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Badminton Umpiring 101 Compiled by Mike Wright Updated May 2012.

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1 Badminton Umpiring 101 Compiled by Mike Wright Updated May 2012

2 Course Objectives The Laws of Badminton The Laws of Badminton The Umpires Vocabulary The Umpires Vocabulary Recommendations to Technical Officials Recommendations to Technical Officials Practical Umpiring Practical Umpiring Pathways for Umpires Pathways for Umpires

3 The Laws of Badminton

4 Definitions PlayerAny person playing badminton MatchThe basic contest in badminton between opposing sides each of one or two players SinglesA match where there is one player on each of the opposing sides DoublesA match where there are two players on each of the opposing sides Serving sideThe side having the right to serve Receiving sideThe side opposing the serving side RallyA sequence of one or more strokes starting with the service, until the shuttle ceases to be in play StrokeA forward movement of the players racket

5 1. Court and Court Equipment 1.1The court shall be a rectangle laid out with lines 40 millimetres wide as in Diagram A. 1.2The lines demarcating the court shall be easily distinguishable and preferably be coloured white or yellow. 1.3All lines demarcating the court shall form part of the area which they define. 1.4The posts shall be 1.55 metres in height from the surface of the court and shall remain vertical when the net is strained as provided in Law The posts shall not extend into the court. 1.5The posts shall be placed on the doubles side lines as in Diagram A irrespective of whether singles or doubles is being played.

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7 1. Court and Court Equipment 1.6The net shall be made of fine cord of dark colour and even thickness with a mesh of not less than 15 millimetres and not more than 20 millimetres. 1.7The net shall be 760 millimetres in depth and at least 6.1 metres wide. 1.8The top of the net shall be edged with a 75 mm white tape doubled over a cord or cable running through the tape. This tape shall rest upon the cord or cable. 1.9The cord or cable shall be stretched firmly, flush with the top of the posts. 1.10The top of the net from the surface of the court shall be metres at the centre of the court and 1.55 metres over the side lines for doubles. 1.11There shall be no gaps between the ends of the net and the posts. If necessary, the full depth of the net at the ends shall be tied to the posts.

8 2. Shuttle 2.1 The shuttle shall be made of natural and / or synthetic materials. From whatever material the shuttle is made, the flight characteristics generally shall be similar to those produced by a natural feathered shuttle with a cork base covered by a thin layer of leather. 2.2Feathered Shuttle 2.2.1The shuttle shall have 16 feathers fixed in the base The feathers shall have a uniform length between 62 mm to 70 mm when measured from the tip to the top of the base The tips of the feathers shall lie on a circle with a diameter from 58 mm to 68 mm The feathers shall be fastened firmly with thread or other suitable material The base shall be 25 mm to 28 mm in diameter and rounded on the bottom The shuttle shall weigh from 4.74 to 5.50 grams.

9 2. Shuttle 2.3Non-Feathered Shuttle 2.3.1The skirt, or simulation of feathers in synthetic materials, shall replace natural feathers The base shall be as described in Law Measurements and weight shall be as in Laws 2.2.2, and However, because of the difference in the specific gravity and other properties of synthetic materials in comparison with feathers, a variation of up to 10 per cent shall be acceptable. 2.4 Subject to there being no variation in the general design, speed and flight of the shuttle, modifications in the above specifications may be made with the approval of the Member Association concerned, in places where atmospheric conditions due to either altitude or climate make the standard shuttle unsuitable.

10 3. Testing a Shuttle for Speed 3.1 To test a shuttle, a player shall use a full underhand stroke which makes contact with the shuttle over the back boundary line. The shuttle shall be hit at an upward angle and in a direction parallel to the side lines. 3.2 A shuttle of correct speed will land not less than 530 mm and not more than 990 mm short of the other back boundary line as in Diagram B.

11 4. Racket 4.1 The racket shall be a frame not exceeding 680 mm in overall length and 230 mm in overall width consisting of the main parts described in Laws to as illustrated in Diagram C The handle is the part of the racket intended to be gripped by the player The stringed area is the part of the racket with which it is intended the player hits the shuttle The head bounds the stringed area The shaft connects the handle to the head (subject to Law 4.1.5) The throat (if present) connects the shaft to the head.

12 4. Racket 4.2The stringed area: 4.2.1shall be flat and consist of a pattern of crossed strings either alternately interlaced or bonded where they cross. The stringing pattern shall be generally uniform and, in particular, not less dense in the centre than in any other area; and shall not exceed 280 mm in overall length and 220 mm in overall width. However, the strings may extend into an area which otherwise would be the throat, provided that: the width of the extended stringed area does not exceed 35 mm; and the overall length of the stringed area does not then exceed 330 mm.

