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1 Kings: Solomon United Monarchy: Saul, David, Solomon 1000BC.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Kings: Solomon United Monarchy: Saul, David, Solomon 1000BC."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Kings: Solomon United Monarchy: Saul, David, Solomon 1000BC

2 Transition of power Adonijahs bid for throneAdonijahs bid for throne –Davids failure as a father (I Kgs. 1:6) Nathan & Bathsheba plot (1:11ff)Nathan & Bathsheba plot (1:11ff) Bathshebas son: Solomon (1:31, 33)Bathshebas son: Solomon (1:31, 33) Solomons absence from the narrative: others speak for and about him 1:19, 26, 32, 38, he only seems to speak in official contextsSolomons absence from the narrative: others speak for and about him 1:19, 26, 32, 38, he only seems to speak in official contexts

3 Solomons beginnings Davids advice: law of Moses, Davidic covenantal if 2:2ffDavids advice: law of Moses, Davidic covenantal if 2:2ff Davids hit list (1 Kgs 2)Davids hit list (1 Kgs 2) –Joab (2:5, 28ff), –Shimei (2:5, 37ff), –Adonijah [Abishag] (2:17ff) Solomon already wise before dream (2:6, 9)Solomon already wise before dream (2:6, 9)

4 Solomon at Gibeon Dream at Gibeon: 3:4fDream at Gibeon: 3:4f –Solomons humilitychild? (3:7)how old is Solomon?already has a 1 year old son by an Ammonitess (contra 11:1f) –Wealth -- why?ironic reading, Marxist reading and difficulty with wealth, destruction of the heroic/achievement –Long life – why? (3:14) Solomons wisdom victory: 2 women & a baby (3:24)Solomons wisdom victory: 2 women & a baby (3:24)

5 Solomons wisdom Proverbs man -- (4:30ff) comparison cross cultures?Proverbs man -- (4:30ff) comparison cross cultures? Pharaohs daughter 3:1; 7:8; 9:24; 11:1; Prov. wisdom=woman, no temple, Proverbs 22 – Amenemope, wisdom builds her house (9:1ff)Pharaohs daughter 3:1; 7:8; 9:24; 11:1; Prov. wisdom=woman, no temple, Proverbs 22 – Amenemope, wisdom builds her house (9:1ff) Temple construction: (ch. 5-6) –Hirams helpfloating cedars of Lebanon, shipsTemple construction: (ch. 5-6) –Hirams helpfloating cedars of Lebanon, ships Solomons dedication prayer (8:27)Solomons dedication prayer (8:27) –on great achievements ( pride or worship) Solomons fame: queen of Sheba (10:1, 6)Solomons fame: queen of Sheba (10:1, 6)

6 Solomons folly Solomons folly: Pharaohs daughter (3:1) + wives/concubines (11:1) –married before king to Ammonitess???- Rehoboam 41 (1 Kgs 14:21).Solomons folly: Pharaohs daughter (3:1) + wives/concubines (11:1) –married before king to Ammonitess???- Rehoboam 41 (1 Kgs 14:21). Is it possible to turn away? (11:4, 9), Is Eccles. The answerhe turns back?Is it possible to turn away? (11:4, 9), Is Eccles. The answerhe turns back? On wisdom and folly: reading Solomon narrative 1 Cor. 1:27; 8:1 knowledge puffs upOn wisdom and folly: reading Solomon narrative 1 Cor. 1:27; 8:1 knowledge puffs up Kingdom torn: 11:11fbut for Davids sakeKingdom torn: 11:11fbut for Davids sake –North: Jeroboamten tribes (Israel/Ephraim) –South: RehoboamJudah

7 Kings: the Divided Monarchy Israel/Ephraim: 931- 722 BC Assyria [Nineveh] Judah: 931- 586 BC [Babylon]

8 The Split--1 Kgs 12 Rehoboams mistake: young versus oldRehoboams mistake: young versus old –On advice receiving & learning to listen (12:6ff); Adoniram 12:18 Northern Kingdom = IsraelNorthern Kingdom = Israel –All bad kings Southern Kingdom = JudahDavids descendantsSouthern Kingdom = JudahDavids descendants –Mostly bad: except Uzziah, Hezekiah, Josiah

