Presentation on theme: "Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service"— Presentation transcript:
1Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service C.A.R.E. ProjectYouth in careCompensated Dating in Hong KongA Strategic Solution by C.A.R.E. ProjectTOM TSE, kei-leungProject LeaderC.A.R.E. ProjectYang Memorial Methodist Social ServiceSession date: 2012/07/10This project is supportedby The Community Chest
2Conceptual Definition of ‘Compensated Dating’ - 1 Compensated Dating comes from a Japanese term “Enjo kōsai”, with ‘enjo’ meaning subsidy and ‘kosai’ meaning companionship or associationIt is originated in Japan during 1990s where older men give money or luxury gifts to attractive women for their companionship, and possibly sexual favors.Most will consider Compensated Dating as a juvenile prostitution because it involved a trade between the girl’s body and the luxury goods.Material or money return is the major concern of the teenagers. There is no love, loyalty, life-long commitment between both parties even though some girls involved will claim it as a dating with older boy-friend or ‘sugar daddy’.C.A.R.E. Project
3Conceptual Definition of ‘Compensated Dating’ - 2 Compensated Dating is very controversial among Japanese and the Hong Kong public.Sexual transaction is not necessarily a part of the duty exchange while the decision-making authority is more in the girl’s hands. Teenagers still believe it as different from prostitution.They are not totally wrong, especially because it may involve non-sexual activities such as shopping, karaoke singing and “Part-time Girlfriend” (PTFG). They to keep regular life, including school while participating in Compensated Dating.Comparing to a prostitute it charges higher for Compensated Dating transaction. So, many teenagers believe Compensated Dating as higher class, self-control and are more willing to participate in the activity.C.A.R.E. Project
4Advertising themselves as ‘Compensated Dating’ or ‘Part-time Girlfriend’C.A.R.E. Project
5C.A.R.E. Project – Service for Compensated Dating Youths-1 The trend of Compensated Dating landed in Hong Kong since 2005 when we identified a few cases involved in the activity.In 2006, we conducted the first research in Hong Kong studying the cause, effect and the trend of Compensated Dating. With years of practice and investigation through our 2 studies conducted in 2006 and 2011 respectively.We identified that Compensated Dating is not merely a sex trade issue, but also something related to teenage self-identity, mental wellbeing, illegal drug use, trauma, cyber bullying, sex exploitation, public hygiene, etc.C.A.R.E. Project
6C.A.R.E. Project – Service for Compensated Dating Youths-2 The numbers of Compensated Dating cases rise rapidly since late 2006 with the facilitation of the internet interaction.Teenagers originally expecting to earn easy money were eventually involved in “selling sex” and even fell into various dangerous traps (robbed, physical hurt, raped and video taped of the transaction).Pregnancy and venereal disease are commonly found, and some may even have mental problem or resorted to drug use. All these cause serious harm not only to the youth involved but also have serious effect to public hygiene with the spread of sexually-transmitted diseases.C.A.R.E. Project
7C.A.R.E. Project – Service for Compensated Dating Youths-3 In Hong Kong since a 16-year-old girl who involved in the Compensated Dating was murdered and dismembered by her customer in April Although a fatal event happened, Compensated Dating is still an increasing trend in Hong Kong.With increasing concern from the public, Yang Memorial Methodist Social Service started the first pilot service in Hong Kong in 2009, to tackling the issues involved with teenage Compensated Dating, the C.A.R.E. Project. –Concern Action in Relieving Enjo-kosai YouthC.A.R.E. Project
9There are three major objectives to be achieved in this project: Aims of the ProjectThere are three major objectives to be achieved in this project:Through counseling and different treatments to help the youths suffered from to Compensated Dating related problem and to develop ability and a healthy self identity through training (social skills, problem solving, etc) to better protect them in the coming future.To eradicate the misconceptions from publics towards the youths engaged in ‘Compensated Dating’ and to have a more caring view toward the teenagers;To promote a better social environment through public education and supportive service to the public. Also, we make recommendations to handle the factors contributing to ‘Compensated Dating’.C.A.R.E. Project
10Service Target of C.A.R.E. Project - 1 1) Offering case counseling, developmental plan and other related support (e.g. medical, legal, financial) for the youths under 24 who have been involved in Compensated Dating.Accompany teenagers for the whole legal procedures,offer legal consultationBody-check (Testing of venereal diseases or pregnancy),doctors’ consultationCounselling services, Interests classesC.A.R.E. Project
12Make use of Arts Day and Night The client drew about her existing life that she is experiencing.The Complex WorldThe client perceived that the world is very complex. She said the people surround her are all wearing masks.
