2 Administrative notes: q Agenda:Sign inCourse schedule/hand-outsWritten examinationRequirements to receive license (3 phases)End of course critique
3 TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Action:Understand Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws & Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, Operator License, Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver, Safety, Accident Avoidance Causes and Reports, Off-Road and Winter Driving, PMCS, and Convoy Operation.
4 Condition:In a classroom setting, we will discuss Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws & Procedures, Driver/Operator Responsibility, Safety, Accident Avoidance Causes and Reports, Preventive Maintenance Check and Services, Utilization of Records, Off-Road and Winter DrivingStandard:Discuss IAW Army Regulations, Local Laws and Procedures, FM’s and Training Circular
5 Administrative Notes: Safety Statement: General safety in case of fire follow theexit signs get out the door on YourLeft/Right, get out the building andproceed to parking lot area.Risk Assessment Level: The risk assessment level is low Environmental Consideration: None
6 Action: SECTION: II PRESENTATION: ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE: # 1 Action:Discuss the Washington States, Fort Lewis laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, License, Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the DriverCondition:In the classroom setting we will discuss, Washington States, Fort Lewis Laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, Operator License, Speed Limit/Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver.
7 Standard:Discuss IAW Army Regulations, Local Laws, and ProceduresIntroduction:q This lesson is designed to teach you, the Army driver, with the proper techniques to be applied to ensure mission accomplishment you will receive 40 hours of classroom and hands-on instruction covering various aspects of Army driving.
8 2) Fort Lewis Regulation 3) Fort Lewis Policies & Memorandum REGULATIONSØ This SUBCOURSE introduces regulatory requirements that apply to all aspects of equipment and vehicle operation.1) Army Regulation2) Fort Lewis Regulation3) Fort Lewis Policies & Memorandum
9 1. AR 385-10 The Army Safety Program ARMY REGULATION1. AR The Army Safety Program2. * AR Prevention of Motor Vehicle Accident3. * AR Motor Vehicle Driver and Equipment Operator4. * AR Army Accident Prevention Awards Program5. * AR Military Awards
10 FORT LEWIS REGULATIONFL Regulation Military Police Installation Traffic Code2. FL Regulation 55-2 Transportation and Travel3. Regulation Driver and Operator Standardization Program4. AMMO 67- HAZMAT Qualification - every 2 years5. FL Kevlar policy
11 OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS 1. FM (Visual Signs)2. FM (Manual for Wheeled Vehicle Driver)3. TC /AR (Accident Avoidance)4. TC AR (Night Vision Devices)5. TC (Training HMMWV)
12 Individual Responsibilities Driver/Operator AR : Comply with alllaws/regulations (military, State and municipal),operate vehicles in a safe/prudent manner, report unsafeoperating conditions and all accidents to theirsupervisor/motor pool that dispatched the equipment.Ensure cargo is properly loaded, secured and protectedfrom the elements for transport, vehicles are serviced,restraints are worn and ground guides are used.
13 DRIVER’S LICENSEIf you are a non-resident of Washington and have a validdriver’s license from another state, you do not have toapply for a Washington license. You must follow staterules from your current license for renewal.For Active Army, USAR, ARNG, and DA civilians-military standard permit expires same date as civiliandriver’s license or 5 years from date of issue, whichever issooner.
14 DRIVER’S LICENSE Requirements for driving on the installation are: On Post:Valid OF 346/5984-EAny remaining requirements for dispatch (DA Form E, DA Form 5988-E)Off Post:Valid civilian driver’s license
15 DRIVER’S LICENSE Types of Permits Learner Permit- Expires upon completion of course or after 90 days. Used during regular training periods within a controlled driving range accompanied by a qualified, licensed driver/instructorLimited Permit- expires 1 year from issue date. Will be issued when there is no valid civilian driver’s license.Incidental Permit- Not to exceed 6 months, used for operation of vehicles for short periods of time such as: exercises, maneuvers, major emergenciesExpert driver or Operator permits- Army vehicle operators of special mechanical equipment (construction, material handling).
