2TODAY’S TOPICS BULLYING CYBER BULLYING SEXTING TEEN VIOLENCE DATING VIOLENCECHILD ABUSESUICIDESELF-MUTILATION
3We are the VOICE for many children who are unable to get help on their own. “Perfect” School YearWhat are our responsibilities as the educator of the children who may be impacted by today’s topics?
4Overview of the Law Bullying – Cyber bullying In 2011, the Texas Legislature passed new laws related to bullying. These new laws apply beginning with the school year.One of the main changes related to bullying is the definition.
5BULLYING – P33-34 HandbookBullying has been redefined as “engaging in written or verbal expression through electronic means, or physical conduct that occurs on school property, at a school sponsored or school related activity, or in a vehicle operated by the district”Results in harm to the student or the student’s propertyPlaces a student in reasonable fear of physical harm or of damage to the student’s property, orIs so severe, persistent, and pervasive that it creates an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment
6BULLYING – P33-34 HandbookThe bully can now be transferred out of class or to another campus in the district.The parent of a student who has been determined by the district to be a victim of bullying may request that his/her child be transferred to another classroom or campus within the district.
7Signs a Child is Being Bullied Unexplainable injuriesLost or destroyed clothing, books, electronics, or jewelryFrequent headaches or stomach aches, feeling sick or faking illnessChanges in eating habits, like suddenly skipping meals or binge eating. Kids may come home from school hungry because they did not eat lunch.
8Signs a Child is Being Bullied Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmaresDeclining grades, loss of interest in schoolwork, or not wanting to go to schoolSudden loss of friends or avoidance of social situationsFeelings of helplessness or decreased self esteemSelf-destructive behaviors such as running away from home, harming themselves, or talking about suicide
9Stop Bullying on the Spot When adults respond quickly and consistently to bullying behavior they send the message that it is not acceptable. Research shows this can stop bullying behavior over time. There are simple steps adults can take to stop bullying on the spot and keep kids safe.
10Do: Intervene immediately. It is ok to get another adult to help. Separate the kids involved.Make sure everyone is safe.Meet any immediate medical or mental health needs.Stay calm. Reassure the kids involved, including bystanders.Model respectful behavior when you intervene.
11Avoid these common mistakes: Don’t ignore it. Don’t think kids can work it out without adult help.Don’t immediately try to sort out the facts.Don’t force other kids to say publicly what they saw.Don’t question the children involved in front of other kids.Don’t talk to the kids involved together, only separately.Don’t make the kids involved apologize or patch up relations on the spot.
12Get police help or medical attention immediately if: A weapon is involved.There are threats of serious physical injury.There are threats of hate-motivated violence, such as racism or homophobia.There is serious bodily harm.There is sexual abuse.Anyone is accused of an illegal act, such as robbery or extortion—using force to get money, property, or services.
14To Cause Students to Improve Their Behavior, Teachers Use… Punitive responsesWithholding approvalUsing embarrassmentTeasingShameSarcasmFailure…the same control methods used by student bullies to intimidate their victims.
15Teachers Don’t Knowingly Harm Children Most are highly educated, sensitive professionals, who love their students, love teaching and want what is best for children.High stakes testing, mandatory curriculum and pre-ordained learning procedures often cause teachers to deal with classroom offenders out of expediency at the expense of student dignity and worth.
16Every classroom must establish a zero tolerance for bullying. Teachers have the opportunity and responsibility to model positive behaviors such as respect and compassion for their students.Educationnow.org
18SextingSexting is the act of sending sexually explicit messages, photographs, or videos primarily between mobile phones (Wikipedia) — Texas law also includes any "electronic means," which includes computers and other digital devices.
19Cyberbullying Cyberbullying can be defined as: Willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices (Hinduja & Patchin, 2008)Bullying through , instant messaging, chat room exchanges, web site posts, or digital messages or images sent to a cell phone or PDA (Kowalski et al, 2008)
20Cyberbullying (cont.)Bullying through electronic expression (Texas Education Code Section )Use of any electronic communication device to engage in bullying or intimidation (Texas Education Code )
21Examples of Cyberbullying: Insulting, harassing, humiliating, embarrassing, threatening wall posts, s, IMs, textsSlam pages via profile, blog site, YouTube, etc.Picture placed on voting site without permissionProfile on anonymous response siteFake profiles used for humiliation (may be a violation of Texas Penal Code Section 33.07, a possible third degree felony)
22Examples continued Fake profiles for fake relationship Digital correspondence nurturing "fake" friendship, then "turn & burn""Trolling" - provoking others into desired emotional response (push buttons)"Flaming" - "subtle" trolling that induces emotionally intense conversation (gaming)stopbullying.gov
23Difficulties of Cyberbullying Intervention Can occur 24 / 7 at any location.Hard for adults to know that it has occurred.Difficult for students to talk about.Impossible to “take back”.No control over where or when images, videos, or uploaded material are posted.Best approach is education the of students of risks and consequences.
24Overview of the Law Child Abuse – P34-35 Handbook *Education Code– Health and Safety *School districts will provide a training program on the prevention of child abuse *School policy must provide for cooperation with law enforcement child abuse investigations
25Recognizing Youth Violence Risk factors increase the likelihood that a young person will become violent. Risk factors are not direct causes of youth violence; instead risk factors contribute to youth violence.History of violent victimizationPoor behavioral controlExposure to violence and conflict in the family
26Recognizing Youth Violence Low parental involvementAuthoritarian childbearing attitudesAssociation with delinquent peersPoor academic performanceLow commitment to school and school failure
27Recognizing Dating Violence According to the Center for Disease Control website, 72 percent of all eighth and ninth-graders "date" in some form. One quarter of all adolescents report some form of abuse within these relationships, be it physical, mental, emotional or sexual. Signs pointing toward teen dating violence should not be ignored
28Recognizing Dating Violence What is dating violence?The intentional use of physical, sexual, verbal, or emotional abuse by a person to harm, threaten, intimidate, or control another person in a dating relationship.
