4 Tell us about YOU! u Name: u Home Town: u What You Do: u Archery Experience:
5 Learning Objectives At the end of this session, each participant should be able to understand: u Basic Archery Nomenclature u The nine steps to a good shooting form u How to set up and safely operate a range for group instruction sessions u Range Set Up u Archery range safety rules u Range Safety Rules u Things To Watch Out For
6 I didnt come to camp school to learn archery! Why are we doing this?
7 Why are we doing this? People in camp expect you to be the expert on any question they have about archery!
8 Wonderful! Just wonderful! So Much for instilling them with a sense of awe!
9 Archery Nomenclature Parts of an Arrow Arrow Head or Point Shaft Crest Nock Fletching or Vanes Basic Types of Arrow Heads Broadhead Field Blunt Target (Wood) Target (Metal and Glass Index Feather
10 Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Bow Upper Limb Handle Riser Lower Limb Recurve Handle Sight Window Face Back String Shelf String Notch Tip String Height, Brace Height, or Fistmele
11 Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Bow Nock Locator 90 Nocking Height String Arrow Plate Arrow Rest Pivot Point Handle Shelf
12 Archery Nomenclature Sight Clicker Stabilizer System Handle Upper Limb Riser Lower Limb Recurve Bow String Serving Nock Locator Pivot Point Grip Sight Window Shelf Back Face Arrow Rest
13 Stabilizer Cable Cable Guard Limb Bolt Sight Shelf Upper Limb Back Bow String Face Pivot Point Grip Lower Limb Sight Window Serving Nock Locator Arrow Rest Eccentric Pulley (Wheel) Cam Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Compound Bow
14 THE NINE STEPS TO A GOOD SHOOTING FORM ó Stance ó Nock ó Set ó Pre-Draw ó Draw ó Anchor Point ó Aim ó Release ó Follow-Through ó Stance ó Nock ó Set ó Pre-Draw ó Draw ó Anchor Point ó Aim ó Release ó Follow-Through
15 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 1: STANCE One foot on either side of the line Feet should be shoulder-width apart Weight should be equally distributed between feet A line across the toes should run to center of target
16 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 2: NOCK Nock arrow on string UNDER knock locator KEEP ARROW POINTED DOWN RANGE! Index feather is AWAY from bow
17 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 3: SET Set bow hand on grip Use only web & meaty part of thumb Set groove of first 3 fingers around bow string Use one finger over nock and two under IMPORTANT FOR BEGINNERS: Use three fingers under nock for beginners to keep from pushing arrow off rest
18 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 4: PRE-DRAW Extend BOTH arms forward Look at target and line up bow string with the center of the bow Rotate bow arm elbow away from string path Elbow of drawing arm should be near level with your nose
19 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 5: DRAW Draw bow by rotating draw arm shoulder until its elbow is directly behind the arrow Continue looking at target and keep the string lined up with center of bow as you draw Maintain continuous motion throughout the shot
20 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 6: ANCHOR Draw string to front of chin and firmly set string and hand against jaw Thumb along side of jaw String touching center of chin String just touching tip of nose Continue to draw bow slowly and smoothly by using back muscles (STRETCH!) Target Shooters Anchor Hunters Anchor String touching tip of nose Index finger tip touching upper incisor tooth Thumb along side of face
21 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 7: AIM There are 5 basic ways to aim in Archery: 1. Instinctive 2. Point-of-aim 3. Sight 4. Gap 5. String Walking
22 Step 7: AIMING INSTINCTIVE: + Aim like you would aim a snowball!
23 POINT-OF-AIM: AIMING Line up Arrow Tip With Center of Target Line up String Edge With Center of Arrow
24 RESULTS ARROW FLYS WAY OVER TARGET! RESULTS ARROW FLYS WAY OVER TARGET!
25 AIMING POINT-OF-AIM: PICK A LOWER AIMING POINT
29 AIMING GAP: Pins Scope As you move closer - Aim lower (Fixed Pin)
30 AIMING GAP: Pins Scope As you move away - Aim higher (Fixed Pin)
31 20 Yds 10 Yds 40 Yds AIMING STRING WALKING: 30 Yds POINT-BLANK RANGE ~ 38 Yds. DO NOT TEACHTHIS!!!!
32 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 8: RELEASE Continue to tighten back muscles and aim After holding FOCUS-ON-TARGET for at least one full second, open fingers of string hand and pull through to release string Release hand should travel to and remain by your shoulder. Continue to focus on target!