13 4. Racket 4.3The racket: 4.3.1shall be free of attached objects and protrusions, other than those used solely and specifically to limit or prevent wear and tear, or vibration, or to distribute weight, or to secure the handle by cord to the players hand, and which are reasonable in size and placement for such purposes; and 4.3.2shall be free of any device that makes it possible for a player to change materially the shape of the racket.

14 5. Equipment Compliance The Badminton World Federation (BWF) shall rule on any question of whether any racket, shuttle or equipment or any prototype used in the playing of badminton complies with the specifications. Such ruling may be undertaken on the Federations initiative or on application by any party with a bona fide interest, including any player, court official, equipment manufacturer or Member Association or member thereof.

15 6. Toss 6.1Before play commences, a toss shall be conducted and the side winning the toss shall exercise the choice in either Law or 6.1.2: 6.1.1to serve or receive first; 6.1.2to start play at one end of the court or the other. 6.2The side losing the toss shall then exercise the remaining choice.

16 7. Scoring System 7.1A match shall consist of the best of three games, unless otherwise arranged (Appendix 2 and 3). 7.2A game shall be won by the side which first scores 21 points, except as provided in Law 7.4 and The side winning a rally shall add a point to its score. A side shall win a rally, if the opposing side commits a fault or the shuttle ceases to be in play because it touches the surface of the court inside the opponents court. 7.4If the score becomes 20-all, the side which gains a two point lead first, shall win that game. 7.5If the score becomes 29-all, the side scoring the 30th point shall win that game. 7.6The side winning a game shall serve first in the next game.

17 8. Change of Ends 8.1Players shall change ends: 8.1.1at the end of the first game; 8.1.2at the end of the second game, if there is to be a third game; and 8.1.3in the third game, when a side first scores 11 points. 8.2If the ends are not changed as indicated in Law 8.1, it shall be done so as soon as the mistake is discovered and when the shuttle is not in play. The existing score shall stand.

18 9. Service 9.1In a correct service: 9.1.1neither side shall cause undue delay to the delivery of the service once the server and the receiver are ready for the service. On completion of the backward movement of servers racket head, any delay in the start of the service (Law 9.2), shall be considered to be an undue delay; 9.1.2the server and the receiver shall stand within diagonally opposite service courts (Diagram A) without touching the boundary lines of these service courts; 9.1.3some part of both feet of the server and the receiver shall remain in contact with the surface of the court in a stationary position from the start of the service (Law 9.2) until the service is delivered (Law 9.3);

19 9. Service 9.1In a correct service: 9.1.4the servers racket shall initially hit the base of the shuttle; 9.1.5the whole shuttle shall be below the servers waist at the instant of being hit by the servers racket. The waist shall be considered to be an imaginary line round the body, level with the lowest part of the servers bottom rib; 9.1.6the shaft of the servers racket at the instant of hitting the shuttle shall be pointing in a downward direction;

20 9. Service 9.1In a correct service: 9.1.7the movement of the servers racket shall continue forwards from the start of the service (Law 9.2) until the service is delivered (Law 9.3); 9.1.8the flight of the shuttle shall be upwards from the servers racket to pass over the net so that, if not intercepted, it shall land in the receivers service court (i.e. on or within the boundary lines); and 9.1.9in attempting to serve, the server shall not miss the shuttle.

21 9. Service 9.2Once the players are ready for the service, the first forward movement of the servers racket head shall be the start of the service. 9.3Once started (Law 9.2), the service is delivered when the shuttle is hit by the servers racket or, in attempting to serve, the server misses the shuttle. 9.4The server shall not serve before the receiver is ready. However, the receiver shall be considered to have been ready if a return of the service is attempted. 9.5In doubles, during the delivery of service (Law 9.2, 9.3), the partners may take up any positions within their respective courts, which do not unsight the opposing server or receiver.

22 10. Singles 10.1Serving and receiving courts The players shall serve from, and receive in, their respective right service courts when the server has not scored or has scored an even number of points in that game The players shall serve from, and receive in, their respective left service courts when the server has scored an odd number of points in that game.

23 10. Singles 10.2Order of play and position on court In a rally, the shuttle may be hit by the server and the receiver alternately, from any position on that players side of the net, until the shuttle ceases to be in play (Law 15). 10.3Scoring and serving If the server wins a rally (Law 7.3), the server shall score a point. The server then shall serve again from the alternate service court If the receiver wins a rally (Law 7.3), the receiver shall score a point. The receiver shall then become the new server.

