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The Fossil Record. Fossils Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms – Ex. Shells, teeth, imprints, bone Items are found in sedimentary rock and.

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Presentation on theme: "The Fossil Record. Fossils Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms – Ex. Shells, teeth, imprints, bone Items are found in sedimentary rock and."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Fossil Record

2 Fossils Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms – Ex. Shells, teeth, imprints, bone Items are found in sedimentary rock and amber. Paleontologists study fossils to learn about: – Structure of ancient organisms, their environment and the ways in which they lived

3 How do we date fossils? Relative dating: allows paleontologist to determine whether a fossil is older or younger than other fossils. – Index fossils – distinctive fossils used to establish and compare the relative ages of rock layers and their fossils.

4 Dating fossils Radiometric Dating – using radioactive isotopes, which decay into stable isotopes at a steady rate ex. – potassium-40, carbon-14 – Half life – time required for half of the radioactive atoms in a sample to decay.

5 Geological Time Scale Time line of Earths History Based on relative and absolute dating. Broken into eons, eras, and periods.

6 Life on a changing planet Physical forces – climate and geological forces – Building mountains, opening coastlines, changing climates and geological forces have altered habitats of living organisms repeatedly throughout Earths history. Continental Drift/plate tectonics – Panagea Biological forces – the actions of living organisms over time have changed conditions in the land, water and atmosphere of planet earth.


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