Katie Wallace Dixon State 4-H 4-H Volunteer Training
Transportation & Emergency Procedures 4-H Volunteer Training
Transportation Policies Vehicle should only transport the number of passengers it was designed for and not exceed that limit. Each passenger wears a seatbelt unless we are utilizing public transportation or school bus certified vehicles. Passengers should be respectful of the driver and not cause distractions, ex). Shouting, throwing objects, ect. Loading and unloading vehicles should be done under direction and supervision of staff Prior to departure and return to site, all participants should be accounted for once loaded into vehicles.
Transportation Policies In case of emergency, remove children from vehicle if possible and get them to a safe but nearby location. Staff should use their best judgment and proceed according to the nature of the accident. First aid kits should be brought on each trip. Vehicles should undergo regular maintenance and safety checks. Only approved staff members should be permitted to drive vehicles that have undergone.
For Minor Accidents at 4-H activities For minor accidents or injuries, obtain the necessary supplies from the First Aid kits and treat. If the injury or accident cannot be treated, notify the Crisis Management Officer (CMO) immediately. If the injury involves bleeding: Apply direct pressure on the wound. Elevate the affected area, if possible. If bleeding continues and soaks through bandage, add additional bandages until the bleeding stops. For severe wounds, never remove bandages once the bleeding stops. This should be done by a qualified medical officer. If the injured person is unconscious: Remember the ABCs: Airway – Is airway clear? Breathing – Is there air exchange? Circulation – Is there a pulse? Send someone to get CMO or Nurse. Check for bleeding and or deformity in bone structure. Do not move participant and never leave them!
If help is NOT on the way: Call police, fire, or rescue as indicated by nature of accident. Notify program director. Notify parents, spouse, or individuals identified on the Camper Information form. Accidents To and From Activities In the event of accidents involving an employee or participants who are on the way to or from camp, first determine whether or not help is on the way. If help IS on the way: If not reached earlier, continue to try to notify parents, spouse, or named individual. If parents, spouse, or closest relatives are not available, discuss situation with an associate at the place of employment of the parents, guardian, spouse, or closest relative. Send a calm staff member to observe situation.
Possible Symptoms: General feeling of impending doom or fright Weakness Sweating Sneezing Short of breath Nasal itching Hives Vomiting Cough Restlessness Shock Hoarseness Swollen tongue Severe localized swelling Allergic Reaction
First Actions: Assess situation, remain calm, make participant/employee comfortable. Only move for safety reasons. Send for immediate help and medication kit (in cases of known allergies). Follow medical protocol for student, if on file. Observe for respiratory difficulty and, if needed, call 911. Notify parent or guardian. Administer medication, by order of a doctor, if appropriate. Apply ice pack, keep warm. Preventative/Supportive Actions: Encourage parents and guardians to list health situations on Camper Information Form for their child. Encourage employees having health situations affecting them to alert building director and work associates of any difficulties and possible remedial actions.
In Case of Fire Fire Procedures Call police, fire or rescue as indicated by the accident. Notify program director. Utilize emergency exit plan modified to maximize safety of participants and staff. Provide for treatment and removal of injured building occupants. Account for all building occupants and determine extent of injuries. Have someone to meet the vehicle at the main entrance area and direct them to the scene of the fire.
Fire in Building In the event a fire is detected within a 4-H building, proceed according to the following plan: Sound alarm. Use the alarm system if the building is equipped. Otherwise, yell FIRE! loudly a number of times until occupants become aware. As soon as occupants are aware and evacuation has begun, call 911 and ask for required emergency services.
There are three different types of extinguishers, all with a different purpose. A TRASH–WOOD–PAPER Fire extinguishers with a Class A rating are effective against fires involving paper, wood, textiles, and plastics. B LIQUIDS Fire extinguishers with a Class B rating are effective against flammable liquid fires. These can be fires where cooking liquids, oil, gasoline, kerosene, or paint have become ignited. C ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Fire extinguishers with a Class C rating are suitable for fires in live electrical equipment. Extinguishers
Step 2 Extinguish if possible. Smaller contained fires – waste baskets Attempt to extinguish fire using nearest fire extinguisher. Electrical Fire Do not attempt to handle burning electrical appliance, serious shock could result. Unplug cord, holding by plug itself if possible with one hand. If type B-C (or foam) extinguisher is available, attempt to extinguish fire. If only type A extinguisher is available, do not attempt to extinguish unless appliance is unplugged. Flammable Liquid – small or contained If type B-C extinguisher is available, attempt to extinguish fire. If only A extinguisher is available, do not use water, it could spread flammable liquid. Larger Advanced Fire – building floor, walls, and curtains ceilings - Attempts to extinguish with hand extinguishers would be futile. Leave the building.
Step 3 Evacuate building if serious threat of danger. Upon hearing shouted FIRE!, staff members will begin evacuation of building without any hesitation. Dont leave without a participant. If forced to evacuate participants through windows, staff members will not wait for assistance to move participants safely to ground. A delay such as this can cost lives. Participants will be pushed through windows as quickly as possible, feet first if possible. If smoke is heavy, stay near floor. The first person out of building will report fire to Program Director. If fire is not visible or is not immediately threatening, staff members should re-enter building to assist in evacuation.
In Case of Fire Reassembly of Participants Upon evacuation of buildings, all participants will be moved to the designated area by the safest route. Be watchful for emergency and fire vehicles. No staff or participants will leave safe area unless instructed to do so by Program Director. Individual Group Leaders will report participants or staff not accounted for to the Program Director. If any staff or participants not accounted for are from the facility actively involved in fire, efforts will be made to locate them in immediate area or in building, if possible to enter. Under no circumstances will staff members enter building in attempting to extinguish fires.
In Case of Fire Care for Injured If there are injuries, notify necessary rescue personnel. Provide first aid through camp personnel, such as camp nurse. Render first aid as necessary.
In Case of Fire Other Considerations Keep access roads open for emergency vehicles. Have fire department officials declare the area safe before allowing students/staff to return to camp. If the building is damaged, several different steps may have to be taken. Severe damage may necessitate dismissing the activity. Parents or the appropriate group leaders shall be notified. It may be necessary to arrange an off-site pick-up point. Anytime participants are sent home before the end of the regular activity session, it is important to ensure that participants are released to the appropriate persons. In some cases they may be housed at another location until pick-ups can be arranged. Staff shall supervise all participants until they have been picked-up. If it is determined that the activity can continue, ensure that the damaged building is made off-limits.
In Case of Fire Follow-up actions Notify the Pre-Collegiate Programs Office. Notify office of Risk Management at the University. Send letters to parents home with participants advising of the situation. Call emergency staff meeting to discuss potential consequences.