24 11. Doubles 11.1Serving and receiving courts A player of the serving side shall serve from the right service court when the serving side has not scored or has scored an even number of points in that game A player of the serving side shall serve from the left service court when the serving side has scored an odd number of points in that game The player of the receiving side who served last shall stay in the same service court from where he served last. The reverse pattern shall apply to the receivers partner The player of the receiving side standing in the diagonally opposite service court to the server shall be the receiver The players shall not change their respective service courts until they win a point when their side is serving Service in any turn of serving shall be delivered from the service court corresponding to the serving sides score, except as provided in Laws 12.

25 11. Doubles 11.2Order of play and position on court After the service is returned, in a rally, the shuttle may be hit by either player of the serving side and either player of the receiving side alternately, from any position on that players side of the net, until the shuttle ceases to be in play (Law 15). 11.3Scoring and serving If the serving side wins a rally (Law 7.3), the serving side shall score a point. The server shall then serve again from the alternate service court If the receiving side wins a rally (Law 7.3), the receiving side shall score a point. The receiving side shall then become the new serving side.

26 11. Doubles 11.4Sequence of serving In any game, the right to serve shall pass consecutively: from the initial server who started the game from the right service court; to the partner of the initial receiver. The service shall be delivered from the left service court; to the partner of the initial server; to the initial receiver; to the initial server and so on.

27 11. Doubles 11.5No player shall serve or receive out of turn, or receive two consecutive services in the same game, except as provided in Laws Either player of the winning side may serve first in the next game, and either player of the losing side may receive first in the next game.

28 12. Service Court Errors 12.1A service court error has been made when a player: has served or received out of turn; or has served or received from the wrong service court. 12.2If a service court error is discovered, the error shall be corrected and the existing score shall stand.

29 13. Faults It shall be a fault: 13.1if a service is not correct (Law 9.1); 13.2if, in service, the shuttle: is caught on the net and remains suspended on its top; after passing over the net, is caught in the net; or is hit by the receivers partner;

30 13. Faults It shall be a fault: 13.3if, in play, the shuttle: lands outside the boundaries of the court (i.e. not on or within the boundary lines); passes through or under the net; fails to pass over the net; touches the ceiling or side walls; touches the person or dress of a player; touches any other object or person outside the court; (Where necessary on account of the structure of the building, the local badminton authority may, subject to the right of veto of its Member Association, make bye- laws dealing with cases in which a shuttle touches an obstruction).

31 13. Faults It shall be a fault: 13.3if, in play, the shuttle: is caught and held on the racket and then slung during the execution of a stroke; is hit twice in succession by the same player. However, a shuttle hitting the head and the stringed area of the racket in one stroke shall not be a fault; is hit by a player and the players partner successively; or touches a players racket and does not travel towards the opponents court;

32 13. Faults It shall be a fault: 13.4if, in play, a player: touches the net or its supports with racket, person or dress; invades an opponents court over the net with racket or person except that the striker may follow the shuttle over the net with the racket in the course of a stroke after the initial point of contact with the shuttle is on the strikers side of the net;

33 13. Faults It shall be a fault: 13.4if, in play, a player: invades an opponents court under the net with racket or person such that an opponent is obstructed or distracted; obstructs an opponent, i.e. prevents an opponent from making a legal stroke where the shuttle is followed over the net; or deliberately distracts an opponent by any action such as shouting or making gestures; 13.5if a player is guilty of flagrant, repeated or persistent offences under Law 16.

34 14. Lets 14.1Let shall be called by the umpire, or by a player (if there is no umpire), to halt play. 14.2It shall be a let, if: the server serves before the receiver is ready (Law 9.5); during service, the receiver and server are both faulted; after the service is returned, the shuttle is: caught on the net and remains suspended on top, or after passing over the net is caught in the net;

35 14. Lets 14.2It shall be a let, if: during play, the shuttle disintegrates and the base completely separates from the rest of the shuttle; in the opinion of the umpire, the play is disrupted or a player of the opposing side is distracted by a coach; a line judge is unsighted and the umpire is unable to make a decision; or any unforeseen or accidental situation has occurred. 14.3When a let occurs, play since the last service shall not count and the player who served last shall serve again.

36 15. Shuttle Not In Play A shuttle is not in play when: 15.1it strikes the net or post and starts to fall towards the surface of the court on the strikers side of the net; 15.2it hits the surface of the court; or 15.3a fault or let has occurred.

37 16. Continuous Play, Misconduct, Penalties 16.1Play shall be continuous from the first service until the match is concluded, except as allowed in Laws 16.2 and Intervals not exceeding 60 seconds during each game when the leading score reaches 11 points; and not exceeding 120 seconds between the first and second game, and between the second and third game shall be allowed in all matches. (For a televised match, the Referee may decide before the match that intervals as in Law 16.2 are mandatory and of fixed duration.)

