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State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Nuclear.

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Presentation on theme: "State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Nuclear."— Presentation transcript:

1 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Nuclear Radiation The Role Of Response Agencies Presented by: Christopher M. Gallagher, New York City Police Department (retired) - Chris Gallanger1

2 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Purpose A discussion to motivate a process, to identify the level of awareness, and the options needed for a methodical preparation and a response. - Chris Gallanger2

3 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Population And Land Area - Area Pop: 8.5 Million Total Square Miles Land: 301 Miles of Waterfront: 478 Total Area In Acres: 205,952 More Than 200 Skyscrapers 943 Land-marked Buildings 175 Museums New York City Demographics - Chris Gallanger3

4 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 New York City Demographics Transportation Systems – 7.5 million daily riders NYC Transit – Subways NYC Transit – Buses Private bus providers Staten Island Ferry MTA Staten Island Railway MTA Long Island Railroad MTA Metro North Railroad NJ Transit - Rail & Bus PATH Subway Points Of Entry 4- Vehicle Tunnels 2 Major Airports New York Harbor(Piers) 11 Bridges - Chris Gallanger4

5 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Challenges for Response Challenges faced by response agencies, to ensure a safe City. Public Transportation Navigable Waterways Airports Roadways Special Events - Chris Gallanger5

6 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Metropolitan Transit Authority MTA has millions of subway passengers daily 4 th Busiest railroad worldwide Largest fleet of commuter trains 468 Subway Stations 660 Miles of Track Elevated & Tunnels - Chris Gallanger6

7 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Waterways - Chris Gallanger7

8 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Vehicle Access Seven Intrastate Bridges and Four Tunnels 10 Interstate Highways Over 800,000 vehicles daily - Chris Gallanger8

9 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Special Events Parades NYC Marathon UN General Assembly Fleet Week - Chris Gallanger9

10 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Radiological and Nuclear Threat Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) (Dirty Bomb) Radioactive source + means of dispersal Weapon of Mass Disruption Potentially large area of denial Decontamination: labor- intensive, expensive, unique policy challenges Means of acquiring a radioactive source - Theft from Hospital - Black Market Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) Uranium or plutonium-based weapon Weapon of Mass Destruction – Technically complex weapon – Low likelihood, but high consequence threat Small IND could cause: – Thousands of casualties – Significant infrastructural damage – Radiation and fallout Means of obtaining a nuclear weapon – Theft of weapon or fissile materials – Insider threat – Sympathetic government - Chris Gallanger10

11 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Radiological and Nuclear Threat - Chris Gallanger11

12 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Planning, Policies and Guidance Conducting Risk Assessments The planning phase facilitated by OEM along with other agencies using core competencies Review the plan Exercise the plan - Chris Gallanger12

13 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Plans Citywide Interagency Management System (CIMS) Radiological Response and Recovery Plan - Chris Gallanger13

14 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Response Plan - Chris Gallanger14

15 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Response Plan - Chris Gallanger15

16 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Response Plans Set up of exclusion zones for evacuation Plume modeling - Chris Gallanger16

17 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Response Plans Department of Health and Mental Hygiene - Chris Gallanger17

18 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Emergency Management Working as inter-agency coordinators in partnership with local, state, federal, and private sector, to provide comprehensive emergency response, hazard planning, and disaster mitigation - Chris Gallanger18

19 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Fire /EMS Responsible for Life Safety Operations Mass decontamination Medically clearing patients prior to removal to the hospital - Chris Gallanger19

20 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Law Enforcement Responsible for overall site management Conducting assessment and investigations for criminal activity or terrorism Recovery of evidence - Chris Gallanger20

21 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Department of Health Responsible for a final assessment of the hazard Provide Technical information to Command element Adjust or set "hot," "warm" and "cold" zones, and direct all mitigation efforts Provides Isotope information to Hospitals - Chris Gallanger21

22 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Exercises After the development of plans, exercises are conducted to ensure plans work. These are the exercises that were conducted for RDD. Operation Winter Sun POD Ex Trifecta Securing the Cities - Chris Gallanger22

23 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Trifecta Exercise Mass Transit Train scenario using a radiological dispersion device. Mass casualty incident with radiological contamination - Chris Gallanger23

24 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Securing The Cities Exercise - Chris Gallanger24

25 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Securing The Cities Exercise - Chris Gallanger25

26 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Equipment Some of the many different types of monitoring equipment and testing used in the prevention of an attack or in the response to a Dirty Bomb/ Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD) - Chris Gallanger26

27 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Handheld Devices The RadEye pocket-size PRD used by many display modes can be tailored to an individual agencys needs The Thermo IdentiFINDER is a Radioisotope Identifier (RIID) that is used by agencies as part of the Rad/Nuc Detection (RND) mission. - Chris Gallanger27

28 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Pack Eye Radiation Detection Back Pack Locates and detects radioactive sources in large areas very rapidly, but unobtrusively. - Chris Gallanger28

29 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Vehicles Technology meeting the needs of the 21 st century - Chris Gallanger29

30 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Aviation Assets Equipped with thermal-imaging camera that can be used to help with port security, and is also equipped with aerial radiological surveillance equipment that can detect, analyze and track radiation at various altitudes. - Chris Gallanger30

31 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Marine Units The TRACS (Tactical Radiation Acquisition Characterization Systems) craft are the only boats of their kind, with permanent radiation equipment outfitted by the Department of Energy - Chris Gallanger31

32 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Radiological Incident At a Manhattan post office a contractor was performing imaging radiography, the device somewhat like an X-ray machine, the contractor was using to find out what was behind walls and ceilings as part of a renovation in the building. - Chris Gallanger32

33 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Radiological Incident A hole in the machine -- which works much like a shutter of a standard camera -- is supposed to open briefly to create each image, emitting a burst of radiation from a source of cobalt Chris Gallanger33

34 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Review Situational awareness Agency Responsibilities Development of response plans Delivery of incident exercises (exercising the plans) Updating the plans as needed Proper equipment for personnel responding - Chris Gallanger34


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