Presentation on theme: "Successful breastfeeding begins with education!"— Presentation transcript:
1Successful breastfeeding begins with education! Breastfeeding Success CourseSuccessful breastfeeding begins with education!Randy HeningerLT, NC, USNRLactation SpecialistU.S. Naval Hospital Keflavik
2A Joke to Start Us OffA student sat in his Life-Science classroom, staring at his final exam, paper. One question stymied him: “Give four advantages of breast milk.” His first three examples:1. No need to boil.2. Never goes sour.3. Available whenever necessary.But, what fourth example to give?? Suddenly it dawned on him.4. Available in attractive containers of varying sizes.He received an A.
3Breastfeeding through time "Virgin of the Green Cushion"Solario"Motherhood" Angelina and the child Diego Diego Rivera
4Anatomy Milk Production Cells - Mature at Birth of Newborn Duct - Carry milk to SinusesSinuses - hold milk until breast is suckled or pumpedNipple openings - 5 to 10
6LatchInitial in delivery positively impacts the long-term success of mother and infant.ObstaclesHeavily medicated motherNarcoticsCesarean sectionMagnesium therapy (pre-eclampsia)Infant with a 5-minute Apgar score under 6Premature infant less than 36 weeks gestation
7Latch C/Section Vaginal Timing of the milk coming in or concentration of major milk constituents does not change with type of delivery.Most nurse within one hour postoperatively some even in the recovery room.Involution of uterusLess bleedingVaginalWithin one hour of delivery of placentaOxytocin (pitocin) levels are at their highest
8Latch Stimulating milk-ejection reflex (let down) Nipple stimulation Roll nipple between fingers (erect shape)Lightly stroke breast from outer to innerMessage from outer to inner
9Latch Position Cradle hold Rest baby on a pillow, his head in the crook of your elbow. Using the C hold (four fingers under your breast, thumb on top), support your breast with your other hand.
10Latch Position (cont.) Cross-cradle hold This is the cradle hold with hands reversed. If you have baby in a right-handed cradle hold, for example, switch hands: Your right hand will be holding your breast, while baby's head rests in your left hand, your forearm along his back.
11Latch Position (cont.) Football hold Sit comfortably, with your back well supported, a pillow at your side and partially covering your stomach. Rest baby on the pillow, his bottom near your elbow and his back against your forearm. Use one hand to hold his head and the other to support your breast with the C hold.
12Latch Position (cont.) Side-Lying Position The lying down position is basically the same as the cradle hold, but with baby and mother lying on their sides facing each other.Place two pillows under your head, a pillow behind your back, a pillow under your top leg, and a fifth pillow tucked behind your baby. Five pillows sounds like a lot, but remember a golden rule of nursing: if mother is comfortable, baby is likely to be more comfortable, too.Place your baby on her side facing you, and nestled in your arm. Slide baby up or down along the mattress to get her mouth lined up with your nipple.
13Latch Position (cont.) Mom’s position How you sit, how you hold your baby, and how you offer your breast all affect how the baby latches on. These facts determine how comfortable you will be during breastfeeding.Place one or more pillows behind your lower back, and/or shoulders so that you are comfortable and relaxed.You'll need at least one pillow in your lap to bring baby up to the level of your breast, and another under the arm that will support your baby as he breastfeeds.If you are sitting in a chair, use a foot stool or something else to raise your lap so you don't have to strain or lean over to get baby closer to your breast.If you're in bed, put pillows under your knees.
14Latch Latch Opening wide Use your nipple to tickle baby's lower lip to encourage her to open her mouth wide--really wide.As the mouth opens to its widest point, direct your nipple into the center and use your arm behind to pull baby in very close to you. Don't lean forward, pushing your breast toward your baby; pull her close to your breast by moving your arm
15Latch How to Get Baby to Open Wide Talk to your baby and say "Open." Show her what to do by opening your own mouth wide. Babies can imitate adult facial expressions.Help your baby open her mouth wider by using the index finger of the hand supporting your breast to press firmly down on your baby's chin as you pull her on. You will probably need someone else to do this for you at first.
16LatchCorrect latchBaby's top and bottom lip should be turned out (everted). When baby takes the breast with mouth open wide, he'll have a "fish mouth" look as he nurses.Baby's chin should be pressed into the breast with his nose resting on the breast, as well. You will notice that baby is able to breathe out the sides of his nose, even when pressed against your breast. Babies are designed that way. If your baby struggles, pull baby's bottom closer to you.
17Latch Wrong latch-on. However Baby's lower lip should not be pursed inward, but should be turned outward.HoweverGreat alertness and eye contact.
19Latch Suckling Coordination of suck and swallow To take in nourishment at the breast and specifically refers to breastfeeding.Learned higher brain function vs. sucking which is a automatic reflex tested for at birth.Coordination of suck and swallowDevelops during second trimester (swallowing of amniotic fluid).Infants swallow once every 2-3 sucks. By four days of life once with every suck.Obstacles that influence suckingNarcotics during labor significantly lower rates and pressures compared to those whose mothers received no medication.Some studies show that Epidural anesthesia effect feeding abilities of neonates.
20Latch How do I know when my baby is done feeding? First part of feed, tight fist gripVigorous suckle
21Latch How do I know when my baby is done feeding? (cont.) Second part suckle is less vigorous and there are frequent pausesHand begins to open
22Latch How do I know when my baby is done feeding? (cont.) Final stage need more be said?
