Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

TAMIL CULTURAL INFLUENCES IN MALAYSIA BSED I – F Group I.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "TAMIL CULTURAL INFLUENCES IN MALAYSIA BSED I – F Group I."— Presentation transcript:

1 TAMIL CULTURAL INFLUENCES IN MALAYSIA BSED I – F Group I

2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE TAMILS They occupied the South Indian State of Tamil Nadu – Southern tip of India { referred to as river with a sweet water, not salty} They occupied the South Indian State of Tamil Nadu – Southern tip of India { referred to as river with a sweet water, not salty} They are part of the large Dravidian group – a major component of the populations of India They are part of the large Dravidian group – a major component of the populations of India Is the oldest of all the languages under the Dravidian family Is the oldest of all the languages under the Dravidian family They were the most important trading peoples of maritime Asia They were the most important trading peoples of maritime Asia 3 Kinds of Craft 3 Kinds of Craft Light coasting boats Light coasting boats Larger vessel Larger vessel Ocean-going vessel – The trade relations of Tamil merchants had with the ports of Malaya led to emergence of Indianized kingdoms – Gangga Negara, Old Kedah, Srivijaya 1500 years ago Ocean-going vessel – The trade relations of Tamil merchants had with the ports of Malaya led to emergence of Indianized kingdoms – Gangga Negara, Old Kedah, Srivijaya 1500 years ago

3 3 THEORIES REGARDING THE TRANSMISSION OF INDIAN CULTURE TO SOUTHEAST ASIA - MALAYSIA

4 I. THE KSHATRIYA or ARISTOCRAT THEORY States that the Indian Emperors colonized Southeast Asia States that the Indian Emperors colonized Southeast Asia There was no much proof of any Indian king as having had direct political control over any regime in Southeast Asia There was no much proof of any Indian king as having had direct political control over any regime in Southeast Asia The Indianized countries of Southeast Asia were never political dependencies of India, but rather CULTURAL COLONIES The Indianized countries of Southeast Asia were never political dependencies of India, but rather CULTURAL COLONIES

5 II. THE BRAHMIN or SACERDOTE THEORY States that the Indian culture was spread through the religious activities of the Brahman priest who entered the region as spiritual leaders States that the Indian culture was spread through the religious activities of the Brahman priest who entered the region as spiritual leaders There are archeological evidences such as inscriptions and icons shiva and different deities – coming from the Tamil country There are archeological evidences such as inscriptions and icons shiva and different deities – coming from the Tamil country

6 III. THE VAISYA or TRADERS/PROLETARIAT THEORY States that the spread of Indian culture was through the efforts of the traders States that the spread of Indian culture was through the efforts of the traders

7 Of the 3 theories, only the Brahmin theory has been accepted by a vast numbers of historians Of the 3 theories, only the Brahmin theory has been accepted by a vast numbers of historians

8 INSCRIPTION IN MALAY PENINSULA Takuapa inscription Takuapa inscription Tambralinga inscription Tambralinga inscription Tanjore inscription Tanjore inscription Borneo inscription Borneo inscription Kedah inscription Kedah inscription Ligor inscription Ligor inscription

9 TAKUAPA INSCRIPTION It is short inscription indicating that an artificial lake Avani-naranam was dug by Nangur-udaiyan [ a military fief in Nangur, famous for his abilities as a warrior], the lake was place under the protection of the members of the Manikkiramam [ a merchant guild ] living in a military camp It is short inscription indicating that an artificial lake Avani-naranam was dug by Nangur-udaiyan [ a military fief in Nangur, famous for his abilities as a warrior], the lake was place under the protection of the members of the Manikkiramam [ a merchant guild ] living in a military camp

10 TAMBRALINGA INSCRIPTION There is a bronze image of ganesha bearing in a tamil inscription MAJAPISIDESA There is a bronze image of ganesha bearing in a tamil inscription MAJAPISIDESA

11 TANJORE INSCRIPTION In the ancient city of Tanjore in Tamil Nadu are inscription dating from 1030 AD which mentions the victory of Rajendra Chola I over Southeastern countries In the ancient city of Tanjore in Tamil Nadu are inscription dating from 1030 AD which mentions the victory of Rajendra Chola I over Southeastern countries In other inscription dated 1070 AD, the king of Kamboja [Java] sent a chariot to the Chola king to seek his help and save his kingdom In other inscription dated 1070 AD, the king of Kamboja [Java] sent a chariot to the Chola king to seek his help and save his kingdom

12 THE VICTORY OF RAJENDRA CHOLAN I AND OTHER TANJORE INSCRIPTIONS

13 BORNEO INSCRIPTION In Kutei island of Borneo, 7 inscriptions have been found. They all relate to the Kundungan clans rule over Borneo, his princely family migrated from Tamil Nadu to Borneo to established a kingdom In Kutei island of Borneo, 7 inscriptions have been found. They all relate to the Kundungan clans rule over Borneo, his princely family migrated from Tamil Nadu to Borneo to established a kingdom All thes inscrptions are both written in Sanskrit and Tamil All thes inscrptions are both written in Sanskrit and Tamil

