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Dr. William J Davis, Jr. Dr. William J Davis, Jr.USACGSC JCOL.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. William J Davis, Jr. Dr. William J Davis, Jr.USACGSC JCOL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. William J Davis, Jr. Dr. William J Davis, Jr.USACGSC JCOL

2 Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Planning Joint Course on Logistics

3 Course Objective The objective is to give an overview of the joint operation planning process for both contingency and crisis action planning.

4

5 Vocabulary Strategic Concept CAP UIC UTC TPFDD LAD TUCHA M-day JSCP JOPES JPEC JFAST PPBE C-day QDR

6 What is JOPES? Develop and Execute War Plans Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) is a combination of joint policies and procedures, supported by IT, designed to provide joint commanders and planners with a capability to plan and conduct joint military operations. JOPES VOLs

7 CJCSM C 22 March 2004 JOPES VOLUME III (CRISIS ACTION TIME PHASED FORCE AND DEPLOYMENT DATA DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT EXECUTION) JOINT OPERATION PLANNING AND EXECUTION SYSTEM (JOPES) VOLUME I CJCSM A 29 Sep 2006 (PLANNING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES) JOPES VOLUME II CJCSM B 28 February 2006 PLANNING FORMATS Three Volumes of JOPES

8 Plan Development Plan Assessment No Plan Contingency Planning JSCP Strategic Guidance Concept Development OPOR D Execution Planning Situational Awareness Crisis Crisis Action Planning Campaign Plan OPORDs OPLAN CONPLANs SCP Commanders Strategic Concept JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

9 Joint Planning Goal The primary goal of planning is not the development of elaborate plans that inevitably must be changed; a more enduring goal is the development of planners who can cope with the inevitable change. How successful have we been at accomplishing this?

10 06 Feb 2006JFSC / JCWS

11 06 Feb 2006JFSC / JCWS Op Art / Op Design Must use Op Art and Op Design throughout the planning process –Op Art Application of creative imagination to design strategies, campaigns and operations –Elements of Op Design Now includes end state, objectives, effects, and lines of operation –Systems Approach Addition to traditional JIPB –Phasing Element of Arranging Ops Although JOPP provides a logical process to frame the planning effort, it is only the creative minds of the commander and staff that will make the plan successful

12 06 Feb 2006JFSC / JCWS Relationship of Shaping Ops

13 HA/DR Phasing Phases May Overlap Immediate Response First 72 hours Continuous SA & preparedness TSC activities to enhance PN disaster preparedness and response capabilities Immediate lifesaving when: directed by SECDEF, or directed by CDR for immediate lifesaving with forces in place (72 hr limit) Assess affected areas for relief ops Support OFDA to: Mitigate near-term human suffering Provide water, food, shelter, sanitation, medicine, etc. Assess affected areas for restoration ops Support OFDA to: Restore key infrastructure (roads, power, communications, etc.) Set conditions for transition to civil authorities If no legitimate, functioning civil govt, perform limited local governance Provide basic services to people Set conditions for transition to civil authorities Support civil govt Civil authorities assume responsibilities (with assistance as reqd from OFDA, NGOs, IOs, etc.) Military forces redeploy Phase 0 activities resume Preparation Initial Response Relief Stabilization Phase 0Phase IPhase II Phase III Phase IV (Shape) (Dominate)(Stabilize) (Enable Civil Auth) Phase V Restoration (DoD Support TBD) (Seize Initiative) (Deter) Current Situation Recovery Disaste r

14 Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Action Planning Joint Course on Logistics

15 Elements of the Department of Defense Office of the Secretary of Defense DEFENSE AGENCIES JOINT STAFF DOD FIELD ACTIVITIES COMBATANT COMMANDS * * MILITARY DEPARTMENTS JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF MILITARY SERVICES

