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1 Recommended Downloads
E-SWORD You can download to your desktop or to your pocket pc.

2 E-SWORD All available Bibles, commentaries and dictionaries are readily viewed without having to "tile windows.“ All of these resources are still in print and available for sale (e.g., CBD catalogs). I have quite a few of these on my shelves here at home. Some of these are $60 to $100 sets in book catalogs.

3 E-SWORD: Parallel Bible
Create your own "parallel Bible" with up to any four translations

4 E-SWORD: Create Study Notes
Integrated editor for creating your own commentaries or study notes, complete with Spell Checking and a Thesaurus! Notes are "linked" to the Bible for easy viewing and can also be exported for portability. The E-Sword application: this is a packed Bible software with the KJV Bible, Strongs numbers and dictionary. You can install it so that e-sword places an icon in your Word program, to insert verses directly into Word documents (like your Job study guide).

5 E-SWORD: Strong’s Strong's definitions are displayed as ToolTips! Just place the mouse pointer over a Strong's number and the definition will then be displayed.

6 E-SWORD: Commentaries & Dictionaries
Scripture references in the Commentary and Dictionary views are displayed as ToolTips! Just place the mouse pointer over the reference and the passage will then be displayed. To go to the passage, just click it!

7 E-SWORD: Explore Translations
Easily compare the various translations to see how they rendered the Greek or Hebrew manuscripts.

8 E-SWORD: Search Capabilities
Powerful search capabilities, yet simple to use. Enter as many words you want to search for and select the search style and range. You can even search on Strong numbers and exclude words from the search! Use the Verse List to create your own topical lists of Scripture, or cataloging your discoveries! Copy and print Scripture in a variety of formatting styles. This is also available for search results and verse lists.

9 E-SWORD Graphics Viewer
Graphics Viewer for studying maps, charts, and other images.

10 E-SWORD: Step Reader STEP Reader for viewing the various resources you may have invested in from QuickVerse, Bible Companion, and WORDsearch.

11 E-SWORD: Step Reader Early Church Fathers – Nicene and Post-Nicene set, Series 1 All Free The Council of Nicea was AD E-Sword also has the earlier Ate-Nicene Fathers (pre-Nicene).

12 E-SWORD: Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary of the Whole Bible Free

13 E-SWORD: Commentaries
Jamieson Fausset Brown Complete Commentary, 3 Volumes Free $24.99 to $129.00

14 E-SWORD: Commentaries
Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, 10 Volumes Free $ to $695.00

15 E-SWORD: Commentaries
Word Pictures in the New Testament 6 Volumes By: A.T. Robertson Free $86.00 to $129.00

16 E-SWORD: Commentaries
The Treasury of David, 3 Volumes By: Charles H. Spurgeon Free $34.99 to $69.95

17 E-SWORD: Commentaries
Vincent's New Testament Word Studies, 4 Volumes By: Marvin R. Vincent Free $21.99 to $99.99

18 E-SWORD: Dictionaries
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions $17.99 to $34.95 A Lexicon is just a dictionary!

19 E-SWORD: Dictionaries
Easton's Bible Dictionary Fausset's Bible Dictionary Both are OOP (Out Of Print) resources. They are not always conservative concerning dates (e.g., Isaiah) or creation details but are worthy resources. Free Use these free resources for people and places!

20 E-SWORD: Dictionaries
American Dictionary of the English Language (1828) Free $56 to $69

21 E-SWORD: Encyclopedia
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) Not always conservative (e.g. Isaiah) Great for locations and people! Free $ to $300.00

22 Nave's Topical Bible Free
E-SWORD: Bibles Nave's Topical Bible Free $14.98 to $19.97

23 E-Sword: Greek & Hebrew
Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Coded with Strong's Concordance Numbers Free $17 to $24.95

24 E-Sword: Greek & Hebrew
Greek New Testament Free

25 E-Sword: Greek & Hebrew
Hebrew Old Testament (w/ Strong's) Free

26 E-Sword: Greek & Hebrew
Greek Old Testament (Septuagint) Free

27 E-Sword: Graphics American Bible Society Maps Classic Bible Maps Free

28 E-Sword: Graphics

29 Timelines Atlases Charts All Free
E-Sword: Graphics Timelines Atlases Charts All Free

30 Gustave Doré New Testament Woodcuts

31 NASA Satellite Images Bible Lands Free

32 E-Sword: “Extras” Antiquities of the Jews (Flavius Josephus) First century Jewish Historian Free A history of the Jewish people up until the Roman conquest and destruction of Jerusalem. The Preface begins: "Those who undertake to write histories, do not, I perceive, take that trouble on one and the same account, but for many reasons, and those such as are very different one from another. For some of them apply themselves to this part of learning to show their skill in composition, and that they may therein acquire a reputation for speaking finely: others of them there are, who write histories in order to gratify those that happen to be concerned in them, and on that account have spared no pains, but rather gone beyond their own abilities in the performance: but others there are, who, of necessity and by force, are driven to write history, because they are concerned in the facts, and so cannot excuse themselves from committing them to writing, for the advantage of posterity; nay, there are not a few who are induced to draw their historical facts out of darkness into light..."

