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Marc Prensky Bits, Brains and Games April 12, 2006 Veldhoven, The Netherlands © 2006 Marc Prensky.

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Presentation on theme: "Marc Prensky Bits, Brains and Games April 12, 2006 Veldhoven, The Netherlands © 2006 Marc Prensky."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Marc Prensky Bits, Brains and Games April 12, 2006 Veldhoven, The Netherlands © 2006 Marc Prensky

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4 © 2005 Marc Prensky Education Credentials Master of Arts in Teaching (Yale) MBA (Harvard) Taught High School Math (5 yrs) Ran a Street Academy Taught Elementary School French Taught College Music Still Tutor Math

5 © 2006 Marc Prensky Sky Takemura-Sora Prensky b. April 26, 2005

6 in a game environmentSerious training © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2005 Marc Prensky

7 Recent K-12 Projects Chemistry Game (MeCHeM) FL, LA Virtual Schools Courses Algebra Game (The Algebots) Physics Game (Space Junk) Cell Phone Game (EleMental) Financial Literacy Game Reading Teacher

8 © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky

9 My New Book: © 2006 Marc Prensky

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11 Helping Our Students Learn and Succeed © 2005 Marc Prensky

12 in a 21 st century world… © 2005 Marc Prensky

13 …BEFORE the end of the 21 st century! © 2005 Marc Prensky

14 What if we dont?

15 © 2005 Marc Prensky

16 Five Keys to Helping Kids Learn © 2005 Marc Prensky

17 © 2006 Marc Prensky Understanding

18 © 2006 Marc Prensky Generating

19 © 2006 Marc Prensky Dealing with

20 © 2006 Marc Prensky our ^

21 © 2006 Marc Prensky Achieving Mutual

22 Ill be going at (slides will be available) © 2006 Marc Prensky

23 1.The world is changing Why educators are having problems: © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky

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25 What percent of the worlds population is under 25? © 2005 Marc Prensky Question 1

26 © 2005 Marc Prensky A 20 percent B 30 percent C 40 percent D 50 percent Percentage Under Age 25?

27 % Under 25? 50% © 2005 Marc Prensky

28 What percentage of our teachers are under 25? © 2005 Marc Prensky Question 2

29 What percentage of people in this room are under 25? © 2005 Marc Prensky Question 3

30 © 2006 Marc Prensky Understanding Theme #1

31 1.The world is changing 2. Students are changing Why educators are having problems: © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky

32 Todays younger learners are NOT the ones our systems (and teachers) were designed and trained to teach! © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky

33 Todays Students are different

34 5-10,000 hours Video Games 250,000 s and IMs 10,000 hours on cell phones 20,000 hours TV (incl. MTV) 500,000 commercials < 5,000 hours book reading © 2005 Marc Prensky Why?

35 2 billion ring tones per year 2 billion songs per month 6 billion text messages per day © 2005 Marc Prensky

36 Brains like ours alter profoundly to fit the technologies and practices that surround them. - Andy Clark Director, Cognitive Sciences Program. Indiana University © 2005 Marc Prensky

37 Conventional Speed Step-by-Step Linear Processing Text First Work-Oriented Stand-Alone © 2005 Marc Prensky

38 Students are not just using technology differently today, but are approaching their life and their daily activities differently because of the technology. --Net Day Speak-up Day Summary © 2005 Marc Prensky

39 The e-Life Communicating IM, chat Sharing Blogs, MySpace Buying & Selling ebay, papers Exchanging P2P Creating sites, avatars, mods Meeting 3D chat rooms, dating Collecting mp3, video, sensor data Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Gaming Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups Learning About stuff that interests them Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2005 Marc Prensky REFERENCE

40 The e-Life Communicating IM, chat Sharing Blogs, MySpace Buying & Selling ebay, papers Exchanging P2P Creating sites, avatars, mods Meeting 3D chat rooms, dating Collecting mp3, video, sensor data Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Gaming Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups Learning About stuff that interests them Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2005 Marc Prensky

41 [ Technologies are] re-writing the rules of adolescence. -- a mother © 2005 Marc Prensky

