4 Tell us about YOU!Name:Home Town:What You Do:Archery Experience:
5 Learning ObjectivesAt the end of this session, each participant should be able to understand:Basic Archery NomenclatureThe nine steps to a good shooting formHow to set up and safely operate a range for group instruction sessionsRange Set UpArchery range safety rulesRange Safety RulesThings To Watch Out For
6 “I didn’t come to camp school to learn archery!” Why are we doing this?
7 Why are we doing this?People in camp expect you to be the expert on any question they have about archery!
8 “Wonderful! Just wonderful! So Much for instilling them with a sense of awe!
9 Archery Nomenclature Parts of an Arrow Basic Types of Arrow Heads Fletchingor VanesCrestArrow Head or PointNockShaftIndex FeatherBasic Types of Arrow HeadsBroadheadFieldBluntTarget (Wood)Target (Metal and Glass
10 Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Bow Tip String Notch Upper Limb Back HandleSight WindowFaceBackStringShelfString NotchTipString Height,Brace Height,or FistmeleUpperLimbHandleRiserLowerRecurve
11 Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Bow Nock Locator String Arrow Plate 90NockingHeightStringArrow PlateArrow RestPivot PointHandleShelf
12 Archery Nomenclature Upper Limb Back Face Clicker Sight Window Sight HandleUpperLimbRiserLowerRecurveBowStringServingNockLocatorPivot PointGripSight WindowShelfBackFaceArrowRestClickerSightStabilizerSystem
13 Archery Nomenclature Parts Of A Compound Bow Eccentric Pulley (Wheel) CamShelfUpper LimbBackBowStringFacePivot PointGripLower LimbSight WindowServingNockLocatorArrowRestLimb BoltCableCable GuardSightStabilizerParts Of A Compound Bow
14 THE NINE STEPS TO A GOOD SHOOTING FORM StanceNockSetPre-DrawDrawAnchor PointAimReleaseFollow-Through
15 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 1: STANCEOne foot on either side of the lineFeet should be shoulder-width apartWeight should be equally distributed between feetA line across the toes should run to center of target
16 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 2: NOCKNock arrow on string UNDER knock locatorKEEP ARROW POINTED DOWN RANGE!Index feather is AWAY from bow
17 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 3: SETSet bow hand on gripUse only web & meaty part of thumbSet groove of first 3 fingers around bow stringUse one finger over nock and two underIMPORTANT FOR BEGINNERS: Use three fingers under nock for beginners to keep from pushing arrow off rest
18 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 4: PRE-DRAWExtend BOTH arms forwardLook at target and line up bow string with the center of the bowRotate bow arm elbow away from string pathElbow of drawing arm should be near level with your nose
19 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 5: DRAWDraw bow by rotating draw arm shoulder until its elbow is directly behind the arrowContinue looking at target and keep the string lined up with center of bow as you drawMaintain continuous motion throughout the shot
20 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 6: ANCHORTarget Shooter’s AnchorDraw string to front of chin and firmly set string and hand against jawThumb along side of jawString touching center of chinString just touching tip of noseContinue to draw bow slowly and smoothly by using back muscles (STRETCH!)Hunter’s AnchorString touching tip of noseIndex finger tip touching upper incisor toothThumb along side of face
21 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 7: AIMThere are 5 basic ways to aimin Archery:1. Instinctive2. Point-of-aim3. Sight4. Gap5. String Walking
22 Step 7: AIMINGINSTINCTIVE:+Aim like you would aim a snowball!
23 AIMING Line up Arrow Tip With Center of Target Line up String Edge POINT-OF-AIM:Line upArrow TipWith Centerof TargetLine upString EdgeWith Centerof Arrow
24 ARROW FLYS WAY OVER TARGET! RESULTSARROW FLYS WAY OVER TARGET!
29 AIMINGGAP:As you movecloser -Aim lower(Fixed Pin)PinsScope
30 AIMINGGAP:As you moveaway -Aim higher(Fixed Pin)PinsScope
31 DO NOT TEACH THIS!!!! AIMING ~ 38 Yds. POINT-BLANK RANGE 40 Yds 30 Yds STRING WALKING:POINT-BLANKRANGE~ 38 Yds.DO NOTTEACHTHIS!!!!20 Yds10 Yds
32 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 8: RELEASEContinue to tighten back muscles and aimAfter holding “FOCUS-ON-TARGET” for at least one full second, open fingers of string hand and “pull through” to release stringRelease hand should travel to and remain by your shoulder.Continue to focus on target!
