Presentation on theme: "Types of Socialization Learning Target: Discuss the process for socialization in adulthood."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Socialization Learning Target: Discuss the process for socialization in adulthood
Total Institutions A total institution is a place where residents are closed off from the rest of society 1.Not free to manage their own lives 2.Controlled and manipulated by the people in charge 3.The main purpose is to completely change a person **You are able to wear your own clothes, choose your friends, bring your own lunch, etc…..
The first step-Desocialization A total institutions main purpose is to desocialize people, or the process by which people give up all norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors How this occurs: 1.Replace personal items with standard-issued items (take away their uniqueness and what defines them) 2.Serial numbers as a way to define them means a loss of privacy
Desocialization In what ways would desocialization be necessary? Where might this occur?
Resocialization Resocialization is the process by which people adopt NEW norms, values, attitudes and behaviors Resocialization can occur through a series of rewards and punishments Rewards-taking identity Punishments-nonconformity
When can resocialization occur? Military Criminals Adolescents
Anticipatory Socialization The process by which you prepare (in advance) for new norms, values, attitudes, and beliefs. This involves VOLUNTARY change May occur when people move from different stages in their lives ***How is dating a form of anticipatory socialization?
Reference Group A teenager may want to resemble people their age, so they will abandon norms, values, and beliefs previously held. This process will typical begin in the preteen stage, and the teenager will be the new reference group A reference group is what they use to evaluate themselves and which they acquire attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms