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The Culture of the High Middle Ages Architectural changes Papal authority v. the Power of Kings.

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Presentation on theme: "The Culture of the High Middle Ages Architectural changes Papal authority v. the Power of Kings."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Culture of the High Middle Ages Architectural changes Papal authority v. the Power of Kings

2 Art and Architecture Romanesque Architecture: 11 th and 12 th Centuries Romanesque Architecture: 11 th and 12 th Centuries Fortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or color Fortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or color Gothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100s) Gothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100s) Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in France Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in France Pointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color Pointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color

3 Romanesque Architecture

4 Common Problems of the 12 th Century Church Lay investiture Lay investiture Church v. state authority Church v. state authority Simony (sale of Church offices) Simony (sale of Church offices) Pluralism (holding more than one office) Pluralism (holding more than one office)

5 Reform begins Gregory VII ( ) Gregory VII ( ) Focused on lay investiture (immediate problems in England, France and HRE) Focused on lay investiture (immediate problems in England, France and HRE) The confrontation at Canossa (1075) The confrontation at Canossa (1075) HRE Henry IV was excommunicated by Gregory VII when he called the Pope a false monk for condemning lay investiture HRE Henry IV was excommunicated by Gregory VII when he called the Pope a false monk for condemning lay investiture Henry traveled to Canossa to ask the Popes forgiveness Henry traveled to Canossa to ask the Popes forgiveness Pope had to grant absolution and lift his ban Pope had to grant absolution and lift his ban The Concordat of Worms The Concordat of Worms Compromise on Lay Investiture Compromise on Lay Investiture


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