Presentation on theme: "Life after Charlemagne"— Presentation transcript:
1 Life after Charlemagne Feudalism and Manorialism
2 The fall of the Carolingian Empire Louis the Pious ( )Charlemagne’s son CharacterThe Arrangement of the Empire 817 causes a civil war between his 4 sonsThe Treaty of Verdun (843)Charles the Bald, Louis the German and LotharThey were all too weak to keep local lords in check (used land to gain favors)
4 Feudalism Accelerated by the invasions of the 9th Century VikingsMagyars (Hungary)MuslimsNew social order needed because Kings and Emperors could no longer protect people
5 Feudalism: The new political order The basis is the fief which was granted by a lord to a vassalVassals swore an oath of Fealty and promised military serviceOther dutiesVassals could become lordsResult: Political power became property for great counts and lords
6 Mutual Obligations Feudal contract Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land)Peasants to work the land were included as part of the fief
7 Manorialism: The new economic order The role of the Serf (Servile)Obligations3 days a work days a week, maintain the manor, they belong to manorMust pay to use services, a tax to both the lord and the Church (Tithe)Subject to the lords justice, not really freeThey received a small plot for themselves (Approx. 1 acre)The Manor…self sufficient…no real tradeBarter System
8 Knights,Chivalry and Castles Began as a squireAttempt to win land (how)CastlesFrom wood to stoneAttackDefense
9 Knights Knights – Mounted warriors Age of 7 Boy was slated to be a KnightDifficult training as a SquireStructured disciplineChivalry
11 The Expanded Role of the Clergy Early Caesaropapism: Popes of this time were forced to assume both temporal and spiritual authorityDoctrine of Papal supremacyPope Gregory the Great ( ) (Chant)exercised independent Temporal power (ex: helped the poor)The importance of the ChurchCenter of town life (all important events happen there)Rise of cathedrals
12 Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Romanesque Architecture: 11th and 12th CenturiesFortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or colorGothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100’s)Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in FrancePointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color
17 Church InfluenceCanon Law – based on religious teachings, governed many aspects of life, including wills, marriages, and moralsDisobey?ExcommunicationInterdictExcluding an entire town/region/kingdom from receiving sacraments
18 Monastic lifeSt. Benedict (Monte Cassino 529): The rules for monastic lifeThe Role of Monks and NunsManuscript illuminationMissionary work (St. Boniface)Hospitals, education of farmers
19 Corruption and Reform As power grew discipline weakened Wealth and positions of power began to corrupt the intentions of the ChurchLay InvestitureSimonyMarriage, etc.
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