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Crisis Action Planning Course of Action Development UNCLASSIFIED JTF Training.

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Presentation on theme: "Crisis Action Planning Course of Action Development UNCLASSIFIED JTF Training."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crisis Action Planning Course of Action Development UNCLASSIFIED JTF Training

2 Restated Mission Statement O/O, CCDR CJTF will conduct Foreign Disaster Humanitarian Assistance in support of the Government of Cameroon to relieve the suffering associated with Volcano OKU.

3 CCDR USAFRICOM CJTF will establish and deploy forces to forward operating bases to alleviate suffering in devastated areas. In coordination with the appropriate consular or AMEMBASSY personnel, US forces will provide mobility and logistics support capabilities to enhance HN efforts in response to the crisis. US forces will limit operations to essential life sustaining operations and where feasible will hand off FHA/DR function to other agencies as soon as practical. Close coordination with other USG agencies, NGO, and IGO will facilitate operations and eliminate duplication of efforts. When directed US forces redeploy to home station and reconstitute for future contingencies. ENDSTATE. Success is defined as a minimized loss of life and human suffering of displaced persons, the scope of the crisis no longer exceeds the capacity of the host nations, and all US personnel are redeployed to home station. Commanders Intent

4 COA Development Overview Analyze information associated with a current situation Components, techniques and procedures for conducting an operational-level mission analysis for a Joint Task Force (JTF) –Suggested input into planning process –Logistical shortfalls in planning process –Adequate, feasible and acceptable COAs –COA steps –Center of gravity, task priorities, and phasing sketch

5 Reference JP 3-0 Doctrine for Joint Operations JP JTF Planning Guidance & Procedures MNF SOP JP 4-0 Logistics CJCS A JTF HQ Master Training Guide JP 5-0 Joint Operation Planning MULTINATIONAL FORCE STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES (MNF SOP) Version 1.6 February 2006

6 Key Points Crisis Action Planning (CAP) Procedures: Three process Key Documents –Warning & Alert Orders –Commanders Estimate Requires Concurrent & Collaborative Planning Develop a Military Course of Action

7 CAP Functions ISituational Awareness IIPlanning III Execution

8 CAP Process Features Rapid Exchange of Information Analysis of situations affecting possible Courses of Action (COAs) Developing valid COAs Comparison COA Recommended/Selecting the best COAs Coordinating plans & order supporting execution

9 9 Function II – Planning II Planning Warning Order CDRs Estimate CDRs Estimate CCDRs Warning Order JTF PLANNING I Situational Awareness III Execution JFC JTF Tasks: Mission Analysis Issue Planning Guidance Issue Warning Order Develop COAs Develop Staff Estimates Analyze COAs Compare COAs Recommend COA Submit CDRs Estimate National Authorities SupportedCCDR

10 Course of Action (COA) Development The COA consist of the following information: – WHO will take the action – WHAT type of military action will occur – WHEN the action will begin – WHERE the action will occur – WHY the action is required (purpose) – HOW the action will occur (method of employment of forces) Joint Pub 5-0

11 COA Development To develop COAs, the staff must focus on key information to make decisions, using the data from mission analysis. The Staff develops COAs to provide options to the commander. Focus on Centers of Gravity and Decisive Points All COAs selected must be valid

12 Develop Initial COAs The hub of all power and movement, on which everything depends. That is the point against which all of our energies should be directed. Carl von Clausewitz Center of Gravity (COG) Information Social Military Economic Infrastructure Political


14 Joint Operation Planning Process

15 Initial Test for Validity Test for adequacy Test for feasibility Test for acceptability Ensure COAs are distinguishable Test for completeness Course of Action Characteristics

16 Adequate Does it accomplish the mission? Does it meet the Combatant Commanders and CJTFs intent? Does it accomplish all the essential tasks? Does it allow the CJTF to meet the conditions for the end state? Does it take into consideration the enemy and friendly centers of gravity?

17 Feasible Can accomplish the mission within the established time, space, and resource limitations? –Will those resources be available in the JOA in time? Forces/Capability Transportation Resupply Facilities - Can the COA be carried out within the physical environments constraints?