33 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 9: FOLLOW-THROUGH Continue extending bow arm towards target Continue focusing on the target (aiming) until you hear the arrow hit Dont try to watch the arrow fly (peek indicates failure to rotate head fully towards target during shot cycle) Dont try to HELP the arrow to go faster or straighter (over extenuation/torquing of bow arm/hand)
34 Range Safety: Outdoors - Target u Minimum 15 Yards on sides of range u Minimum 50 Yards behind u Rope-off perimeter u Tilt target mats 9° - 15 ° u Target stand tied to ground u Tie target to stand! u Archers shoot from one line u Move targets for different distances Safety Area Minimum 50 Yards Behind Targets Target Line Shooting Line Waiting Line Safety Area Minimum 15 Yards Safety Area Minimum 15 Yards Controlled Access / Spectator Area
38 Archery Equipment u Recommended Equipment for 100 archers u Recommended Equipment for Camp Merit Badge Work
39 Minimum Amount of Equipment Needed for 100 Campers u 4 Four-foot Target Faces Mounted on Target Butts u 10 Bows: u 3 - 20# u 5 - 25# u 1 - 30# u 1 - 35# u 12 Bow Strings u 12 Finger Tabs u 12 Arm Guards u 60 Arrows Selected to Fit Bows u 36 Action Archery Arrows u 2 Sets of Field Archery Targets u 60 Plastic Jugs (various sizes) u 12 Quivers (belt / ground)
40 Recommended Camp Equipment for Boy Scout Merit Badge Program u 4 Two-foot Target Faces Mounted on Butts u Six String Jigs u Six Nylon Serving Spools u Six Monofiliment Serving Spools u B50 Waxed Bow String u Bow Wax u Nylon Serving u Monofiliment Serving u Bow Square u Nocking Pliers u Nock Locators u Arrow Shafts u Fletching Jig u Feathers/Vanes u Fletching Cement u Arrow Heads u Shaft Pointing Tool u Merit Badge Pamphlet u Sheets to Record Participants
41 Range Supervision: u Instructor must be alert to conditions which may be dangerous to participants and take action. u Number of participants the instructor can manage depends on: u Instructor experience u Age & maturity of participants u Ability/disability of participants
42 6-7 Years Old2 or 3 8-9 Years Old4 to 8 10-11 Years Old8 to 12 12-15 Years OldUp to 12 15 & up12 to 20 Developmentally DisabledMay need 1 on 1 Age of Participants # Students per Instructor Range Supervision:
43 BSA Archery Safety Rules u Always WALK on an Archery Range! u Always Aim/Shoot at your designated Target! u Always be Sure Area Around/Behind Target is Clear Before Shooting! u Always Shoot at a Target Thick Enough to Stop Your Arrow! u Always Use Proper Safety Equipment! u Always Use Arrows of the Proper Length! u Always Inspect Equipment Before Shooting! u Always Wait for ALL CLEAR Command Before Retrieving Arrows! u Always Lean Bow on Face of Target When Retrieving Arrows Behind it! u Use a Field Captain If More Than 4 Archers Shoot or 1 Target is Used! u Always Have an Arrow in the Bow Before Releasing the String! u Always Shoot an Arrow at a Definite Target!
44 Archery Range Rules u Know and obey all range commands u Keep your arrows in your quiver until you are told to shoot u Always wear an arm guard and finger tab u Only use arrows that were given to you and remember what they look like u Always keep your arrows pointed down or towards the target. Shoot only at your target u Leave dropped arrows on the ground until told to retrieve arrows u Always walk at the archery range
46 Oh my gosh, Andrew! Dont eat those! … Those are poison arrows!
47 How would you deal with a problem archer at camp? 1.Repeat the rule and find out if they understand it. 2.Determine if they are willing to follow the rule. 3.Remove them from the range if problem continues. 4.Have responsible person escort them to administration for follow-up.
48 Archery Range Commands WHISTLE COMMANDS VOICE COMMANDS Archers to the shooting line Begin shooting Walk forward and get your arrows STOP SHOOTING! Two Blasts One Blast Three Blasts Five or more Blasts (series)
49 Archery Range Procedures u Wait behind the waiting line until you hear 2 whistle blasts or Archers to the shooting line. Pick up your bows and straddle the shooting line. u Keep your arrows in your quiver until you hear 1 whistle blast or Begin shooting. u After you have shot all of your arrows, step back from the shooting line, set your bow on the rack, and wait behind the waiting line. u After everyone is done shooting and behind the waiting line, the instructor will blow the whistle 3 times or say Walk forward and get your arrows. Stop at the target line.
50 Pulling Your Arrows u One archer at a time, from each target, may go forward from the target line to pull their arrows. u Stand to the side of the target, and make sure that no one is standing behind your arrows. u Pull your arrows out one at a time by gripping the shaft near the target face with one hand and pulling the arrow with the other hand on the target face for leverage. u Put your arrows into your quiver as you pull them or after you have pulled them all grasp them by the points. Walk back to the waiting line
51 Things to Watch Out For: u Bows: u String Height u Frayed Servings u Wrong Size/Weight for Archer u Do NOT reach between bow and string when instructing archer at full draw! u Arrows: u Long Enough for Archer u Cracked Shaft u Broken Knock u Jammed Point u Archer: u Loose Clothes u Something in Shirt Pocket u Long Hair u Arm Guard u Finger Tab u Leaving Line Early u Listen for OUCH!
52 Clothing has presented problems to archers throughout History!
53 What did I say, boris? … These new uniforms are a crock!
54 Things to Watch Out For: u Range u Distractions u Animals u Fallen Targets u All Archers on Line (all straddle or All toe) u Retrieving Arrows u Watch for Arrows in Ground u All Archers Should Have Shoes On u Have Archers Pull Arrows Out of Grass in the Same Line as it Went in. DO NOT PULL UP! u When Around Target with Arrows, Archers Should Avoid Bending Over to Pick Something Up And Hitting Arrow Knocks with Face u Arrows Should be Pulled from Target One at a Time by Placing One Hand on the Target Face and the Other on the Shaft at the Point of Entry. With a Twist, Pull the Arrow from the Target. u All Other Archers Should Stand Clear of the Archer Pulling Arrows. u The instructor should be the LAST ONE BACK from behind the targets or to the ready line!