Presentation on theme: "Choosing Others: Dating and Mate Selection"— Presentation transcript:
1Choosing Others: Dating and Mate Selection Chapter EightChoosing Others: Dating and Mate Selection
2Why do We Date? Manifest Functions Fulfilled Maturation Fun and recreationCompanionshipLove and affectionMate selection
3Why do We Date? Latent Functions Fulfilled Socialization Social status Fulfillment of ego needsSexual experimentation and intimacyBig business
4The Dating Traditions Gender role scripts – who does what Bat mitzvah and bar mitzvah—rites of passage in the Jewish community.Proms“Going steady” and “getting pinned” were popular after WWII.What are the terms now?“Going with” or “going together”“Hang out.”“Getting together”“Hooking up”
5How Do We Meet PeoplePersonal ads—published in mainstream magazines, on the Web, etc.Mail-order brides — 200+ international servicesCyber dating & Online Matchmaking
6How Do We Meet People?Professional matchmakers—make a living by matching people up.Speed dating
13Why Do We Date?Sociologists consider dating a marriage market in which the participants look at the assets and liabilities in each partner and decide which is the best for what they have to offer.
14Who’s Available Census Data – Who’s available Who’s Not in Prison? The Times interviewed parents Carl Harris and Charlene Hamilton, whose daughters grew up without a father. Mr. Harris, a crack dealer who received a 20-year prison sentence at the age of 24, was forced to abandon his family when he was locked up.
15Results of Men In Prison “Basically, I was locked up with him,” she told the Times. “My mind was locked up. My life was locked up. Our daughters grew up without a father.” “A man will have three mistresses, and they’ll each put up with it because there are no other men around,” Hamilton said. Epidemiologists believe the AIDS rate among African-Americans would be lower if the incarceration rate dropped.
17Theories of Mate Selection Social exchange theory—posits that people will begin and remain in a relationship if the rewards are higher than the costs.Equity theory—an intimate relationship is satisfying and stable if both partners see it as equitable and mutually beneficial.
18How We Evaluate a Relationship Outcome Level – satisfaction based on rewards vs. costs.Comparison Level – comparison with past relationships and other’s relationshipsComparison Alternative Level – comparison with next best option (dependency)OL + Clalt > CL = Happy and not dependentOL > CL > Clalt = Happy but dependentCL > OL > Clalt = Unhappy without alternatives
19Relationship Violence When would you say “I deserved that” after someone to hit you?
20Relationship Violence Survey of 200 teens, 46% said she was responsible.
21Relationship Violence Types of violencePhysicalEmotionalSexual
22Relationship Violence May come from jealousyMay appear as pattern of controlControlling behaviorsThe narcissist
23Cycle of AbuseHoneymoon PhaseTension Building PhaseActing Out Phase