Presentation on theme: "Imaginative Approaches to Fusing Technology and Teaching in an Online Course Dr. Judy Ettinger and Dr. Debra Osborn 2005 NCDA Skill Building Session Orlando,"— Presentation transcript:
Imaginative Approaches to Fusing Technology and Teaching in an Online Course Dr. Judy Ettinger and Dr. Debra Osborn 2005 NCDA Skill Building Session Orlando, Florida
Goals and Objectives Define online teaching and the learning environment. Review strengths & challenges of online teaching. Demonstrate online career course delivery. Identify challenges and rewards. Translate traditional activities into virtual realities.
Introductions – Who We Are Name Where we work Experiences with Online Teaching Online Learning
Definitions Online Teaching Online Learning
Lets see what you know QUIZ
Question 1 You cant teach core counseling skills in an online course. False. Somewhere, someone is teaching a CACREP core skill online.
From Journal of Technology in Counseling, May 2002 http://jtc.colstate.edu
From Journal of Technology in Counseling, May 2002 http://jtc.colstate.edu
How do we teach skills in a traditional environment? Demonstrate the skill. Instructor observe/evaluate the skill via roleplay. Writing better responses. Self-evaluation. Peer evaluation. But, can these skills be taught virtually?
Transformation Demonstrate the skill. Instructor observe/evaluate the skill via roleplay. Writing better responses. Critiquing video segments. Self-evaluation. Peer evaluation. QuickTime/video segment of a skill. Record/send in skill demonstration. Written better responses. Critiques of video segments. Selected transcripts and self-evaluative comments. Selected transcripts and peer evaluative comments.
QUIZ-Question 2 Teaching an online course requires less time than teaching a traditional course.
TIME TRADITIONALONLINE Class Prep: Days Per Week? 7 days a week Actual Class TimeAs much as you desire Other Activities Requiring Time?
Question 3 You need to be a techie to effectively design and deliver an online course.
Demonstration Blackboard Demonstration
ADDING CONTENT -Word Documents -PowerPoints
Click on Course Documents
Question 4 It is very difficult to really know your students when you are teaching online. Question: How do you build community in a traditional class?
Getting to Know Students Virtually You get to know them in a different way Time required Assignments Introductory uniqueness
Possible Ways to Build Community Create work groups Link student responses Pictures Surveys Chats Email Self-disclosure Require pairing/collaboration on some assignments Weekly announcements Introductions Discussion Forum
Question 4 Teaching online requires a different skill set than teaching face-to-face
What makes a good teacher? Passion/enthusiasm Respect for students Knowledge of subject matter, resources Able to incorporate students existing knowledge Gets all students involved Problem solver Flexibility Not content to sit on his/her laurels
What makes a good online teacher? Passion/enthusiasm Respect for students Knowledge of subject matter, resources Able to incorporate students existing knowledge Gets all students involved Problem solver Flexibility Not content to sit on his/her laurels Patience But, there are some other factors to consider…
Getting your students on the same page technology-wise. One Different Challenge:
Other Skills Time to check the email, bulletin boards Ability to problem-solve technology wise Calm in crisis (power outages during a test)
Your Great Activities - Traditional
Some of our transformations. Instrument Critique Interactions About Assignments Roleplay Skill Demonstrations Study guides
INSTRUMENT CRITIQUE TRADITIONAL We put all our ideas up on the board: strengths and challenges of the instrument, who it would work best with, interpretation issues, etc. ONLINE We use the Discussion Board in two separate sections: 1.Everyone enters their critique. 2.Each student summarizes the reactions of the class and come to some conclusions about the instrument. Our Other Transformations
Interactions About Assignments TRADITIONAL Ill meet with a student for a few minutes before or after class to voice my concerns. We then come up with a plan for correcting the weaknesses in the assignment. ONLINE Online the student puts the assignment in a Drop Box and I make my comments via an e-mail to the student. Choose words very carefully. Nonverbal cues? More fragile? Possibilities for misunderstanding. Our Other Transformations
Video Demonstration of Skill Interpreting Card Sorts Our Other Transformations
Study Guides – Instead of a list… Practice self-help tests, worth zero points, take as often as desirable Using PowerPoint to teach theory Matching Games http://careerresource.coedu.usf.edu/ linkcareerlab/interactivelab.htm
Using PowerPoint to Teach Theory
Question 6 Course evaluations are lower for online courses TRUE.