14 KEDAH INSCRIPTION An inscribed stone bar, rectangular in shape, bears the ye- dharma formula in South Indian characters of the fourth century AD.Proclaiming the buddhist character of the shrine [ Pallava inscription] An inscribed stone bar, rectangular in shape, bears the ye- dharma formula in South Indian characters of the fourth century AD.Proclaiming the buddhist character of the shrine [ Pallava inscription] An inscription in Sanskrit left by Kulothunka Cholan I,it shows the commercial contacts the Chola empire had with Malaya An inscription in Sanskrit left by Kulothunka Cholan I,it shows the commercial contacts the Chola empire had with Malaya

15 LIGOR INSCRIPTION Refers to the trade relationship between the Tamil country and Malaya Refers to the trade relationship between the Tamil country and Malaya

16 TAMIL ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPT A manuscript which shows that Tamils were active in spreading Islam in Malaya. This ancient folio dated 1192 WARUSHAM SHABAN MASAM 4 TIRAM, a prayer booklet containing 15 pages, written in 2 idioms – Tamil and Malay A manuscript which shows that Tamils were active in spreading Islam in Malaya. This ancient folio dated 1192 WARUSHAM SHABAN MASAM 4 TIRAM, a prayer booklet containing 15 pages, written in 2 idioms – Tamil and Malay

17 TAMIL INFLUENCES IN MALAYSIA Name of places Name of places Language Language Religion Religion Culture Culture

18 NAME OF THE PLACES Malaya and Malayu/Melayu Malaya and Malayu/Melayu Is a combination of 2 Tamil words, Malay or Malai [hill] and ur meaning hilltown Is a combination of 2 Tamil words, Malay or Malai [hill] and ur meaning hilltown The word Malaysia means Mountains of Asia The word Malaysia means Mountains of Asia

19 Pattani Northern part of Malaysia, Pattani in Tamil means pea Northern part of Malaysia, Pattani in Tamil means pea

20 Manigramam Gem- like town, Trading center of Tamil Gem- like town, Trading center of Tamil

21 Tondi Occurs in the Tamil epic Silappdikaram Occurs in the Tamil epic Silappdikaram There are 3 Tondi, one in Chera empire, the other one is Pandayan empire and the third Tondi in the Malay peninsula There are 3 Tondi, one in Chera empire, the other one is Pandayan empire and the third Tondi in the Malay peninsula

22 Takkolam A Tamil word for piper cubeba A Tamil word for piper cubeba

23 Kedah or Kadaram West coast of Malaysia West coast of Malaysia Known as kadaram in tamil. Kadaram- kondan conqueror of Kadaram Known as kadaram in tamil. Kadaram- kondan conqueror of Kadaram

24 Northern part of Malay peninsula Mayirudinggam Mayirudinggam Mappappalam Mappappalam Mewilimbwnggam Mewilimbwnggam Madamalingam Madamalingam

25 TAMIL WORDS in MALAY TAMILMALAYENGLISH akkakakak elder sister kadaikedaishop kappalkapalship katikamketikaminute muthiraimutiarapearl nagaramnegaracountry purvapurbaancient rajarajaking suniyamSunyiempty/silence

26 RELIGION Hinduism Hinduism Buddhism Buddhism Islam Islam

27 HINDUISM I. Shivism I. Shivism Oldest of the 4 sect of Hinduism Oldest of the 4 sect of Hinduism Believe in Shiva as the supreme god Believe in Shiva as the supreme god

28 II. Vishnu II. Vishnu Believes in Rama and Krishna as supreme god Believes in Rama and Krishna as supreme god

29 BUDDHISM Believes in Siddhartha Gautama – the awakened one Believes in Siddhartha Gautama – the awakened one

30 ISLAM Believes to Allah as the one true god and Mohammad as his last prophet Believes to Allah as the one true god and Mohammad as his last prophet

31 CULTURE Customs Customs Festivals Festivals

32 CULTURE Marriage Customs Marriage Customs

33 FESTIVALS Thaipusam Thaipusam a religious festival dedicated to the Tamil deity Murugan a religious festival dedicated to the Tamil deity Murugan

34 3 theories KSHATRIYABRAHMINVAISYA

35 INSCRIPTIONS TAKUAPATAMBRALINGA KEDAHBORNEO TANJORE LIGOR

36 INFLUENCES NAME OF PLACES LANGUAGESRELIGIONHinduism-Buddhism-IslamCULTURECustoms-Festivals


Download ppt "TAMIL CULTURAL INFLUENCES IN MALAYSIA BSED I – F Group I."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google