Presentation on theme: "Native Americans In the U.S. Marine Corps. World War II marked a watershed in American history. The immediate challenge of defeating the enemy directly."— Presentation transcript:
World War II marked a watershed in American history. The immediate challenge of defeating the enemy directly affected thousands of men and women, while the new world the war created had ramifications for millions of people.
Americans strongly supported the war, but from the beginning Allied leaders had differences. In particular, difficulties arose over how the Americans and the English would carry the war into Europe.
This meeting managed to ease the strain and renew relations between the allies.
The second- front offensive began with the Allied landings at Normandy in June 1944. Less than a year later, Germany surrendered.
At first the war in the Pacific, largely the responsibility of the United States, did not go well.
The Japanese enjoyed early successes, but the Battle of Midway in June 1942 was the turning point in the war. Battle of Midway
Facing intense fighting, American forces island- hopped across the Pacific, bypassing a number of strongly held Japanese islands. The Japanese and Americans engaged in especially bloody combat on Iwo Jima and Okinawa.Iwo Jima Okinawa
The Japanese surrendered after the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan.two atomic bombs
A variety of military, scientific, and political reasons motivated the U.S. Military (casualty estimates) Scientific (Hiroshima was relatively undamaged) Political (hurry up and make Japan surrender before the USSR got too involved)
To control inflation, this agency was given the power to fix price ceilings on commodities and control rents in defense areas.
The WPB succeeded in turning the civilian manufacturing economy into a powerhouse of military industrial might. The WMC recruited workers for the nations factories.WPB WMC
Wartime policy encouraged the growth of big business. Government paid for retooling Allowed pricing for built in profits Antitrust Exemptions Tax Writeoffs Contracts totalling $175 billion went out 2/3 went to the top 100 largest corporations
Universities benefited from government grants to aid the war effort. MIT got $117 million alone $2 billion went to the...
Despite a no-strike agreement with the government, some workers staged walkouts during the war. Congress responded with a bill designed to place limits on labor.
Many in the U.S. saw the war against Japan as a struggle against the Japanese race. Despite anti-Japanese sentiment, Japanese-Americans fought valiantly for the United States as evidenced by the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
As conservatives worked to limit or dismantle the New Deal, Republicans made gains in the election of 1942. However, in his Economic Bill of Rights Roosevelt pledged to provide jobs, food, shelter, clothing, and financial security to every American.Economic Bill of Rights
The President chose a loyal New Deal trooper to aid him in his re- election.
In apparent ill health, Roosevelt defeated Thomas Dewey for a fourth term in 1944. Roosevelt died in April 1945, and Vice President Harry Truman became president.
The Allies shared a commitment to defeating the enemy, but they also had a number of differences. The fate of Eastern Europe posed the greatest problem.
In 1944, diplomats established the framework for the United Nations.
Six million Jews died in concentration camps during the war, but the Allies took few steps to stop the killings.
The U.S. did too little, too late, to greatly affect the Holocaust...
The Yalta Conference of February 1945 shaped the postwar world. As the meeting convened, each of the Allies had its own agenda. Russia wanted a friendly Poland to serve as a buffer state. The Allies agreed to accept a coalition government in Poland and to resolve disputed borders at a later date.
At Potsdam, Truman, who knew the United States had achieved atomic capability, showed less deference to Stalin than had Roosevelt.Potsdam