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Vocabulary Idioms & Phrases Reading -Paragraphs 5-11 Post-reading.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Idioms & Phrases Reading -Paragraphs 5-11 Post-reading."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Vocabulary Idioms & Phrases Reading -Paragraphs 5-11 Post-reading

3 Listen to paragraphs Skip

4 Now, answer the following questions.

5 Why are chat rooms so appealing ? Modern people often want to get away from other people and, at the same time, be close to them. Venturing into the world of Chat room relationships is one way to satisfy their need for connection.

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7 Chat rooms are not physical settings. They exist in cyberspace, and cyberspace exists in the mind of the user.

8 There are no walls, floors, ceilings, or street addresses to define the space. Next define … … The river defines the border between the two countries. As the sun rose, Mt. Ali was defined against the blue sky.

9 There are no walls, floors, ceilings, or street addresses to define the space. (1), There are no walls, floors, ceilings, or street addresses to define the space. There are no walls...or street addresses which define the space. Next

10 There are no walls, floors, ceilings, or street addresses to define the space. (2),, the only, the very, that Mr. Brown was the first one to show up in the meeting. = Mr. Brown was the first one that showed up in the meeting. The little girl was the only one to survive the car accident. = The little girl was the only one that survived the car accident.

11 The members of a particular room are usually scattered all over the country or all over the world. room room quotation marks chat room (Chat rooms are not physical settings. They exist in cyberspace, and cyberspace exists in the mind of the user. There are no walls, floors, ceilings, or street addresses to define the space.) Next

12 The members of a particular room are usually scattered all over the country or all over the world. scatter (1) (2) The branches of this bank are scattered all over the country.

13 Time and distance are no obstacles to connecting. (1) S + be + no + SC (N).... no be He is not a coward. He is no coward. ( ) (2) be an obstacle to + sth … Laziness is a big obstacle to success. His parents opposition is an obstacle to his marriage. Next

14 Time and distance are no obstacles to connecting. Time and distance are no obstacles to connecting. Time and distance cant stop people from being connected.

15 Internet architects have created a place to connect minds, not bodies. Internet architect...a place to connect minds, not bodies....a place which connects minds, not bodies. (to connect minds...) (a place) not (to connect)

16 As millions of Netsurfers do every minute of every day, belief suspends reality. as (belief suspends reality) which That would be impossible, as I have already explained to you. As is usual, Bob came to school late this morning. We tried to force the door open, which was found to be impossible. Next

17 As millions of Netsurfers do every minute of every day, belief suspends reality. as which as which As I have already explained to you, that would be impossible.

18 It doesnt matter whether chat rooms really exist or not. It wh It doesnt matter to me whether he comes or not. (whether ) It doesnt matter what you wear just as long as you come.

19 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. what What I need is a good long vacation. What really annoyed me was the way he talked about what he had done. Next

20 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. that His excuse for being late was that there was a traffic jam. importantly more most They made it to the top, but more importantly, they did it without any help. Most importantly, you must work hard to catch up. Next

21 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. =...they believe (that) the contact (that) they make with others there.... that (What really matters to them is that....) believe the contact that Next

22 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. contact come in(to) contact with … lose/keep in/stay in contact with … / make contact with … Next

23 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. Next in all of its forms

24 What really matters to them is that they believe these rooms exist and, more importantly, they believe the contact they make with others therein all of its formsis every bit as real as real life. every bit (as) real as real life (simile) (the contact they make...) (real life) as...as as every bit real.

25 Why would these Netsurfers want to work to get into a room where they do nothing but type back and forth? work work They worked hard to persuade him out of the plan. Next

26 Why would these Netsurfers want to work to get into a room where they do nothing but type back and forth? Nothing but V, V-ing, N only just It did nothing but make us ridiculous. ( make made ) They care for nothing but fighting. Jane drinks nothing but milk. Nothing but a miracle can save her life. back and forth = to and fro; backward and forward The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.

27 To understand the appeal of chat rooms, we simply need to understand an aspect of basic human nature.

28 Human beings have a basic need to connect with others and make sense of their lives. make sense (out) of Can you make sense (out) of what the man is saying? sense He was so drunk that what he spoke didnt make sense. ( ) Now you are talking sense. ( ) Next

29 Human beings have a basic need to connect with others and make sense of their lives....a basic need [to connect with others and make sense of their lives]. (to connect...) a basic need to make sure to The government had plans to increase taxes. Their offer to assist in the work was accepted.

30 As people become increasingly removed from their neighbors, they behave in direct conflict with this aspect of their basic nature. as = when; while As they were sitting down to dinner, the phone rang. I saw Jane as I was getting off the train. become removed from removed (a.) a town removed from the capital Peter has become removed from his friends since he moved to another city. Next

31 As people become increasingly removed from their neighbors, they behave in direct conflict with this aspect of their basic nature. in conflict with … … Her behavior is in conflict with her principles.

32 The fast pace of life has reduced contact among people to brief sound bites which have little or no meaning. reduce A to B A B The explosion reduced the windowpanes into fragments. After the fire, the mansion was reduced to ashes. The Introduction of Sound Bite Next

33 The Introduction of Sound Bite sound bites sound bite sound bite

34 The fast pace of life has reduced contact among people to brief sound bites which have little or no meaning. sound bites which have little or no meaning nearly meaningless sound bites

35 Many of them are burned out by the end of the day and dont want to deal with anyone. be burned out = burn oneself out; wear out; knock out Mr. Wang was burned out/burned himself out after having worked fifteen hours without rest.

36 This situation leads to a contradiction. People often want to get away from others and, at the same time, be close to them. lead to = cause; result in; give rise to The event led to endless confusion. The error of the driver led to a fatal railway disaster.

37 Venturing into the world of cyberspace relationships is one way to satisfy their need for connection. (venturing into...relationships) Finding a job is difficult these days. (to satisfy their need...) one way satisfy need fill/fulfill/meet/serve/supply a need

38 The relationships formed there can range from casual and fleeting ones to serious and lifelong ones. The relationships formed there.... The relationships which are formed there.... range from A to B ( ) A B Dress sizes range from small to extra large. Accommodation ranges from tourist class to luxury hotels.

39 In chat rooms, people become addicted, fall in love, develop friendships, or experience conflict.

40 Today, these online connections are, for the most part, text-based exchanges. for the most part=mostly There were some complaints, but for the most part the guests seemed to enjoy themselves. -based … computer-based jobs, oil-based sauces, an export-based policy.

41 Soon, all of that will change as technology develops new and more sophisticated ways to communicate. that Today, these online connections are, for the most part, text-based exchanges. Next

42 Soon, all of that will change as technology develops new and more sophisticated ways to communicate. sophisticated (1) having or showing signs of experience in social life and behavior The child is quite sophisticated for his age. (2) highly sophisticated computer systems Medical techniques are becoming more sophisticated all the time.

43 Many of them are already here.

44 Audio compression makes it possible to speak over the Internet in real time. audio compression Next

45 Audio compression makes it possible to speak over the Internet in real time. make + it + Adj (+ for sb) + to V it (possible) (to speak...time) The bad weather made it impossible for us to go on a picnic. The Internet makes it convenient for people around the world to communicate with one another. Next

46 Audio compression makes it possible to speak over the Internet in real time. in real time = without delay The journalists will have unprecedented opportunities to report from the front line in real time.

47 Mass use of video conferencing is not far off in the future. mass use mass mass destruction mass production Next

48 Mass use of video conferencing is not far off in the future. video conferencing

49 What is the next step? Possibly, it is a tactile medium. Perhaps, it will someday include olfactory sensation and taste.

50 It will be a virtual experience indeed. virtual

51 As the Internet expands, the world continues to shrink.

52 Nothing is so powerful as the Internet in connecting people all over the world since it has no physical or cultural limitations. since He must have taken the book since it isnt here. Since weve got half an hour to wait for the train, lets have a cup of coffee.

