration the movement of people from one country, place, or locality to another
Vocab18 projection an estimate or a calculation
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