Presentation on theme: "Relief Sculpture Prepared for Art 1 By Mrs. M. McDyre To enhance part 1 of the paper sculpture relief projects."— Presentation transcript:
Relief Sculpture Prepared for Art 1 By Mrs. M. McDyre To enhance part 1 of the paper sculpture relief projects
A relief is a sculpted art work in which figures are either carved into a level plane, or the plane is removed to create images sculpted on its surface without completely disconnecting them from the plane, or pieces of the same material are created and assembled on top of a level plane. It is not free-standing or in the round, but usually has a background from which the main elements of the composition rise. There are three basic forms of relief sculpture: bas-relief (low-relief), in which the sculpture is raised only slightly from the background surface alto-relievo (high-relief), in which part of the sculpture is rendered in three dimensions intaglio (sunken-relief), in which the image is carved into the surface material. Relief sculpture has a notable history dating back over 20,000 years in both eastern and western cultures. They are often found on the walls of monumental buildings. Several panels or sections of relief together may represent a sequence of scenes. Generally, relief figures and backgrounds are sculpted from the same material, but there are a few exceptions in Greek art and in the decorative work of the Chinese and Japanese, and others who used inlaid ivory, gold and cloisonne techniques to form reliefs.
bas-relief (low-relief), in which the sculpture is raised only slightly from the background surface Low Relief sculpture of Saint phylactery At the Louvre 12 Century Modern Day and Ancient Coins are low relief Santa Sabina Abduction Of Habakkuk (doors of Santa Sabina in Rome) Early 5 th Century
alto-relievo (high-relief), in which part of the sculpture is rendered in three dimensions (a form that extends at least halfway out of the background) Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564), The Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs (Centauromachia) 1491-92, marble 33 1/4 x 35 5/8 inches Casa Buonarroti, Florence Renaissance This sculpture combines free-standing elements along with high and low relief Robert Gould Shaw Memorial by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, 1897, Boston
intaglio (sunken-relief), in which the image is carved into the surface material. Sunken relief is historically found in the art of Ancient Egypt where it is very common. Many forms of printmaking use the intaglio method to create their prints. Luxor Temple of Thebes in Egypt 5000 BC to 300 AD As depicgted in a shrine, Pharaoh Ankhenaten with Nefertiti and their daughters 1300s BC
Jeff Nishinaka is a modern day paper relief sculptor. Click on the following links, in order, to see some of his amazing art, and the process in which he creates it. Jeff Nishinaka http://freshperspectives.msn.com/theme/challenge/artist/jeffreynishinaka1/videos/51 1 2 3 4 5 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDz55tgvnrs&feature=player_detailpage http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDdI1aNMBto&feature=player_detailpae http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhDuMUrPRxk&feature=player_detailpage http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDdI1aNMBto&feature=player_detailpag e http://freshperspectives.msn.com/theme/challenge/artist/jeffreynishinaka1/videos/52 6 7 http://freshperspectives.msn.com/theme/challenge/artist/jeffreynishinaka1/videos/54 8 http://design-milk.com/fresh-perspectives-jeff-nishinaka/
Jeff Nishinaka- An article by Geoff Carter To many artists, a blank sheet of paper represents a beginning, but to Jeffrey Nishinaka, its a means to an end. This inventive Los Angeles-based talent takes sheets of artist-grade paper, then cuts, folds and shapes them into multidimensional paper sculptures whose properties defy easy description, unless you drop the word magic in there somewhere. The way that things are in the foreground, middle ground and off in the distance … I see the world that way, Nishinaka says. I try to see things through my minds eye. If I look down this street to the intersection of another street, I can see the perspective and I think, That might make a really interesting sculpture. Interesting doesnt quite capture it. Think of a 3-D movie, with its overlapping planes and receding horizon, then remove all the color, leaving only texture and shadow. Through Nishinakas eye, the whole of our world is transformed into the shapes we once saw in clouds when we were young. This cloud looks like a city with gently bowing skyscrapers; that cloud looks like a dragon. Youd expect Nishinaka to be boastful it isnt everyone who can see into other worlds or count Jackie Chan among his most devoted collectors but he couldnt be more humble. He sees paper sculpting as something he more or less fell into back in [his] art school days. It was quite by accident, but I seemed to take to it, he says. I was not really aware that there werent that many of us doing paper sculpture when I started, and later I was told that I was the first serious paper sculptor to come around in seven years. There still arent that many of us doing it. One need only examine Nishinakas methods to understand why there arent many paper sculptors around. His pieces take days, if not weeks, of close, patient work theres lots of shaping, folding, cutting and gluing to do. And, of course, theres the matter of seeing the world in shapes you can cut out with an X-Acto blade. Individually, the shapes look like a bunch of mismatched puzzle pieces, Nishinaka says. I make the shapes a little bit more organic. I try to curve things. Even if a building is straight, I play with the perspective to make things more animated-looking. As it turns out, artists who play with perspective are exactly what weve been looking for. Nishinaka was asked to create two pieces for Fresh Perspectives, on the themes of challenge and empower. The latter theme came easy: To Nishinaka, theres nothing more powerful than a dragon. The dragon seems to be the king of all those other mythological creatures, he says. Expressing challenge, however, proved a bit of an uphill climb. I did this building thats basically on the top of a cliff, overlooking the ocean with a big sun coming up, he says. To me, its always a challenge to work yourself up to the top of it, and its also a challenge to stay up there. Once youre up on top, there are people and circumstances that try to knock you off. And Nishinaka wouldnt have it any other way. If I ever think, OK, this is it, Ive created the ultimate sculpture, then I really should retire, because that means Im dead, he says. I hope to feel challenged for the rest of my life.
Other Interesting things you can do with paper sculpture Now you have seen some amazing relief sculptures created by Jeff Nishinaka. The following pages are other forms of sculpture that can be made from paper. Click on the link from each page then make it full screen to watch.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ceebqVQAk4&feature=player_detailpage Patty and Allen Eckman have been creating wonderful high detail works in their hand made acid free cast paper sculpture since 1988 and they have become internationally recognized as not only masters in the medium but also the only masters of their medium. the Eckman Method® of museum quality fine art cast paper sculpture is a trademark of Eckman Fine Art Inc. and Allen and Patty Eckman.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=uzF-MxHa5YA Misfold 1: Paper Sculpture in motion. Click on the link below to watch it in action.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDlY_Jt-Ba0&feature=related A variety of interesting paper sculptures
Now that you have had a chance to see and learn about relief sculpture, modern paper relief sculpture, and modern paper sculpture take some time and go exploring in museums (use my website to help you), and youtube (use paper relief sculpture as the basis of your search) to see new things. Go Exploring! Have Fun!