33 Fox's Book of Martyrs (John Fox, 1516-1587) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” Fox's Book of Martyrs (John Fox, ) Free Wiki: “an account of Christian martyrs throughout Western history from the first century through the early sixteenth centuries, emphasizing the sufferings of English Protestants and proto-Protestants from the fourteenth century through the reign of Mary I. First published in 1563 by the Protestant John Day, the book was lavishly produced and illustrated with many woodcuts and was the largest publishing project undertaken in Britain up to that time.”

34 History of The Christian Church (Philip Schaff, 1819-1893) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” History of The Christian Church (Philip Schaff, ) Free $299; Philip Schaff ( ) wrote one of the finest histories of the church available. His eight-volume work, which covers Christian history from the apostles to the Swiss Reformation, incorporates discussion of ideas and ideals throughout the history of the church with the requisite facts and figures for each period of history. Each volume contains maps, charts, notes, bibliographies, and an index.

35 Institutes of the Christian Religion (John Calvin, 1509-1564) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” Institutes of the Christian Religion (John Calvin, ) Free $50 to $79.00 for the two-volume set. Wiki: John Calvin's seminal work on Protestant systematic theology. Highly influential in the Western world[1] and still widely read by theological students today, it was published in Latin in 1536 and in his native French in 1541, with the definitive editions appearing in 1559 (Latin) and in 1560 (French). The book was written as an introductory textbook on the Protestant faith for those with some previous knowledge of theology and covered a broad range of theological topics from the doctrines of church and sacraments to justification by faith alone and Christian liberty. It vigorously attacked the teachings of those Calvin considered unorthodox, particularly Roman Catholicism to which Calvin says he had been "strongly devoted" before his conversion to Protestantism. The over-arching theme of the book – and Calvin's greatest theological legacy – is the idea of God's total sovereignty, particularly in salvation and election.

36 Sketches of Jewish Social Life (Alfred Edersheim, 1825-1889) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” Sketches of Jewish Social Life (Alfred Edersheim, ) Free A Jewish convert to Christianity.

37 St. Paul the Traveler (William M. Ramsay, 1851-1939) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” St. Paul the Traveler (William M. Ramsay, ) Free $25.99 Sir William Mitchell Ramsay (15 March 1851, Glasgow –20 April 1939) was a Scottish archaeologist and New Testament scholar.

38 E-Sword: “Extras” The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah (Alfred Edersheim) Free

39 The Temple - Its Ministry and Service (Alfred Edersheim) Free
E-Sword: “Extras” The Temple - Its Ministry and Service (Alfred Edersheim) Free $12.97

40 Now let’s do a bit of biblical exegesis based on the text of Genesis

41 OF INTEREST TO WOMEN: “desire” in Genesis 3:16 and 4:7
Gen. 3:16 What is the “desire” that a wife will have for her husband? “The way to a proper understanding of this passage is through making a comparison of Genesis 3:16 and 4:7. These Hebrew texts are precisely the same except for appropriate changes in person and gender.” (Laney, Answers to Tough Questions)

42 Gen. 3:16 What is the “desire” that a wife will have for her husband?
“Yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” Gen. 3:16 “And its [sin’s] desire is for you, but you [Cain] must master it.” Gen. 4:7 “A comparison [of these verses] suggests that the wife has the same sort of desire for her husband that sin has for Cain – a desire to possess or control” (Laney)

43 Toledoth – Signatures?

44 Toledoth of Noah: Genesis 6:9
“These are the generations of Noah.” This statement, like those at Genesis 2:4, 5:1a, 10:1, 11:10, 36:1, 36:9, and 37:2 seem to mark the end of an historical account. Toledoth means ‘generation.’ Toledoth means ‘generations.’

45 Gen. 2:4 “These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.” Gen. 5:1a “This is the book of the generations of Adam.” Gen. 6:9a “These are the generations of Noah.” Contrary to modern writing practices, these colophons are found at the end of a text, not the beginning. In this first tablet, there’s no author’s name in that closing verse.  Who could have personal knowledge of what was written there? Only the Creator Himself.  God could have written this with His own fingers (like He wrote in Exodus 31:18).  I think it’s just as possible that He orally dictated it to Adam.  At that same time He might have been using this as a teaching tool, showing Adam how to write, and maybe this served as Adam’s “practice slate.”  Whatever the mode, God was the personal author of that first tablet, the actual creation account.