23Latch How do I know if my baby is getting enough? 4-8 stools per day Meconium birth-3 daysDark green to black thick appearance6-8 wet diapers per day
24Latch How do I know if my baby is getting enough? (cont.) Breastfeed stool from day of life on in a term baby.Seedy mustard appearance
25Latch How do I know if my baby is getting enough? (cont.) Swallowing during sucklingWeight gain!!!
26Supply and Activities of Daily Living CompositionColostrum, transitional and mature milk contains:ProteinsCarbohydratesFatsWaterAntibodies
27Supply and Activities of Daily Living Three stages of milk development:1 ColostrumProvides a boost of antibodiesLaxative effect that expels meconiumEstablishes lactobacillus bifidus as predominate bacteria in the sterile newborn gut.Lasts up to day four postpartum.1-123cc first 24 hours then 500cc/day by day 5.
28Supply and Activities of Daily Living Three stages of milk development (cont.):2 Transitional milkUp to day 10 postpartum500cc/day
29Supply and Activities of Daily Living Three stages of milk development (cont.):3 Mature milkStarts by day 10-14750cc by 3 month (singleton birth)Can vary between 200cc/day in partial breastfeeding to 3500cc/day in wet nurses.
30Supply and Activities of Daily Living PumpsAdded stimulation at birthPoor latch due to meds and epidurals etc.Infant transferred to Reykjavik for treatment or monitoring.Medela Classic is used inpatient postpartum
31Supply and Activities of Daily Living PumpsIncrease milk supply and milk storageWorkSittersVacationsFathers to feed in the middle of the nightMany othersRental from hospital is the Lactina Select (30 days)Used until personal pump arrives
32Supply and Activities of Daily Living PumpsRecommended personal pumpsAmeda Purely Yoursto
33Supply and Activities of Daily Living PumpsRecommended personal pumpsMedela Pump in Style Professional$ as shown$ w/car adapterProblems with milk getting into pump.
34Supply and Activities of Daily Living PumpsRecommended personal pumps43.95 includes, Stand Travel Cover, Sealing Disc, Newborn Nipple, Spare Diaphragm, 2 ValvesGood controlSold at exchange and Viking mall
35Supply and Activities of Daily Living Supplemental FeedsFirst an attempt to place the infant to the breast is attempted for about minutes before each supplemental feed!Then supplement 10-15cc of breast milk or formula to last infant about 2 hours.
36Supply and Activities of Daily Living Supplemental FeedsUsually are only needed during first few days of life to one week of age.Cup (easy inexpensive, fast, requires baby to place mouth as they would for breastfeeding.
37Supply and Activities of Daily Living Supplemental FeedsFinger feedsGreat for fathers to do!Positioning is more of that an infant breastfeeding.Quick and amount is given is easily controlled.
38Supply and Activities of Daily Living Supplemental FeedsSupplemental NursersClosest thing to breastfeeding plus nipple stimulationReinforces bad latching.Difficult to use without help
39Supply and Activities of Daily Living Supplemental FeedsEach supplemental feed is followed by minutes of pumping.Remember to bring in mature milk at 10 days of life, the breasts must be stimulated 8-12 times per day.
40Complications of Breastfeeding Improper LatchBreak infants seal and reattempt latchCheck nipple shape and size after seal is broken.A crease through the nipple indicates an improper latch.
41Complications of Breastfeeding Improper Latch (cont.)Continued improper latching will result in increased pain and damage to nipple.Purlentant drainage.
42Complications of Breastfeeding Improper Latch (cont.)Need more be said?
43Complications of Breastfeeding Plugged ducts and MastitisPlugged ducts are caused by incomplete emptying of the breastCan lead to mastitisRed, warm and tender to the touchCan reposition infant so that the chin is aligned with reddened or engorged area.
44Complications of Breastfeeding Plugged ducts and Mastitis (cont.)A mastitis untreated can lead to abess formation.
45Obstacles with Breastfeeding Special considerationsMastectomy or breast reductionDepending on how much functional breast tissue is remaining breastfeeding should be possible.Will take more effort and time before the fullest supply that can be will come inPumping for additional stimulation is the key!
46Obstacles with Breastfeeding Special considerationsPregnancy and BreastfeedingMilk supply will naturally decrease with pregnancy due to increased estrogen levels, supplementation may be necessary.Nipple stimulation can cause pre-term contractions that can lead to pre-term labor.Our OB says breastfeed the baby until 3 months old or complications with the above occur.Breastfeeding is not a reliable form of birth control.
47Obstacles with Breastfeeding Special considerationsFlat or Inverted nipplesThe goal is to get the nipples to become erect so the infant can gain a proper latch.Finger rolling can relax the nipple enough to become erect.Using a pump for 2-4 minutes can produce similar results.
48Obstacles with Breastfeeding Special considerationsDrying up milk supplyCold cabbage leaves work well for this purpose.Best is gradual weaning of infant as infant declares that they no longer need or want the breast.
49Obstacles with Breastfeeding Special considerationsCesarean sectionAnesthesia used.Type of recovery.Reason for section.
50References www.americanbaby.com www.breastfeeding.com Lawerance, R. M., (1999), Breastfeeding; A guide for the medical professional, (5th ed.), Boston : MA.