Presentation on theme: "Christian Sexual Ethics"— Presentation transcript:
1Christian Sexual Ethics Meghan Biba and Kaisa Newville
2Outline History of Christian Sexual Beliefs General Views on Sex Views on sex before marriageViews on sex positionsBeliefs on chastityViews on contraceptivesAbortionHomosexualityCurrent Christian Sex EthicsComparison of Religious EthicsReligion and Politics
3Early Christian Views on Sex Christian sex views were established in the Middle Ages.Early Middle Ages- Priests were allowed to marry and have children.Adultery and fornication= deathProstitution= a necessary sin
4Early Christian Views on Sex Before Marriage Sex was not an option unless married.Punishment for sex before marriage or adultery ranged from penance to death.Certain sexual positions were even restricted after marriage.
5Early Christian Views on Sex Positions Christian Church listed which sexual positions were acceptable.Most acceptable to least acceptableMissionary (most natural)Side-by-sideSittingStandingA tegro (from behind)No position was a sin but all besides missionary were considered morally wrong.Anal and oral sex= sin because they were only used for pleasure.
6Early Beliefs on Chastity Celibacy was considered one of the ways to worship God.Believed women could become “born-again” virgins by confessing their sins, performing years of penance and spending the rest of their lives in a convent.Chastity Belt – worn over a woman’s vagina to prevent penetration.
7Views on Contraceptives Less concerned about contraceptive's than present day.Not a moral sin, but a moral issue.Early contraceptivesSome reference of condom usage; early condoms made of animal bladders and reused many timesLater were made of linenMost commonly people resorted to coitus interuptus (pulling out).
8Views on AbortionOther religions of that time believed a mother could have an abortion and parents could even kill their newbornsBefore Christianity- belief that fetus had no soul until 40 days. Could have an abortion up until then. Ok if the baby didn’t have human like features.Murder
9Views of Homosexuality Act against naturePersecutionEvidence of religious leaders being homosexualSt. Thomas Aquinas- all acts other than vaginal intercourse is a sin
10Current Christian Sexual Ethics Pre-marital SexHomosexualityAbortionPornographyMasturbationContraception
11Pre-Marital Sex Sex is only acceptable with a marriage Before marriage, affection is restricted to intimate touches that don’t cause temptation.Sexual impurity can be forgiven through confession.
12Homosexuality Views differ depending on denomination. Judgmental, shunning anyone that struggles.Preach acceptance and support gay marriage and clergy.Love the sinner, hate the sin.
13Abortion Most Christians believe it is murder. Conception is when a baby comes to life.Pro-life vs. Pro-choice
14Pornography 70% of American men admit to viewing porn once a month. 1/3 of viewers of online porn sites are women.1 of every 6 women is struggling with addiction to porn.Different views within the church.
15Masturbation“Masturbation is a nearly universal act for guys and a common one for girls.”AdulteryAddictionCauses feelings of shame and confusion.
16Contraception Why is this a controversial issue? Sex is meant to create a baby.Contraceptives stops Gods intentions for sex.Becoming more acceptable.
18Religion Vs. Politics26% of churchgoers listed religion as a top priority when it came to their political views.Same Sex Marriage35% of churchgoers say that religion is a priority when it comes to their views on same sex marriage.Abortion
20SourcesDickson, Adam. "Christian Sexual Ethics « The Progressive Prophet." The Progressive Prophet. 14 Mar Web. 1 Nov <http://theprogressiveprophet.wordpress.com/2007/03/14/christian-sexual-ethics/>.Gresh, Dannah. What Are You Waiting For?: the One Thing No One Ever Tells You about Sex. Colorado Springs, CO: Waterbrook, Print.Morton, David. "Sex In The Middle Ages: 10 Titillating Facts You Wanted To Know But Were Afraid to Ask - Oddee.com." A Blog on Oddities: the Odd, Bizarre and Strange Things of Our World! | Oddee.com. 20 Apr Web. 14 Nov <http://www.oddee.com/item_96646.aspx>.Robinson, B. A. "Historical Abortion Beliefs of the Christian Church." ReligiousTolerance.org. Web. 20 Oct <http://www.religioustolerance.org/abo_hist.htm>.