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Rococo and the 18 th Century …begins in France and spreads through Europe.

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Presentation on theme: "Rococo and the 18 th Century …begins in France and spreads through Europe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rococo and the 18 th Century …begins in France and spreads through Europe

2 Rococo The Age of Enlightenment - reasoning and intellect It continued to be a time of great advancements

3 The Age of Enlightenment – Mozart, Bach, and Vivaldi revolutionized music – Technology : the Industrial Revolution – Giant steps in science – The New World was expanding – Swift and Voltaire influenced literature, philosophy, and satire.

4 Rococo From dramatic & regal Baroque to delicate & playful Rococo

5 Rococo Pretty pastel colors

6 Rococo often portrays aristocracy in frivolous, exotic, fantasy worlds. often portrays aristocracy in frivolous, exotic, fantasy worlds.

7 Rococo fun and lighthearted. Art made to entertain the higher class.Art made to entertain the higher class. …let them eat cake attitude of the rich

8 Rococo elaborate ornamentationelaborate ornamentation François de Cuvilles, Hall of Mirrors Munich, Germany, early 18th century

9 Antoine Watteau Leading Rococo painter. Leading Rococo painter. Born in Flanders, lived Born in Flanders, lived in France. Influenced by Rubens. Influenced by Rubens.

10 Rococo Fete Galante 18 th century French style of painting that depicts the aristocracy walking through a forested landscape

11 Watteau Famous for fetes galantes, festive gatherings of aristocrats relaxing and enjoying life. Famous for fetes galantes, festive gatherings of aristocrats relaxing and enjoying life.

12 Antoine Watteau Return from Cythera,1720; 4x6 Return from Cythera,1720; 4x6 a group of lovers preparing to depart from the island of eternal youth and love, sacred to Aphrodite a group of lovers preparing to depart from the island of eternal youth and love, sacred to Aphrodite.

13 Watteau Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717. Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717.

14 Watteau Gilles, oil on canvas. Depicts a lonely actor in costume but with nowhere to go. He is contradicted by happy people conversing behind him. Gilles, oil on canvas. Depicts a lonely actor in costume but with nowhere to go. He is contradicted by happy people conversing behind him.

15 Francois Boucher, Cupid a Captive, Cupid a Captive, 1754 Boucher was a follower of Watteau Rococo

16 Boucher Was also influenced by Rubens. Was also influenced by Rubens. Venus Consoling Love, 1751, oil on canvas. Venus Consoling Love, 1751, oil on canvas.

17 Boucher Depicts Venus consoling a fussy Cupid. Two other Cupids watch. The use of pinks, blonde hair, and silky textures give this a cheerful feeling. Depicts Venus consoling a fussy Cupid. Two other Cupids watch. The use of pinks, blonde hair, and silky textures give this a cheerful feeling.

18 Boucher, Marquise de Pompadour, 1756. Boucher, Marquise de Pompadour, 1756. Rococo

19 Fragonard The Swing, 1766; 35x32. Oil on canvas. Frilly patterns- branches/dress =lively feeling The Swing, 1766; 35x32. Oil on canvas. Frilly patterns- branches/dress =lively feeling A student of Boucher A student of Boucher

20 Fragonard, The Swing, 35x32 1766 F ragonard was a student of Boucher Rococo

21 Rigaud Focuses on King Louis XIVs power. Focuses on King Louis XIVs power. elaborate elaborate showy showy Louis XIV, 1701; 9x8. Oil on canvas.

22 William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog. 1745. English William Hogarth William Hogarth was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist. Much of his work, though at times vicious, poked fun at contemporary politics and customs.

23 William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog. 1745. English Hogarth Hogarth was very popular in his day. prints He made $ from his prints so he didnt have to be worried about upsetting his patrons with his biting wit.

24 English Hogarth was influenced by Flemish and Dutch genre paintings. He enjoys poking fun at the upper-class Hidden messages

25 Hogarth Time Smoking a Picture, 1761, etching. Picture in a picture.

26 Father Time smokes a painting onto a canvas. Smoke is used to make the painting older than it really is, a way of fraudulently increasing its value. Hogarth shows his opposition to art for profits sake.

27 William Hogarth, A Rakes Progress (etching), 1735 William Hogarth, A Rakes Progress (etching), 1735.

28 Hogarth Hogarth, from Marriage a la Mode, 1745 He tells stories through series of paintings

29 Hogarth, from Marriage a la Mode, 1743.

30 Sir Joshua Reynolds, Miss Elizabeth Ingram. 1757. Sir Joshua Reynolds Grand Style the most important 18th century English painter, specializing in portraits and promoting the " Grand Style " in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect.

31 Reynolds Portrait Of Richard Peers Symons 1770. EnglishReynolds An intellectual- wrote on Art Theory 2,000 portraits Painter for King George III

32 Thomas Gainsborough Thomas Gainsborough, Mrs. Richard Brinsley, 1787. reminiscent of Watteau in its soft-hued light and feathery brushwork. English Gainsborough

33 English English portrait painter- over 700 exist. Likes to set his portraits in landscape. Shiny, silky textures Filtered light Gainsborough Blue Boy, 1770. Oil on canvas

34 Gainsborough English, painted nature & portraits English, painted nature & portraits Mr. & Mrs. Andrews, Oil on canvas; 1750

35 ReynoldsGainsborough

36 Architecture Before Rococo architecture, buildings were very geometric..Before Rococo architecture, buildings were very geometric.. More curves and ovalsMore curves and ovals Interiors are designed to be ornate and frilly.Interiors are designed to be ornate and frilly. Ceilings and walls are usually gilded with gold.Ceilings and walls are usually gilded with gold.

37 Rococo Architecture No straight lines in Rococo. Architecture as sculpture Architecture as sculpture

38 Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse Paris, France,1740 Rococo

39 Poppelmann Zwinger, Dresden, Germany, 1720. design was based on Vitruvian proportions. Some Classical elements Zwinger, Dresden, Germany, 1720. design was based on Vitruvian proportions. Some Classical elements

40 Zimmermann Wieskirche, Germany 1750. A pilgrimage church with a plain exterior but elaborate interior. Wieskirche, Germany 1750. A pilgrimage church with a plain exterior but elaborate interior.

41 Zimmermann Wieskirche, Bovaria. The ceilings painted surfaces merge with the architecture in an illusionistic way. Wieskirche, Bovaria. The ceilings painted surfaces merge with the architecture in an illusionistic way.

42 The Chiswick House, near London 1725 neo-Palladian The Chiswick House is one of the most glorious examples of 18th century British neo-Palladian architecture. Richard Boyle designed a Classical villa. English

43 Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570. High Italian Renaissance Palladio Palladio dominated the architectural style of the 1700s

44 Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570. High Italian Renaissance Palladio The Four Books of Architecture Palladio wrote The Four Books of Architecture that would greatly influence American colonies later. Villa Rotonda Villa Rotonda includes Roman and Etruscan influence

45 Palladio Villa Rotonda, 1570. Italian High Renaissance Richard Boyle (Lord Burlington) Chiswick House, c1729. ENGLISH

46 Rococo gave way to The Neoclassical Style late in the 18th century.Rococo gave way to The Neoclassical Style late in the 18th century. The Rococo Style disappeared after the French Revolution in 1789.The Rococo Style disappeared after the French Revolution in 1789. still some remains of Rococo influence in architecture, especially Churches and palaces.still some remains of Rococo influence in architecture, especially Churches and palaces. Effects of the Rococo Period

47 Neoclassical styleThe Neoclassical style of the next generation thought that the Rococo style was decadent and amoral…


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