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Pharm-CORP Pharmacy Career Opportunity Mahalia Harrell Tamara Dixon.

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Presentation on theme: "Pharm-CORP Pharmacy Career Opportunity Mahalia Harrell Tamara Dixon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pharm-CORP Pharmacy Career Opportunity Mahalia Harrell Tamara Dixon

2 What do pharmacists do?

3 Pharmacists held over 250,000 jobs in the US Need for pharmacists is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2018 Careers from Retail to Research (and everything in between)

4 Aging population and increased Rx use Expansion of retail outlets & 24 hour stores Direct to consumer advertising Gene and Individualized therapies Expanding roles in traditional and non-traditional settings Increased involvement of pharmacists in cost containment Robotics and Automation Factors Influencing Pharmacy

5 Pharmacists are Everywhere!!! Hospital Clinical Home Care Long-term Care Consultant Managed Care Community Drug Information Academia Pharmaceutical Science/Research Industry Mail order Association Management Drug Use Safety & Policy MTM

6 Work directly with physicians, nurses, and patients. Participate in patient rounds. Manage medications after diagnosis Counsel patients on discharge meds Critical Care (ICU) Hematology/Oncology Intravenous therapy Drug and poison information Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (approx. 22% of pharmacists are employed in this area) career_opps_pharmacy_printed.pdf

7 Create drug therapies with physicians Prepare medications and infusions for use in the home Educate patients and caregivers on medication regimens Bubble-pack medications to ensure accurate delivery Home Care/Long-Term Care Facilities

8 Monitoring medication use in extended care facilities to help reduce adverse effects due to complicated regimens Assists in forming individualized care plans for patients Recommends treatment options to physicians Consultant Pharmacist careers/career_opps_pharmacy_printed.pdf

9 Colleges and schools of pharmacy Serve as teachers and researchers Serve as a model for the best practices of pharmacists, now and in the future Academic Pharmacy

10 Help with medication research Drug discovery, delivery, and analysis Participates in sales and marketing of drug Offers educational programs Average cost to develop a new drug? Pharmaceutical Company _opps_pharmacy_printed.pdf1

11 Overseeing drug production Selling products to physicians and retailers Marketing Public Relations Government regulators Industrial/Sales/Marketing

12 Oversee filling of prescriptions Serve as a liaison for patients Mail Order/ Direct-to-Consumer

13 Provide Hotlines for patients, physicians, and other healthcare providers Research and dispense information for professional and personal use Drug Information Centers

14 Many national and local organizations have pharmacist needs Work on regulatory issues Ex: National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation is working to advance pharmacy nationwide pharmacy practice. Association Management

15 Community/Retail Pharmacy Fill Prescriptions Counsel Patients Compound Medication Provide Immunizations Source of Medication Information Prescription OTC Herbal/Natural Products

16 Ability to be own boss Ability to tailor services to patient populations needs Stock prescription and OTC products specific to region or town Independent Ownership

17 Federal, state, and professional positions United States Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration Department of Defense-branches of the armed services Veterans Affairs Bureau of Prisons Other Fields

18 Do You Like? Chemistry, Biology, and Math? To help people? To solve problems and Puzzles? Are You? Dependable? Organized? Detail-Oriented? Able to communicate well with others? If you answered yes, you should consider pharmacy as a career! Should You Be A Pharmacist? geDisplay.cfm&TPLID=75&ContentID=6329

19 What happens 2 years of pre-pharmacy work PCAT after freshman year Apply via PharmCAS in Fall of sophomore year Complete Supplemental Applications for each school Interview in late Fall/Spring of sophomore year Acceptance letters in Spring Timeline

20 General Chemistry I & II (with labs)General Biology I & II Organic Chemistry I & II (with labs)Cell Biology Human Anatomy (with lab)Microbiology (with lab) Medical TerminologyCalculus I Physics I (with lab)English Comp I & II Public SpeakingUS Constitution Course AP courses that count towards UMKC pharmacy prerequisites are Calculus AB and BC, Chemistry, English Language & Composition, Physics B, US Government Politics, and US History UMKC PreReq Courses

21 Managed Care Community Pharmacy Critical Care Oncology Ambulatory Infectious Disease Pediatrics Nuclear Medicine Residencies

22 Community Hospital Other Money

23 Admissions Career Life Advice

24 Patient Case I cant walk as far as I used to, and this cough is really bothering me HPI: 67 yo male presents to clinic for a follow-up visit for his COPD. He states he had been doing okay until 3 days back when he couldnt walk daily anymore and started getting short of breath at rest. He states he has been compliant with all his medications. He also reports that he has been coughing up a lot of green stuff too. He had pulmonary function tests about 6 months back, but he states he never found out the results.

25 Patient Case PMH: COPD x 3 years GERD x 5 years SH: 45 pack-year history of smoking (patient quit 4 years ago to help improve his symptoms of GERD) Lives with wife (children grown); retired coal miner (-) EtOH Meds: Albuterol MDI 1-2 puffs q 4 hours PRN Salmeterol 1 inhalation BID Omeprazole 20 mg po daily Vaccination status: Last influenza vaccine (9/08); Last pneumococcal vaccine at age 45 yo Allergies: NKDA

26 Patient Case ROS: Pulmonary: (+) SOB with chronic cough; (+) fatigue; (+) dyspnea on exertion; (+) sputum production Cardiovascular: (-) palpitations; (-) chest pain PE: Gen: Mild respiratory distress after walking to the end of the hall to reach the exam room; hunched over to breathe with accessory muscle use Pulmonary: Tachypnea with prolonged expiration; decreased breath sounds; no rales, rhonchi or crackles Cardiovascular: regular rate and rhythm, no murmurs, rubs or gallops

27 Patient Case VS: BP 125/64 P 93 RR 26 O2 sat 91% (room air)Weight 71kg Height 511 Labs: CO2- 35 mEq/L (normal= 22-26 mEq/L) PFT: (six months ago): Prebronchodilator FEV 1 1.6L (3.55L predicted) Prebronchodilator FVC 3.2L Postbronchodilator FEV 1 1.72L (baseline- at diagnosis) Prebronchodilator FEV 1 2.84L (3.55L predicted) Prebronchodilator FVC 4.4L Postbronchodilator FEV 1 2.9L

28 Pharmacy is a diverse profession. Where there is a medication to be used or discussed or a disease to be prevented, your imagination is the limit of what you can do with your degree. –Dr. Lindsey Questions? Mahalia

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