16 Standard Military Org Chart

17 Vice President NSC Advisors Operational ResponsibilitiesSupport Responsibilities Combatant Command Directive Authority DAF DON DA NSC Secretary Of State Specified Command Unified Command Commander Functional Component Command Commander Joint Task Force Commander Sub- Unified Command Commander Service Component Command Operations Planning Strategic Direction Military Advice Organize Train Equip Maintain Assign Support Secretary ARMY CSA USA Secretary Air Force CSAF USAF CMC USMC CNO USN Secretary NAVY JCS Vice Chairman Joint Staff Organization For National Security President Vice President Secretary of Energy National Security Advisor Chairman JCS Secretary Of Defense X

18 Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Action Planning Joint Course on Logistics

19 Contingency Plans Resources Strategy

20 JSPS Strategic Direction Programming Advice Strategic Assessment Strategic Plans JSPS and Related Systems JSPS SMEAC 1.Situation 2.Mission 3.Execution 4.Admin 5.C2 The Gouge

21 JSPS NSS IPL POMs JFRR SROC CRS JCCA CRS JCCA JTS Strategic Direction Programming Advice Strategic Assessment Strategic Plans PPBE JPGJPG CPR CPA FCB JROC NDS NMS JSPS and Related Systems JSPSQDRCRA JSR GEF JSCP JOPES/ APEX JOPES/ APEX PLANs

22 Guidance to Combatant Commanders Joint Pub 1 Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States UCP Unified Command Plan (FOUO) Combatant Commander Command Relationships

23 Over 4 million parts…each one built by the lowest bidder… BEST VALUE

24 Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Action Planning Joint Course on Logistics

25 Strategy Resources NSS NMS QDR JSR CPR CPA JSCP FCB NDS JFRR JROC GEF JPG Contingency Plans CRA

26 Secretary of Defense Initiatives Realign five (5) Phases of Deliberate Planning into four (4) Functions of Contingency Planning Redefined six (6) Phases of Crisis Action Planning into three (3) Functions.

27 Plan Development Plan Assessment No Plan Contingency Planning JSCP Strategic Guidance Concept Development OPOR D Execution Planning Situational Awareness Crisis Crisis Action Planning Campaign Plan OPORDs OPLAN CONPLANs SCP Commanders Strategic Concept JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

28 GEF Purpose – Consolidate Guidance Consolidating five separate documents forces holistic thinking about previously stove-piped planning ContingencyPlanningGuidanceSecurityCooperationGuidanceNuclearWeaponsPlanningGuidanceGlobalPostureGuidanceGlobal Force Mgmt Guidance Joint Strategic CapabilitiesPlan Guidance for Employment of the Force of the Force Built together by Task Force

29 Global Force Management Force Apportionment Guidance for Contingency Planning (GFM Implementation Guidance: GFMIG) –3 Bins Force Allocation Guidance [to the Global Force Management Board (GFMB)] for operations and shaping activities –5 Tiers of Priorities

30 New Apportionment Construct HD NORTHCOM/ ELEMNORAD/PACOM Campaign 1 Campaign 2 XXXXXXXX Homeland Defense - HD XXXXXXXX PlansForce Bins Current Operations Homeland Defense - HD Force Bins HD NORTHCOM / PACOM USELEMNORAD/SOUTHCOM XXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX Plans Forces not available for planning Forces available for planning JSCP 06JSCP 08 Proposed construct accounts for employed forces Proposed construct accounts for employed forces Establishes a more realistic start point for planning Establishes a more realistic start point for planning Not intended to be the equivalent of contingency sourcing Not intended to be the equivalent of contingency sourcing Improves CCDRs ability to assess military risk to execute a plan Improves CCDRs ability to assess military risk to execute a plan NDS required the ability to conduct 2 overlapping campaigns

31 31 Design Element: Arranging Operations – Phasing JP 5-0, p. IV-34 (26 Dec 2006)

32 Campaign(s ) Subordinate Campaign Plans Contingency Plans XXXYYYZZZ XXX Theater Campaign Plan YYY ZZZ #### DOD Global Campaign Plan Relationship of Planning Efforts Indicates a supporting campaign plan synchronized with a Global Campaign Plan Indicates campaign or contingency plans nested under a Theater Campaign Plan

