Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean sea and it lies at crossroads of the three continents: Africa Europe Asia 5/6/2014
Capital: (and largest city) Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa) Official language(s) Greek and Turkish Ethnic groups 77% Greek, 18% Turkish, 5% other (2001 est.) Demonym Cypriot Government Presidential republic President Dimitris Christofias Independence from the United Kingdom Zürich and London Agreement 19 February 1959 Proclaimed16 August 1960 EU accession1 May 2004 5/6/2014
Four of the critical symbols of The Republic of Cyprus
The first wave consisted of Mycenaean Greek traders, which started visiting Cyprus around 1400 BC. A major wave of Greek settlement is believed to have taken place following the Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece in the period 1100–1050 BC, with the island's predominantly Greek character dating from this period. Cyprus occupies an important role in Greek mythology being the birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis, and home to King Cinyras, Teucer and Pygmalion. 5/6/2014
Grigoris Pieris Afxentiou was a guerilla Fighter who fought against the British. rule of Cyprus and is considered a national hero. He was burnt alive by British soldiers in his Hideout. Born February 22, 1928 Lysi, Famagusta District, Cyprus Died March, 1957 (aged 29) Machairas, Monastery Nicosia District Nationality Cypriot Ethnicity Greek Grigoris Afxentiou
– On March 3, 1957, after an informant had betrayed his location, the British forces surrounded Afxentiou outside his secret hideout near the Machairas Monastery At the time, inside the hideout was Afxentiou and four fellow guerrilla fighters. Realising he was outnumbered, Afxentiou ordered his comrades to surrender but stayed behind to fight to the death.
–The British asked Afxentiou to surrender his arms but he replied "Molon labe" ("come and take them") quoting Kinq Leonidas of Sparta at Thermopylae. Unable to drive him out and after sustaining casualties, the British forces resolved to pouring petrol in to his hideout, burning him alive. In fear of popular uprising, the British buried his scorched body at the Imprisoned Graves, in the yard of the Central Jail of Lefkosia, where he lies today.
Place of Birth Tsada Paphos District Place of death Nicosia Allegiance Cyprus Unit EOKA Evagoras Pallikarides was a member of EOKA during the 1995-1959 campaign against British Rule in Cyprus. He was one from the youngest fighters. He was still a student when he Joined the organization. He was hanged by the British authorities. He wrote lots of poems despite his young age. The most famous poem is tha paro mia aniforia Evagoras Pallikarides
The "Imprisoned Graves" is a small cemetery located in the Central Jail of Nicosia, where 13 EOKA fighters, during the 1955-1959 liberation struggle for the liberation of Cyprus from the United Kingdom, were interred. Nine of them were hanged by the British, three were killed in action and one died in hospital from his battle wounds.
The guerilla methods of EOKA, and the nature of its struggle, has served as a widely studied example for other anticolonial, national- liberation struggles in the period of decolonization. After four years of harsh fighting Cyprus gained its independence and it became an independent republic under a 1959 compromise settlement known as Zurich-London agreements. Since then, April 1 is a national holiday. It is celebrated in memorial services in Churches and gatherings in cities and villages, and school parades in the free part of Cyprus.