29Recognizing Dating Violence ControlJealousyBlaming bruises on something elseClothing indicates trying to hide bruisesChanges in behavior – loss of confidence/avoiding friendsInvolvement in risky behaviors – drinking, drugs, or other illegal actitivitesMany times there is an increased risk of suicide among victims of teen dating violence.
30Reporting Teen/Dating Violence Report teen/dating violence to the campus counselor and principal.The situation may require contacting Child Protective Services.The situation may require contacting parents.
32Suicide Child Abuse Self-Mutilation Darlene Curry, M.Ed., M.A., L.P.C.Asst. Principal/CounselorSpearman Elementary“Protecting ALL children at ALL times”
33Suicide What am I looking for as a professional? A suicidal crisis occurs any time when the risk for suicide is raised by any peer, teacher, or other staff member that identifies a student as potentially suicidal.A student may make a statement about suicide in writing assignments, in a drawing or indirect verbal expression, or overtly voice suicidal threats or behaviors.In addition, there is increasing concern over the issue of interactive suicide notes and the use of cyber suicide as a public platform for displaying suicidal ideation and behavior.
34Suicide/Self-Mutilation—What to DO when faced with a student experiencing a crisis Always ensure a student’s safety. The main goal is to prevent the act from happening.If you become aware of a potential crisis situation please alert your campus counselor immediately. DO NOT WAIT to report because you think it may not be serious.Send someone for help if necessary.Listen.Be direct.Be honest.Know your limitations in providing help.
35Suicide—What NOT TO DO when faced with a student experiencing a crisis. Don’t ever dare a student to attempt suicide.Don’t debate with the student about whether suicide is right or wrong.Don’t promise secrecy or confidentiality.Don’t panic.Don’t rush or lose patience with the student.Don’t act shocked.Don’t be judgmental.Don’t preach to the student.
36What NOT TO DO cont.’Never leave the student alone or send the student away.Don’t worry about silence during discussion.Don’t under-react or minimize.If a student is threatening suicide and does have a weapon, never try to physically take the weapon from the student.
37Child Abuse3-5 children die every day from child abuse. We cannot afford to turn a blind eye—we must be on the front lines of response!What is child abuse?Any act that endangers or impairs a child’s physical or emotional health and development.4 Types of AbusePhysical—16%Sexual –10% (on the rise)Neglect—60% (on the rise)Psychological/Emotional—4%
38Types of Child AbusePhysical Abuse: burning, hitting, punching, shaking, kicking, over discipline.Sexual Abuse: fondling, intercourse, incest, sodomy, exhibitionism, sexual exploitation, and exposure to pornography.Neglect: Lack of food or clothing, medical care or dental care, supervision, weather protection, educational (failure to provide schooling, failure to provide special ed. needs, allowing excessive truancies.) We must ensure that all students have the opportunity to grow and thrive!
39Types of Child Abuse cont.’ Psychological/Emotional Neglect & Maltreatment: Lack of emotional support and love, chronic inattention to the child, exposure to spouse abuse, exposure to drug and alcohol abuse, conveying a message of the child being worthless, flawed, unlovable, and unwanted. Bizarre types of punishment that inflict terror in a child.
40Recognizing Child Abuse One single incident does not constitute child abuse; however, a string of signs or reoccurring signs are a RED flag. Look for the following in a student:A change in behavior—a desire to isolate, anger, or blunted emotionsChange in class performanceStudent consistently shows up very early for school or stays lateStudent has difficulty concentratingChild experiences anxiety about going home
41Recognizing Child Abuse General Parental Signs of Child Abuse:Parent shows little concern for childDenial of problemsBlames childAsks others to use harsh disciplineSees child as worthlessLooks to child for care of their own needsRarely look at or touch each otherState openly they do not like each otherConsiders the relationship to be negative
42Recognizing Child Abuse Physical: Burns, bites, bruises, broken bones, black eyes.Sexual: Difficulty walking or sitting, sudden refusal to change for gym, nightmares or bedwetting, sudden change in appetite, bizarre, sophisticated sexual knowledge or behavior, pregnant under the age of 14, runaway, STD.Neglect: Begging or stealing food, medical/dental concerns, dirty and has severe body odor, lacks the proper clothing for the weather, abuse of alcohol or drugs, says no one is ever home.
43Reporting Child AbuseIn Texas, anyone who suspects that a child is being abused or neglected has a LEGAL obligation to report it. Professional reporters are required to report suspicion of abuse or neglect within 48 hours. Professional reporters include, but are not limited to:Teachers, Nurses, Doctors, Daycare Employees, Employees of a clinic, and Juvenile probation officers.
44Reporting Child Abuse 800-252-5400 Toll-free hotline 24/7 It is the responsibility of professionals to report and the responsibility of the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services to investigate allegations or suspicions of abuse or neglect.You may report by calling or reporting the abuse online anonymously.Toll-free hotline 24/7
45Reporting Child AbuseYou will need some items of information in order to report; however, do not let a lack of information keep you from reporting.Student information, date(s) of incident(s) if you know, names of other individuals that are aware of the incident.Keep the reporting CONFIDENTIAL. Make sure the campus principal and counselor are aware of the reporting.