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Bio 9C: Thursday, 9.23.10 Title: Microscope Tutorial Do Now: Take out the Microscope Tutorial Lab Packet Put everything else in your bags and get ready.

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Presentation on theme: "Bio 9C: Thursday, 9.23.10 Title: Microscope Tutorial Do Now: Take out the Microscope Tutorial Lab Packet Put everything else in your bags and get ready."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bio 9C: Thursday, 9.23.10 Title: Microscope Tutorial Do Now: Take out the Microscope Tutorial Lab Packet Put everything else in your bags and get ready to move to the lab Homework: Finish 7.1 Assignment for tomorrow Objectives for Class: 1. Identify the major parts of a Microscope 2. Prepare a wet-mount slide 3. Use microscope adjustments to focus the microscope and bring images into view

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3 Identifying the components of a Compound Microscope Class Objective: Identify the major parts of a compound microscope Base Light Diaphragm Stage Stage clips Objective lenses Nosepiece Eyepiece Arm Coarse focus Fine focus Power switch

4 Using a Compound Microscope Class Objectives: 1. Prepare a wet-mount slide 2. Use microscope adjustments to focus the microscope and bring images into view Microscope Tutorial Follow the instructions to complete the microscope tutorial. Do not move on to the next step until Mr. Moretti has checked your slides and has determined that you have identified the appropriate objects with your microscope.

5 Bio 9C: Friday, 9.24.10 Title: What are cells? Homework: (change from assign sheet) No Homework Do Now: Set up todays notebook entry with the title and date in the proper format! Write down at least 3 observations about what you see in the picture

6 Todays Objectives: 1. Identify 3 components that ALL cells have 2. Explain why cells are important to all living things 3. Explain where the heck cells come from 4. Maintain a neat and organized scientific notebook Bio 9B: Thursday, 9.23.10 Title: What are cells?

7 Notebook Review/ Note-taking Norms Cell Theory Notes Microscope Tutorial Agenda

8 Scientific Notebook Guidelines Each entry should have… Date (outside corner, under page #) Title Do Now (clearly labeled) Notes – accurate, complete, detailed, w/ labeled diagrams! Neatness Other Guidelines: Only Bio! Never tear out a page! Use your 2-pocket folder! Key handouts stapled in! Keep it nice! You get graded on all this! Class Objectives: 1.Maintain a neat and complete scientific notebook

9 Taking Notes in Class: Class Norms Purpose: Review and add details to the notes you took from the reading Discuss and ask questions about the days topic Draw diagrams so you can picture what were learning How it works: Cold calling – I will call randomly on students to check your understanding of the reading assignment and your ability to think on your feet! If you dont know, thats ok – just say so. BUT youre not off the hook – I will ask you to listen and repeat the answer to be sure youve got it! During notes, you should be: Quietly writing down notes and drawing diagrams from the board UNLESS theyre a repeat of your HW Listening and ready to answer a question about the HW Asking questions about things you dont understand or things you want to know more about!

10 Notebook Review/ Note-taking Norms Cell Theory Notes Microscope Tutorial Agenda

11 WHAT ARE CELLS? PHA Biology 9 Moretti and Dickson

12 What do you see? Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3 components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from This is the first image anyone ever saw of cells!

13 Find ONE SIMILARITY among all of these pictures: Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3 components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

14 What makes a cell? 3 things ALL cells have: Cell membrane (barrier) DNA (genetic info) Cytoplasm (fluid) Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3 components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

15 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Both Have These 3 Things Cell membrane DNA Cytoplasm (DNA floating in cytoplasm) Prokaryote Eukaryote Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from (DNA inside the nucleus)

16 What makes cells important and where do they come from? (aka- the Cell Theory) 1. All living things are made of cells. Multicellular Organisms (many cells) Unicellular Organisms (one-celled) Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

17 What makes cells important and where do they come from? (aka- the Cell Theory) 2.Cells give an organism its structure and function - they control everything the organism need to do to stay alive Even the most complex organisms are made of a bunch of different types of cells working together. Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

18 What makes cells important and where do they come from? (aka- the Cell Theory) 3.New cells come from pre-existing cells. One cell divides into two identical daughter cells by the process of mitosis. Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

