2MissionThe Tina Project is an organizational collaborative that helps Ohio schools meet and exceed state laws in order to prevent teen dating violence and promote healthy relationships, so that what happened to Tina Croucher never happens to another young person.
3Founding Members Butler County: Citizens Against Domestic Violence Medina and Summit Counties:Battered Women Shelter & Rape Crisis CenterCuyahoga County:Domestic Violence CenterJewish Family Service AssociationCleveland Rape Crisis CenterGeauga County:WomenSafeAshtabula County:HomesafeStark County:Domestic Violence ProjectAlliance Area DV ShelterMahoning County:Sojourner HouseTrumbull County:Someplace Safe
4STATE-BY-STATE TEEN DATING VIOLENCE REPORT CARD(Cycle, B.t., 2009)4
5F Ohio’s Grade Key Focus Areas for Grading 1) Access to Civil Protection Orders (CPOs)2) Access to Sensitive Services3) School Response to Dating Violence.“In Ohio, the law does not specify whether minors can obtain Protection Orders (POs), nor does it specify whether POs can be issued against minor abusers. Ohio’s law excludes people in dating relationships from accessing POs. This results in an automatic failing grade for Ohio.”(Cycle, B.t.,2010)5
6Access to protection orders for minors House Bill 10Shynerra’s LawAccess to protection orders for minorsHouse Bill 19Tina’s LawTeen dating violence education6
7The Tina Croucher Act House Bill 19 – Mandate for Ohio Schools Currently 10 states have laws on teen dating violence and14 states have pending legislation.7
8What does HB 19 mandate for schools? 1. That teen dating violence be addressed in school policies at the State and District levels.2. That all schools in the state of Ohio provide education and awareness on teen dating violence for grades 7-12.3. That all schools in the state of Ohio provide education, awareness and training to staff in their schools.
9Teen Dating Violence“Dating violence is when one person purposely causes physical or psychological harm to another person they are dating, including sexual assault, physical abuse, and psychological/emotional abuse.”(Violence Against Women, 2009)9
10Types of AbusePhysical abuse: any intentional use of physical force with the intent to cause fear or injury, like hitting, shoving, biting, strangling, kicking or using a weaponEmotional abuse: non-physical behaviors such as threats, insults, constant monitoring, humiliation, intimidation, isolation or stalkingSexual abuse: any action that impacts a person’s ability to control their sexual activity or the circumstances in which sexual activity occurs, including rape, coercion or restricting access to birth control(Dating Violence 101, 2009)
13Who Experiences Dating Violence? Dating violence is an equal opportunity crime.
14Who Experiences Dating Violence? Most Vulnerable are those:Without knowledge (jealousy = love)Lacking positive role modelsWanting to fit inWith low self esteemWhose needs are not being met14
15Why do we need to talk about it? 1 in 3 teenagers in a serious relationship reported that they’ve been concerned about being hurt physically by a boyfriend or girlfriend.Almost one-third of girls who have been in a relationship said they’ve been pressured to engage in sexual acts when they didn’t want to do so.1 in 4 teens who have been in a serious relationship say their boyfriend or girlfriend has tried to prevent them from spending time with friends or family.(Liz Claiborne, 2006)
16Why do we need to talk about it? Nearly 80% of females reported experiencing at least one incident of physical or sexual aggression by the end of college.49% of males (high school to 4th year in college) report using at least one incident of physical or sexual violence against an intimate partner.(Liz Claiborne, 2006)
17The Intersection between Teen Dating Violence and Rape 1 out of every 6 American adult women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime.1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will be sexually abused before her/his 18th birthday.Women/girls are at highest risk of sexual assault between the ages of93% of juvenile victims know their perpetrator.(Resources, 2011)
18The Intersection between Teen Dating Violence and Rape 58% of all rape victims report being raped between the ages of (Teen Dating Violence Facts, 2006)62% of completed rapes occur by classmates or friends. (Statistics, 2009)57% of rapes occur while out on a date. (Perspectives on Acquaintance Rape, 2006)
19The Intersection between Teen Dating Violence and Rape More than half of rapes are never reported.With teenagers, it is even more likely that they will not report to persons of authority.