16 DRIVER’S LICENSERenewals, suspensions, revocations- IAW AR , operator permits may be renewed up to 90 days before the expiration date. For those who possess a valid state license as well as a 5984-E, the military license should not be renewed until the state license has been renewed.Replacement of permits- Replacement of lost or stolen permits is authorized. The qualifying official must verify the individual’s operating qualifications (DA Form 348-E) before a duplicate permit can be issued. “Duplicate” will be stamped on permit and signed by qualifying and issuing official.
17 RULES OF THE ROAD Even on a brief trip, you may be faced with many dangerous driving conditions. Statistics show that one-half of all accidents occur within 25 miles of home.Try to be a defensive driver.Know the traffic rules and be willing to yield to otherdrivers to avoid an accident. Know how to change yourdriving behavior to the different types of hazardousconditions that exist. Try to remain proactive instead ofreactive.
18 SPEED REGULATIONS The maximum speeds, unless posted are: mph in school zones.mph on streets of cities and towns.mph on country roads.mph on state highways.mph for trucks over 10,000 GVWR on theinterstate.mph for passenger vehicles on designatedportions of the interstate.
19 SPEED REGULATIONS The maximum speeds, for FT. Lewis are: 10 mph when passing troops in any direction.10 mph in parking lots.20 mph in school zones.20 mph in hospital zones.20 mph in housing areas.25 mph in all other areas.
20 SPEED REGULATIONS A special condition exists on a two-lane road when passing is unsafe. When 5 or more vehicles form aline behind a slow moving vehicle, the slowerdriver must allow vehicles to pass by turning offthe roadway and stopping in a safe place.
21 SPEED REGULATIONS On highways and roads with only one lane of traffic in each direction, you may exceed thelegal speed limit to pass a vehicle travelingslower than the speed limit. This is allowed onlyat such a speed and for such a distance as isnecessary to complete the pass.
22 CHANGING LANES When changing lanes, preparing to pass another vehicle, or entering traffic, check for passing traffic by first usingyour mirrors. Once the mirrors reveal safe conditions fora lane change, check your vehicle’s blind spot by lookingover your shoulder toward the rear. Use your turn signalto let other drivers know which lane you are entering.
23 PASSING VEHICLES When overtaking and passing another vehicle traveling in the same direction on a two-lane road, you shouldonly pass to the left. Once you have passed the vehicle,do not return to the right side of the road until safelyclear of the other vehicle. Passing must be completedbefore you are within 200 feet of any approachingvehicle. Remember to use your turn signal whenchanging lanes each time.
24 PASSING VEHICLES You may pass a vehicle on the right when: 1. The vehicle you are passing is making or aboutto make a left turn.2. The road is unobstructed and is wide enoughfor two or more lanes of vehicles moving in yourdirection.
25 PASSING VEHICLES On a two-lane, two-way road, DO NOT PASS another vehicle when:Your view of oncoming traffic is blocked becauseyou are near the top of a hill.2. You are within 100 feet of an intersection orrailroad crossing.3. Your view is blocked approaching within 100feet of a bridge or tunnel.4. A no passing zone is indicated.
26 FOLLOWING ANOTHER VEHICLE Following another vehicle too close causes manyaccidents. Always allow enough room to safely stop inan emergency. The distance between vehicles should beincreased as you increase speed. To judge the correctfollowing distance use the Four-second rule. This is theminimum following distance. The distance will increase,depending on the road conditions, road surface, and typeof vehicle your driving.
27 Statistics show that one-half of all accidents occur QUESTION:Statistics show that one-half of all accidents occurwithin _____ miles of home.a. 15.b. 20.c. 25.d. 30.
28 Unless otherwise posted, what is the maximum QUESTION:Unless otherwise posted, what is the maximumspeed limit in a school zone?a. 10 mph.b. 15 mph.c. 20 mph.d. 25 mph.
29 Do not pass within _____ feet of a hill top, rail QUESTION:Do not pass within _____ feet of a hill top, railroad crossing, or tunnel.a. 50.bcd
30 What is the minimum following distance in your QUESTION:What is the minimum following distance in yourPOV?a. 1 second.b. 2 seconds.c. 3 seconds.d. 4 seconds.
31 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY There will be many times when you will need to yield orslow down so another vehicle can proceed safely. Yieldmeans that you must slow or, if necessary, stop yourvehicle to allow another vehicle or pedestrians tocontinue safely. When making a left turn, you mustyield to any oncoming vehicle which is within theintersection or so close as to be a hazard.
32 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY On all roadways you must yield to a transit vehicle (bus)that has signaled and is reentering the flow of traffic.When approaching an intersection that is not controlledby traffic lights or signs, you must yield to any vehicle inor approaching the intersection at the same time fromyour right.
33 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY You must yield the right-of-way to any emergencyvehicle if it is sounding a siren or bell or displayingan emergency light. Every vehicle must move to theright side of the road and stop until the emergencyvehicle passes. Do not follow or stop within 500 feet ofan emergency vehicle.
34 PEDESTRIAN RIGHT-OF-WAY Pedestrians are those people standing, walking, or usinga wheelchair on public streets, highways and privateproperty. They have the right-of-way at crosswalks andintersections whether the cross -walks are marked or not.As a pedestrian, you should avoid walking on thetraveled portion of a roadway.
35 SPECIAL SIGNAL LIGHTq Ramp meters: during congested or peak traffic periods, you may be required to stop at a ramp meter when entering or exiting a freeway. The signal indicates the number of cars allowed to proceed with each green light. Special lanes may allow buses and carpools to drive by without stopping.
36 LANE USE CONTROL SIGNAL 1. Steady Red “X” means you must not use the lane.2. Steady Yellow “X” means you should safely move out ofthe lane as soon as possible because traffic moving in theopposite direction may soon occupy the lane.3. Steady Green “down arrow” means you can drive in thatlane.
37 LOW BRIDGE CLEARANCEThe Pendleton Bridge is off-limits to all military vehicles exceeding HMMWV size. The clearance is very low (12’ 5”) and many vehicles on the installation have had accidents costing thousands of dollars in equipment damage.Highways traveling under an interstate require a minimum clearance of 14 feet. Some older bridges may not have a 14 foot clearance. In these cases, the minimum height will be posted on the bridge.
38 LOW BRIDGE CLEARANCEBridges that cross over the top of interstates require an minimum clearance of 16.5 feet. Some of these bridges are very old and do not meet the minimum clearance Requirements. In these cases the minimum clearance will be posted on the bridge. Driver’s will have the opportunity tobypass any of these difficult spots.In all cases of clearances, it is the driver’s responsibility to know height of loads and to take necessary measures to ensure safe passage.
39 FREEWAY DRIVING When entering a freeway increase your speed to match that of the freeway traffic. This allows youto enter the traffic flow safely. You must yield tothe vehicles on the freeway. Unnecessary stopping onfreeway on-ramps causes many rear- end collisions andprevents an even flow of traffic.
40 FREEWAY DRIVING To exit the freeway, signal and check your blind spots and mirrors before changing lanes.Move into the lane nearest the off-ramp.Pull onto the ramp before slowing down to the postedexit speed.When no exit lane is provided, slow down beforeentering the off-ramp.Do not suddenly cross lanes to reach the off-ramp.
41 QUESTION:What does a steady yellow “X” control signalindicate?a. Slow down and proceed with caution.b. Safely move out of the lane because trafficmoving in the opposite direction will soonoccupy the lane.c. Car-pooling lane only.d. Bus lane only.
42 QUESTION:Pendleton Bridge is off-limits to:a. All military vehicles.b. All vehicles exceeding HMMWV.c. Only vehicles exceeding 12 feet.d. Airplanes only.
43 QUESTION:Vehicles on the freeway must yield to vehiclescoming onto the freeway.a. True.b. False.
44 HEADLIGHTS By law, your vehicle’s lights must be turned on from a half hour after sunset until a half hour before sunriseand at any time you can’t see clearly without them.Military vehicle lights are required on at all times .
45 SCHOOL BUSESAlternating flashing amber lights on the front and back of aschool bus, indicates that the bus is about to stop.Alternating flashing red lights, indicates that the bus isstopped. You must also stop in both directions, if you aretraveling on a two lane roadway. A school bus may pullcompletely off the roadway to load or unload students.When this happens, only the flashing amber lights will beused. You may pass the school bus using extreme caution.
46 ROADWAY WORK ZONES Under Washington law, fines for speeding are doubled in work zones. Persons who drivenegligently in work zones or who remove, evade orpurposely strike safety devices may be found guiltyof endangerment of roadway workers, which ispunishable as a gross misdemeanor and a licensesuspension of 60 days.
47 TRUCK PASSENGERSIt is legal for passengers to ride in the bed of a pickuptruck if all seating is taken in the cab.This does not remove liability from the driver of thetruck if someone is thrown out of the bed.The driver can be charged with reckless endangerment.
48 DOGS IN THE BACKDogs can be transported in the back of pickup trucks aslong as they are secured with a strap that will preventthe dog from jumping or being thrown out of thevehicle. The strap should not be so long as to hang thedog.
49 QUESTION:Vehicle headlights must be on _____ minutesafter sunset, up to _____ minutes prior to sunrise,and at any time when visibility is poor.a. 15/15.b. 30/30.c. 45/45.d. 60/60.
50 QUESTION:What must you do if driving a vehicle andapproaching a school bus with alternating flashingred lights while on a two-lane road?a. Proceed with caution.b. Nothing, there is no law in Washingtonthat requires you to take any action.c. Stop.d. Proceed with caution if school bus is onlyloading/unloading students from the right-hand side of the bus.
51 QUESTION:May passengers ride in the back of a pick-uptruck?a. Yes, at any time.b. No, never.c. Yes, if front seats are all occupied.
52 SEATBELT LAW 1. Primary Law…applies to children ages 4-10 not buckled in the seat and children age 3 or youngernot buckled in a car seat.2. If pulled over for (example) speeding, and he/she doesn’t have the seatbelt buckled, he/she can be given 2 tickets; one for speeding and one for not having theseatbelt buckled.3. Fort Lewis Law…everyone must be properlybuckled in the seat.
53 EMISSIONS TESTING 1. 1967 and older vehicles are exempt. 2. New vehicles are good for 2 years.3. Testing from another state is good if less than6 months old.4. Re-testing is done every 2 years.5. Odd year vehicles tested every odd year andeven year vehicles tested every even year.6. Exempt from testing if $150 is spent after failingthe test.7. Cost is $15 cash.
54 VEHICLE REGISTRATION1. You have 5 days to register your vehicle once itarrives.2. You may be required to show emissions testing prior toregistration.3. Other items registered are: weapons, bicycles,boats, recreation vehicles, and motorcycles.
55 VEHICLE EQUIPMENT 1. Mufflers must prevent excessive or unusual noise. Cutouts, bypasses, or similar devices areillegal.2. Washington state requires the owners ofvehicles and watercraft to keep and use a litter bag. Thefine for littering is $250 and 16 hours of litter removal.There is a $90 fine for not having the litter bag.
56 VEHICLE EQUIPMENTWindshields and windows must have a clear view to thefront, rear, and both sides. It is illegal to drive a vehicle with a windshield that is discolored or obstructed to such an extent that it may obscure vision. The law limits the degree of tint or colored materials placed on windows to35%, color black only.
57 VEHICLE EQUIPMENT Watching TV or listening to music with earphones, while driving, is restricted in Washington and on Fort Lewis.
58 BICYCLES Fort Lewis law requires that all personnel wear an approved helmet at all times while riding a bicycle, anyage. KEVLAR are not an approved bicycle helmet.State law prohibits riding a bicycle while under theinfluence of alcohol. Riding during periods of limitedvisibility requires a front head light, rear tail light orreflector, and a reflective vest/device.
59 MOTORCYCLES Motorcycles must be registered on Fort Lewis. Personnel registering a motorcycle must haveattended the Motorcycle Rider Course or the BetterBiking Program. Both are free to military personnel.For more information call the Installation SafetyMotorcycles are not required to pass an emissionstest. An approved helmet, eye protection, andreflective device is required.
60 MOTORCYCLES Motorcycles must have headlights on during operation. Soldiers will wear a properly fastened helmet, proper eyeprotection, full-fingered gloves, long trousers, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, high-visibility garments andleather boots or over-the-ankle shoes. Motorcycles musthave two rear view mirrors. Riders may not useheadphones or earphones while operating the motorcycle.These rules apply on/off post, on/off duty. AR , App B-3.
61 QUESTION:Do out-of-state license plates on your POV exemptyou from Washington State vehicle emissionrequirements?a. Yes.b. No.
62 QUESTION:You have 5 days to get your POV registered onFort Lewis once it arrives. Which of the followingitem(s) should you also register?a. Weapons.b. Boats.c. Recreational vehicles.d. All of the above.
63 QUESTION:Drivers may not use headphones or earphoneswhile operating a military or privately ownedvehicle in the state of Washington or on Ft. Lewis.a. True.b. False.
64 QUESTION:Bicycle helmets are a Fort Lewis requirement, ifriding a bicycle, no matter what the age.a. True.b. False.
65 Driving under the influence (DUI) BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENTDriving under the influence (DUI).08%
66 PUNISHMENTS BAC from .08 to .15 1st offense: hours to 1 year in jail or 15 day electronic home monitoring, costing $8 to $12 per day.2. $685 to $8,125 fine.3. POV license suspended for 90 days.
67 PUNISHMENTS BAC from .08 to .15 2nd offense: days to 1 year in jail.2. $925 to $8,125 fine.3. POV license suspended/revoked up to 3 years.4. Electronic Home Monitoring for 60 to 150 days.5. Ignition Interlock for 5-10 $2 per day.
68 PUNISHMENTS BAC from .15 or higher 1st offense: hours to 1 year in jail.2. $925 to $8,125 fine.3. POV license suspended for 120 days.4. Ignition Interlock for 1 $2 per day.
69 PUNISHMENTS BAC from .15 or higher 2nd offense: 1. 45 + days in jail. 2. $1,325 to $8,125 fine.3. POV license revoked for 450 days.4. May impound vehicle for days.5. Ignition Interlock for 5-10 $2 per day.
70 Military LicenseAccording to AR 190-5, FL REG military license will be suspended for same time period as civilian license.DUI convictions on post will result in post decals being released to on scene law enforcement officer.Speeding tickets, DUI, parking tickets and positive results on a urinalysis are annotated on military license (DA Form 348-E).
71 Military License 1 year suspensions: DUI/refusal of chemical test Driving while license or installation privileges are suspended or revoked.6 months suspensions:Positive urinalysis2 parking tickets within 90 days/ 4 within a year
72 DRIVER ASSESSMENT POINTS Persons whose driving privileges are suspended orrevoked (for 1 violation or an accumulation of 12 or \more traffic points within a 12 consecutive months,or 18 traffic points within 24 consecutive months)will be notified in writing through official channels.Points assessed against a person will remain in effectfor point accumulation purposes for 24 consecutivemonths.
73 DRIVER ASSESSMENT POINTS One to ten miles over speed limit = 3 ptsOver 15 but not more than = 5 ptsFollowing too close = 4 ptsSpeed contests = 6 ptsDriving while impaired = 6 ptsImproper passing = 4 ptsWearing headphones = 3 ptsFailure to use restraints = 2 pts
74 PUNISHMENTSDriving on a suspended license will get post decals scraped and vehicle towed at the owners expense.Abandoned vehicles are towed at owners expense as well.
