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Life after Charlemagne Feudalism and Manorialism.

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Presentation on theme: "Life after Charlemagne Feudalism and Manorialism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life after Charlemagne Feudalism and Manorialism

2 The fall of the Carolingian Empire Louis the Pious ( ) Louis the Pious ( ) Charlemagnes son Character Charlemagnes son Character The Arrangement of the Empire 817 causes a civil war between his 4 sons The Arrangement of the Empire 817 causes a civil war between his 4 sons The Treaty of Verdun (843) The Treaty of Verdun (843) Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar They were all too weak to keep local lords in check (used land to gain favors) They were all too weak to keep local lords in check (used land to gain favors)

3 The Treaty of Verdun

4 Feudalism Accelerated by the invasions of the 9 th Century Accelerated by the invasions of the 9 th Century Vikings Vikings Magyars (Hungary) Magyars (Hungary) Muslims Muslims New social order needed because Kings and Emperors could no longer protect people New social order needed because Kings and Emperors could no longer protect people

5 Feudalism: The new political order The basis is the fief which was granted by a lord to a vassal The basis is the fief which was granted by a lord to a vassal Vassals swore an oath of Fealty and promised military service Vassals swore an oath of Fealty and promised military service Other duties Other duties Vassals could become lords Vassals could become lords Result: Political power became property for great counts and lords Result: Political power became property for great counts and lords

6 Mutual Obligations Feudal contract Feudal contract Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land) Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land) Peasants to work the land were included as part of the fief Peasants to work the land were included as part of the fief

7 Manorialism: The new economic order The role of the Serf (Servile) The role of the Serf (Servile) Obligations Obligations 3 days a work days a week, maintain the manor, they belong to manor 3 days a work days a week, maintain the manor, they belong to manor Must pay to use services, a tax to both the lord and the Church (Tithe) Must pay to use services, a tax to both the lord and the Church (Tithe) Subject to the lords justice, not really free Subject to the lords justice, not really free They received a small plot for themselves (Approx. 1 acre) They received a small plot for themselves (Approx. 1 acre) The Manor…self sufficient…no real trade The Manor…self sufficient…no real trade Barter System Barter System

8 Knights,Chivalry and Castles Knights Knights Chivalry Chivalry Began as a squire Began as a squire Attempt to win land (how) Attempt to win land (how) Castles Castles From wood to stone From wood to stone Attack Attack Defense Defense

9 Knights Knights – Mounted warriors Knights – Mounted warriors Age of 7 Age of 7 Boy was slated to be a Knight Boy was slated to be a Knight Difficult training as a Squire Difficult training as a Squire Structured discipline Structured discipline Chivalry Chivalry

10 The Medieval Church Chapter 7 section 3

11 The Expanded Role of the Clergy Early Caesaropapism: Popes of this time were forced to assume both temporal and spiritual authority Early Caesaropapism: Popes of this time were forced to assume both temporal and spiritual authority Doctrine of Papal supremacy Doctrine of Papal supremacy Pope Gregory the Great ( ) (Chant) Pope Gregory the Great ( ) (Chant) exercised independent Temporal power (ex: helped the poor) exercised independent Temporal power (ex: helped the poor) The importance of the Church The importance of the Church Center of town life (all important events happen there) Center of town life (all important events happen there) Rise of cathedrals Rise of cathedrals

12 Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Romanesque Architecture: 11 th and 12 th Centuries Romanesque Architecture: 11 th and 12 th Centuries Fortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or color Fortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or color Gothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100s) Gothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100s) Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in France Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in France Pointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color Pointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color

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17 Church Influence Canon Law – based on religious teachings, governed many aspects of life, including wills, marriages, and morals Canon Law – based on religious teachings, governed many aspects of life, including wills, marriages, and morals Disobey? Disobey? Excommunication Excommunication Interdict Interdict Excluding an entire town/region/kingdom from receiving sacraments Excluding an entire town/region/kingdom from receiving sacraments

18 Monastic life St. Benedict (Monte Cassino 529): The rules for monastic life St. Benedict (Monte Cassino 529): The rules for monastic life The Role of Monks and Nuns The Role of Monks and Nuns Manuscript illumination Manuscript illumination Missionary work (St. Boniface) Missionary work (St. Boniface) Hospitals, education of farmers Hospitals, education of farmers

19 Corruption and Reform As power grew discipline weakened Wealth and positions of power began to corrupt the intentions of the Church Lay Investiture Simony Marriage, etc.


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