42 © 2006 Marc Prensky

43 Printing out our s Needing a printed copy for editing Not Going to the Internet First for info Using rather than IM Thinking Real Life happens only off-line Thinking learning means WORK We have a Digital Immigrant Accent © 2005 Marc Prensky

44 © 2006 Marc Prensky Generating Theme #2

45 Engagement (= motivation, passion) © 2005 Marc Prensky

46 Without motivation there is no learning – James Paul Gee © 2005 Marc Prensky

47 If a learner is motivated, theres no stopping him – Will Wright © 2005 Marc Prensky

48 Learning comes from passion, not discipline – Nicholas Negroponte

49 1.The world is changing 2. Students are changing 3. Engagement is changing Why educators are having problems: © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky

50 Learning Takes Work © 2005 Marc Prensky Agree?Disagree?

51 Yes, Learning takes Effort, but © 2005 Marc Prensky

52 Effort for learning can FEEL LIKE WORK Effort for learning can FEEL LIKE PLAY OR © 2005 Marc Prensky

53 Learning feels like play when you have ENGAGEMENT = Motivation, passion © 2005 Marc Prensky

54 Todays kids UNDERSTAND ENGAGEMENT © 2005 Marc Prensky

55 When I was a kid IT WAS BORING © 2005 Marc Prensky

56 Where did you go? OUT What did you do? NOTHING Where did you go? OUT What did you do? NOTHING In my youth, this book was famous: © 2005 Marc Prensky

57 Todays kids GO ONLINE © 2005 Marc Prensky

58 I could have nothing to do and I can always find something on the Internet. – A High School Student © 2005 Marc Prensky

59 On the Internet you can play games, you can check your mail, you can talk to your friends, you can buy things, and you can look up things that you really like. – A High School Student © 2005 Marc Prensky Yahoo Born to be Wired Conference

60 The e-Life Communicating , IM, chat Sharing Blogs, webcams Buying & Selling ebay, papers Exchanging music, movies, humor Creating sites, avatars, mods Meeting 3D chat rooms, dating Collecting mp3, video, sensor data Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Gaming Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups Learning About stuff that interests them Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2005 Marc Prensky REFERENCE

61 Todays kids KNOW WHAT ENGAGEMENT FEELS LIKE © 2005 Marc Prensky

62 They want to Feel engaged all the time © 2005 Marc Prensky

63 Especially When they are learning! © 2006 Marc Prensky

64 But much of our education is SO BORING…

65 © 2006 Marc Prensky …that it feels like were putting depressants in their food!

66 © 2006 Marc Prensky even WITH technology!

67 Whenever I go to school I have to power down – a high school student © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2005 Marc Prensky

68 You do have to slow down when youre talking to teachers. – a Liverpool student © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2005 Marc Prensky

69 For todays students to learn, ENGAGEMENT Is MORE IMPORTANT than Content © 2006 Marc Prensky

70 Why?

71 Will Change! © 2006 Marc Prensky Content

72 ENGAGEMENT WILL! © 2006 Marc Prensky Content wont help students continue to learn throughout their lives, but

73 © 2006 Marc Prensky Outside of formal learning…

74 © 2006 Marc Prensky Todays Students are Empowered

75 They want to put their own mark on the site. – Deborah Schwartz, MOMA © 2006 Marc Prensky

76 What people put into the Internet is much more important to them than what they take out of it. – Tim Berners-Lee © 2006 Marc Prensky

77 Todays Students have Tools

78 Whats different about the new technology is that it is programmable. – Alan Kay © 2006 Marc Prensky

79 Todays Students Embrace Complexity

80 [They are] living in dataspace, begging to handle more simultaneous data streams than their parents ever imagined. -- Beck and Wade: Got Game © 2006 Marc Prensky

81 Todays Students are Hands-On

82 Players are producing as much as they are consuming – perhaps more. – JC Herz © 2006 Marc Prensky

83 Todays Students want things to be Fun

84 Fun is the act of mastering a problem mentally. -- Rafe Kotter: A Theory of Fun © 2006 Marc Prensky

85 Todays students are NOT ADD but ratherEOE © 2006 Marc Prensky

86 ENGAGE ME or ENRAGE ME © 2006 Marc Prensky

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88 Theme #3 Understanding and Dealing With

89 is for old people – A student © 2006 Marc Prensky

90 IM iPod vPod mp3 wma GameBoy DS, PSP Tool switching is already close to instantaneous

91 © 2006 Marc Prensky CHANGE TIME Our Lives We are here © 2006 Marc Prensky Discontinuity: Digital Technology

92 © 2006 Marc Prensky CHANGE TIME Our Students Lives © 2006 Marc Prensky

93 © 2005 Marc Prensky The change that is THREATENING to teachers… …is EMPOWERING to students!