9 Kings of Israel 931-722 BC Jeroboam --> NadabJeroboam --> Nadab –Baasha --> Elah –Zimri Omri Ahab Ahaziah JoramOmri Ahab Ahaziah Joram Jehu Jehoahaz Jehoash Jeroboam IIJehu Jehoahaz Jehoash Jeroboam II Shallum/Menahem/Pekahiah/Pekah Hoshea Assyria [Nineveh] 722BC (Shalmaneser V/ Sargon II)Shallum/Menahem/Pekahiah/Pekah Hoshea Assyria [Nineveh] 722BC (Shalmaneser V/ Sargon II)

10 Jeroboam (931-910 BC) 1 Kgs 12-14 Golden calves: Dan & BethelGolden calves: Dan & Bethel

11 Israel-whole

12 Jeroboam (931-910 BC) 1 Kgs 12-14 Golden calves: Dan & Bethel 12:27ffGolden calves: Dan & Bethel 12:27ff Epithet: taught Israel to sinEpithet: taught Israel to sin Spectacular prophecy: 1 Kgs. 13:2 JosiahSpectacular prophecy: 1 Kgs. 13:2 Josiah –Critical response: Prophecy post eventu –Short range confirmation (altar split) Short range verifying long range prophecyShort range verifying long range prophecy –Son dies 14:12 fulfilling short prophecy guarantees longline will end

13 Ahab (874-853 BC) I Kgs 16:29ff Omri (Ahabs father) moved capital to Samaria, Mesha & Moabite stone (830 BC) mentions him as do Tiglath-pilesers annals in Assyria (732 BC) house of OmriOmri (Ahabs father) moved capital to Samaria, Mesha & Moabite stone (830 BC) mentions him as do Tiglath-pilesers annals in Assyria (732 BC) house of Omri Son, Ahab marries Jezebel and Baal worship grows in IsraelSon, Ahab marries Jezebel and Baal worship grows in Israel Kings denial cycleKings denial cycle –Gods judgment –Prophets blamed/killed/beat up//false prophets tell what king wants to hear –No desire to repent or face Gods judgment Elijah the troubler of Israel (I Kgs 18:17f)Elijah the troubler of Israel (I Kgs 18:17f) –Projection: my problem projected onto others

14 Israel-whole

15 Jezreel Valley

16 Elijah Prophets of Baal On Mt. Carmel--stormsOn Mt. Carmel--storms Elijahs call for a decision (18:21)Elijahs call for a decision (18:21) Baal: rain god (Ugarit)Baal: rain god (Ugarit) Is sarcasm ever appropriate?Is sarcasm ever appropriate? –18:27 yes Why did they cut themselves?Why did they cut themselves? Greatest victory of his lifeGreatest victory of his life

17 Jezebels power over Elijah Her threat 19:2Her threat 19:2 His (Elijahs) flight I Kgs 19:3His (Elijahs) flight I Kgs 19:3 On a godly man (19:5)On a godly man (19:5) –Depression? On highs and lows –Wishing for death? –Existential aloneness 19:10f Elijahs 3 anointings to do: Hazael, Jehu, ElishahElijahs 3 anointings to do: Hazael, Jehu, Elishah

18 Naboths vineyard (I Kgs 21:1- 16) Do good guys always win? -story lineDo good guys always win? -story line Religious evil (21:10, 24-25)Religious evil (21:10, 24-25) Gods judgment (21:19)Gods judgment (21:19) Ahab repents (1 Kgs 21:27-29)Ahab repents (1 Kgs 21:27-29) Grace notesGrace notes

