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Technical Flights - The AIRBUS view February 2011 Presented by Captain Harry NELSON / Experimental Test Pilot Captain Jean-Michel ROY / Test Pilot Flight.

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Presentation on theme: "Technical Flights - The AIRBUS view February 2011 Presented by Captain Harry NELSON / Experimental Test Pilot Captain Jean-Michel ROY / Test Pilot Flight."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technical Flights - The AIRBUS view February 2011 Presented by Captain Harry NELSON / Experimental Test Pilot Captain Jean-Michel ROY / Test Pilot Flight Safety Foundation – Functional Check Flight Symposium FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

2 Why the concern with Technical Flights? February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 2 Recent incidents and accidents We think we may be only seeing the tip of the iceberg Our experience with Customer Acceptance Flights Queries and questions from Customer Airlines

3 What we will cover today February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 3 1. A common sense view on Check flights Planning and preparation Execution 2. Crewing Composition Selection Training 3. Technical Flight Familiarisation Course 4. Some thoughts on the way forward

4 1 Planning and Preparation February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 4 Some practical things to think about Aircraft Airfield ATC and Airspace Weather Checklists Check Schedules

5 1 Planning and Preparation – Check Schedules February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 5 Options include a. A detailed check schedule for each type of check b. A master check schedule with deletes c. We offer an In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM ) Associate warnings and limits with check to be done Hard limits need clear DO NOT EXCEED warnings Avoid writing a check sequence over two pages Make them easy to handle. Not too big or detailed

6 1 Planning and Preparation – Check Schedules February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 6 Production Aircraft Test Manual (PATM) Customer Acceptance Manual (CAM) In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM )

7 1 Planning and Preparation – Check Schedules February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 7 Production Aircraft Test Manual (PATM) Tests on new serial a/c after production The purpose of the PATM is to demonstrate that the aircraft: * conforms with the type and individual certificate to a Certificate of Airworthiness Standard * meets its specifications, * meets the standards of quality required for delivery Under EASA Airbus Production Organisation Approval (POA), accepted as such by the FAA and most other authorities.

8 1 Planning and Preparation – Check Schedules February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 8 Customer Acceptance Manual (CAM) The CAM is the compilation of check procedures agreed between Airbus and a Customer as part of the customer technical acceptance of a new aircraft. It is used to demonstrate technical compliance with a contract It covers both ground and flight checks but unlike the PATM it can be carried out in any order i.e. Flight before Ground Checks. It should not be used as an airworthiness demonstration There is no control over the weather Mixing the objective of the flight can create safety issue There is a mixed background crew

9 1 Planning and Preparation – Check Schedules February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 9 In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM) The ISATM is a manual containing the procedures for ground and flight tests to be performed by Airbus personnel on an in service aircraft (ex: after a working party or for an aircraft transfer between Airbus and another party) It must be performed in a specified order It is offered to Customers who request help, prior to a check flight, under letter of waiver as a PDF file, the intention being that they create their own check schedule from it, duly considering all the local issues.

10 1 Execution February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 10 There are many elements to master in a check sortie. Briefing Pre take off Take-off Switching Communication Workload Different flight plans The day/night question Cabin systems More difficult check points

11 1 Execution – More difficult check points February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 11 Identify which check points carry more risk Pre flight, plan how to fly them and then stick to your plan Decide and brief break off points If things dont look right they are probably wrong – so stop Take care with breaks in the sequence Dont be tempted to take a look at certification test points

12 1 Execution – More difficult check points February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 12 ….. Remember the old ZEN wisdom of Never test the depth of the water with both feet at the same time Be failure minded and always consider your escape plan ….. Which also leads us nicely to the other Zen wisdom of If at first you dont succeed, skydiving is not for you

13 2 Crewing - Composition February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 13 A small technical crew group Leadership Crew composition: Technical Flight Engineer Cabin specialists Have a strict no passengers policy

14 2 Crewing – Selection February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 14 KNOWLEDGE You can never have too much knowledge You should never stop learning You will never know it all Ive been here before it doesnt feel right a good nose a healthy fear Aircraft TheoryRole SKILLS Observation Interpretation Analysis Communication Use of ALL senses Airmanship and Teamwork APTITUDE Approach Attitude Logical Creative Flexible Persistent Consistent Variable Asking Telling Learning Knowing Under confidence Right Over Confidence Manage these paradoxes EXPERIENCE Take care 10 = 10 or 1¹º Better risk evaluation Better Prioritisation of task Less errors To achieve the right balance Motor skills INTEGRITY

15 2 Selection – Summary February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 15 February 2011 FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Egotistical X Questionable integrity X Indecisive X Uninterested technically X Takes criticism badly X Avoids responsibility X Impatient X Inflexible X Risk prone X Loner X Good Communicator Technically inquisitive Determined to get answers Good flying ability Admits errors and learns Takes responsibility Patient Makes balanced judgments Defaults towards Safety Team player Take time on people selection. It is the key to achieving real safety in the checking process.

16 2 Crewing - Training February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 16 1.If you have good test trained personnel, use them in the technical checking role 2. If you have experienced check or acceptance flight crew, review their real experience and currency in the task. Many are very good. 3.If you have neither, then you should train people or obtain the services of trained people There are several short introductory courses available on the market, including the Airbus course called : Technical Flight Familiarization (TFF) Course

17 Purpose of the TFF course February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 17 Provide crew members with information on Knowledge, Skills and Attitude to better contribute to : Technical flights (post maintenance, painting, etc.) Acceptance flights (deliveries) Familiarization course: Attestation not a Rating Safety Quality Efficiency

18 TFF course: A bridge between Aviators February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 18

19 TFF course: The instructors February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 19 An experienced team: A Test Pilot, and A Flight Test Engineer Used to work/fly together Experienced: Development flight tests Production flight tests Customer flights

20 TFF course: The trainees February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 20 Technical Flight Crew is a crew of 3: 2 Pilots Prerequisites : rated and current on Aircraft type with at least 6 month experience 1 Technical Flight Engineer (TFE) Prerequisites: A third pilot, or A Flight Engineer who has followed a familiarization course on the type, or A Maintenance Engineer who has successfully followed the applicable maintenance type rating course as per Part 147 or equivalent, or A Flight Operations Engineer who has followed a familiarization course on the type

21 TFF course: The Syllabus February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 21 DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3

22 TFF course: Ground school February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 22 Generic modules Crew concept Weather ATC Technical Flight Order Pre-flight briefing Recording of in-flight results Post Flight Analysis DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT

23 TFF course: Ground school February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 23 Aircraft specific modules (from ISATM) Ground checks Taxi checks In-flight checks: Flight controls AFS Systems (Pressurization....) High Speed Low Speed DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT

24 TFF course: Ground school February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 24 Training Documentation: ISATM Course module hand-out DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT

25 TFF course: FFS February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 25 FFS is a great training device BUT: Limited to reproduce flight acceleration => Motion ON or OFF according to checks Some maintenance functions not simulated (AIDS..) FFS 1 (4h): Normal system operation Instructor pilot in RH seat (demo => practice) FFS 2 (4h): Some system malfunctions Both trainee pilot in pilot seat (PF then PNF) DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT

26 TFF course: Flight February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 26 DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT 2 hours per pilot (*2) Instructor pilot in RH seat Normal system operation Use of AIDS

27 TFF course: Locations February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 27 At Airbus Training centers (Toulouse, Miami, Beijing,...) At Customer Training center DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT DAY12345 PHASE GROUND SCHOOL FFS FLIGHT On customer aircraft at customer base On Airbus development aircraft

28 TFF course: Experience & Customer feedback February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 28 First course in Sept 09 on A320 6 airlines/27 crew members already trained In TLS and at customer base Very positive feedback (videos)

29 TFF course: Looking forward February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 29 Course available now on all Airbus FBW aircraft Delivered on a monthly basis typically 2 crews (of 3) per session

30 4 Possible ways to go forward February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 30 Fully evaluate, discuss and recognize the issue Need for care with the solution i.e Pros & cons of regulation OPTIONS Do nothing (a no change decision) Publicize the issue across the industry Regulate - If so at what level?

31 4 Possible ways to go forward February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium Page 31 Some things to be discussed 1.Responsibilities of Authorities, Manufacturers, Airlines, and individual Qualified Checkers 2.Qualification of Check flight courses and instructors 3.Would any qualification be type specific or generic, or can the course have both generic and specific elements? 4.If so, what will be the validity of each? 5.Would any qualification be tied to an airline or location 6.How many checkers to qualify per fleet size? 7.Check flight currency – Guidance or rules 8.Check crew composition (position and qualification) 9.Liability


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