13youths because these different levels of influence can also found Five aspects of youths’ psycho-social characteristics5 aspects were identified to be the major psycho-social characteristics and also the predisposing factors contributed to the trend of compensated dating among Hong Kong adolescent.Developmental Obstacles (lack of care, concern, recognition, trust, conditional love, abusive or traumatic experience in childhood, etc)Their Socialized Value Concept (significance of money, associate the social status with the value of products , etc)Problem Solving Ability (support network, assertiveness, quick-fix culture, etc)Sex Attitude (double standard of sexuality, earlier sex experience, knowledge from pornography, etc)Self Identity (rapid body growth, autonomy from parents, negative self worth, etcTheir stories reminded us of the need to pay attention to the need of ouryouths because these different levels of influence can also foundamong youths not involved in compensated dating
14Service Target of C.A.R.E. Project - 2 2) Educational and support services for the parents, sex partners and peers of the youths who have been involved in Compensated Dating.For ParentsCounseling services (ie. Interviews, home visits)Parenting educationKeep pace with teenager’ needs and culturesEffective parent-child communicationEffective ways to deliver sex educationC.A.R.E. Project
15Service Target of C.A.R.E. Project - 3 3) Educational and support services (public education, lecture courses and research) for the students, teachers, helping professions and the public on the issue of Compensated Dating.C.A.R.E. Project
16Our Service School Students Talks, workshops or groups SEX Peer counselors~ right attitude and knowledge towards sex,positive influence in the school communityC.A.R.E. Project
17Our Service For Schools a. School Teachers Professional training Identification of high-risk/ potential youthsCase referral when necessaryC.A.R.E. Project
18Our Service For Social Workers (helping professions) Professional trainingThe trend, analyze the background and factorsCase sharing (Intervention attitude, approach)Identification of high-risk/ potential youthsCase referral/ co-work when necessaryC.A.R.E. Project
19Our ServiceFor PublicConducting regular research to raise public concern on the issueC.A.R.E. Project
20ConclusionIn order to better help the youths stay away from Compensated Dating, we need to understand the unique individual need of each youth.It is found from our practice that the voice and desire of adolescents have been ignored. The public need to care about teenagers’ genuine need and their hidden stories.We better have a curious mind and look into the underlining need and difficulties faced by the youths.Persistent patience is need in our intervention because the reward and attraction from Compensated Dating is very high. A joint effort is needed to empower the youths with higher personal identity to overcome the difficulties and develop a better lifestyle.
24Develop positive Attachment Long-termAble to self-manage, make choice and self-reflection – Reality Therapy (3R) Right、Responsible、RealityRaise the motivation to change -- MI/ CBT Develop Self-efficacy/ Self valueShort-termEnhance Self-image/ Self-confidence – Developmental group/ interests classes (Dev. Psychology)Our main concern: Client’s Physical & Psychological health – Assessment (Bio-Psycho-Social Approach)
25Enjo-Kosai/ Compensated Dating in HK Include both female or male teenagers.Selling bodies (different forms) in exchange for money or material benefitsMAY have sexual favours.Fulfilling material needs > developing long term relationships with the whoremasters or ‘customers’.
26Our services Specialized Service Concern Action in Relieving Enjo-kosai Youth (CARE Project)Target: youth at risk in relieving enjo-kosai and their families, youth in communityProvide educational and prevention talk and groups for schoolsProvide holistic treatment and casework for target.