33 The Never-ending Theater Campaign Plan (TCP) Contingency as a branch plan from the TCP TCP (security cooperation/Phase 0) The end-state that doesnt end (NSS objectives and interests) Once the contingency is over, the end state is back to day-to-day military activities (phase 0, which is the theater campaign plan)

34 Security Cooperation/Shaping Activities The COCOM campaign plan is the mechanism for organizing, integrating and prioritizing security cooperation activities Security Cooperation Activities/Tools Global End State(s) COCOM Regional or Functional End State(s) Critical Partnerships Key Supporting Partnerships Countries of Concern Global Core Partners National and Multinational Influence Security Cooperation Focus Areas Defense Exports and International Collaboration Security Sector Reform Intelligence and Information Sharing Inter- operability Operational Capacity and Capability Operational Access and Global Freedom of Action Assurance and Regional Confidence Building

35 There is no better diplomat than a naval aviator on liberty!!

36 Campaign Planning Efforts Regional Campaigns 1.USAFRICOM 2.USCENTCOM 3.USEUCOM 4.USNORTHCOM 5.USPACOM 6.USSOUTHCOM Global/Functional Campaigns 1.Global War on Terror 2.Homeland Defense 3.Defense Support of Civil Authorities 4.Global Pandemic Influenza 5.Combating WMD 6.Strategic Deterrence & Global Strike 7.Cyberspace 8.Space

37 JOPES Functions Threat Identification & Assessment Strategy Determination COA Development Detailed Planning Implementation III Plan Development II Concept Development I Strategic Guidance IV Plan Assessment Execute Order Alert Order Warning Order Planning Order JSPS JSCP Contingency Planning Execution Crisis Action Planning Situation Awareness JOPES Functions and Joint Planning IPR F IPR C IPR A IPR R

38 Strategic Guidance Concept Development Plan Development Initiation

39 06 Feb 2006JFSC / JCWS JOPP Generic Receive and analyze required tasks. Review and refine adversary situation Develop and compare alternative courses of action. Select the best course of action. Submit and gain concept approval. Prepare a plan based on approved concept. Complete the planning document.

40 06 Feb 2006JFSC / JCWS CJCSM 3122 (JOPES) specifies JPEC –Milestones, deliverables and interaction points –Differences between Contingency and CAP Contingency Initiation –CPG / SGS / JSCP –Commanders Guidance –Formation of planning team (JPG, OPG, etc) CAP Initiation –Warning Ord / Planning Ord / Alert Ord JOPP Step 1: Initiation

41 JOPP Step 2 (FC Draft JP 5-0 Jan 06)

42 42 JTF Commander's Orientation PACOM Commander's Intent Purpose: Provide immediate life sustaining support to the GOB, reduce further loss of life, mitigate human suffering. Key Tasks: Designate COMMARFORPAC as CDR-JTF Preposition Relief Supplies and Equipment in anticipation of support request. BPT to conduct operations as part of a multi-national relief effort or in support of a third country BPT establish a joint logistics hub in the vicinity of Burma Conduct FHA in support of OFDA Transition FHA functions to other agencies as soon as practical Redeploy/Reposition forces upon completion of the mission or as directed. Endstate: Demand for Emergency Relief decreased to the point where GOB and the humanitarian community can meet relief requirements and begin recovery operations without U.S. Military Assistance. Human suffering is alleviated. U.S. Forces are safely redeployed.