38 16. Continuous Play, Misconduct, Penalties 16.3Suspension of play When necessitated by circumstances not within the control of the players, the umpire may suspend play for such a period as the umpire may consider necessary Under special circumstances the Referee may instruct the umpire to suspend play If play is suspended, the existing score shall stand and play shall be resumed from that point. 16.4Delay in play Under no circumstances shall play be delayed to enable a player to recover strength or wind or receive advice The umpire shall be the sole judge of any delay in play.

39 16. Continuous Play, Misconduct, Penalties 16.5Advice and leaving the court Only when the shuttle is not in play (Law 15), a player shall be permitted to receive advice during a match No player shall leave the court during a match without the umpires permission, except during the intervals as described in Law A player shall not: deliberately cause delay in, or suspension of, play; deliberately modify or damage the shuttle in order to change its speed or its flight; behave in an offensive manner; or be guilty of misconduct not otherwise covered by the Laws of Badminton.

40 16. Continuous Play, Misconduct, Penalties 16.7Administration of breach The umpire shall administer any breach of Law 16.4, 16.5 or 16.6 by: issuing a warning to the offending side; faulting the offending side, if previously warned. Two such faults by a side shall be considered to be a persistent offence; or In cases of flagrant offence, persistent offences or breach of Law 16.2, the umpire shall fault the offending side and report the offending side immediately to the Referee, who shall have power to disqualify the offending side from the match.

41 17. Officials And Appeals 17.1The Referee shall be in overall charge of the tournament or event of which a match forms part. 17.2The umpire, where appointed, shall be in charge of the match, the court and its immediate surrounds. The umpire shall report to the Referee. 17.3The service judge shall call service faults made by the server should they occur (Law 9.1). 17.4A line judge shall indicate whether a shuttle landed in or out on the line(s) assigned. 17.5An officials decision shall be final on all points of fact for which that official is responsible except that if, in the opinion of the umpire, it is beyond reasonable doubt that a line judge has clearly made a wrong call, the umpire shall overrule the decision of the line judge.

42 17. Officials And Appeals 17.6An umpire shall: uphold and enforce the Laws of Badminton and, especially, call a fault or a let should either occur; give a decision on any appeal regarding a point of dispute, if made before the next service is delivered; ensure players and spectators are kept informed of the progress of the match; appoint or replace line judges or a service judge in consultation with the Referee; where another court official is not appointed, arrange for that officials duties to be carried out; where an appointed official is unsighted, carry out that officials duties or play a let; record and report to the Referee all matters relating to Law 16; and refer to the Referee all unsatisfied appeals on questions of law only. (Such appeals must be made before the next service is delivered or, if at the end of the match, before the side that appeals has left the court).

43 The Umpires Vocabulary

44 1. Announcements and Introductions 1.1Individual Events: 1.1.1Singles: Ladies and Gentlemen, on my right, (player name), (country name), and on my left, (player name), (country name); (player name) to serve 1.1.2Doubles: Ladies and Gentlemen, on my right, (player names), (country name), and on my left, (player names), (country name); (player name) to serve to (player name)

45 1. Announcements and Introductions 1.2Team Events: 1.2.1Singles: Ladies and Gentlemen, on my right, (country/team name), represented by (player name), and on my left, (country/team name), represented by (player name); (country/team name) to serve 1.2.2Doubles: Ladies and Gentlemen, on my right, (country/team name), represented by (player names), and on my left, (country/team name), represented by (player names); (country/team name) to serve, (player name) to (player name)

46 2. Start of match and calling the score 2.1Love all 2.2Play 2.3Service over 2.4Interval 2.5Court... (number) 20 seconds game point... e.g. 20 game point 6, or 29 game point match point... e.g. 20 match point 8, or 29 match point game point all e.g. 29 game point all

47 2. Start of match and calling the score 2.9… match point all e.g. 29 match point all 2.10Game 2.11First game won by (in team championship, use name of country / team)... (score) 2.12Second game 2.13Second game won by (in team championship, use name of country / team)... (score) 2.13One game all 2.14Final Game

48 3. General Communication 3.1Come here for the toss 3.2Who will serve 3.3Choose your end 3.4Who will receive 3.5Are you ready? 3.6Ready to play 3.7Place your bag in the basket 3.8Serve from Receive in Right service court

49 3. General Communication 3.11Left service court 3.12You missed the shuttle during service 3.13The receiver is not ready 3.14You attempted the return of service 3.15You must not influence the line judge 3.16You must not influence the service judge 3.17Come here 3.18Is the shuttle OK? 3.19Test the shuttle 3.20Change the shuttle

