Presentation on theme: "Hindu Scriptures at a Glance"— Presentation transcript:
1Hindu Scriptures at a Glance By: Godavari Senior Students(Religion)
2Hindu Scriptures - At a Glance All Hindu Scriptures Originated from “Vedas”.Dating: To ‘Sindhu’ civilization > 3000BC).Revealed (by GOD) or “Apurusheya”.Over 90,000 slokas or mantras.Written in SanskritPassed on through verbal chanting over generations.
3Hindu Scriptures - At a Glance VedasVedangasUpavedasUpanishadsPuranasItihaasGitaAcharyas
5Vedas Author - Ved Vyas Basis for Hindu religion Samhitas Compilations BrahmanasProse that discusses Rituals.AranyakasForest treatises discussing Rituals
6VedasRig Veda Hymns about Gods Indra, Varuna and Agni. Yajur Veda Mantras on Rituals, Sacrifices and Yagnas Sama Veda Hymns and Songs for Pooja and music. Artharva Veda Mantras about Healing, Marriage and Death.
8Vedanga’sPreserve, and protect Vedic traditions over generations without getting corrupted.Authors (19): Famous ones arePanini, Yaska, Katyayana, Brithruhari and Patanjali.Time Scale: 200BC – 800BC.
9Vedanga’s Vedangas help in understanding Vedas Siksha, Chhanda, VyakaranaNirukuta,JyotishaKalpa
10Vedanga’s Siksha Pronunciation of words and syllables Chandas Meter used in Vedic hymnsVyakarna Sanskrit GrammarNirukuta Explanations of difficult words in the vedas (Dictionary or ‘Nighantu’).Jyothisya The astrological and astronomical aspects of auspicious timesKalpa Explains the aspects that deal with Pooja and associated rituals
12UpaVedasThese compositions, each are attached to one of the four main Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva respectively).Four UpavedasArtha Veda - Science of economics and sociologyDhanur Veda - Science of defense, war and politicsGandharva Veda - Art of music, dancing and singingAyur Veda – Science of Plants and Medicine.
13UpaVedas Authors Artha Veda - Sage Brihaspathi . Dhanur Veda - Sage BrighuGandharva Veda – Muni BharataAyur Veda – Sage Dhanvantri
18Puranas Purana (Sanskrit)- “of ancient times” Narrative of the history of the universe:Creation and DestructionGenealogies of the kingsHeroes and DemigodsCosmology and GeograhpyThousands of years of history
19Puranas Veda Vyasa Before 500 BCE Written 3rd-5th century AD 18 accepted puranas
23Bhagavad GitaGita is a conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna on a battle field.It was written by sage Veda Vyasa.It was originally told and written back in 3171 BC.The Gita has 700 verses, and 18 chapters in all. There are 32 syllables in each verse, 4 lines in each verse and 8 syllables per line.Gita are written in Sanskrit.
24Bhagavad Gita -Karma Yoga (the yoga of actions) The Gita can be divided into 3 sections:-Karma Yoga (the yoga of actions)-Bhakti Yoga (the yoga of devotion)-Jnana Yoga (the yoga of knowledge)The best choices to make in life are the hardest ones, and that a person needs to fulfill their duty before anything else.Lord Krishna told Arjuna that, as a prince, it was Arjuna’s duty to fight the evil (that his cousins represented) and defend the righteous, in a war.
27Itihās Ramayana Mahabharat About King Rama. Depicts the duties of relationships, portrays ideal characters like the ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal wife and the ideal king. Conflict between righteous and evil paths and their consequences.MahabharatAbout Kauravas and Pandavas.Exemplifies the four "goals of life" or purusharthas.Dharma (right action)Artha (purpose)Kama (pleasure)Moksha (liberation)
28Neha Devaravar And Ruhy Patel AcharyasNeha DevaravarAnd Ruhy Patel
29Acharyas Acharya -guide or instructor in religious matters Also used to address teacher or scholarA common suffix in Brahmin/Viswakarma namesMany involved in teaching vedic texts and traditions.
30Acharyas Adi Shankaracharya (780 AD) Adi Shankara's Bhashyas (commentaries) on the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, Advita Vedanta and Brahma Sutras are his principal works.Ramanujacharya (1017AD)Ramanuja may have written 9 books. They are also referred to as the nine precious gems, the Navarathnas.Madhvacharya (1238AD)The 8 monasteries (Ashta mathas) of Udupi have been following his philosophy since then. He proposed ‘Dvaitha’ siddantam.