43 43 JTF Specified Tasks (1/3) (1) BPT PROVIDE DISASTER RELIEF SUPPORT IN COORDINATION WITH USAID/OFDA. (2) PROVIDE JTF-CDR'S ESTIMATE WITH COURSES OF ACTION AND RECOMMENDED COURSE OF ACTION TO USPACOM J3 NLT ZMAY08. (3) DEVELOP SITUATIONAL AWARENESS AND CONDUCT ASSESSMENTS IN SUPPORT OF FHA RELIEF OPERATIONS TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE. (4) BPT PROVIDE MOBILITY ASSETS IN SUPPORT OF RELIEF EFFORTS AS REQUIRED. (5) BPT DELIVER FOOD, WATER, EMERGENCY MEDICAL SUPPORT, MEDICINE AND OTHER RELIEF SUPPLIES AS REQUIRED. (6) BPT PROVIDE LIMITED TRANSPORTATION OF DISPLACED PERSONS TO DESIGNATED AREAS FROM LOCATIONS INACCESSIBLE TO HN TRANSPORTATION ASSETS.

44 44 JTF Implied Tasks (1/1) (1)Establish FCE in Rangoon (2)Establish HN / JTF coordination element in Rangoon (3)Establish LNOs with MPAT for coordination/deconfliction with International Aid agencies. (4)BPT Establish FOB or FARPs in Thailand/Burma as required. (5)Establish Air C2 concept to deconflict JTF tactical and operational air with HN and Non-DOD aviation (6)Seek clearance to fly non-DOD personnel and supplies

45 45 Assumptions (1/2) SECDEF WILL DIRECT USPACOM TO ASSIST WITH DISASTER RELIEF IN BURMA. USPACOM FORCES WILL EXECUTE OPERATIONS AS A PART OF A MULTI-NATIONAL RELIEF EFFORT OR IN SUPPORT OF THE EFFORTS OF A THIRD COUNTRY. BURMA WILL REQUEST U.S. HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE. BURMA WILL PROVIDE FORCE PROTECTION FOR US FORCES IF ALLOWED IN THE COUNTRY. GOB WILL DIRECT OVERALL RELIEF EFFORT. GROUND TRANSPORTATION NETWORK IN THE AFFECTED AREAS OF BURMA IS SERIOUSLY DEGRADED OR UNUSABLE.

46 Proposed Mission Statement CDRUSSOUTHCOM conducts PHASE II (RELIEF) ISO the USAMB/Country Team in coordination with MINUSTAH/ NGOs/OGA/USAID IOT mitigate near term human suffering and accelerate recovery in Haiti. BPT transition to PHASE III (RESTORATION).

47 47 Proposed JTF Mission O/O, JTF conducts Humanitarian Assistance (HA) and Disaster Relief (DR) Operations IVO Central Burma to support International relief efforts IOT reduce further loss of life and mitigate human suffering.

48 JOPP Step 3

49 49 Deploy HMM-262 det/ HMM-265 CH-53 det/ HM-14 det to Utaphao Deploy HMM-265 aboard 31 st MEU/ ESX ARG in MODLOC vic Gulf of Martaban Establish FOB in Mae Sot, TH Establish FARP at Rangoon Intl, MY OPS and LOG nodes JTF HQ/1 st MAW Khorat, TH 3 rd MEB proposed FARP Rangoon Mae Sot FOB Intermediate Logistics Staging Base Main relief aid distribution point Rapidly establish initial relief capability Build to maximum capacity as resources and authorities allow. Conduct assessments Deploy FCE to Burma Project aid relief fwd from Utaphao via KC/C-130s and Mai Sot to Rangoon when authorized COA Balanced Response LOGOPS MFP FOB FRDP 3 MEB C2 Links FRDP Forward Refuel/Distribution Pt

50 JOPP Step 4

51 JOPP Step 5

52 JOPP Step 2

53 JOPP Step 7

54 STEP 10 PLAN REVIEW PLAN REVIEW PURPOSE: To identify all forces needed to accomplish the Concept of Operations. Build the force list. STEP 8 TPFDD REFINEMENT TPFDD REFINEMENT STEP 7 TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS STEP 6 SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION STEP 5 NEO NEO STEP 4 TRANSPORTATION STEP 3 CHEMICAL CHEMICAL NUCLEAR NUCLEAR STEP 2 SUPPORT SUPPORT STEP 1 FORCE FORCE JOPES VOLUME II CJCSM B 28 February 2006 PLANNING FORMATS Plan Development STEP 9 DOCUMENTATION DOCUMENTATION