50 3. General Communication 3.21Do not change the shuttle 3.22Play a let 3.23Change ends 3.24You did not change the ends 3.25You served from the wrong service court 3.26You received from the wrong service court 3.27You served out of turn 3.28You received out of turn 3.29You must not interfere with the shuttle 3.30The shuttle passed through the net

51 3. General Communication 3.31The shuttle did not pass over the net 3.32The shuttle touched you 3.33You touched the net 3.34A shuttle came on the court 3.35You are standing in the wrong service court 3.36You distracted your opponent 3.37Your coach distracted your opponent 3.38You hit the shuttle twice 3.39You slung the shuttle 3.40You invaded your opponents court

52 3. General Communication 3.41You obstructed your opponent 3.42Are you retiring? 3.43Fault – receiver 3.44Service fault called 3.45Service delayed, play must be continuous 3.46You must not delay the game 3.47You left the court without permission 3.48Play is suspended (name of player) warning for misconduct (name of player) fault for misconduct

53 3. General Communication (name of player) disqualified for misconduct 3.52Fault 3.53Let 3.54Out 3.55Line judge – signal 3.56Service judge – signal 3.57Correction IN 3.58Correction OUT 3.59Wipe the court 3.60Coach leave the court 3.61Switch off your mobile phone

54 4. End of Match 4.1Match won by (name of player/team)... (scores) (name of player/team) retired (name of player/team) disqualified

55 5. Scoring 0-Love11-Eleven22-Twenty two 1-One12-Twelve23-Twenty three 2-Two13-Thirteen24-Twenty four 3-Three14-Fourteen25-Twenty five 4-Four15-Fifteen26-Twenty six 5-Five16-Sixteen27-Twenty seven 6-Six17-Seventeen28-Twenty eight 7-Seven18-Eighteen29-Twenty nine 8-Eight19-Nineteen30-Thirty 9-Nine20-Twenty 10-Ten21-Twenty one

56 Recommendations to Technical Officials

57 1. Introduction 1.1 The Recommendations to technical officials are issued by the BWF in its desire to standardise the control of the game in all countries and in accordance with its Rules. 1.2 The purpose of these Recommendations is to advise umpires how to control a match firmly and with fairness, without being officious, while ensuring that the Laws of the game are observed. These Recommendations also give guidance to service judges and line judges as to how to carry out their duties. 1.3All technical officials shall remember that the game is for the players.

58 2. Officials And Their Decisions 2.1An umpire shall report to and acts under the authority of the Referee (Law 17.2) (or the responsible official in the absence of a Referee). 2.2A service judge shall normally be appointed by the Referee but can be replaced by the Referee or by the umpire in consultation with each other (Law ). 2.3Line judges shall normally be appointed by the Referee, but a line judge can be replaced by the Referee or by the umpire in consultation with each other (Law ).

59 2. Officials And Their Decisions 2.4An officials decision shall be final on all points of fact for which that official is responsible except that if, in the opinion of the umpire, it is beyond reasonable doubt that a line judge has clearly made a wrong call, the umpire shall overrule the decision of the line judge (Law 17.5). If, in the opinion of the umpire, the line judge needs to be replaced, the umpire shall call the Referee (Law , Recommendation 2.3). 2.5When another official is unsighted, the umpire shall make the decision. When no decision can be given, a let shall be called (Law ). 2.6The umpire shall be in charge of the court and its immediate surrounds. The umpires jurisdiction shall exist from entering the court before the match until leaving the court after the match (Law 17.2).

60 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.1Before the match, the umpire shall: 3.1.1obtain the score-sheet from the Referee; 3.1.2ensure that any scoring device to be used is working; 3.1.3see that the posts are on the doubles side lines (Law 1.5); check the net for the height and ensure that there are no gaps between the ends of the net and the net posts; 3.1.5ascertain whether there are any bye-laws regarding the shuttle hitting an obstruction; 3.1.6ensure that the service judge and the line judges know their duties and that they are correctly placed (Sections 5 and 6); 3.1.7ensure that a sufficient quantity of tested shuttles (Law 3) is readily available for the match in order to avoid delays during play; (It is customary for the umpire to delegate the duties specified in Recommendations 3.1.3, and to the service judge, where one is appointed);

61 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.1Before the match, the umpire shall: check that the players clothing conforms to the relevant Regulations concerning colour, designs, lettering and advertising, and ensure that any violations are rectified. Any decision that the clothing was in violation of the Regulations (or was nearly so) shall be advised to the Referee or appropriate official before the match or, if this is not possible, immediately after the match; 3.1.9carry out the toss fairly and ensure that the winning side and the losing side exercise their choices correctly (Law 6). Note the choices of the ends; note, in the case of doubles, the names of the players starting in the right service court. Similar notes shall be made at the start of each game. (This enables a check to be made at any time to see if the players are in the correct service court).