94 My New Book: © 2006 Marc Prensky

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96 Sky Takemura-Sora Prensky b. April 26, 2005

97 © 2006 Marc Prensky He will be working with technology that is 1 billion times more powerful than today!

98 © 2006 Marc Prensky ICT power is doubling every year

99 © 2006 Marc Prensky 2 30 = 1,073,741,824

100 © 2006 Marc Prensky What Does That Mean ?????????

101 Nothing ever wears out – A teacher © 2006 Marc Prensky

102 Solving problems with the tools we have Pre - 21 st Century Inventing new tools to solve problems 21 st Century+

103 © 2006 Marc Prensky When will all this change END!??

104 © 2006 Marc Prensky IT WONT !!!

105 © 2006 Marc Prensky Theres no Destination! (Only the fast train)

106 © 2006 Marc Prensky No One In education gets this yet

107 © 2006 Marc Prensky Except, of course…

108 © 2006 Marc Prensky

109 …their technology changes monthly! e.g. PHONES: text, cameras, videos, motion sensors, diodes

110 © 2006 Marc Prensky From now on, Tools Will COME FAST… Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Polling Devices Speed Enhancers Cell Phones Games …and GO FAST Clickers

111 © 2006 Marc Prensky In fact, too fast to master!

112 © 2006 Marc Prensky Todays teachers need to know

113 © 2006 Marc Prensky How to Teach Tools We Cant Fully Master!

114 © 2006 Marc Prensky Its important that teachers DONT WASTE TIME Learning to Use New Tools,

115 © 2006 Marc Prensky Because…

116 © 2006 Marc Prensky The kids can do that! (and they want to)

117 Dont try to keep up with the technology -- you cant – A 14 year old girl © 2006 Marc Prensky

118 Teachers Need to:

119 © 2006 Marc Prensky Learn ABOUT New Technologies

120 © 2006 Marc Prensky SO THEY CAN HELP KIDS EVALUATE THEM

121 © 2006 Marc Prensky AND SO THEY CAN TEACH ABOUT THEM

122 Search IM Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Polling Devices © 2006 Marc Prensky Recent New Tools P2P Games Networking Augmented Reality Texting Cameras GPS Speed Enhancers

123 Search vs. Research Fair Use vs. Plagiarism EvaluateTeach Phone-based cameras Pictures vs. Words Appropriate vs. In- appropriate Truth vs. Manipulation Oral vs. Written Communication Design a Wikipedia Entry for… Take and Photoshop To best Illustrate… Make a Podcast About… Podcasts Wikipedia © 2006 Marc Prensky IM Informal vs. Formal Language Design a Class using only IM Assign Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Usefulness Breadth Depth Originality Communication Originality Artistry Technique How Teachers Should Use New Tools

124 © 2006 Marc Prensky Theme #4 our ^

125 © 2006 Marc Prensky Many Teachers are doing Great Things!

126 © 2006 Marc Prensky and yet…

127 © 2006 Marc Prensky from being used by only One Teacher, In One Classroom So Much GOES TO WASTE

128 © 2006 Marc Prensky If we could just capture, access and re-use work already done, we would be HALFWAY THERE

129 How? © 2006 Marc Prensky

130 Use the most powerful technology tool in the world © 2006 Marc Prensky

131 Google! © 2006 Marc Prensky

132 Put it on the Web !!!

133 Do all teachers have an easy way to put on the Web an HTML page, a Video, a Wiki and a Blog? If not, make it happen now! © 2006 Marc Prensky

134 Theme #5 Create Mutual

135 © 2006 Marc Prensky

136 Your sales pitch reminds us of silicon snake oil. Sorting data without context fuels ignorance. – an educator © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2006 Marc Prensky