27The trend in HKConvenience of Internet (Platforms: online games, discussion forums…)Mass media - Stress on materialism MONEY shortest time make greatest $ fulfill ‘instant needs’Possibly encounter crisis or trauma (Pregnancy, infection of venereal disesases, being threatened…)Severely affect their physiological and psychological developmentMacro-ly
28Our ConcernWe CARE about teenagers’ physiological and psychological development.Youths’ developmental needs(For fun ? Control? Love? …)Develop positive values and copingEnhance their ability of ‘self-management’, ‘decision-making’ and ‘self-reflection’.
29Our ActionConducted a Research - ‘Exploration of the phenomenon of Compensated Dating in Hong Kong’ in 2008.Establishment of this Project in 2009.Direction: Education, Preventing and Remedial Work
30Factors 1. Predisposing Factors Related to the growth experiences – Parenting style, abuse, traumaLow self-esteem, labelling effects
31Difficult Case Mistrust on others (Abused by relatives/ family) Youths who Borderline Personality DisorderMistrust on others (Abused by relatives/ family)Self- blameDoubt and blame on self – Sex = shame, dirtyNot deserve others’ respect or loveChild experiences Today: Mental illness, personality disorders
34Difficult Case Unstable self-identity Low self-esteem Youths who experience Physical/ sexual abuseUnstable self-identityLow self-esteemCompulsive self-harm behavioursUnstable/ tense relationship with othersUnstable emotional stateFear of emptiness, being rejectedSeek attention
35Bio Bio-Psycho-Social Approach Biological influence: Operational PrinciplesBio-Psycho-SocialApproachC.A.R.E project1st -2nd monthClientCase Assessment-Analyze the beh.-Influence on psy, bio, social, family.Psy.SocietyBioBiological influence:Abuse, rape, infection of venereal disease, pregnancy
36Psy Bio-Psycho-Social Approach Psy. Problems： Operational Principles C.A.R.E project1st -2nd monthClientPsyCase Assessment-Analyze the beh.-Influence on psy, bio, social, family.SocietyBioPsy. Problems：~Insomnia, unstable emotional, flashback on the traumatic experiences, depressed, anger~May get addiction to drugs or alcohol~Beh. Symptoms: Headaches, stomache
37Bio-Psycho-Social Approach Operational PrinciplesBio-Psycho-Social Approach1st -2nd monthFamily(Bkgd,relationships)School(Comprehensivesex edu.)Case Assessment-Analyze the beh.-Influence on psy, bio, social, family.個案WorkPart-timeValues on $LifestyleMode of consumptionPsySocietyPerson-in-SituationComprehensive understanding on client surrounding SYSTEMSBioPeersPositive influenceEnv’tInternet, cultures
38Laws which Regulate Sex Work in Hong Kong CRIMES ORDINANCE SECT 147Soliciting for an immoral purposePenalty : Maximum penalty of fine of $10,000 and imprisonment for 6 months. (Those who have committed similar offence or commits similar offence during bail would face heavier penalty)147 唆使引誘他人作不道德行為
39Laws which Regulate Sex Work in Hong Kong CRIMES ORDINANCE SECT 137Living on earnings of prostitution of othersMaximum penalty : imprisonment of 5 years137. 依靠他人賣淫收入為生
40Laws which Regulate Sex Work in Hong Kong CRIMES ORDINANCE SECT 130Control over persons for purpose of unlawful sexual intercourse or prostitutionMaximum Penalty : imprisonment 14 yearsEffective Evidence :Control of a person for unlawful sexual intercourse is a severe offence. Generally, evidence of imprisonment, control, authority, influence or coercion is required..130條 控制他人而目的在於使他人非法性交或賣淫
41Laws which Regulate Sex Work in Hong Kong CRIMES ORDINANCE SECT 139Keeping a vice establishmentPenalty : Maximum penalty of fine $20,000 and imprisonment of 7 years139條 經營賣淫場所（包括管理及協助管理）
42Laws which Regulate Sex Work in Hong Kong CRIMES ORDINANCE SECT 131Causing ProstitutionMaximum Penalty : imprisonment of 7 years131條 導致賣淫
43Project Development Gender ( male) Intervention approach Mode change keep pace with the ‘new’ mode of compensated datingProvision of hostelsQuick test on venereal diseasesInjection of HPV Vaccine (Discounted price)加衛苗 (Gardasil) 及卉妍康 (Cervarix)