62 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.2To start the match, the umpire shall announce the match using the appropriate announcement from the following and point to the right or to the left at the appropriate words in the announcement. (W, X, Y, Z being names of the players and A, B, C, D being names of the countries represented.) SinglesTournament Ladies and Gentlemen; on my right X, A; and on my left Y, B. X to serve; love all; play. Team event Ladies and Gentlemen; on my right A, represented by X; and on my left B, represented by Y. A to serve; love all; play.

63 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.2To start the match, the umpire shall announce the match using the appropriate announcement from the following and point to the right or to the left at the appropriate words in the announcement. (W, X, Y, Z being names of the players and A, B, C, D being names of the countries represented.) DoublesTournament Ladies and Gentlemen; on my right W, A and X, B; and on my left Y, C and Z, D. X to serve to Y; love all; play. Team event Ladies and Gentlemen; on my right A represented by W and X; and on my left B represented by Y and Z. A to serve; X to Y; love all; play. The calling of Play constitutes the start of a match.

64 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.1The umpire shall: use the standard vocabulary in Appendix 4 of the Laws of Badminton; record and call the score. Always call the servers score first; during the service, if a service judge is appointed, especially watch the receiver. The Umpire may also call service fault, if necessary; if possible, keep aware of the status of any scoring device; and raise the right hand above the umpires head, if assistance is needed from the Referee.

65 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.2When a side loses a rally and thereby the right to continue serving (Law , ), call Service over followed by the score in favour of the new serving side; if necessary, at the same time pointing the appropriate hand towards the new server and the correct service court Play shall only be called by the umpire: to indicate that a match or a game is to start or that a game after interval or after changing the ends is to continue; to indicate that play is to resume after a break; or to indicate that the umpire is instructing players to resume play.

66 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.4Fault shall be called by the umpire when a fault occurs, except as follows: a fault of the server (Law 9.1) called by the service judge under Laws 13.1 shall be acknowledged by the umpire by calling Service fault called. The umpire shall call a fault of the receiver by calling Fault receiver; a fault occurring under Law , for which the line judges call and signal suffices (Recommendation 6.2); and faults occurring under Laws , , or which shall only be called if clarification is needed for the players or the spectators.

67 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.5During each game when the leading score reaches 11 points, call Service over, where appropriate, followed by the score immediately after the rally scoring the 11th point has ended followed by Interval, regardless of applause. This constitutes the start of interval allowed under Law During each interval, the service judge, where appointed, shall ensure that the court is mopped during the interval.

68 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.6In the interval during the games when the leading score reaches 11 points (Law ), after 40 seconds have elapsed, call: [Court...], 20 seconds. Repeat the call. In the intervals (Law ) during the first and second game, and in the third game after the players have changed the ends, each side may be joined on the court by not more than two persons.. These persons shall leave the court when the umpire calls seconds. To start the game after the interval, repeat the score followed by Play. If the players do not claim the interval under Law , play in that game shall proceed without an interval.

69 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.7Extended game: When the leading side reaches 20 points, in each game, call Game point or Match point, as applicable If a side reaches 29 points, in each game and for each side, call Game point or Match point, as applicable The calls in Recommendation and shall always immediately follow the servers score and precede the receivers score.

70 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.8At the end of each game, Game must always be called immediately after the conclusive rally has ended, regardless of applause. Where appropriate this constitutes the start of any interval allowed under Law After the first game ends, call: First game won by [name(s) of player(s), or team (in a team event)] [score]. After the second game ends, call: Second game won by [name(s) of player(s), or team (in a team event)] [score]; One game all. At the end of each game, the service judge, where appointed, shall ensure that the court is mopped during the interval and place the interval board, if provided, at the centre below the net. If a game wins the match, call instead: Match won by [name(s) of player(s), or team (in a team event)] [score].

71 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match 3.3.9In the intervals between the first and second game and between the second and third game (Law ), after 100 seconds have elapsed, call: [Court...] 20 seconds. Repeat the call. In the intervals (Law ) between two games each side may be joined on the court by no more than two persons. These persons shall join the side after the players have changed the ends, and shall leave the court when the umpire calls seconds.

72 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.3During the match To start the second game, call: Second game; love all; play. If there is to be a third game, to start the third game, call: Final game; love all; play In the third game, or in a match of one game, call Service over, where appropriate, followed by the score, followed by Interval; change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points (Law 8.1.3). To start the game after the interval,, repeat the score, followed by Play After the end of the match immediately take the completed score-sheet to the Referee.