19 Bio 9C: Monday, 9.27.10 Title: Eukaryotic Cell Parts Homework: Complete the Cell Organelle Speed Dating Summary Do Now: Clicker Do Now on next Slide Objectives for Class: 1. Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2. Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

20 What is the fluid that fills a cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus? A.Chloroplast B.Cytoplasm C.Blood D.Syrup

21 Plant cells and animal cells are both eukaryotic because they both have A.DNA B.Ribosomes C.Mitochondria D.Nucleus

22 What makes cells important and where do they come from? (aka- the Cell Theory) 3.New cells come from pre-existing cells. One cell divides into two identical daughter cells by the process of mitosis. Class Objectives: 1.Identify 3components that ALL cells have 2.Explain why cells are important to All living things 3.Explain where the heck cells come from

23 Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Labeling Activity Cell Organelle Speed Dating Planning Agenda

24 Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Labeling Work with your partner from the Microscope Tutorial to label the plant and animal cell diagrams (do your best, the book diagrams and these diagrams do not match perfectly… this is a good thing!) Class Objectives: 1.Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2.Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

25 TayquanJamarie

26 Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Labeling Activity Cell Organelle Speed Dating Planning Agenda

27 Cell Organelle Speed Dating Planning Organelle Speed Dating Planning: Working with your partner from the Eukaryotic Cell Labeling activity, research the cell organelle that has been assigned you. Specifically, you are need to know the key structures and functions of your organelle. Use the template titled, Speed Dating Planning to help organize your information (this is on the back of your Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Sheet). This needs to be completed by the beginning of tomorrows class. Take on the persona of your organelle. Class Objectives: 1.Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2.Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

28 Bio 9C: Tuesday, 9.28.10 Title: Eukaryotic Cell Organelle Speed Dating Homework: Complete the Cell Organelle Review and Speed Dating Reflection Assignment Complete the pre-lab for the Cells Under the Microscope Lab. Do Now: Make a BIG circle with the desks and set the chairs up on either side of the circle Find your organelle label at the lab benches and sit ACROSS from your organelle buddy Objectives for Class: 1. Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2. Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3. Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

29 Cell Organelle Speed Dating Agenda

30 Organelle Speed Dating Rules: Pair With your organelle buddy: Your instructor will distribute slips of paper with a description of each organelle. Find the one that matches YOUR organelle and compare that description with the ORGANELLE SUMMARY on your Speed Dating Planning sheet. If the descriptions are the same… youre all set. If the descriptions are different, use the description on the slip of paper to tell other organelles about yourself. (4 min) When you meet another organelle (3 minute rounds): Introduce yourselves and shake hands Find out each others jobs (1 min.) Find a connection between the two of you – how do your jobs relate? (1 min.) Record information in the Organelle Chart. Inner circle rotates one seat to the right. Cell Organelle Speed Dating Class Objectives: 1.Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2.Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3.Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

31 Lilliana Anthony Brunyr Jamarie Marie Tayquan Marcus Carla Christine Rockens Jhon Amanjot Julian Karen Jason Joe Obayanna Amando Garlyn 9C – NEW Seats!Front of room Crystal Jonathan Asarel Jamesly

32 Bio 9C: Thursday, 9.30.10 Title: Cells Under the Microscope Lab Homework: No Homework tonight Pass the Speed Dating Reflection and Organelle Review Worksheet to the middle aisle to be collected. Change to Assignment Sheet: Cell Theory Quiz is moved from next Wednesday to next Tuesday Do Now: Take out the Cells Under the Microscope Lab Packet and something to write with. Look over your Pre-Lab: What are 3 safety rules that everyone should follow in this lab? (hint: this is question 5) Objectives for Class: 1. Identify the visible organelles in a Eukaryotic Cell 2. Prepare a wet-mount slide 3. Use microscope adjustments to focus the microscope and bring images into view

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34 Cells Under the Microscope Lab Put everything else in your bags and put your bags on your chairs. Wait for the next instructions Agenda

35 Cells Under the Microscope Lab Listen silently to your teachers instructions (remember: time wasted is time you dont get to work on the lab) Follow each step of the lab (read it out loud) Record results on results page Class Objectives: 1.Identify the visible organelles in a Eukaryotic Cell 2.Prepare a wet-mount slide 3.Use microscope adjustments to focus the microscope and bring images into view

