Presentation on theme: "U.S. Refugee Admissions Barbara Day, Chief, Domestic Resettlement"— Presentation transcript:
1U.S. Refugee Admissions Barbara Day, Chief, Domestic Resettlement Office of Refugee AdmissionsPresentation for North Carolina State Refugee ConferenceAugust 20, 2013
2Somali Bantu at IOM-run transit center in Nairobi, bound for U.S. The US Refugee Admissions Programoffers resettlement in the United States to persons overseas who have been persecuted or have a well-founded fear of persecution based on one of the five statutory grounds.Somali Bantu at IOM-run transit center in Nairobi, bound for U.S.
3Key TakeawaysThe USRAP is a successful public-private partnership involving multiple USG agencies, IOs, NGOs, state/local governments, communities, private citizens, and other stakeholders.This worldwide program operates in countries, includes nationalities, and resettles in 49 states and DC.The U.S. resettles more refugees than all other 27 resettlement countries combined.The program needs to be re-authorized by the President every year, giving Congress a key role in its design.UNHCR plays a key role in referring refugees for resettlement, but there are other ways that applicants are referred for consideration.While the domestic component of the program is focused on self-sufficiency and early employment, the U.S. does not select individuals for those reasons.
4USRAP is a small component of immigration to U.S. In recent years, total legal immigration has been ~1,000,000 persons/yearMost (~900,000) are relatives of persons in the U.S. or had job offers from U.S. employers.Minority (~100,000) are granted asylum or admitted to the U.S. as refugees from first asylum locations or directly from country of origin.Refugee admission numbers rise and fall depending on need, volume of referrals, capacity to process.Since 1975, over 3 million refugees have been admittedHighest level – 207,000 in 1980Lowest level – 20,000 in 197727,000 in 2002
5Key Components of the USRAP Identification of refugees who are eligible to be considered for U.S. admissionOverseas processing, including USCIS adjudication, cultural orientation, medical screening, security background checks, and sponsorship assurancesTransportation to the U.S. arranged by IOMInitial reception and placement in the U.S.
6USG PartnersDept. of State: Develops policy and serves as overall manager of the USRAP. Responsible for initial support to refugees post-arrival.DHS/USCIS: Officers determine eligibility for admission.HHS/ORR: Administers cash, medical and social service programs through states and NGOs.Congress: Consulted on annual refugee admissions.
7International Organization for Migration (IOM) Manages Resettlement Support Center (RSCs) for Eurasia, Middle East/North Africa, South Asia, and Latin AmericaServes as panel physician and conducts overseas refugee medical exams in most locationsArranges for transportation to the United States
8NGOs and Local Partners Resettlement Support Centers (RSC): Under cooperative agreements with DOS/PRM. Assist applicants with pre-interview paperwork and post-interview procedures. RSCs operated by either NGO or IOM.Domestic NGOs: Under cooperative agreements with DOS/PRM. Provide initial reception and placement.State and Local Governments: Provide cash, medical, employment services, transportation, education through HHS/ORR funding.
10RESETTLEMENT SUPPORT CENTERS Nine RSCs are operated by an NGO, IOM, or in-house (Havana)They work under cooperative agreements with PRM with a single country focus (ie Cuba, Austria) or a regional basis.RSCsInterview applicants; take persecution claim and family information.Initiate security checks.Schedule and support USCIS adjudication teams.Provide pre-departure cultural orientation.Work with IOM to finalize travel to U.S. once all clearances are obtained.
11Resettlement Support Centers Eurasia IOMAustria- HIASTurkey, Middle East- ICMCMiddle East- IOMS. Asia- IOMCuba- DOSS.E. Asia – IRCAfrica - CWSL. America - IOM
12How do we decide who gets to be resettled in the United States? Ongoing consultations with NGOs, UNHCR, advocates, and Congress throughout the year inform our thinking.Each summer, PRM/A prepares a Report to Congress laying out proposed regional ceilings for refugee admissions which must be cleared by DHS, HHS, National Security Staff, and OMB.The Secretary of State presents the President’s proposal to Judiciary Committees in the House and Senate. (known as “Consultations”)The Presidential Determination is issued before refugees may arrive in the next fiscal year.