55 Home Mobilization Station Origin Port of Embarkation Intermediate Location Strategic Staging Port of Debarkation ORIG RLD POE ALD ILOC Employment POD DEST EAD LAD Earliest, Latest Arrival Date RDD/CRD Combatant Commanders Required Date Required Delivery Date PREPO term: date: The Movement of Forces Reception StagingOnward Movement Integration

56 I knew I should have stayed awake during the JPOC when Sledge talked about TPFDDs!!

57 C-day (L-hour) (N-day) Deployment Operation Begins (specific hour deployment begins) (Day unit notified, e.g., AMC mission support) D-day (H-hour ) Military Operation Begins (specific hour operation begins ) M-day (F-hour) Force Mobilization Begins (SECDEF announcement to mobilize reserve forces) EMPLOYMENT THEATER DEPLOYMENT STRATEGIC DEPLOYMENT NATIONAL MOBILIZATION POD POE ORIG A F S C JP666c 5D#3-g Reference Times for Planning

58 PURPOSE: Identify the quantities of supplies, equipment and replacement personnel replacement personnel to sustain the force. to sustain the force. Plan Development JOPES VOLUME II CJCSM B 28 February 2006 PLANNING FORMATS STEP 10 PLAN REVIEW PLAN REVIEW STEP 8 TPFDD REFINEMENT TPFDD REFINEMENT STEP 7 TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS STEP 6 SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION STEP 5 NEO NEO STEP 4 TRANSPORTATION STEP 3 CHEMICAL CHEMICAL NUCLEAR NUCLEAR STEP 1 FORCE FORCE STEP 2 SUPPORT SUPPORT STEP 9 DOCUMENTATION DOCUMENTATION

59 Support Planning Unit-Related TUCHATUCHA Additional accompanying supplies PWRS Sustaining supplies Resupply Supply Buildup Supply Buildup Non-Unit-Related LAD CESP Additional considerations Medical EPW Civil Affairs Civil Affairs Special Materials Must be added separately Pipeline opens A F S C JP160c D#5-g

60 Plan DevelopmentPURPOSE: Solve the complex strategic movement by simulating the movement of forces, planning for NEO requirements, and support to identify shortfalls and analyze alternatives. JOPES VOLUME II CJCSM B 28 February 2006 PLANNING FORMATS STEP 9 DOCUMENTATION DOCUMENTATION STEP 8 TPFDD REFINEMENT TPFDD REFINEMENT STEP 7 TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS STEP 6 SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION STEP 5 NEO NEO STEP 4 TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION STEP 10 PLAN REVIEW PLAN REVIEW STEP 3 CHEMICAL CHEMICAL NUCLEAR NUCLEAR STEP 1 FORCE FORCE STEP 2 SUPPORT SUPPORT

61 Identify the Total Transportation Requirements... Describe Them in Logistical Terms... Simulate the Strategic Move... Short Tons Short Tons Square Feet Square Feet Cubic Feet Cubic Feet Passengers Movement Criteria Movement Criteria Using Common-User Lift A F S C JP675C 7D# g The Strategic Transportation Challenge

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63 Time? 3-4 Weeks (ship) vs. 2-3 Days (aircraft) Time? 3-4 Weeks (ship) vs. 2-3 Days (aircraft) Cost Mobility Tradeoffs – Goal: Optimize Capability Constrained Resources… Premium on Right Asset, Right Mission! D-50D-10 RDD D-60D-30D-40D-20 But We Typically Operate Here! We Want to Be Here… Concrete Air:$129M Sea:$5.5M Concrete Air:$129M Sea:$5.5M Bombs Air:$235M Sea:$10.7M Bombs Air:$235M Sea:$10.7M HDR Air:$17.6M Sea:$360K HDR Air:$17.6M Sea:$360K Time