36 Bio 9C: Friday, 10.1.10 Title: A day in the life of a cell Homework: 1. Pass the Cells Under the Microscope Lab to the left. (If you didnt complete the lab, you NEED to stay Monday after school to complete the lab). 2. Due Tuesday: Detailed paragraph (must be typed) Describe how the organelles in a cell work together to make and use proteins. Include at least 5 different organelles in your essay. Note: you will also have a quiz on Tuesday!! Do Now: What comes to your mind when you think about proteins? What do you think a protein is and why do you think proteins are important. Objectives: 1. Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2. Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3. Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 4. Explain how at least 5 cell organelles work together to make and use proteins in your body

37 Characteristics of Proteins A day in the Life of a Cell Agenda

38 Characteristics of Proteins Proteins are large molecules that do many important jobs in living things, such as: Form body structures (muscle, bone, hair, nails, skin) Act as enzymes to speed up chemical reactions (like digestion) in our bodies Act as hormones that send signals through the bloodstream [And many other things well learn about later!] Class Objectives: 1.Explain what proteins are 2.Describe two things that proteins do for the body

39 Characteristics of Proteins A day in the Life of a Cell Agenda

40 Proteins Proteins are large molecules that do many important jobs in living things, such as: Form body structures (muscle, bone, hair, nails, skin) Act as enzymes to speed up chemical reactions (like digestion) in our bodies Act as hormones that send signals through the bloodstream [And many other things well learn about later!]

41 Glucose + O 2 ::Blood Stream:: Cell Respiration CO 2 + H 2 O ATP ( for the cell to use) Vesicles (bubbles that transport proteins) DNA (Holds genetic information) RNA (Copies genetic from DNA and carries it to the Ribosome to make proteins) Protein could go to membrane to be released into blood stream Golgi Apparatus (Modifies and shapes the protein) Protein being formed at Ribosome Cell Membrane Released into blood stream and used as hormone or other bodily structure Protein Ribosome RNA

42 Glucose + O 2 ::Blood Stream:: Cell Respiration CO 2 + H 2 O ATP ( for the cell to use) Vesicles (bubbles that transport proteins) DNA (Holds genetic information) RNA (Copies genetic from DNA and carries it to the Ribosome to make proteins) Protein could go to membrane to be released into blood stream Golgi Apparatus (Modifies and shapes the protein) Protein being formed at Ribosome Cell Membrane Released into blood stream and used as hormone or other bodily structure

43 Write your NEW Clicker number on the FRONT of your notebook and your assignment book NumberName 1 Garlyn 2 Crystal 3 Rockens 4 Marcus 5 Jamesly 6 Christine 7 Karen 8 Liliana 9 Jamarie 10 Joseph 11 Jason NumberName 12 Obayanna 13 Amando 14 Carla 15 Jonathan 16 Anthony 17 Brunyr 18 Julian 19 Marie 20 Jhon May 21 Tayquan 22 Asarel 23 Amanjot

44 Bio 9C: Monday, 10.4.10 Title: Cell Theory Review and Wrap-Up Homework: 1. Study for Tomorrows Quiz! 2. Complete the Day in the Life of a Cell essay (remember – this must be typed!) Do Now: Clicker Do Now Next Slide Objectives: 1. Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2. Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3. Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 4. Explain how at least 5 cell organelles work together to make and use proteins in your body

45 What is the best definition of an organelle? A.A special type of cell B.A factory C.A tiny organ that does a certain job inside a cell D.An organ, such as the stomach, liver, or kidneys

46 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles Structure & Function Wrap-up Session (with Clickers) Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Review Day in the life of a cell video Agenda

47 Organelle Review with Clickers Follow along with the chart on the review sheet For each question, choose the organelle that best matches the function Record the correct answer in your chart – this will be a great study guide!

48 This organelle makes proteins by following instructions from DNA. 1. Nucleus 2. Ribosome 3. Mitochondria 4. Vacuole

49 This organelle uses sunlight energy to make sugar (photosynthesis) 1. Mitochondria 2. Cytoplasm 3. Chloroplast 4. Cell wall

50 This organelle contains DNA, which controls cell activities and reproduction. 1. Ribosome 2. Cell membrane 3. Golgi apparatus 4. Nucleus

51 This organelle digests food and cell wastes. 1. Ribosome 2. Lysosome 3. Chromosome 4. Endoplasmic reticulum

52 This organelle breaks down food to release energy that the cell can use (cell respiration) 1. Mitochondria 2. Cytoplasm 3. Chloroplast 4. Cell wall

53 This organelle stores water and nutrients for the cell. It is especially large in plant cells. 1. Nucleus 2. Ribosome 3. Mitochondria 4. Vacuole

54 This organelle modifies and transports proteins, and assembles lipids into membranes. 1. Nucleus 2. Ribosome 3. Endoplasmic reticulum 4. Lysosome

55 Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins for storage or to be shipped out of the cell. 1. Cell membrane 2. Golgi apparatus 3. Endoplasmic reticulum 4. Chloroplast

56 This organelle is a barrier around all cells that controls what enters and leaves the cell. 1. Cell membrane 2. Cell wall 3. DNA 4. Nucleus

57 Supports the inside of the cell and gives it shape. Helps with cell and organelle movement. 1. Nucleus 2. Cytoskeleton 3. Cell wall 4. Endoplasmic reticulum

58 This organelle is a sturdy structure outside the cell membrane that provides protection and support. 1. Nucleus 2. Cytoskeleton 3. Cell wall 4. Endoplasmic reticulum

59 The entire part of the cell between the nucleus and the cell membrane. Filled with water, nutrients, and organelles. 1. Chloroplast 2. Cytoskeleton 3. Cell wall 4. Cytoplasm

60 Why do some cells have more mitochondria than other cells? (this one requires some thought…) A.The cells use more energy B.The cells store more nutrients C.The cells degrade more proteins D.The cells divide more frequently

61 A cell has a defect that prevents it from regulating the passage of materials into and out of the cell. Where is the defect most likely located? (this is sort of difficult too…) 1. Ribosomes 2. Nucleus 3. Cell Membrane 4. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

62 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles Structure & Function Wrap-up Session (with Clickers) Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Review Day in the life of a cell video Agenda Take out your Eukaryotic Cell Diagrams, please…

63 Nucleus Lysosome Chloroplast Vacuole Mitochondrion Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Cell Wall E.R. (rough) E.R. (smooth) Ribosome Golgi Apparatus Plant Cell Diagram: Class Objectives: 1.Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2.Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3.Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

64 Nucleus Golgi Apparatus Cytoskeleton Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Ribosome Mitochondrion Lysosome Mitochondrion E.R. Ribosomes Animal Cell Diagram Class Objectives: 1.Identify the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 2.Explain the functions of the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell 3.Make connections between the major organelles in a eukaryotic cell

65 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles Structure & Function Wrap-up Session (with Clickers) Eukaryotic Cell Diagram Review Day in the life of a cell video Agenda

66 V IDEO : D AY IN THE L IFE OF A C ELL

67 Review: Organelle Functions FunctionCell Structure/Organelle Makes proteins by following instructions from DNA. Uses sunlight energy to make sugar (photosynthesis) Contains DNA, which controls cell activities and reproduction. Digests food and cell wastes. Breaks down food to release energy that the cell can use (cell respiration) Stores water and nutrients for the cell. It is especially large in plant cells. Modifies and transports proteins, and assembles lipids into membranes. Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins for storage or to be shipped out of the cell. A barrier around all cells that controls what enters and leaves the cell. Helps to support the cell and give it shape, and helps with moving organelles or moving the whole cell. A sturdy structure outside the cell membrane that provides protection and support. Found in plant but not animal cells. The entire part of the cell between the nucleus and the cell membrane. Filled with water, nutrients, and organelles. RIBOSOME LYSOSOME MITOCHONDRIA VACUOLE E.R. GOLGI CELL MEMBRANE CYTOSKELETON CELL WALL CYTOPLASM CHLOROPLAST NUCLEUS

68 Quiz Review This quiz will be held on TUESDAY, October 5, 2010. To be prepared for the quiz, you should be able to: List 3 things that all cells have Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Describe the major functions of the following organelles: Nucleus Cell membrane Cell wall Mitochondria Chloroplast Ribosome ER Golgi apparatus Lysosome Identify 3 similarities and 3 differences between plant cells and animal cells Describe how the organelles in a cell work together to make and use proteins


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