73 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.4 Line calls 3.4.1The umpire shall always look to the line judge(s) when the shuttle lands close to a line and always when the shuttle lands out, however far. The line judge shall be entirely responsible for the decision except Recommendation below If, in the opinion of the umpire, it is beyond reasonable doubt, a line judge has clearly made a wrong call, the umpire shall call: Correction, IN, if the shuttle has landed in; or Correction, OUT, if the shuttle has landed out.

74 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.4 Line calls 3.4.3In the absence of a line judge or if the line judge is unsighted, the umpire shall immediately call: Out before calling the score when the shuttle lands outside the line; or the score, when the shuttle lands in; or Let when the umpire is also unsighted.

75 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed A player throwing a racket into the opponents court or sliding under the net (and who also thereby obstructs or distracts an opponent), shall be faulted under Law or respectively A shuttle invading from an adjacent court shall not automatically be considered a let. A let shall not be called if, in the opinion of the umpire, such invasion: has gone unnoticed by the players; or has not obstructed or distracted the players A player shouting to a partner who is about to hit the shuttle shall not necessarily be regarded as distracting the opponents. Calling no shot, fault, etc. shall be considered as distraction (Law ).

76 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Players leaving the court Ensure that the players do not leave the court without the umpires permission except during the intervals as described in Law (Law ) Any offending side may have to be reminded that leaving the court needs the umpires permission (Law ). If necessary, Law 16.7 shall be applied. However, change of a racket at courtside during a rally is permitted During the game, if play is not held up, the players may be allowed to have a quick towel and / or drink at the discretion of the umpire If the court needs to be mopped, the players shall be within the court before the mopping is over.

77 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Delays and suspension Ensure that the players do not deliberately cause any delay in, or suspension of play (Law 16.4). Any unnecessary walk around the court shall be prevented. If necessary, Law 16.7 shall be applied.

78 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Coaching from off the court Coaching from off the court (Law ) in any form while the shuttle is in play shall be prevented Ensure that: the coaches are seated in the designated seats and do not stand court-side during the match except during the permitted intervals; (Law 16.2) there is no distraction or disruption to play by any coach.

79 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Coaching from off the court If, in the opinion of the umpire, play is disrupted or a player of the opposing side is distracted by a coach, a let shall be called. The Referee shall be called immediately. The Referee shall issue a warning to the coach concerned; If there is second recurrence of such incident, the Referee may ask the coach to be removed from the arena floor, if necessary.

80 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Change of shuttle Changing the shuttle during the match shall not be unfair. The umpire shall decide if the shuttle needs to be changed A shuttle whose speed or flight has been interfered with shall be discarded and Law 16.7 applied, if necessary.

81 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Injury or sickness during a match Injury or sickness during a match should be handled carefully and flexibly. The umpire must determine the severity of the problem as quickly as possible. The Referee shall be called on the court, if necessary The Referee shall decide on whether a medical official or any other persons are required on court. The medical official should examine the player and advise the player about the severity of the injury or sickness. If there is bleeding, the game should be delayed until the bleeding stops or the wound is suitably protected.

82 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.5 During the match, the following situations shall be watched for and dealt with as detailed Injury or sickness during a match The Referee should advise the umpire of the time that may be required for the player to resume play. The Umpire shall monitor the elapsed time The Umpire shall ensure that the opposing side is not put at a disadvantage. Laws 16.4, 16.5, , and 16.7 shall be applied appropriately When appropriate, when there is injury, illness or other unavoidable hindrance, ask the player: Are you retiring? and if the answer is affirmative, call [name of player/team, as appropriate] retired, match won by [name of player(s) / team, as appropriate] [score].

83 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.6 Suspension of play If play has to be suspended, call: Play is suspended and record the score, server, receiver, correct service courts and ends. When play resumes, note the duration of suspension, ensure that the players have taken the correct positions and call: Are you ready? call the score and Play.

84 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.7Misconduct 3.7.1Record and report to the Referee any incident of misconduct and the action taken Misconduct between games is treated as misconduct during a game. The umpire announces the decision at the start of the following game. The appropriate call in Recommendation shall follow with the appropriate call in either of Recommendations to Thereafter, call Service over, where appropriate followed by the score When the umpire has to administer a breach of Law 16.4, 16.5 or 16.6 by issuing a warning to the offending side (Law ), call Come here to the offending player and call: [name of player], warning for misconduct at the same time raising the right hand holding a yellow card above the umpires head.

