29Gradually it escapes quicker A specific response become “strengthened” by being paired with a pleasant outcome
30Law of Effect"Of several responses made to the same situation those which are accompanied or closely followed by satisfaction to the animal will, other things being equal, be more firmly connected with the situation, so that, when it recurs, they will be more likely to recur; those which are accompanied or closely followed by discomfort to the animal will, other things being equal, have their connections to the situation weakened, so that, when it recurs, they will be less likely to occur.Note: It is missing information about the internal state of the animalThorndike used hungry cats and rats!
46Operant Conditioning Superstitious behavior Shaping behavior Baseball playersShaping behaviorGetting him to open the car doorSkinner legend
47Group ActivityIdentify one behavior in yourself that you would like to changeDetermine a system of rewards and punishments that you could use to change this behaviorDo you think this would work?
48Did Skinner really raise his daughter in a Skinner Box? Picture from Ladies' Home Journal: "Baby in a Box.”
49Question Why are you going to college? What are you dating someone? Why are you listening to this lecture?You do all of these things because of a long history of rewards and punishments!
50Classical vs. Operant Conditioning “Reactions” to the worldEmotionsTraits: anxiousness, neuroticism, depressionOperant“Actions” toward the worldBehaviorsTraits: Extraversion, argumentativeness, kindness
51Behaviorism Pros Cons Controlling behavior Focus on the observable Mental lifeMotivationThoughtCognition