137 DISRESPECTS Me New Ideas Students

138 Disrespecting each other is the root of our problem – Marc Prensky © 2006 Marc Prensky

139 Educators DISRESPECT kids

140 Your games are a waste of your time money and brain cells. – A parent © 2006 Marc Prensky

141 The cookies on my daughters computer know more about her interests than her teachers do. – Henry Kelly, President, FAS © 2006 Marc Prensky

142 And in turn…

143 © 2006 Marc Prensky Kids DISRESPECT Educators

144 © 2006 Marc Prensky If technology is the new literacy

145 © 2006 Marc Prensky Most teachers are ILLITERATE

146 © 2006 Marc Prensky

147 They Have To Know Teachers Respect Them! © 2006 Marc Prensky To Get students to Listen…

148 © 2006 Marc Prensky So…

149 © 2006 Marc Prensky How Do We Get RESPECT For each other?

150 © 2006 Marc Prensky We Are All Learners We Are All Teachers 1. Foster this Message:.

151 © 2005 Marc Prensky 2. Act Respectfully

152 © 2005 Marc Prensky (especially about games)

153 If you only listened to the Press… © 2005 Marc Prensky

154 …you might think Computer and Video games… © 2005 Marc Prensky

155 … were the worst things in the world for kids. © 2005 Marc Prensky

156 But the TRUTH Is that © 2005 Marc Prensky

157 Games produce LEARNING WITH ENGAGEMENT © 2005 Marc Prensky

158 I love getting level-ups – knowing Im getting better. I started at level one and now Im on 40. Now I can do more things. I can keep going and its really fun. – Tyler, Age 10 © 2005 Marc Prensky

159 Kids play games NOT because they are games, but because theyre the most engaging intellectual thing they have… © 2005 Marc Prensky

160 …Learning is the big secret reason they play! (Shhh!) © 2005 Marc Prensky

161 is a big part of the learning process © 2005 Marc Prensky and the Game System Official sites IM/chat Mags games Fan sites Blogs Reviews

162 © 2005 Marc Prensky Complex hours NOT TRIVIAL Todays Games: Complexity Matters Mini 5 min-2hours TRIVIAL Or, at best, One-Noted Complex Games take the same amount of time as a course ( hours)

163 Dark Age of Camelot

164 To cooperate, collaborate & work in teams, i.e. to work effectively with others To make effective decisions under stress To take prudent risks in pursuit of objectives To make ethical and moral decisions To employ scientific deduction To quickly master & apply new skills and information To think laterally and strategically To persist and solve difficult problems To understand and deal with foreign environments and cultures To manage business and people © 2006 Marc Prensky What Kids Learn from Games complex

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166 Gamers have amassed thousands of hours of rapidly analyzing new situations, interacting with characters they dont really know, and solving problems quickly and independently. -- Beck and Wade, Got Game © 2005 Marc Prensky

167 © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2005 Marc Prensky Dont be Afraid to Fail – Take risks to get rewards Winning Matters Work in Teams Take Responsibility Add Value Gamer Attitudes Beck and Wade: Got Game Be a Hero Immerse Yourself in Data Make the Tough Calls Take different perspectives Make Things Better

168 Who plays a game that relates to what we are discussing? Can you think of an example of this in your games? How would we design a game about this? © 2006 Marc Prensky Respecting Games:

169 Search vs. Research Fair Use vs. Plagiarism EvaluateTeach Phone-based cameras Pictures vs. Words Appropriate vs. In- appropriate Truth vs. Manipulation Oral vs. Written Communication Design a Wikipedia Entry for… Take and Photoshop To best Illustrate… Make a Podcast About… Podcasts Wikipedia © 2006 Marc Prensky IM Informal vs. Formal Language Design a Class using only IM Assign Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Usefulness Breadth Depth Originality Communication Originality Artistry Technique Respecting Tools

170 Whenever you add an instructional designer, they suck the fun out – A Game Designer © 2005 Marc Prensky Respecting Kids

171 DONT suck the fun out – The Kids © 2005 Marc Prensky Respecting Kids

172 © 2005 Marc Prensky Use Complex Games Design Principles to create engaging instruction Respecting Games:

