Presentation on theme: "Early Renaissance in Italy: 15th C."— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Renaissance in Italy: 15th C. Italian city-states: Ferrara, Florence, Mantua, Naples, Rome, Venice
2 Key IdeasFine arts is impacted by the revitalization of literature, history, and philosophy.Renaissance courts are impacted by humanism and secularism.Artists create realistic 3-D paintings based on new theories of linear perspective.Italian Renaissance sculpture is marked by a greater understanding of human anatomy.Revival of large scale nude works.Architecture emphasizes open light spaces, balance, and symmetry.
4 Historical Background Wealthy families ruled the Italian city-states, controlling politics, economics, and directing art.All of the cutting edge artist movements were coming from Italy- artists were commissioned for paintings, to build great architectural feats, etc.Humanism- exploring the human aspect of life (specifically, studying the classic ideas from Greek and Roman philosophy, like law, logic, natural philosophy, medicine, etc.)Exploration of the world becomes a European theme, introducing new themes in science, materials, and the arts.
5 Patronage and Artistic Life Wealthy families typically paid to have private chapels built in local churches for their own personal use (decorated lavishly, of course).Paintings are often identified by the patron’s chapels (Ex: Masaccio painted Tribute Money for the Brancacci Chapel in Santa Maria del Carmine)
6 Innovations in Architecture Greatest Technological Achievement of the period: The Florence Cathedral Dome, by BrunelleschiWaited over 100 years for the technology to be developed.Ogival arch that revolves into a dome2 domes, one within the other, to maximize strength and stability (interior dome supports, exterior dome is pretty)A lantern on top anchors the domes together
7 Characteristics of 15th C. Italian Architecture Focus is on order, clarity, and light (as opposed to Gothic cathedrals and their dark, mysterious, and creepy vibe)Wide open window spaces (not stained glass) and vivid wall paintings.Stress geometric designs and Ideal proportions (thank you, Romans)Unvaulted naves, coffered ceilingsCrossing is 2X the size of nave bays, nave 2X the width of side aisles, arches and columns make up 2/3 the height of the nave, etc.
8 Dome of Florence Cathedral Filippo BrunelleschiFlorence
13 Innovations in Painting and Sculpture Development most characteristic of Italian Renaissance painting- linear perspectiveCredit goes to Brunelleschi for bringing it back!Object and people are draw proportionate to each other (medieval art depicted people dominating objects on the page)Perspective is also used to fool the eye (tromp l’oeil technique) and is used in sculpture for relief castings and carving.
14 Characteristics of Early Renaissance Italian Painting Religious paintings during early 15th C., then portrait and mythological scenes (reflecting humanism)Nudes become common again
15 Adoration of the Magi Gentile da Fabriano 1423 Tempera on panel Uffizi, Florence, Italy
30 Characteristics of Early Renaissance Italian Sculpture Interest in humanism leads to a rebirth of classic Greek and Roman sculptures.NudityRevival or large scale nude sculptures (starting with Donatello’s David)Increased study of human anatomy“heroic” bodiesOften depict intense physical interaction (twisting forms, straining muscles- similar to Hellenistic Greek sculpture.