85 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.7Misconduct 3.7.4When the umpire has to administer a breach of Law 16.4, 16.5 or 16.6 by faulting the offending side, which has been previously warned (Law ), call Come here to the offending player and call: [name of player], fault for misconduct at the same time raising the right hand holding a red card above the umpires head.

86 3. Recommendations to Umpires 3.7Misconduct 3.7.5When the umpire has to administer a flagrant or persistent breach of Law 16.4, 16.5 or 16.6 or breach of Law 16.2 by faulting the offending side (Law ) and reporting the offending side immediately to the Referee with a view to disqualification, call Come here to the offending player and call: [name of player], fault for misconduct at the same time raising the right hand holding a red card above the umpires head, and calling the Referee When the Referee decides to disqualify the offending side, a black card is given to the umpire. The umpire shall call Come here to the offending player and call: [name of side] disqualified for misconduct. at the same time raising the right hand holding a black card above the umpires head.

87 4. General Advice On Umpiring This section gives general advice which shall be followed by the Umpires. 4.1Know and understand the Laws of Badminton. 4.2Call promptly and with authority, but, if a mistake is made, admit it, apologise and correct it. 4.3Make all announcements and calling of the score distinctly and loudly enough to be heard clearly by players and spectators. 4.4Do not call fault and allow the game to proceed, if doubt arises in your mind as to whether an infringement of the Laws has occurred or not. 4.5Never ask spectators nor be influenced by them or their remarks. 4.6Motivate your other technical officials, e.g. by discreetly acknowledging the decisions of line judges and establishing a working relationship with them.

88 5. Instructions to Service Judges 5.1The service judge shall sit on a low chair by the post, preferably opposite the umpire. 5.2The service judge is responsible for judging that the server delivers a correct service (Law 9.1). If not, call Fault loudly and use the approved hand signal to indicate the type of infringement. 5.3The approved hand signals are:

89 5. Instructions to Service Judges Laws and Some part of both feet not in the service court and in a stationary position until the service is delivered.

90 5. Instructions to Service Judges Law At the instant of hitting the shuttle, the shaft of the racket not pointing in a downward direction.

91 5. Instructions to Service Judges Law Whole of the shuttle not below the servers waist at the moment of being struck.

92 5. Instructions to Service Judges Law Neither side shall cause undue delay to the delivery of the service once the server and the receiver are ready for the service. Law Once the players are ready for service, the first forward movement of the servers racket head is the start of the service. The movement of the racket must continue forwards.

93 5. Instructions to Service Judges Law Initial point of contact with the shuttle not on the base of the shuttle.

94 5. Instructions to Service Judges 5.4The umpire may arrange with the service judge any extra duties to be undertaken, provided that the players are so advised.

95 6. Instructions to Line Judges 6.1Line judges shall sit on chairs in prolongation of their lines at the ends and sides of the court and preferably at the side opposite to the umpire. (See diagrams). 6.2A line judge shall be entirely responsible for the line(s) assigned except that the umpire shall overrule the call of the line judge, if beyond reasonable doubt, in the opinion of the umpire, a line judge has clearly made a wrong call If the shuttle lands out, no matter how far, call Out promptly in a clear voice, loud enough to be heard by the players and the spectators and, at the same time, signal by extending both arms horizontally so that the umpire can see clearly If the shuttle lands in, the line judge shall say nothing, but point to the line with the right hand.

96 6. Instructions to Line Judges 6.3If unsighted, inform the umpire immediately by putting both hands up to cover the eyes. 6.4Do not call or signal until the shuttle has touched the floor. 6.5Calls shall always be made, and no anticipation made of umpiring decisions, e.g. that the shuttle hit a player. 6.6The approved hand signals are:

97 6. Instructions to Line Judges SHUTTLE IS OUT If the shuttle lands out, no matter how far, call Out promptly in a clear voice, loud enough to be heard by the players and the spectators and, at the same time, signal by extending both arms horizontally so that the umpire can see clearly.

98 6. Instructions to Line Judges SHUTTLE IS IN If the shuttle lands in, say nothing, but point to the line with your right hand.

99 6. Instructions to Line Judges IF UNSIGHTED If unsighted, inform the umpire immediately by holding your hands to cover your eyes.

100 6. Instructions to Line Judges Where practical, it is recommended that the line judges positions be 2.5 to 3.5 metres from the court boundaries and, in any arrangement, the line judges positions be protected from encroachment by any outside influence, e.g. by photographers.

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103 Practical Umpiring

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110 Pathways for Umpires

111 Pathways for Umpires National National –Most countries have at least three national levels, with the requirement of at least two years at each level Continental Continental –Continental Accreditation –Continental Certification Badminton World Federation Badminton World Federation –BWF Accreditation –BWF Certification

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