Course Ratings Students in web course performed better than those in Traditional or Hybrid (half online) But…. Consider average course ratings: (Carnevale, 2000) TraditionalOnline 3.52.4
Evaluation Comparison of 100% Online Course
Comparing Hybrid and Online Course Evaluations
Factors Impacting Student Satisfaction support of the instructor and peers the amount of time they had to devote to the course, and the degree to which the course fit their learning styles and expectations. (Bartolic-Zlomislic & Bates, 1999)
Question 7 Online courses only teach to one learning style and are therefore not appropriate for many students
Ways to incorporate different learning styles PowerPoint or short videos with sounds (visual, auditory) Activities that require touch/drag (kinesthetic) Discussions and workgroups (interpersonal) Reflections-emailed or anonymous (intrapersonal) BUT…
But… Some people do have difficulties with online learning Poor writing Computer phobia/Lack of skills Motivation
Question 8 If you arent a good writer, dont bother taking an online course
Question 9 Students will only be successful in online courses if they are self- motivated. True. I prefer to come to class, sit back and have the instructor lecture, take notes and take the test.
Ways to Encourage Motivation – HOW? Weekly discussion questions or quizzes Encouraging/Making Links to others responses Work groups/group grades (but keep a grade for individual contributions as well) Weekly news – things/resources they dont want to miss.
Other characteristics of successful online students Follow a schedule for doing online work Frequent interactions with professor, work group Make applications to other coursework, other knowledge Problem-solver Flexible
Challenges to Online Teaching
Other Challenges Time (to create, read, respond, grade, boundaries) Different learning styles and skills Different computer capabilities (speed, software) Building community How to teach/evaluate skill development Academic honesty
How can we address those challenges?
Other ways to meet the challenges. Set boundaries for checking email, responding to discussion questions. Model – find ways to address various learning styles. Try to equalize technology differences (e.g., CD to deal with speeds) Spend time orienting to BB. Create tutorials and keep in a useful stuff folder.Spend time orienting to BB. Create tutorials and keep in a useful stuff folder. Use surveys, pictures, email, linking, workgroups to build community. Use video clips to teach skills. Contract for honesty, consider open-book exams.
Other ways to meet the challenges. Set boundaries for checking email, responding to discussion questions. Model – find ways to address various learning styles. Spend time orienting to BB. Create tutorials and keep in a useful stuff folder.Spend time orienting to BB. Create tutorials and keep in a useful stuff folder. Use surveys, pictures, email, linking, workgroups to build community. Use video clips to teach skills or enhance lecture. Contract for honesty, consider open-book exams.
Rewards of online teaching?
Other Rewards Every student is actively engaged Convenience Can address different learning styles Allows point in time teaching and learning. Students value it. Keeps the instructor challenged, growing, experimenting. (enriches teaching) No longer the sage on stage but the guide along side. Lessons Learned
Student and Faculty Access Student Access Instructor Access Other Rewards
Student Course Evaluation Comments I have learned more about myself by reading what you have posted than I believed possible.I have learned more about myself by reading what you have posted than I believed possible. I definitely found this course thought-provoking. The resources you exposed us to… (are) invaluable.I definitely found this course thought-provoking. The resources you exposed us to… (are) invaluable. I always felt I had a chance to be successful in the class.I always felt I had a chance to be successful in the class. One of the best online classes Ive taken. Dr. Osborn uses technology to make the class much easier to learn.One of the best online classes Ive taken. Dr. Osborn uses technology to make the class much easier to learn. One of the best online classes – her use of technology was excellent.One of the best online classes – her use of technology was excellent. LESSONS LEARNED
Lessons Learned: Judith Optional vs. required reading Respond individually to selected assignments Establish a personal relationship Dont lose sight of how stressful it can be for some students.
Lessons Learned: Debbie For chats, give an assignment Alternate weekly discussion posts and quizzes (to give time to grade) Recycle when possible Ask to use great projects as examples Muddiest Points Modules (so you dont have to rename for summer) Work groups and summaries I wonder… mentality