64 Worldwide Pre-positioned Assets Diego Garcia USMC USN USA USAF Guam/Saipan USMC USN USA USAF Guam USAF Japan USN USAF South Korea USN USA USAF Oman USAF Qatar USAF Bahrain USN USAF Kuwait USA USAF Norway USMC USN USAF Luxembourg USAF Germany USAF Italy USA Mediterranean USMC USN USAF Ashore Afloat

65 Shortfall Resolution Refine priorities Adjust origin to POE to POD routing and timing Change lift modes Link forces to pre-positioned resources Enhance preparedness with base development Seek additional assets Conclude contractual agreements or inter- Service support agreements Arrange for HNS where feasible Employ combination of above Redefine concept of operations

66 Plan Review Group Combatant Commands Services National Guard Bureau Joint Staff directorate Defense agencies

67 Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Action Planning Joint Course on Logistics

68 A F S C A F S C IP255 5D23-g What is a crisis?

69 I hope my SATs are high enough for the Naval Academy They have to take me…my Dads an admiral!!

70 An incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its territories, citizens, military forces, possessions, or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, political, or military importance that commitment of U.S. military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives. An incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its territories, citizens, military forces, possessions, or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, political, or military importance that commitment of U.S. military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives. JP 1-02 What is a crisis?

71 CJCS JCS Jt Staff CJCS JCS Jt Staff Central CommandJoint Forces Command European Command Special Operations Command Northern Command Strategic Command Pacific Command Transportation Command Southern Command Central CommandJoint Forces Command European Command Special Operations Command Northern Command Strategic Command Pacific Command Transportation Command Southern Command Combatant Commands GovernmentAgenciesGovernmentAgencies White House Situation Room White House Situation Room State / Energy Department OSDOSD NMCCNMCC IntelligenceAgenciesIntelligenceAgencies DNIDIACIANSADNIDIACIANSA DefenseAgenciesDefenseAgencies DISADTRADLANGADISADTRADLANGA ServicesServices ArmyNavy Air Force Marine Corps Coast Guard NGBArmyNavy Air Force Marine Corps Coast Guard NGB The Players

72 Rapid exchange of pertinent information Analysis of situations affecting possible COAs Development of feasible COAs Decisionmaking process to select best COAs Coordination of plans and orders to implement decisions made CAP Process Allows

73 Political-Military Actions and the Interagency Military Operations Operations Policy

74 Importance Sensible and realistic policy-making creates opportunities for progress Interagency planning can make or break an operation Failure to integrate civil dimension… Undermines unity of effort Pressures military to do more Lengthens the duration of commitments Early involvement in planning accelerates contributions of civilian agencies

75 How did we get where we are? Mission/Objective Alternative means to achieve objective Tolerance for what level of violence? Support for use of force Financial and logistical Exit strategy Definition of victory Deciding to Intervene

76 Plan Development Plan Assessment No Plan Contingency Planning JSCP Strategic Guidance Concept Development OPOR D Execution Planning Situational Awareness Crisis Crisis Action Planning Campaign Plan OPORDs OPLAN CONPLANs SCP Commanders Strategic Concept JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

77 PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS MajorCrisis US Government (OSD, JS, COCOMs, Interagency) Monitor the situation Identify that an event has occurred Recognize that the event is a problem or potential problem Report the event Assess the event Crisis Action Planning Process

78 PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS Commanders Assessment Information on situation Action being taken within ROE Forces available Timeframe for commitment of forces Major constraints or restraints for employment of forces COAs under consideration MajorCrisis Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process

79 PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS MajorCrisis Warning Order Issued by CJCS Contains Mission Statement -- Objectives -- Constraints/ Restraints -- Tentative Forces Available -- Command Relationships Requests Cdrs Estimate -- Develop COAs CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process