53 You may navigate the Internet any time you wish, but be prepared to encounter challenging interpersonal experiences along the way! Back

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55 I.Reading for the Main Idea and Details A. Check the topic of the reading. Weight problem. The Internet. Friendship. Computers.

56 B. Check the best title for the reading. Online Love Affairs Computers and Modern Life The Development of the Internet Chat Rooms and Contact with Others

57 C. Which of the following statements is the main idea of the reading? Write N for the one that is too narrow, B for the one that is too broad, and M for the main idea. ____ Chat rooms only exist in the mind of the user. ____ The Internet breaks physical barriers and satisfies peoples need for contact with others. ____ The Internet enables people in different places to contact one another. NMBNMB

58 D. Match the items on the left with those on the right. 1. Chat rooms are not created for physical contact, Suffering neglect and verbal abuse, In chat rooms, people do nothing but… a....type back and forth. b....but for communication. c....to connect with others and understand their lives.

59 D. Match the items on the left with those on the right. 4. Online connections among people are believed Human beings have a basic need... d....reflecting chat room participants interests. e....Anna found food as her source of comfort. f....to be as real as real life. Check the answers.

60 1. ____ 2. ____ 3. ____ 4. ____ 5. ____ beafcbeafc

61 II. Reading Strategy: Skimming Skimming is a way to achieve high-speed reading. It is also an effective reading skill when you want to quickly find out the authors point of view or the general idea of a reading material. When you skim a passage, carefully read the first sentence because it usually contains the general idea of the passage.

62 II. Reading Strategy: Skimming Likewise, when you skim an article, you should read the first sentence of each paragraph, which is often the topic sentence. You should read the last paragraph carefully, which is usually used to summarize the main idea of the article.

63 Exercise: Skim the reading. Match each paragraph on the next page with its main idea. The first one has been done for you. Paragraphs 6-7 Paragraph 8 (A) Internet services satisfy peoples need for contact with others. (B) As technology evolves, one day people may get virtual experience through the Internet.

64 Exercise: Skim the reading. Match each paragraph on the next page with its main idea. The first one has been done for you. Paragraph 9 Paragraph 10 (C) The Internet helps people overcome physical and cultural barriers to communicate with one another. (D) As human beings, people need to contact with others; however, the fast pace of life discourages them from doing so.

65 Exercise: Skim the reading. Match each paragraph on the next page with its main idea. The first one has been done for you. Paragraph 11(E) As long as people believe that the contact they make with others online is real, it doesnt matter to them if chat rooms really exist or not. Check the answers.

66 E Paragraphs 6-7 ____ Paragraph 8 ____ Paragraph 9 ____ Paragraph 10 ____ Paragraph 11 DABCDABC

67 Topics for Discussion

68 1. Suppose in a chat room you meet someone who has interests similar to yours and who always says something that you want to hear. After a few chats, he or she suggests a meeting. Would you agree to a face-to-face meeting? Give your reasons.

69 Reference answer: Yes, I would. Its hard to find someone whom you really like and whom you can always have nice talks with. But I would insist on meeting him or her in a public place. And when we meet, I would bring friends with me. I will let my parents know where I go and whom I meet. I think its safer to do so. After all, some news stories about meeting e-pals are really frightening.

70 2. Emoticons ( ) are small icons composed of punctuation marks, numbers or the alphabet. They are used to indicate how an message should be interpreted (that is, the writers mood). For example, a :-) emoticon indicates that the message is meant as a joke and shouldnt be taken seriously. Discuss with your classmates what the emoticons listed below mean. :-D :- :( :-) ;-) :O :-o :-V -# :-Q :-x

71 Reference answer: :-D laughing :- angry :( sad :-) crying with joy ;-) winking, just kidding :O shocked screaming :-o Wow! :-V shouting :-# My lips are sealed. :-Q What? :-x kiss Back


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