4 Registration Law History To understand how we came together tonight, we have to go back to 1988.
5 Washington State Laws 1989 Helen Harlow’s Son 1988 Diane Ballasiotes Convicted Sex Offender- Earl ShrinerConsidered Dangerous to Publicassaulted and sexually mutilated 7 year old boy1988 Diane BallasiotesPioneer SquareRape and MurderConvicted Sex Offender on Work ReleaseBallasiotes – Left work in Pioneer Square. She was abducted, raped, and murdered by Gene Kane. He had just finished a 13 yr. sentence for previous attacks on other women. After being released from prison, he was placed in a work release facility, which he walked away from.Nothing in place for L.E. to track or warn communities about dangerous offenders like this.Governor’s(Booth Gardner)Task Force
6 Community Protection Act February 28, 1990 Registration of Sex OffendersCivil Commitment (Special Commitment Center on McNeil Island)Victim ServicesCommunity NotificationCivil Commitment of Sexually Violent Predators - Washington State first in nation!Convicted of sexually violent offenses, AND…Suffers from a mental abnormality/personality disorder ANDPredisposed as “likely” to engage in “predatory” acts of sexual violence.
7 Our ChallengeTo be responsible in enforcing the Community Protection Act in order to protect the citizens and protect the Community Protection Act itself.
9 Legal Setback 1993 Local Municipality Abused Community Notification For Level 1 Offenders, absent a threat, disclosure would serve no legitimate purpose. Public agencies must have some evidence of an offender’s future dangerousness, likelihood of re-offense or threat to the community to justify disclosure to the public.Ward vs. Statemust consider risk
10 Federal StatutesSome Federal Statutes and how they came to be….
11 Jacob Wetterling Act Jacob Wetterling 1989 St. Joseph, Minnesota Jacob was 11 years old on a bike ride with his brother and a friendLast seen being grabbed by masked gunman1994 Federal Statute-Sex Offender Registration-Limited NotificationCongress passed Jacob Wetterling Act that mandated all states and territories to set up sex offender registration programs by Sept. 13, 1997
12 Megan’s Law Megan Kanka 1994 Hamilton, New Jersey Went for a bicycle ride and never returned.Jesse Timmendequass (convicted sex offender) living nearby admitted to luring, raping and killing Megan.May 1996 federal statute-Requires all states to have community notification on high risk offenders.Amendment to Jacob Wetterling Act that allows community notification on high risk offenders, especially those that prey on children. Modeled after Washington State… requires all states to have Community Notification.
14 Pam Lychner Act Pam Lychner Real estate agent in Houston. She was attacked and assaulted by a convicted felon while showing a house to a potential buyer.Sex Offender Tracking and Identification Act- Mandated FBI to establish a national sex offender registry by 2000
15 Who has to Register? Convicted of Sex/Kidnapping Offense In this state In another stateIn Federal CourtJuveniles and AdultsThose who lack a fixed residence
17 Sex Offender Risk Levels Sex Offender Scoring Tool (SOST)PoliceReportsPresentencePsychologicalCriminalHistoryCourtFiles
18 Risk LevelsLevel One- Most rated, no violent history, usually know their victims.Level Two- Risk to reoffend, multiple victims, grooming of victims, predatory or position of trust.Level Three- High risk to reoffend, multiple victims, may use violence and/or weapons, may or may not know their victims.
19 General Statistics King County 3892 Level 1 2917 Level 2 587
21 There are over 18,000 sex offenders registered in the state of Washington There are about 2000 sex offenders who are in violation of the registration laws. Their location is unknown.
22 Prevention and Safety Planning Rebecca Milliman, MSWChildren’s Response Centerth Ave NE Suite 130Bellevue, WA(425)
23 Parents and Children Open communication Teach how and when to say NOTeach correct anatomical namesTalk about safe and unsafe touchingIdentify a safety plan and safe peopleListen and believe!Know with whom your child spends timeTalk with other parentsCheck references for babysitters and child care providersDrop in visits
24 Parents and Teens Communication Talk about dating safety Maintain open doorsIdentify other safe people to talk withTalk about dating safetyWhat are respectful relationships?What should your teen expect from others?Find ways to stay involved & informed!You’re still the parent…..
25 Kids & the Internet Develop and discuss rules of access Locate Internet in public area of homeDiscuss the importance of:Why personal information should not be given out(teens) Set limits of meeting online “friends” in personWhat to do if someone is asking for personal informationWhat to do if something or someone makes them feel uncomfortableMonitor chat room useEducate yourself to be more Internet savvy!
27 Adults Be aware of your surroundings Do not allow strangers in your homeVerify ID of anyone, including service people and police officersPhone 911 if suspiciousProtect your personal boundariesTrust your instincts!That little voice is usually right
28 Grooming How offenders gain access to their victims Obtains immediate insider statusExceptionally charmingExtremely helpfulGains trust from adultsCreates ‘special’ relationship with a childEngages in peer-like play with childrenCreates opportunities to be alone with childrenFails to honor clear boundaries set by adults or childrenIs defensive or secretive
29 ResourcesChildren’s Response Center (425) Harborview Center for Sexual Assault and Traumatic Stress (206) King County Sexual Assault Resource Center Child Protective Services or
32 These are just the known offenders Can’t tell by lookingThey’re everywhereThese are just the known offendersDoesn’t include those convicted prior to the law going into effectDoesn’t include those who have yet to be caughtDoesn’t include those convicted and still incarceratedRegistration laws went into effect February 28, 1990
34 www.kingcounty.gov/sheriff Level two Level three All King County AgenciesLevels determined by police agency of jurisdiction.
35 www.waspc.org Level two Level three All Washington registered sex offenders as reported by WSP.Levels determined by police agency of jurisdiction.
36 Access Washington www.access.wa.gov Legislature Statutes / RCW’s Upcoming LegislationWashington State Patrol
37 FAQ? “Why aren’t these people locked up for good?” In 1996, the legislature increased sentences for major sex offenses with passing the “2 strikes law”, which imposed a life sentence for a second sex offense.Because of problems with the 2 strikes law, in 2001 the legislature passed yet another law. This allowed for indeterminate sentences for those offenders convicted after September 1, This means that an offender can be kept behind bars for as long as he poses a danger to the community.
38 Sex Offender There will always be sex offenders in King County There will always be sex offenders in your neighborhoodSex offenders come in all races, ages, and sexesThe largest majority of sex offenses occur in the homeStranger assaults are rareEducation and knowledge are our strengths
39 For More Information… King County Sheriff’s Office Kingcounty.gov Snohomish County Sheriff’s OfficeSnoco.orgBothell Police DepartmentDetective Dione Thompson