19 Dates to know Abraham: 2000 BCAbraham: 2000 BC David 1000 BCDavid 1000 BC Israel Deported/scattered to Assyria 722 BCIsrael Deported/scattered to Assyria 722 BC Judah Deported to Babylon 586 BCJudah Deported to Babylon 586 BC Return and End of OT (Ezra/Nehemiah/Malachi) 400 BCReturn and End of OT (Ezra/Nehemiah/Malachi) 400 BC

20 Elisha stories (2 Kgs 6-7) Translation of Elijah (2 Kgs 2)Translation of Elijah (2 Kgs 2) Not twice as much -- on mentors 2:9Not twice as much -- on mentors 2:9 Chariots of fire –translation of Elijah 2:11Chariots of fire –translation of Elijah 2:11 Children at Bethel (2 Kgs 2:23f)Children at Bethel (2 Kgs 2:23f) 2 Women each according to her need2 Women each according to her need –Multiplying oil (4:1-7) used what she had –son given, womans pleading & boy raised 4:18-37

21 Elisha Stories (cont.) Healing of Naaman the SyrianHealing of Naaman the Syrian –Gehazis greed (2 Kgs 5) Do angels really drive chariots (6:17)Do angels really drive chariots (6:17) On Culture and revelationOn Culture and revelation Syria and kindness to your enemies (2 Kgs. 6:22) POWsSyria and kindness to your enemies (2 Kgs. 6:22) POWs Cannibalism (2 Kgs 6:28)Cannibalism (2 Kgs 6:28) –Bible and reality PG-13?

22 Summary of Israel 931-722 BC All bad facing major enemies:All bad facing major enemies: –Sins of Jeroboam followed – golden calves –Two forces moving history: Sin – Consequences (repentance)Sin – Consequences (repentance) Prophecy -- FulfillmentProphecy -- Fulfillment –Syria: Damascus –Assyria: Nineveh rising power Israel carried away to Nineveh 722 BCIsrael carried away to Nineveh 722 BC

23 Founding of the Samaritans 10 Tribes scattered; poor left in land, foreigners hauled in to intermarry = Samaritans. Fear of God in 2 Kgs. 1710 Tribes scattered; poor left in land, foreigners hauled in to intermarry = Samaritans. Fear of God in 2 Kgs. 17

24 Summary of Israel 931-722 BC All bad facing major enemies:All bad facing major enemies: –Sins of Jeroboam followed – golden calves –Two forces moving history: Sin – Consequences (repentance)Sin – Consequences (repentance) Prophecy -- FulfillmentProphecy -- Fulfillment –Syria=Aram: Damascus –Assyria: Nineveh rising power Israel carried away to Nineveh 722 BCIsrael carried away to Nineveh 722 BC

25 Dates to know Moses 1440 BCMoses 1440 BC David 1000 BCDavid 1000 BC Ahab 860 BCAhab 860 BC Israel Deported to Assyria 722 BCIsrael Deported to Assyria 722 BC Judah Deported to Judah 586 BCJudah Deported to Judah 586 BC End of OT (Ezra/Nehemiah/Malachi) 400 BCEnd of OT (Ezra/Nehemiah/Malachi) 400 BC

26 Prophets 9th century: Elijah & Elisha9th century: Elijah & Elisha 8th Century: (injustice & idolatry)8th Century: (injustice & idolatry) –Israel: Hosea –Judah: Isaiah, Micah, Amos, Joel –Nineveh: Jonah –Edom: Obadiah

27 Prophets: 800s: Elijah, Elisha800s: Elijah, Elisha 700s: Isa, Micah, Amos, Joel, Jonah, Obadiah700s: Isa, Micah, Amos, Joel, Jonah, Obadiah 600s: Nahum (Nineveh), Jeremiah600s: Nahum (Nineveh), Jeremiah 500s: Jer.; Daniel. Ezek. (Babylon)500s: Jer.; Daniel. Ezek. (Babylon) 400s Post-exilic: Zecharaiah, Haggai, Malachi400s Post-exilic: Zecharaiah, Haggai, Malachi