46 THE TABLET THEORY During his tour of duty in Mesopotamia, where much of the earliest Bible activity took place, Air Commodore P.J. Wiseman became interested in the archaeology of that area, and especially in the many ancient clay tablets that had been dated to long before the time of Abraham.  He recognized that they held the key to the original writings of the early Bible, and especially to the Book of Genesis.  © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

47 THE TABLET THEORY He published his book in 1936.  More recently his son, Professor of Assyriology D.J. Wiseman, updated and revised his father’s book: P.J. Wiseman, “Ancient Records and the Structure of Genesis” (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1985) © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

48 He found that most of the old clay tablets had “colophon phrases” at the end; these named the writer or owner of the tablet; they had words to identify the subject, and often some sort of dating phrase.  If multiple tablets were involved, there were also “catch-lines” to connect a tablet to its next in sequence.  Many of these old records related to family histories and origins, which were evidently highly important to those ancient people.  Wiseman noticed the similarity of many of these to the sections of the book of Genesis. © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

49 Many scholars have noticed that Genesis is divided into sections, separated by phrases that are translated “These are the generations of ... ” The Hebrew word used for “generation” is toledoth, which means “history, especially family history ... the story of their origin.”  Wiseman, op.cit., pg.62.  Wiseman took this quotation from the pioneer Hebrew lexicographer Gesenius.  © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

50 Most scholars have recognized that these “toledoth phrases” must be important, but they have been misled by assuming incorrectly that these are the introduction to the text that follows.  (Several modern translations have even garbled these phrases.) This has led to serious questions, because in several cases they don’t seem to fit.  For example, Genesis 37:2 begins, “These are the generations of Jacob. ...”  But from that spot on, the text describes Joseph and his brothers, and almost nothing about Jacob, who was the central character in the previous section. © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

51 However, Wiseman saw that the colophons in the ancient tablets always were at the end, not the beginning.  He applied this idea to the toledoth phrases in Genesis, and found that in every case it suddenly made good sense.  The text just before the phrase “These are the generations of ... ” contained information about events that the man named in that phrase would have known about.  That person would have been the logical one to write that part.  © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

52 In other words, each toledoth phrase contains the name of the man who probably wrote the text preceding that phrase. Or, in still other words, the book of Genesis consists of a set of tablets, each of which was written by an actual eye-witness to the events described therein. These tablets were finally compiled by Moses. Modern scholars who accept this as probably include the late Dr. Henry Morris and Dr. Ruth Beechick. © by Curt Sewell.  All rights reserved.  Used by permission. Originally published by the archaeological magazine Bible and Spade, Winter 1994, Vol. 7, No. 1

53 Doing the Math for Abraham’s Birth
1 Kings 6:1 identifies Solomon’s reign as 480 years post-Exodus from Egypt. The Temple was built in 966 BC, the 4th year of Solomon’s reign. Thus 1446 BC is the date of the Exodus = 1446

54 Doing the Math for Abraham’s Birth
Per Exodus 12:40, Jacob went into Egypt 430 years before the Exodus and was 130 years old. Thus Jacob was born in 2006 BC = 2006 (Jacob’s birth)

55 Doing the Math for Abraham’s Birth
Jacob was born in Isaac’s 60th year, thus Isaac was born in 2066 BC. = 2066 (Isaac’s birth)

56 Show the Math for Abraham’s Birth
Isaac was born in 2066 BC. Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old. Thus Abraham’s birth was in 2166 BC = 2166 (Abraham’s birth)

57 Pharaoh Shosheng (Shishak)
Discovered Egyptian records allow scholars to arrive at a good fix on the years of King Solomon's reign.

58 Sample Student Dating Abraham Assignment
This is Chloe Anderson’s paper.

59 WORLD EMPIRES Let’s learn how to divide the world of Abraham through Jesus into four, 500-year sections!

60 Assyria falls to Babylon and Medes in 612 BC Babylon falls to Persia in 539 BC Persia falls to Alexander the Great in 331 BC The Greeks are conquered by the Romans in 146 BC with the destruction of Corinth.

61 ASSYRIA/ASSHUR: 4000 BC to 612 BC
Ancient Assyria is the term used to describe a region of the Upper Tigris River, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. The city of Ashur was founded by Ashur the son of Shem, who was deified by later generations as the city's patron god. In 612 BC the Assyrian capital city of Nineveh was defeated by the armies of the Medes and the Neo-Babylonians. During the time of the decline of Assyria, the Neo-Babylonian (that is, Chaldean) Kingdom was founded in southern Mesopotamia ( BC). The most notorious king of that kingdom was Nebuchadnezzar.

62 Assyrian Nineveh falls in 612 BC
In 612 BC the Assyrian capital city of Nineveh was defeated by the armies of the Medes and the Neo-Babylonians. During the time of the decline of Assyria, the Neo-Babylonian (that is, Chaldean) Kingdom was founded in southern Mesopotamia ( BC). The most notorious king of that kingdom was Nebuchadnezzar.

63 Babylon falls in 539 BC In 539 BC, Babylon was conquered by the Persian King Cyrus. Persian rule continued through the Near East until 331 BC, when it was replaced by the Greek empire of Alexander the Great.

64 Persia falls in 331 BC to Alexander the Great (Greek)
This mosaic is in a Naples Museum. The original was at Pompeii.

65 146 BC Greece falls to Rome when the Romans destroy Corinth


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