13Consultation ProcessThe President, in consultation with Congress, establishes the number of refugees by geographic region eligible for admission each fiscal year.
14Europe and Central Asia FY 2013 ProgramRegionCeiling for FY13Primary populationsAfrica12,000(14,000)Somalis in Kenya and Ethiopia; Eritreans in Ethiopia, CongoleseEast Asia17,000Burmese in Thailand and MalaysiaEurope and Central Asia2,000Religious minorities from the former Soviet UnionLatinAmerica5,000Cubans (many) and Colombians (few)N. East/S. Asia31,000Iraqis, Bhutanese in Nepal, Iranian religious minoritiesUnallocated Reserve3,000(1,000)Available for use as needed for any regionTotal70,000
15How is a refugee admitted to the U.S.? Access is granted by the Department of State upon receipt of a referral from UNHCR, a U.S. Embassy, or certain NGOs. In certain locations/programs, individuals submit applications.Case is prepared (“pre-screened”) by a PRM-funded Resettlement Support Center, security checks are launched.Case is adjudicated by DHS/USCIS officer in a face-to-face interview. Fingerprints are taken at interview. PRM and USCIS are responsible for certain security checks.If case is approved, RSC coordinates medical exam, CO, assurance; case is booked for travel by IOM.
16USCIS RSC (Resettlement Support Center) Group P-2ReferralIndividual P-1ReferralFamilyReunificationP-3RSC(Resettlement SupportCenter)Security Checks: CLASS/ SAO / IAC1USCISInterview & FingerprintsDenialApprovalMedicalScreeningCulturalOrientationRequest for ReviewSponsorshipAssuranceR&P ServicesIAC2Travel to U.S.(IOM)
17Overseas Medical Screenings Overseas screenings conducted mostly by IOMScreening is for excludable conditions (e.g., tuberculosis)New TB Technical Instructions are being phased in according to CDC guidelinesVaccination Pilot (CDC)Ethiopia, Kenya, Malaysia, Nepal, and ThailandSome arrivals in Spring 2013, most in Summer 2013PRM and CDC, w/select state refugee health programs, will track sample of refugees to the domestic final destination to:confirm receipt/seek feedback re: documentation from med providersconfirm that refugees did not require revaccination post arrival; orif refugees were revaccinated post arrival, provide feedback to IOM
18Reception and Placement (R&P) Program A public-private partnership R&P is a program administered by PRM to help refugees with their initial resettlement in the U.S.PRM partners with nine national resettlement agencies to help place refugees throughout the U.S.PRM provides a portion of the funding necessary to fulfill the R&P requirements. ($1,875 per capita)Agencies provide refugees with basic necessities and core services during their initial resettlement period of 30 to 90 days.The goal of the U.S. refugee program is economic self-sufficiency as soon as possible after arrival.
19Domestic Resettlement Agencies Church World Service (CWS) – 36 affiliatesEpiscopal Migration Ministries (EMM) – 33 affiliatesEthiopian Community Development Council (ECDC) – 17 affiliatesHebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) – 30 affiliatesInternational Rescue Committee (IRC) – 21 affiliatesLutheran Immigration and Refugee Service (LIRS) – 58 affiliatesUnited States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) – 113 affiliatesU.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) – 33 affiliatesWorld Relief (WR) – 22 affiliates
20Top Ten Resettlement Cities FY 2012 San DiegoAtlantaDallas/Fort WorthDetroitHoustonPhoenixMinneapolis/St PaulSeattleChicagoDenver
21Determining Resettlement Capacity Each fiscal year, the national resettlement agencies work in partnership with their local affiliates to assess the number and types of refugees each affiliate can resettle in the upcoming year.The affiliates engage in consultations with many relevant state and community partners to arrive at the proposed capacity.