173 Seven Key Things To Take From Complex Game Design: 1.Focus on keeping players engaged every second 2.Limit frills & Eye Candy, Go For Gameplay, i.e 3.Create goals important to the player (Be a Hero) 4.Add continuous, important decisions w/feedback 5.Employ Leveling up (to encourage practice) 6.Adapt continually to each individual on-the-fly 7.Forget theory -- try and iterate! © 2005 Marc Prensky

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175 includes Continuous decision making Level Ups Good pacing Complexity Important choices Immediate feedback Adapting to the players skills © 2005 Marc Prensky ( )

176 Engagement Curriculum Design Game Design Decisions Frequent and important Gameplay Content Relatively Rare Presentation Mode Focus © 2005 Marc Prensky ENGAGEMENT

177 Final Example © 2005 Marc Prensky

178 … in their pocket! Almost EVERY student already has a powerful computer… © 2005 Marc Prensky

179 We should be USING them! © 2005 Marc Prensky

180 Mobile Phones Are Powerful Computers Inexpensive Always in their pocket Optimized for Communication Full of Useful Add-ons e.g. Cameras, GPS, internet Easy to download to Attachable to External input/output © 2005 Marc Prensky Missing? Imagination!

181 Skills. Languages. Poetry. Literature. Public Speaking. Writing. Storytelling. History. We Can Use Mobile Phones for Learning: © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2005 Marc Prensky Surveys. Polls. Match-ups. Testing. Communication. Memory aids. Blogging. …and even assessment

182 Bottom Line: What Can I Do? © 2006 Marc Prensky

183 (Just Kidding) © 2006 Marc Prensky

184 Make a REAL effort to © 2006 Marc Prensky

185 Understand

186 The e-Life Communicating , IM, chat Sharing Blogs, webcams Buying & Selling ebay, papers Exchanging music, movies, humor Creating sites, avatars, mods Meeting 3D chat rooms, dating Collecting mp3, video, sensor data Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Gaming Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups Learning About stuff that interests them Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2005 Marc Prensky

187 Make a REAL effort to © 2006 Marc Prensky

188 Generate

189 ENGAGEMENT Is MORE IMPORTANT than Content © 2006 Marc Prensky

190 Make a REAL effort to © 2006 Marc Prensky

191 Deal with

192 Search IM Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Polling Devices © 2006 Marc Prensky Use The New Tools… P2P Games Networking Augmented Reality Texting Cameras GPS Speed Enhancers

193 Search vs. Research Fair Use vs. Plagiarism EvaluateTeach Phone-based cameras Pictures vs. Words Appropriate vs. In- appropriate Truth vs. Manipulation Oral vs. Written Communication Design a Wikipedia Entry for… Take and Photoshop To best Illustrate… Make a Podcast About… Podcasts Wikipedia © 2006 Marc Prensky IM Informal vs. Formal Language Design a Class using only IM Assign Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Usefulness Breadth Depth Originality Communication Originality Artistry Technique …In the RIGHT way

194 © 2006 Marc Prensky

195 Put it on the Web!

196 Google! © 2006 Marc Prensky

197 Achieving Mutual

198 © 2006 Marc Prensky We Are All Learners We Are All Teachers Foster the Message:

199 Who plays a game that relates to what we are discussing? Can you think of an example of this in your games? How would we design a game about this? © 2006 Marc Prensky And Acting Respectfully

200 © 2006 Marc Prensky And finally…

201 © 2006 Marc Prensky Make sure that every day

202 Hard Question © 2006 Marc Prensky You ask yourself the

203 Would my students be here If they didnt have to be? © 2006 Marc Prensky

204 I.e. Are My Students Engaged?... © 2006 Marc Prensky

205 Or are they Enraged? © 2006 Marc Prensky

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207 WE CAN ENGAGE OUR STUDENTS… © 2006 Marc Prensky

208 and HELP THEM LEARN! © 2006 Marc Prensky

209 No one says its EASY, © 2006 Marc Prensky

210 But thats why theyll Thank Us When we succeed © 2006 Marc Prensky

211 and Well Be Happier too! © 2006 Marc Prensky

212 Theyre our students © 2006 Marc Prensky

213 We owe them the best! © 2006 Marc Prensky

214 so… © 2006 Marc Prensky

215

216 T h a n k Y o u !

217 web sites: © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2006 Marc Prensky ··


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