75 IMPLIED CONSENT LAW Operating a vehicle on-post is considered a privilege and persons accepting this privilege shallbe deemed to have given their consent to evidentialtest for alcohol or other drug content of their blood,breath, and/or urine if lawfully stopped,apprehended, or cited for any offense allegedlycommitted while driving or in physical control of amotor vehicle on the installation or in the state whileunder the influence of intoxicants.
76 RECORDS OF CONVICTIONS A driver’s permanent record of DUI convictions will be kept by district courts plus the Department of Licensing. Records will be maintained for 15 years. There will be a major impact on your automobile insurance rates.
77 OPEN CONTAINER LAWThe 1993 legislature enacted an “Open Container Law”.Under this law it is a traffic infraction:1. To drink any alcoholic beverage in a motorvehicle upon a highway.For a person in a motor vehicle upon a highway topossess any receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage if the container has been opened or a seal broken or the contents partially removed.
78 OPEN CONTAINER LAW Under this law it is a traffic infraction: To incorrectly label the container of an alcoholicbeverage, or place an alcoholic beverage in a container labeled containing a nonalcoholicbeverage or to be in possession of such a container.
79 OPEN CONTAINER LAW Under this law it is a traffic infraction: 4. For the registered owner or driver to keep anopen container in a vehicle on a highway unless itis in an area not normally occupied by the driveror passengers. The container can not be kept inany storage compartment accessible to the driveror passengers. Exceptions could apply for motorhomes…etc.
80 FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Do you meet minimum Washington state vehicleinsurance?$25,000 or more, payable for the bodily injury or death of one person in an accident in which only one person is injured or killed.$50,000 or more, payable for the bodily injury or death of two or more persons in any one accident.3. $10,000 or more, payable for injury to or destructionof property of others in any one accident.
81 YOU HAVE ALL HEARD IT BEFORE WARNINGYOU HAVE ALL HEARD IT BEFOREDON’T DRINK AND DRIVEDON’T USE DRUGS
82 QUESTION:Driving a vehicle on-post is a privilege and canbe taken away?a. True.b. False.
83 QUESTION:Marching/running troop formations are requiredto face on-coming traffic.a. True.b. False.
84 QUESTION:What is the maximum speed limit when passingtroop formations?a. 5 mph.b. 10 mph.c. 15 mph.d. 20 mph.
85 During the last_______ we have discussed many aspects of operating a motor vehicle in Washington State and on Fort Lewis. What we have covered is only the tip of the ice-burg and you should understand that many town or city laws in Washington have driving laws that may differ. You need to be familiar with the driving laws in the area. Common sense is the key to driving effectively and defensively. Driving is not a pleasure cruise, however, a task.
86 SECTION III: SUMMARYq Terminal Learning Objective was Understand Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, License Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver. The Enabling Learning Objective was discussed Army Regulations, Local Laws and Procedures, Individual Responsibilities, Driver’s License, Requirements for driving on/off the installation, Types of Permits, Rules of the Road, Speed Regulations, Changing Lane, Passing Vehicles,
87 SUMMARY (Continued)Yielding Right-of-Way, Pedestrian Right-of-Way, Special Signal Light, Lane Use Control Signal, Low Bridge Clearance, Freeway Driving, Headlights, School Buses, Roadway Work Zone, Truck Passenger, Dogs in the Back, Seatbelt Law, Emission Testing, Vehicle Registration, Vehicle Equipment, Bicycles, Motor Cycles, Blood Alcohol Content, Suspension of Driving Privileges, Driver Assessment Point, Open Container Law, Driving Near Troop Formation, and Financial Responsibility.
88 q During this class, we discussed the Army Regulations Local Laws and procedures and now you are able to obey Washington States and Fort Lewis laws and regulation.Check on Learning:Question of me / I have questions for you
89 TRANSITION TO NEXT LESSON: q Now that you have learned and understand required Army Regulation and Local Laws, covered the next lesson will be the General Safety,Accident Avoidance, and Preparation of Records and Forms, but before that take a ______break.