22StakeholdersThe affiliates work in partnership with the following stakeholders help assess local resettlement capacity: 1) The State Refugee Coordinator 2) The State Refugee Health Coordinator 3) Local Health Providers 4) Employment and Social Service Providers 5) Public Schools 6) Employers 7) Others
23The R&P Proposal Process Local affiliates prepare abstractsNational resettlement agencies submit R&P proposalsProposal review panel evaluates each proposalAdditional stakeholders (SRCs and ORR) offer feedback to PRMPRM makes final determination
24The Allocations Process Each week the national agencies meet to select cases that are ready for sponsorship assurance.It is a system that strives to be equitable in the distribution of cases.
25Allocations Pools Non U.S. Tie / Non U.S. Tie Medical Pool Cases with no ties to persons in the U.S. or who do not wish to join friends and family in the U.S.U.S. Tie PoolCases with a friend or relative in the USCases must include complete address OR phone number, city and statePredestined PoolCases with an AORM3 and M4 Cases (Unaccompanied Minors)Rainbow PoolCases with competing agencies connections
26Deciding Where a Case Will Go What do Resettlement Agencies take into account?Language capacityCase compositionHousingEmployment statisticsMedical servicesEthnic communitiesYTD arrivals projection/totalsCash assistance ratesSpecial considerations (minors, elderly, single mother, etc.)
27R&P Flow Chart Assistance with access to benefits and services I. Pre-Arrival PreparationAllocationRefugee is assigned to one of nine resettlement agencies.Placement AssuranceThe assigned agency ensures they have the capacity to serve the case in a specific city.Housing set upCaseworkers prepare housing, furniture, and food for arrival.II. Post ArrivalServices(Arrival ~ 90 Days)Assistance with access to benefits and servicesCaseworkers assist refugees with access to services such as medical services and food stamps.Provision of basic needs and core servicesThe affiliate is responsible for ensuring that the refugee has food, medical care, and other needs met.Case managementCaseworkers pick refugees up at the airport and visit refugees in their homes.III. R&P CompleteRefugee is in safe, stable environment.Refugee can navigate appropriate and relevant systemsRefugee is connected to means of ongoing support for self/familyRefugee understands surroundings and situation
28Domestic Cultural Orientation Required Topics The Role of the Local Resettlement AgencyBudgeting and Personal FinanceRefugee StatusHousingEnglishHygienePublic AssistanceSafetyU.S. LawsCultural AdjustmentYour New CommunityEducationEmploymentTransportationHealth
29R&P MonitoringMonitor whether affiliate provided R&P services and whether refugee met R&P outcomesPRM monitors ~60 local affiliates per year (each affiliate is monitored at least every five years)Resettlement agencies monitor at least every three years
30Domestic Resettlement Challenges 2013 Uneven community support for resettlementAffordable housingEmploymentIncreasing number of cases with serious medical needs requiring additional servicesGreater proportion of cases with US ties limits placement flexibilityHHS/ORR budget challenges impact programs for refugees
312013 Overseas Initiatives Restore Iraqi arrivals to FY09/10 levels Expand resettlement of Congolese refugeesRe-launch P-3 family reunion programImplement new cultural orientation curriculum, outcomes and indicatorsRestart Darfuri resettlement from ChadTarget funding to UNHCR to bolster capacity in Africa and maintain Emergency Transit CentersLaunch pre-departure vaccinations in Thailand, Nepal, Malaysia, Kenya, and EthiopiaIssue rolling announcements of deadlines for Burmese in ThailandESL pilots in Thailand, Nepal, Kenya (round two)Mentor Uruguay and Bulgaria in their resettlement programsMore efficient use of UNHCR Emergency Transit Centers
322013 Domestic Initiatives Increase community outreach Stronger collaboration with ORRContinue incremental growth in R&P per capita funding following doubling in 2010 ($1,875 in FY 2013)Establish floor funding for 60,000 arrivalsEnhance sharing of refugee medical information prior to arrivalDevelop cultural orientation objectives and indicators, curriculum, assessment toolsMake more information public