Presentation on theme: "Briefing to EOH3202 Occupational Health Guide for Week 1-7"— Presentation transcript:
1 Briefing to EOH3202 Occupational Health Guide for Week 1-7 PJJ Bacelor Sains Sumber Manusia (Pembangunan)07 September 2013Emilia Zainal AbidinDepartment of Environmental and Occupational HealthFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
2 I am here to assist you Emilia Zainal Abidin BSc. Biochem, MSc. Com Health, PhD Environ MedDepartment of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra MalaysiaPhone No.:
3 Course SynopsisThis course include a discussion about the health, safety and welfare of employees and the organization and functions.Health problems caused by disease agents associated with the various types of work will be developed further.
4 Course Synopsis (Cont.) This course also provides exposure to workers' compensation issues as well as stress and violence at work.In addition, occupational health principles, principles of prevention and control measures are also discussed in detail.
6 Course ObjectivesTo correlate occupational health services and the role played by the government and other institutions in the field of occupational health in Malaysia (C5, TS)To identify the source of exposure to biological, chemicals and physical agents and its hazardous effects to workers health and to control and manage the hazards (A4, LL)To understand the details of the diseases that can be found in the workplace (P4, CS)
7 Never mind the course objectives, but the most important point, how will I be assessed?
8 Course Assessment Assessment for this course is divided into: (i) Overall Continuous Assessment 30 %Assignment 1 (group work) %Assignment 2 (individual) %(ii) Mid-term Examination %(i) + (ii) 60%(ii) Final Examination %Overall Total %
10 Assignments Topics for Group Assignment [10%] Divide yourselves into a group of 10.Select any ONE  of the following topic for research and write-up of report. Students are requested to search for information from reference books and from other sources available on relevant websites.Identify all relevant hazards in a semi-conductor manufacturing sector/industry and methods (suggestions) to manage and control only THREE  major hazards which have been identified.Tip: The management and control of hazards should be described in terms of hierarchy of control (Unit 4 page 36 in module)
11 Explain hazards in terms of these: Physical: elevated objects, noise, high voltage, mechanical injuryChemical: hydrocarbon under pressure, toxic materials, solventsBiological: virus, needle stick injuryErgonomic: poor body posture, carry heavy weights, repetitive workPsychosocial: stress or violence at the workplace
17 Use the hierarchy of hazard control for your report
18 Individual assignments Topics for Individual Assignment 1 [2%]Video Viewing of “One Night in Bhopal”Please answer the given quiz and submit by the 4th week of this semesterTopics for Individual Assignment 2 [9%] (SCL)Submit your answers by the end of week 6Topics for Individual Assignment 3 [9%] (SCL)Submit your answers by the end of week 13
20 Main References Module EOH3202 Aw, T.C., Gardiner, K. & Harrington, J.M. (2007). Pocket Consultant: Occupational Health. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.La Dou, J. (2007). Current Occupational and Environmental Medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill.Sadhra, S.S. & Rampal, K.G. (1999). Occupational Health: Risk Assessment and Management. Blackwell Science.Buku Akta Keselamatan dan Kesihatan PekerjaanBuku Akta Kilang dan Jentera1967.
21 Other ReferencesNational Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. (2004). Overtime and Extended Work Shifts: Recent Findings on Illness, Injuries and Health Behaviours. Washington: DHHS (NIOSH).Lingard, H & Rowlinson, S. (2005). Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Project Management. Oxon: Spon Press.
22 What will happen without good occupational health governance? Bhopal tragedy, IndiaDecember 1984, a highly toxic gas was leaked from a pesticide plant in cityWinds spread the poison through a densely populated areaMany died instantly, others as they tried to flee, more than 20,000 people died in total in the aftermath of the leak
24 Recent tragedies Chernobyl nuclear disaster, Kiev, Ukraine April 26, 1986, a reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant experienced a catastrophic failureResulted in the worst nuclear power disaster in historydue to a flawed reactor design and poorly trained plant personnelAmount of radiation released was at least 100 X that of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs combined
26 Bright Sparklers fireworks explosion at Sungai Buloh Tragedy happened in 7th May, 1991Fireworks factory and fire killed 22 people and injured 103 othersBright Sparklers Sdn. Bhd violated many laws to carry out dangerous operationCommission found that legislations pertaining to siting, construction, maintenance and operations of the factory were not adhered to
27 What is Occupational Health? Definition 1: Occupational Health is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and the adaptation of work to people, and people to their jobs(ILO-WHO 1950)Definition 2 - Occupational Health is the maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity, improvement of working environment and work to become conducive to safety and health and the Development of work organisation and working culture – safe, healthy and enhance productivity(ILO-WHO Committee on Occupational Health 1955)
28 Buried by mill scale at pier What would you suggest as an Occupational Health professional(Figure 1).(Figure 1)(Figure 2)What improvements would you suggest as an Occupational Health professional?
29 OH accidents: Example Buried by Mill Scale At Pier Around 8.45 am on February 24, 2012 a fatal accident occurred at Port Klang, Selangor involving a Bangladeshi employee who worked with the cleaning contractorDuring the accident, the victim was collecting mill scale that has spilled on the pier floor under the path of the wharf crane (capacity 20 tons), which, at the time was unloading the mill scale from vessels into the hopper on the pier (Figure 1).While the grab bucket used to transport the mill scale passing through the area where the victim was working, grab bucket had opened suddenly and cause the load carried to fall and buried the victim below (Figure 2).Victim died on the way to the hospital.
30 OH accidents: Example pier Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control [HIRARC] should be done more thoroughlyCleaning work should not be performed while the grab bucket was operatingSafe work proceduresSupervision over a workInvestigation should be carried out on every near missed incident and dangerous occurrencesThe causes of these incidents, particularly those involving mechanical failure of a machine must be identifiedActivities such as scheduled maintenance and inspection of machineries should be performed
31 Self-learning Mid semester’s test Based on Unit 1-11 Self-learning according to the given module
32 Mid semester’s test Chapter 1 to 11 from module What would you prefer? Any requests?2 hours examination?50 objectives?5 out of 8 short answer questions?
33 What to focus on? Chapter 1: Introduction to Occupational Health Historical perspective of occupational healthChapter 2: Roles of occupational health professionalsWhat are the competencies in occupational health
34 What to focus on? Chapter 3: History of Occupational Health Services SOCSODOSHNIOSHKKM
35 What to focus on? Chapter 4: Introduction to Hazard What are the hazards in occupational health?How to identify risks? What are the steps?Chapter 5: Legal requirements of OSHHow law in Malaysia evolved?OSH Act 1994FMA Act 1967
36 What to focus on? Chapter 6: Noise How to control noise exposure?What are the laws regarding noise?Chapter 7: Physical hazard – suspended particulatesFractions of dustsWhat are Aerosols?
37 What to focus on? Chapter 8: Physical hazard – radiation and heat Ionizing and non-ionizing radiationsExamples of eachChapter 9: Ergonomic hazardDefinitionExamples of ergonomic health problems
38 What to focus on?Chapter 10: Chemical Hazard: Organic solvent poisoningThe health effectsThe methods to controlWhat tests are used in the workplaceWhy solvents are hazardousChapter 11: Chemical Hazard: Heavy metalWhat tasks will expose workersHow to measure metals in worker’s biological samples?
39 Thank you for your attention Success is in your hands!Thank you for yourattention