33 9 Steps of a Good Shooting Form Step 9: FOLLOW-THROUGHContinue extending bow arm towards targetContinue focusing on the target (aiming) until you hear the arrow hitDon’t try to watch the arrow fly (peek indicates failure to rotate head fully towards target during shot cycle)Don’t try to HELP the arrow to go faster or straighter (over extenuation/torquing of bow arm/hand)
34 Range Safety: Outdoors - Target Minimum 15 Yards on sides of rangeMinimum 50 Yards behindRope-off perimeterTilt target mats 9° - 15 °Target stand tied to groundTie target to stand!Archers shoot from one lineMove targets for different distancesSafety AreaMinimum 50 YardsBehind TargetsTarget LineShooting LineWaiting LineMinimum 15 YardsControlled Access / Spectator Area
38 Archery Equipment Recommended Equipment for 100 archers Camp Merit Badge Work
39 Minimum Amount of Equipment Needed for 100 Campers 4 Four-foot Target Faces Mounted on Target Butts10 Bows:3 - 20#5 - 25#1 - 30#1 - 35#12 Bow Strings12 Finger Tabs12 Arm Guards60 Arrows Selected to Fit Bows36 Action Archery Arrows2 Sets of Field Archery Targets60 Plastic Jugs (various sizes)12 Quivers (belt / ground)
40 Recommended Camp Equipment for Boy Scout Merit Badge Program 4 Two-foot Target Faces Mounted on ButtsSix String JigsSix Nylon Serving SpoolsSix Monofiliment Serving SpoolsB50 Waxed Bow StringBow WaxNylon ServingMonofiliment ServingBow SquareNocking PliersNock LocatorsArrow ShaftsFletching JigFeathers/VanesFletching CementArrow HeadsShaft Pointing ToolMerit Badge PamphletSheets to Record Participants
41 Range Supervision:Instructor must be alert to conditions which may be dangerous to participants and take action.Number of participants the instructor can manage depends on:Instructor experienceAge & maturity of participantsAbility/disability of participants
42 Developmentally Disabled Range Supervision:Age of Participants# Students per Instructor6-7 Years Old2 or 38-9 Years Old4 to 810-11 Years Old8 to 1212-15 Years OldUp to 1215 & up12 to 20Developmentally DisabledMay need 1 on 1
43 BSA Archery Safety Rules Always WALK on an Archery Range!Always Aim/Shoot at your designated Target!Always be Sure Area Around/Behind Target is Clear Before Shooting!Always Shoot at a Target Thick Enough to Stop Your Arrow!Always Use Proper Safety Equipment!Always Use Arrows of the Proper Length!Always Inspect Equipment Before Shooting!Always Wait for “ALL CLEAR” Command Before Retrieving Arrows!Always Lean Bow on Face of Target When Retrieving Arrows Behind it!Use a Field Captain If More Than 4 Archers Shoot or 1 Target is Used!Always Have an Arrow in the Bow Before Releasing the String!Always Shoot an Arrow at a Definite Target!
44 Archery Range Rules Know and obey all range commands Keep your arrows in your quiver until you are told to shootAlways wear an arm guard and finger tabOnly use arrows that were given to you and remember what they look likeAlways keep your arrows pointed down or towards the target. Shoot only at your targetLeave dropped arrows on the ground until told to retrieve arrowsAlways walk at the archery range
46 “Oh my gosh, Andrew! Don’t eat those! … Those are poison arrows!”
47 How would you deal with a problem archer at camp? Repeat the rule and find out if they understand it.Determine if they are willing to follow the rule.Remove them from the range if problem continues.Have responsible person escort them to administration for follow-up.
48 “Archers to the shooting line” “Walk forward and get your arrows” Archery Range CommandsVOICECOMMANDS“Archers to the shooting line”“Begin shooting”“Walk forward and get your arrows”“STOP SHOOTING!”WHISTLECOMMANDSTwo BlastsOne BlastThree BlastsFive or more Blasts(series)
49 Archery Range Procedures Wait behind the waiting line until you hear 2 whistle blasts or “Archers to the shooting line.” Pick up your bows and straddle the shooting line.Keep your arrows in your quiver until you hear 1 whistle blast or “Begin shooting.”After you have shot all of your arrows, step back from the shooting line, set your bow on the rack, and wait behind the waiting line.After everyone is done shooting and behind the waiting line, the instructor will blow the whistle 3 times or say “Walk forward and get your arrows. Stop at the target line.”
50 Pulling Your ArrowsOne archer at a time, from each target, may go forward from the target line to pull their arrows.Stand to the side of the target, and make sure that no one is standing behind your arrows.Pull your arrows out one at a time by gripping the shaft near the target face with one hand and pulling the arrow with the other hand on the target face for leverage.Put your arrows into your quiver as you pull them or after you have pulled them all grasp them by the points. Walk back to the waiting line
51 Things to Watch Out For: Bows:String HeightFrayed ServingsWrong Size/Weight for ArcherDo NOT reach between bow and string when instructing archer at full draw!Arrows:Long Enough for ArcherCracked ShaftBroken KnockJammed PointArcher:Loose ClothesSomething in Shirt PocketLong HairArm GuardFinger TabLeaving Line EarlyListen for “OUCH!”
52 Clothing has presented problems to archers throughout History!
53 These new uniforms are a crock!” “What did I say, boris? …These new uniforms are a crock!”
54 Things to Watch Out For: Range“Distractions”AnimalsFallen TargetsAll Archers on Line (all straddle or All toe)Retrieving ArrowsWatch for Arrows in GroundAll Archers Should Have Shoes OnHave Archers Pull Arrows Out of Grass in the Same Line as it Went in. DO NOT PULL UP!When Around Target with Arrows, Archers Should Avoid Bending Over to Pick Something Up And Hitting Arrow Knocks with FaceArrows Should be Pulled from Target One at a Time by Placing One Hand on the Target Face and the Other on the Shaft at the Point of Entry. With a Twist, Pull the Arrow from the Target.All Other Archers Should Stand Clear of the Archer Pulling Arrows.The instructor should be the LAST ONE BACK from behind the targets or to the ready line!