20Recognizing Dating Violence Dating violence is apattern of abusive behaviorsused to exertpower and controlover a dating partner
21Warning Signs Extreme jealousy or insecurity Checking your cell phone or without permissionConstant put-downsExplosive temperIsolating you from family or friendsMood swingsPhysically hurting you in any wayPossessivenessTelling you what to do(Dating Violence 101, 2009)
22Impact of Abuse Fear Embarrassment Shame Physical Problems from AnxietyChange in PersonalityDisciplinary Problems (for both victim and abuser)Social IsolationLegal Issues
23Victim Informed Education & Prevention Through the many stories of victims of Teen Dating Violence, Domestic Violence, Stalking, and Sexual Assault, teens can be positively impacted, taught the warning signs of abusive relationships, and motivated to take action.
24Victim Informed Education & Prevention Through victim’s stories, we can reach teachers, counselors, and administrators to support them in drafting quality policies and procedures and to properly respond to student disclosures.
25Stories Like… Johanna Orozco Cleveland, Ohio Shot in face by ex-boyfriendMarch 2007
27Preschool/Early Elementary Anti-Violence Education in SchoolsPre-K K st nd rd th th th th th th th th thPreschool/Early ElementaryMannersFairnessSafe touch/Ouch touch/Uh-oh touchRespectMiddle SchoolResponsibilityBullying/Relational AggressionCyber SafetySextingSex EducationRespectSexual HarassmentHigh SchoolAccountabilityLegal consequencesDating SafetyHealthy RelationshipsSexual HarassmentRape/StalkingSextingRespectElementaryTrustworthinessResponsibilityInappropriate touchBullyingRespectAnti-violence education is not just an extra-curricular program.It is everyone’s responsibility.27
28How can The Tina Project help your school? Policy – technical assistanceTeacher/Staff training at your schoolClassroom presentations to studentsSupport for special projects to reinforce classroom learning (clubs, athletic teams, Take Back the Night)Strengthen the local service provider’s relationship with the local school district(s)
29We are all responsible Safe and supportive school model Know and recognize the signsTalk about it, educate and keep it out in the openEncourage peer programs and mentorshipHold perpetrators accountable and follow throughwith consequencesMake it a community responsibility (educators,parents, etc)Compassionate and effective response to the victim29
30Guiding Principals Use multi-media to reach students Classroom size audiencesAge and developmentally appropriate informationPrevention campaigns must be longer than one class period per yearStatistics presented must be victim informed or nationally recognizedPromote healthy relationships and sexualityInclude all types of dating violenceIdentify behaviors that are part of a non-healthy continuum of interactionsAddress social responsibility and appropriate options for bystander interventionIdentify legal consequencesIdentify personal support systems as a resource
31Recommended Resource Teen Relationship Violence: A Resource Guide for Increasing SafetyCreated by ODVN
35Works CitedCycle, B. t. (2010) State Law Report Cards: A National Survey of Teen Dating Violence Laws. Los Angeles.Cycle, B. T. (2009). State Law Report Cards. Retrieved May 2011, from Break the Cycle:Dating Violence 101. (2009). Retrieved May 2011, from Break the Cycle:Liz Claiborne, I. (2006). Study on Teen Dating Abuse Conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited.Perspectives on Acquaintance Rape. (2006). Retrieved May 2011, from American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress:Resources. (2011). Retrieved May 2011, from Cleveland Rape Crisis Center:Statistics. (2009). Retrieved May 2011, from Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network:Teen Dating Violence Facts. (2006). Retrieved May 2011, from National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Initiative:Violence Against Women. (2009, January 15). Retrieved May 2011, from The National Women's Health Information Center: