Presentation on theme: "Rococo and the 18th Century"— Presentation transcript:
1Rococo and the 18th Century …begins in France and spreads through Europe
2It continued to be a time of great advancements RococoThe Age of Enlightenment- reasoning and intellectIt continued to be a time of great advancements
3The Age of Enlightenment Mozart, Bach, and Vivaldi revolutionized musicTechnology: the Industrial RevolutionGiant steps in scienceThe New World was expandingSwift and Voltaire influenced literature, philosophy, and satire.
4From dramatic & regal Baroque to delicate & playful Rococo
19FragonardThe Swing, 1766; 35”x32”. Oil on canvas. Frilly patterns- branches/dress=lively feelingA student of Boucher
20Rococo Fragonard was a student of Boucher Fragonard, The Swing, 35”x32” 1766RococoFragonard was a student of Boucher
21Rigaud Focuses on King Louis XIV’s power. elaborate showy Louis XIV, 1701; 9’x8’.Oil on canvas.
22EnglishWilliam Hogarth was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist. Much of his work, though at times vicious, poked fun at contemporary politics and customs.William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog
23English Hogarth was very popular in his day. He made $ from his prints so he didn’t have to be worried about upsetting his patrons with his biting wit.William Hogarth, Self-Portrait with Pug-Dog
24English Hogarth was influenced by Flemish and Dutch genre paintings. He enjoys poking fun at the upper-classHidden messages
25HogarthTime Smoking a Picture, 1761, etching.Picture in a picture.
26Father Time “smokes” a painting onto a canvas Father Time “smokes” a painting onto a canvas. Smoke is used to make the painting older than it really is, a way of fraudulently increasing its value. Hogarth shows his opposition to art for profit’s sake.
27William Hogarth, A Rake’s Progress (etching), 1735.
28Hogarth, from Marriage a la Mode, 1745 He tells stories through series of paintings
30Sir Joshua Reynoldsthe most important 18th century English painter, specializing in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect.Sir Joshua Reynolds, Miss Elizabeth Ingram
31Reynolds English An intellectual- wrote on Art Theory 2,000 portraits Painter for King George IIIReynoldsPortrait Of Richard Peers Symons1770.
32reminiscent of Watteau in its soft-hued light and feathery brushwork. English Gainsboroughreminiscent of Watteau in its soft-hued light and feathery brushwork.Thomas Gainsborough, Mrs. Richard Brinsley, 1787.
33Gainsborough English portrait painter- over 700 exist. Likes to set his portraits in landscape.Shiny, silky texturesFiltered lightBlue Boy, 1770.Oil on canvas
34Gainsborough English, painted nature & portraits Mr. & Mrs. Andrews, Oil on canvas; 1750
36ArchitectureBefore Rococo architecture, buildings were very geometric..More curves and ovalsInteriors are designed to be ornate and “frilly.”Ceilings and walls are usually gilded with gold.
37Rococo Architecture No straight lines in Rococo. Architecture as sculpture
38RococoBoffrand, Salon de la PrincesseParis, France,1740
39PoppelmannZwinger, Dresden, Germany, design was based on Vitruvian proportions. Some Classical elements
40ZimmermannWieskirche, Germany A pilgrimage church with a plain exterior but elaborate interior.
41ZimmermannWieskirche, Bovaria. The ceiling’s painted surfaces merge with the architecture in an illusionistic way.
42EnglishThe Chiswick House is one of the most glorious examples of 18th century British neo-Palladian architecture. Richard Boyle designed a Classical villa.The Chiswick House, near London 1725
43Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570. High Italian RenaissancePalladio dominated the architectural style of the 1700’s
44Palladio, Villa Rotonda, 1570. High Italian RenaissancePalladio wrote The Four Books of Architecture that would greatly influence American colonies later.Villa Rotonda includes Roman and Etruscan influence
45Palladio Villa Rotonda, 1570. Italian High Renaissance Richard Boyle (Lord Burlington) Chiswick House, c1729. ENGLISH
46Effects of the Rococo Period Rococo gave way to The Neoclassical Style late in the 18th century.The Rococo Style disappeared after the French Revolution in 1789.still some remains of Rococo influence in architecture, especially Churches and palaces.
47The Neoclassical style of the next generation thought that the Rococo style was decadent and amoral…