28 Kings of Judah

29 Rehoboam (931 BC kingdom splits) Listens to young men: more taxes--people revoltListens to young men: more taxes--people revolt

30 3 Chronology problems/solutions Asa (1 Kgs 15:9ff; 2 Chr 14-16)Asa (1 Kgs 15:9ff; 2 Chr 14-16) –2 Chr 16:1 war with Baasha in 36th year of Asa –Bassha dies in 26 yr of Asa (1 Kgs 16:6-8) Solution:Solution: – Two dating systems one from Asas reign; –Other dating system from beginning of split of kingdom (931 BC)

31 Second Chronology Problem Jehoshaphat (870-8455 BC)Jehoshaphat (870-8455 BC) –Joram son of Ahab begins to reign 2nd yr of Jehoram (Jehoshaphats son) –Joram began to reign in 18th yr of Jehoshaphat SolutionSolution –Co-regency Problem: good king but gave son to Ahabs daughterProblem: good king but gave son to Ahabs daughter

32 Third Chronology Problem Jehoram 40 when he dies (2 Chr 21:20)Jehoram 40 when he dies (2 Chr 21:20) Son begins to reign is 42 yrs old (2 Chr 22:1a, 2a)Son begins to reign is 42 yrs old (2 Chr 22:1a, 2a) Solution: son really only 22 text problem on the numberSolution: son really only 22 text problem on the number

33 Joash (835 -796 BC) Influence of godly man on younger king (2 Kgs 11; 2 Chr 24)Influence of godly man on younger king (2 Kgs 11; 2 Chr 24) As long as Jehoiada was alive he did wellAs long as Jehoiada was alive he did well

34 Hezekiah (715-686 BC) Best king of JudahBest king of Judah –Sennacherib of Assyria surrounds Jerusalem –Hezekiahs prayer and victory (2 Kgs 18:13-16) Hezekiahs writing of Proverbs 25-29 -- editors of the BibleHezekiahs writing of Proverbs 25-29 -- editors of the Bible Hezekiahs lengthened life (2 Kgs 20:1-6)Hezekiahs lengthened life (2 Kgs 20:1-6)

35 Josiah (640-609 BC) Revival 2 Kgs 22:1a; 2 Chr 34:4-5Revival 2 Kgs 22:1a; 2 Chr 34:4-5 Repairs templeRepairs temple Finds book of the law (Deut)Finds book of the law (Deut) Huldah the prophetess 2 Kgs 22:15-17Huldah the prophetess 2 Kgs 22:15-17 Jehoiakim/Jehoiachin/ZedekiahJehoiakim/Jehoiachin/Zedekiah Dealing with BabylonJeremiah warns themDealing with BabylonJeremiah warns them

36 612 BC Nineveh destroyed by Babylon

37 Babylonian attacks on Judah 606 Nebuchadnezzar subjects Jerusalem606 Nebuchadnezzar subjects Jerusalem 597 BC carries off leaders (Daniel)597 BC carries off leaders (Daniel) 586 BC destroys Jerusalem & first temple586 BC destroys Jerusalem & first temple

38 70 Years in Babylon In Babylon: Daniel, EzekielIn Babylon: Daniel, Ezekiel Ezra and Nehemiah come back; rebuild second temple, wallEzra and Nehemiah come back; rebuild second temple, wall

39 Major OT lessons God is awesome (dynamic, moving history, entering peoples lives)God is awesome (dynamic, moving history, entering peoples lives) People have a choice on how they respond to good & evilPeople have a choice on how they respond to good & evil People bent on evil (all of us -- dont ever forget it) Sin – consequencesPeople bent on evil (all of us -- dont ever forget it) Sin – consequences Prophecy -- FulfillmentProphecy -- Fulfillment

40 Major OT lessons (cont) Gods grace is where its atGods grace is where its at Immanuel – God with us big themeImmanuel – God with us big theme Isa 7:14ff, 53 Suffering servantIsa 7:14ff, 53 Suffering servant


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