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TQM and Continuous Improvement 1. Signs of Un-quality 2. Quality Defined 3. TQM Defined 4. Traditional vs. TQM Culture 5. TQM: How It Is Achieved 6. Tools.

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Presentation on theme: "TQM and Continuous Improvement 1. Signs of Un-quality 2. Quality Defined 3. TQM Defined 4. Traditional vs. TQM Culture 5. TQM: How It Is Achieved 6. Tools."— Presentation transcript:

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2 TQM and Continuous Improvement 1. Signs of Un-quality 2. Quality Defined 3. TQM Defined 4. Traditional vs. TQM Culture 5. TQM: How It Is Achieved 6. Tools for Generating Ideas 7. Five-phase Approach to Implementation 8. The Malcom Baldrige Quality Award

3 Signs of Un-Quality Process Time Increases Number of Inspections Increases Number of Meetings Increases Customer Complaints Increase Experienced Workers Leave Micro- Management

4 Quality Is a dynamic state associated with products, services, people, processes, and environments that meet or exceed current expectations.

5 TQM: A Definition TQM is a team-based cooperative form of doing business that relies on talents and capabilities to continually improve quality and productivity.

6 Two Key Philosophies: ۰ Continuous Improvement

7 Traditional vs. TQM Culture Aspect Traditional TQM Objectives Short term, Inconsistent Long and short term, consistent Management Open, encourages employee input Issue orders, enforce Coach, remove barriers, build trust Customer Requirements Not highest priority, may be unclear Highest priority, identify and understand MissionMaximize ROI

8 Traditional vs. TQM (cont.) Problems Assign blame, punish Identify and resolve Problem solving Not systematic, individuals Systematic, teams ImprovementErratic AdversarialPartners Jobs Narrow, specialized Broad, more general FocusProduct Aspect Traditional TQM

9 Elements of TQM ۰ Continuous improvement ۰ Competitive benchmarking ۰ Employee empowerment ۰ Team approach ۰ Decisions based on facts, not emotions ۰ Knowledge of tools ۰ Supplier quality

10 Tools for Generating Ideas ۰ Brainstorming ۰ Quality Circles ۰ Benchmarking

11 Benchmarking ۰ What Organization Does It the Best? ۰ How Do They Do It? ۰ How Do We Do It Now? ۰ How Can We Change to Match or Exceed the Best?

12 Tools for Generating Ideas ۰ Brainstorming ۰ Quality Circles ۰ Benchmarking ۰ The 5W2H approach

13 The 5W2H Approach ۰ What? ۰ Why? ۰ Where? ۰ When? ۰ Who? ۰ How? ۰ How Much?

14 Five-Phase Approach to Implementation Phase 1: Preparation Phase 2: Planning Phase 3: Phase 4: Implementation Phase 5: Diversification

15 Phase 1: Preparation ۰ Develop A Vision Statement ۰ Develop Goals ۰ Outline Policy ۰ Communication ۰ Empowerment

16 Phase 2: Planning ۰ Forming A Team ۰ Training ۰ Identifying Expectations ۰ Identifying Obstacles ۰ Selecting & Training A Coordinator ۰ Prioritizing ۰ Identifying Support Services

17 Phase 3: ۰ Customer Survey ۰ Organizational Assessment ۰ TQM Planning Inventory ۰ Training Feedback

18 Phase 4: Implementation ۰ Selecting & Training Support Personnel ۰ Training Management & the Workforce ۰ Executive Reinforcement ۰ Controlling

19 Phase 5: Diversification ۰ Supplier Involvement ۰ Competitive Analysis ۰ Select Strategic Suppliers ۰ Certify Suppliers ۰ Networking

20 Baldrige Award Criteria Framework Senior Executive Leadership Quality and Operational Results Information and Analysis Customer Focus and Satisfaction Strategic Quality Planning Human Resource Development and Management of Process Quality Driver System Goal Customer Satisfaction Customer satisfaction relative to competitors Market Share Measures of Progress Product and service quality Internal quality and productivity Supplier quality

21 Baldrige Award Winners Motorolas quality control problems: ۰ poorly designed assemblies ۰ incorrect parts ordered or shipped by suppliers ۰ defective or damaged parts from suppliers ۰ machinery incapable of operating within control limits ۰ insufficient training

22 Baldrige Award Winners AT&Ts Three Priorities for Quality ۰ First, to step up their efforts to have the best quality in the world. ۰ Second, to keep striving for an operating style and behavior that focused more sharply on customer needs. ۰ Third, to continue to develop into a truly global corporation.

23 Baldrige Award Winners We listen, we learn, and we act constantly so that the quality of our products and services will keep improving. Globe Metallurgical, Inc.

24 Baldrige Award Winners Total Quality is performance leadership in meeting customer requirements by doing the right things right the first time. Weve developed a culture where employees involved in quality are the norm. The Total Quality attitude is so pervasive that its those who dont participate who are the exception. Westinghouse Electric

25 Baldrige Award Winners Leadership through quality was a long-term process meant to change the way our people worked and managed so they could continuously improve the way they met the requirements of the customers. The Baldrige process is valuable because it forces you to look at your company the way the customer sees it - not the way you think it is. Xerox

26 Baldrige Award Winners You cant simply place people on teams and expect the outcome to be favorable. In order to achieve success, you need to create an atmosphere that is conducive to teamwork and establish some guidelines. The Wallace Company

27 Baldrige Award Winners A business can survive only through improvement. The Baldrige forces you to stay on your toes. Its a beautiful system. I think companies will take it seriously, use it primarily as a tool for improvement, and work hard to reap tremendous benefits in a short period of time. Granite Rock

28 Baldrige Award Winners Eight great benefits Baldrige has brought: 1. More aggressive, strategic goal setting. 2. Enhanced quality awareness. 3. Improved customer awareness. 4. Better benchmarking. 5. Development of new, quality-driven operations. 6. Improved supplier management. 7. Stronger employee participation and recognition. 8. Problem-solving through teambuilding.

29 Ten Commandments of Continuous Improvement 1. Put the customer first Design quality into products and services. 4. Improve everything, continually. 5. Create and support a safe and open work environment.

30 Ten Commandments of CI (cont.) 6. Do not shoot the messenger. 7. Stop imitating the Japanese Do not sacrifice long-term improvements for short-term profits. 10. Quality is not enough.


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