80 MajorCrisis Course of Action (COA) Planning Review Existing Plans for Applicability Review Existing Plans for Applicability Develop COAs Develop COAs Analyze COAs Analyze COAs Compare COAs Compare COAs CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS Warning Order

81 MajorCrisis Commanders Estimate Mission Situation and COAs Analysis of opposing COAs Comparison of own COAs Recommended COA COA Planning CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

82 MajorCrisis Cdrs Estimate Alert Order Presidents decision on COA Contains -- Situation -- Tasks -- Allocation of Major Forces -- Allocation of Strategic Lift -- Target Date for Execution Requests Operation Order (OPORD) COA Planning CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

83 PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS or … Planning Order Issued by CJCS when detailed planning is desired immediately -- Before President approves a COA Contains -- Mission -- Objectives -- Forces Available -- Command Relationships Directs Execution Planning MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process

84 MajorCrisis Plan Development Update/Adjust Selected COA -- Identify and Source Forces -- Identify Sustainment/Mobility Resources -- Resolve Shortfalls and Limitations Can also be Directed in Planning Order Develop OPORD Cdrs Estimate COA Planning CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

85 MajorCrisis Cdrs Estimate Operation Order (OPORD) Situation Mission Execution Admin & Logistics C2 COAPlanning Plan Development CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness Crisis Action Planning Process Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS COAPlanning CCDRs Assessment COAPlanning COA Planning CCDRs Assessment

86 MajorCrisis Cdrs Estimate Situation Awareness COA Planning ExecutionPlanning OPORD Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS OPORD

87 MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness ExecutionPlanning OPORD Deployment Order SecDef Approval Can be Issued at Any Time in CAP Signals Pres/SecDef Decision to Begin Preparation for Military Response Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Cdrs Estimate COA Planning Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS OPORD

88 MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness ExecutionPlanning OPORD Deployment Order (cont.) Reduces Reaction Time Increase Posture / Deploy Forces Establish / Activate JTF & Designate CC Also used to Terminate / Redeploy Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Cdrs Estimate COA Planning Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

89 MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness ExecutionPlanning OPORD Deployment Order Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Cdrs Estimate COA Planning Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

90 MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness ExecutionPlanning OPORD Execute Order President Directs Commander to Begin Military Operations Defines Time to Initiate Operations Conveys Guidance Not Provided Earlier Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Cdrs Estimate COA Planning Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS

91 PresSecDefCJCSPresSecDefCJCS MajorCrisis CCDRs Assessment Situation Awareness ExecutionPlanning OPORD Execute Order ConductOperation Deployment Order Plan Development Crisis Action Planning Process Cdrs Estimate COA Planning Alert Order Planning Order Warning Order

92 Contained in Enclosure G to JOPES Vol I List general responsibilities and considerations during CAP Identified for various levels --CJCS --supported command --component commands --supporting commands --Services --USTRANSCOM --other commands and agencies Crisis Action Planning Checklists

93 WARNOPLORDALORDDEPORDEXORD UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (94)XX XXX SAFE BORDER (95)XX PROMPT RETURN (95)XXX JOINT ENDEAVOR (95)XXX ASSURED RESPONSE (96)XXX QUICK RESPONSE (96)X X BURUNDI (96)X DESERT STRIKE (96) XX X INTRINSIC ACTION (96)XX GUARDIAN ASSISTANCE (96)XXX SILVER WAKE (97)XX ENDURING / IRAQI FREEDOM (03)XXX CAP Orders

94 Plan Development No Plan Contingency Planning JSCP Strategic Guidance Concept Development OPOR D Execution Planning Situational Awareness Crisis Crisis Action Planning Campaign Plan OPORDs OPLAN CONPLANs SCP Commanders Strategic Concept JOPES Joint Operation Planning and Execution System Plan Assessment

95 JCL Bill, may I be excused? My brain is full.

96 Joint Electronic Library : Joint Deployment Training Center: Combatant Commands: RETROSPECT


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