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Chapter 7 Cohabitation and Marriage 1. Cohabitation Living together in a sexual relationship without being married.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Cohabitation and Marriage 1. Cohabitation Living together in a sexual relationship without being married."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Cohabitation and Marriage 1

2 Cohabitation Living together in a sexual relationship without being married

3 Cohabitation Between 1970 and 1990 Number of couples living together outside of marriage quadrupled From 523,000 to nearly 3 million

4 Cohabitation Reasons: Law does not allow them to marry Belief that marriage is unnecessary

5 Reasons Given for Cohabitation Economics Share expenses More time together

6 Reasons for Cohabitation Increased intimacy Less complicated dissolution No messy divorce

7 Reasons for Cohabitation Testing compatibility Trial marriage

8 Cohabitation Increasing Among Older Individuals Financial benefits Avoid loss of alimony, welfare, or pension benefits Loss of a spouse Fear of losing another spouse

9 Marriage: Historically Medieval Europe: Bride came with a dowry Given to groom's family 9

10 Medieval Society Dowry: Simple items Household linens Important items Land

11 Bride-price Groom's family compensated bride's family For loss of bride's work Bride's family gave up rights to Her labor Her children

12 Courting: 1700s & 1800s Meet rational needs: Marrying off daughters early Support agricultural economy Belief that love came after marriage Couples knew each other through informal, structured social relations e.g., Church

13 13 Courtship Courtship – Publicly visible process with rules & restrictions Carefully established social norms Public meeting places Group setting Night visiting, family present No privacy until engagement Norm until mid-1800s

14 Courting on Bicycles

15 Courting:1700s & 1800s 1830s to 1880s:Victorian era Going calling Familys (fathers) permission to court young woman Stepping out Chaperoned Engagement With fathers permission

16 Matched according to: Economic status Education Family background Status and prestige Aristocratic families – Arranged marriages Courting:1700s & 1800s

17 Courtships Demise after 1900 Migration from rural areas Higher standard of living Adolescence, new stage of life General mobility increased Range of choices increased 17

18 Late 19th to Early 20th Century: Courtship to Dating

19 Late 19th to Early 20th Century: from Courtship to Dating Co-ed high schools Working class women living alone WWI ( ):Middle class women work in offices Womens freedom Affluence and leisure

20 Dating 1940s to early 1960s 1950s Dating Stages: Associate on playground Flirting Talking

21 1950s Dating Stages Double-dating Single dating Going steady

22 1950s Dating Stages College pinning College & post-high school engagement age at marriage Early marriage; strong economy

23 Dating from 1940s to early 1960s Steady dating: Important pattern post-WWII In-between casual dating & engagement Transition period to marriage

24 24 Dating1960s & 1970s Less connected to marriage Trend toward independent living Average marriage age increased Rise in premarital intercourse Cohabitation became common

25 Dating at end of 20th Century Major changes: More informal sexual contacts More co-ed high schools & colleges Shared residence halls Shared apartments and houses Similar numbers of men & women in college

26 Contemporary Types of Intimate & Sexual Relationships Getting together Not marriage-oriented Hooking Up or Joined at the Hip Sex for fun Open relationships Friends with benefits Dating?

27 Forming a Union Union = Stable, intimate relationship between 2 people Live in same household May or may not be married

28 28 Emphasis on: Male authority Duty Conformity to social norms Institutional Marriage

29 29 Emphasis on: Affection Friendship Sexual gratification Companionate Marriage

30 30 Mid-1960s: Breadwinner-homemaker marriage declining As both a: Cultural ideal Reality From Companionship to Individualization

31 31 Marital Satisfaction: Personal fulfillment Emotional satisfaction Obligations to others-lower priority Toward Individualized Marriage

32 Current Context of Marriage Meaning of marriage today Personal growth & self- development Deeper intimacy More open communication 32

33 Why do people still marry? 90% eventually marry Marriage is public commitment 33

34 Marriage as the Capstone Experience Practical importance-> Declined Symbolic importance-> Increased 34

35 Union Formation: Today Common to marry later More time searching for mate Cohabitation acceptable Childbearing outside of marriage More acceptable

36 Dating: 21 st Century Speed dating 8 dates (lasting 8 minutes) On-line dating sites Personal ads Virtual dating Create avatars in artificial world Hooking up

37 McGraw-Hill © 2002 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved Is Marriage Good for You? Men & Women benefit: Women Monetary support Men Social support

38 Health Benefits

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