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Life after Charlemagne

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Presentation on theme: "Life after Charlemagne"— Presentation transcript:

1 Life after Charlemagne
Feudalism and Manorialism

2 The fall of the Carolingian Empire
Louis the Pious ( ) Charlemagne’s son Character The Arrangement of the Empire 817 causes a civil war between his 4 sons The Treaty of Verdun (843) Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar They were all too weak to keep local lords in check (used land to gain favors)

3 The Treaty of Verdun

4 Feudalism Accelerated by the invasions of the 9th Century
Vikings Magyars (Hungary) Muslims New social order needed because Kings and Emperors could no longer protect people

5 Feudalism: The new political order
The basis is the fief which was granted by a lord to a vassal Vassals swore an oath of Fealty and promised military service Other duties Vassals could become lords Result: Political power became property for great counts and lords

6 Mutual Obligations Feudal contract
Lord granted his vassal a fief (estate / land) Peasants to work the land were included as part of the fief

7 Manorialism: The new economic order
The role of the Serf (Servile) Obligations 3 days a work days a week, maintain the manor, they belong to manor Must pay to use services, a tax to both the lord and the Church (Tithe) Subject to the lords justice, not really free They received a small plot for themselves (Approx. 1 acre) The Manor…self sufficient…no real trade Barter System

8 Knights,Chivalry and Castles
Began as a squire Attempt to win land (how) Castles From wood to stone Attack Defense

9 Knights Knights – Mounted warriors Age of 7
Boy was slated to be a Knight Difficult training as a Squire Structured discipline Chivalry

10 Chapter 7 section 3 The Medieval Church

11 The Expanded Role of the Clergy
Early Caesaropapism: Popes of this time were forced to assume both temporal and spiritual authority Doctrine of Papal supremacy Pope Gregory the Great ( ) (Chant) exercised independent Temporal power (ex: helped the poor) The importance of the Church Center of town life (all important events happen there) Rise of cathedrals

12 Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture
Romanesque Architecture: 11th and 12th Centuries Fortress like appearance, rounded arch, heavy ceilings to support massive thick walls, small windows very little light or color Gothic Architecture (Began in the late 1100’s) Between 1180 and Gothic Cathedrals were built in France Pointed arches (flying buttresses) high ceilings, thin walls, stained glass windows, light, color





17 Church Influence Canon Law – based on religious teachings, governed many aspects of life, including wills, marriages, and morals Disobey? Excommunication Interdict Excluding an entire town/region/kingdom from receiving sacraments

18 Monastic life St. Benedict (Monte Cassino 529): The rules for monastic life The Role of Monks and Nuns Manuscript illumination Missionary work (St. Boniface) Hospitals, education of farmers

19 Corruption and Reform As power grew discipline weakened
Wealth and positions of power began to corrupt the intentions of the Church Lay Investiture Simony Marriage, etc.

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