18 Must balance cost and risk with the advantage gained. Does it contain unacceptable risks? Does it take into account the limitations placed on the CTF? Does it contribute to the higher commanders strategic objectives? Can it be accomplished within external constraints, particularly ROE? Acceptable

19 Risk Matrix Impact Likelihood HIGH LOW No HNS Early EOM Fall of Gov. C2 LOG C2 Distro Probls HIGH

20 Distinguishable Are the COAs sufficiently different from each other COAs can be different when considering... –Focus or direction of main effort –Scheme of maneuver (land, air, maritime, special ops) –Primary mechanism for mission accomplishment –Task Organization –Use of reserves

21 COA Development COA 2 includes all of COA 1 COA 3 includes all of COAs 1 & 2 COA 1 COA 2 COA 3 Nested COAs What to Avoid

22 COA Planning Enablers Planning considerations in developing different COAs -Joint Force Capabilities (operational fires and maneuver, deception) -Joint Force Organizations -Combinations of elements of operational design (phasing line of operations and so forth) -Commander and staff risk assessment -Intelligence updates Joint Pub 5-0

23 Complete Are the COAs technically complete? Must incorporate: –Objectives, effects and tasks to be performed –Major forces required –Concepts for development, employment and sustainment –Time estimates for achieving objectives –Military end state and success criteria

24 COA Planning Enablers Joint Force Commanders (JFC) Planning Guidance JFC Initial Intent Initial Staff Estimates Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment Revised Staff Estimates COA Alternatives including -Tentative task organization -Deployment concept -Sustainment concept COA Development Key Inputs Key Outputs

25 Prepare COA Develop COA sketch(s) Deployment/Sustainment Concept Operational design –Phasing –Line of operations

26 COA 1 HOME BASE US Country 2 C2 HUB Country 1 APOD SPOD ALOC Unrep COA 1 Sail direct to Country 2 Deploy land forces to Country 1 -- to control flow of troops into Country 2

27 COA 2 HOME BASE Country 1 APOD SPOD ALOC Unrep COA 2 Sail and deploy land forces direct to Country 1

28 28 Example Sketch This phase completes the introduction of combat forces (Phase II) and begins offensive operations to evict all aggressors from the sovereign territory of Blueland. Operations will be conducted along two axes. Phase is complete upon restoration of territorial integrity of Blueland. MARFOR: O/O conduct offensive operations to secure northern approaches to City T ARFOR: Deploy ACR to forward AA. O/O conduct offensive operations to clear central and southern approaches. Air Aslt/Abn Bde est. opnl reserve and rear area defense. AFFOR: Maintain air superiority. Conduct AI and strat atk operations. NAVFOR: No change JSOTF: No change PHASE THREE: Decisive Action C+31 to C+60 City T City G XX X

29 29 Example Phasing/Task Distribution

30 (Example) Log Effects Matrix PHASE 1 Pre- Deployment PHASE 2 Deploy/ RSOI/ Coalition Force Integration PHASE 3 Move PHASE 4 Prevention & Stabilisation PHASE 5 Offensive Ops/ Assistance/ Stabilisation/ Deterrence PHASE 6 Handover LOG build-up LOG INTEGRATION RSOI RECOVER SUSTAIN SUPPORT LOG C2 OF UN/IO/NGO AGENCIES

31 Joint Operation Planning Process

32 COA Wargaming The Commander and Staff will Analyze each tentative COA separately and identify advantages and disadvantages of each Proposed COA. The analysis of COAs should reveal the following factors: Potential decision points Task organization adjustments Data for use in a synchronization matrix or other decision making tools Identification of plan branches and sequels Identification of high-value targets A risk assessment. COA advantages and disadvantages Recommended CCIRs

33 COA Wargaming Steps 1. Prepare for Wargaming -Gather tools -List and review Friendly forces -List and review enemy forces -List known critical events -Determine participates -Determine enemy COA -Select wargaming method -Select a method to record & display results (Syn Matrix) 2. Conduct Wargaming and assess -Purpose of wargaming (identify gaps) -Basic methodology -Records results 3. Output of wargaming: -Results of wargame brief Potential decision points Governing factors Potential branches and sequels Revised staff estimates Refined COAs -Feedback through the COA decision brief

34 COA (MARITIME) HOME BASE US Country 1 Country 2 APOD SPOD Refueling Operations Refuel Operations USNS COMFORT COA reflects refueling shortfall in support of timeline and distance

35 Joint Operation Planning Process

36 COA Comparison Advantages & Disadvantages Wargaming Results Governing Factors Revised staff estimates Evaluated COAs Recommended COA COA Selection Rational Revised Staff Estimates COA Comparison Key Inputs Key Outputs

37 COA Comparison WeightingCOA 1COA 2 Simplicity248 Efficiency4416 Cooperation4812 Agility3129 Flexibility3123 Force Protection505 Robustness412 C Political264 Logistics Footprint3612 Total8496 Example

38 Joint Operation Planning Process

39 COA Approval The staff determines the best COA to the commander. The staff briefs the commanders on the COA comparison (approval inputs and outputs) The staff briefs the comparison and analysis and wargaming results. The commander selects a COA or forms an alternate COA. - Direct revisions to COAs - Combinations of COAs - Additional COAs

40 Joint Operation Planning Process

41 Products JTF Plan Basic Plan/OPORD - Paragraph 4, Administration and Logistics Annex D - Logistics Annex L – Environmental Considerations Annex P – Host-Nation Support Annex Q – Medical Services Others as appropriate (Contracting, etc.)

42 Questions?

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